Active Directory Diagrams

Active Directory (AD) is an extensible and scalable directory service developed by Microsoft Corp. for Windows domain networks. It is included in most Windows Server operating systems as a set of processes and services. Active Directory has a hierarchical structure consisting from the objects, which are divided into three main categories: resources, services, accounts of users and computers. Each object is uniquely identified by the name and has the set of attributes (characteristics and data). Active Directory lets efficiently manage the network resources, clearly organize data about network’s objects, to store them, providing convenient means to search and use these data, to control access to them, and also sets security rules. The computer on which runs an Active Directory is called a domain controller (DC). Active Directory is a complete directory service that in some cases can reach enormous sizes. The database is able to serve large companies with hundreds of thousands computers and is actively used by them due to many factors. It allows to divide the computers of different users on the groups and to form the hierarchy in data use, Active Directory domain is a single point of authentication and there is no need to configure each computer under specific user, all computers connect with a server with a common database for all. Besides, Active Directory provides a high quality protection of accounts, it enables to deploy software on the multiple computers using the System Center Configuration Manager, to store data and environment settings in a centralized database, to install the operating system updates and software on all network computers using the Windows Server Update Service.

The Active Directory diagrams are perfect way to visualize detailed structures of Microsoft Windows networks, Active Directory Domain topology, Active Directory Site topology, Organizational Units (OU), and Exchange Server organization. They are used as a visual aid for designing network topology, managing controlled access to printers and files, optimization traffic flow in local and wide area networks, ensuring security, realization equipment maintenance and repair, as well as the data backup, storage, and recovery.

Active Directory Diagrams solution significantly extends the capabilities of ConceptDraw PRO software with special Active Directory samples, convenient template and libraries of Active Directory vector stencils, common icons of sites and services, icons of LDPA elements, which were developed to help you in planning and modelling network structures, in designing excellently looking Active Directory diagrams, Active Directory Structure diagrams, and Active Directory Services diagrams in minutes.


There are 4 libraries containing 69 vector graphics in the Active Directory Diagrams solution.

Design Elements — Active Directory Diagrams

One stencil library, 21 vector graphics.

Design Elements — Active Directory Diagrams

Examples

The samples you see on this page were created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Active Directory Diagrams solution; they demonstrate some of the solution's capabilities and the professional results you can achieve.

All source documents are vector graphic documents. They are available for reviewing, modifying, or converting to a variety of formats (PDF file, MS PowerPoint, MS Visio XML, and many other graphic formats) from the ConceptDraw Solution Park. The Active Directory Diagrams solution is available for all ConceptDraw PRO users.

Example 1: Active Directory Structure Diagram

This diagram was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Active Directory Objects and LDAP libraries from the Active Directory Diagrams solution. An experienced user spent 10 minutes creating this sample.

This sample represents the Active Directory structure diagram. The extensible and scalable Active Directory service is an hierarchically organized repository of information about varied objects, organizations, users, sites, systems, shares, and many other network objects of different kinds. It provides convenient means for searching and using these data, lets efficiently manage the shared network resources. Active Directory includes the following structural objects: organizational units, domains, domain trees, domain forests, sites. With Active Directory are connected almost all administrative tasks, this technology is based on the standard Internet protocols and helps clearly define the structure of network. Using the professional graphics and tools provided by the Active Directory Diagrams solution from the Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park, a diagram like this will only take a few moments to design. All objects offered by the solution's libraries are vector, scalable, colorful, and easy for dragging to your ConceptDraw document.

Network Topology Diagram

Example 2: Active Directory Domain Services Diagram

This sample shows an Active Directory structure diagram. Using the professional graphics and tools provided by the Active Directory Diagrams solution, a diagram like this will only take a few moments to design.

This sample diagram demonstrates an Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), its components, relations and principles of work. Active Directory Domain Services is a centralized system of users authentication and workstations management. It is useful for organizing the network elements in a hierarchical structure, for creation infrastructure and storing the information about all objects composing it, for managing users, network resources, computers, for supporting such types of applications as directory-enabled applications. AD DS helps reduce the efforts and significantly decrease financial costs on the infrastructure maintenance, as well as increase its performance. For storage the data is used the LDAP database, for authentication is used a standardized Protocol Kerberos. Active Directory Domain Services is also important element for security and at the same time lets to simplify the users work. The Group Policy included to the AD DS is a powerful tool that helps administrator to standardize settings for computers and user settings. The use of AD DS diagram lets you create secure, manageable and scalable infrastructure for management resources and users.

Active Directory Domain Services Diagram

Example 3: Active Directory Diagram — Asymmetric Encryption

This diagram was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Active Directory Objects library from the Active Directory Diagrams solution and the Logical symbols library from the Computer Network Diagrams solution. An experienced user spent 5 minutes creating this sample.

Encryption is the cryptography process of encoding certain pieces of information or messages. In the modern world, the need to secure encryption processes have become especially important, and constantly requires new and improved methods. There are used two basic techniques for encrypting data and information: symmetric encryption (secret key encryption) and asymmetric encryption (public key encryption). This sample diagram visualizes an Asymmetric Encryption process, the technique that uses two keys to encrypt the text. The public key is in a free access to anyone who wants to send the message, the private key is known only to the message’s recipient and is kept in a secret from all. The message or document encrypted with a private key by User A can be decrypted by User B or any other user only using a public key and vice versa the message or document encrypted with a public key can be decrypted only with a private key.

 Active Directory Diagram

Example 4: Active Directory Diagram — AD LDS as a Phone Book Service

This diagram was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Active Directory Sites and Services Library from the Active Directory Diagrams solution, and Internet Symbols and Logical Symbols Libraries from the Computer Network Diagrams solution. An experienced user spent 5 minutes creating this sample.

This sample shows the AD LDS describing a Phone Book service. The directory services are perfect way to structure the information, to represent it in a hierarchical view that lets easily retrieve the needed data with required frequency. A phone book that stores information about people and organizations, their names, addresses, and phone numbers, can be also organized as a directory service. Moreover, it is a quite simple task to organize the phone book and to make it accessible at the Internet, but how to ensure security? The use of AD LDS is a good decision, because it can be deployed apart from AD DS, it provides the tools of the information retrieval service, which are easily in use and without excessive complications related with Kerberos authentication and group policies. The increased functionality of ConceptDraw PRO with the Active Directory solution installed, allows your finished designs to be shown publicly, for example through a work conference presentation, or formatted for websites, computer magazines or publications.

Active Directory Diagram

Example 5: Single Root Domain with a Structured OU Model

This diagram was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Active Directory Objects and Active Directory Sites and Services libraries from the Active Directory Diagrams solution. An experienced user spent 5 minutes creating this sample.

The root domain is the starting point and a first domain that is created in Active Directory (AD) structure. It is located at the top of the tree and groups resources built on the such components as domain controllers and security policies. A single root domain with a structured OU perfectly suits for the small and medium companies, and can be not enough for the companies of large size. This Active Directory diagram sample designed in ConceptDraw PRO illustrates a single root domain with a structured OU (Organizational Unit) model. There are two simple ways of quickly creation the Active Directory Diagrams and Network Topology Diagrams in ConceptDraw PRO software. You can either use a pre-designed template or sample as the base, or you can create an entirely new document, then drag and arrange the ready-made vector graphic objects from the offered libraries. Draw with a smile thanks to ConceptDraw PRO solutions!

network topology diagram

Example 6: Active Directory Diagram — Site Links

This diagram was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Active Directory Objects and Active Directory Sites and Services libraries from the Active Directory Diagrams solution. An experienced user spent 5 minutes creating this sample.

This sample Active Directory diagram visually represents the site links, which are the Active Directory replication paths between sites. They are manually defined that lets designer to control the network links on which the replication traffic occurs on. The site is a group of computers in one or more IP subnets that are used for planning a physical network structure. Active Directory allows to create multiple sites in a single domain or one site involving multiple domains. Using the site links you can specify an order of replication the directory data. The site links also control how the clients are directed to the domain controllers, when on the client’s local site there is no domain controller. If you create a site link between A and B sites and another site link between B and C sites, the link between A and C sites will be created automatically, and is named a site link bridge. You can observe this case on a given diagram, which contains three sites A, B, C.

Active Directory Diagram — Site Links

Example 7: Active Directory Diagram — Tree and Forest

This diagram was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Active Directory Objects and Active Directory Sites and Services libraries from the Active Directory Diagrams solution. An experienced user spent 5 minutes creating this sample.

The domain in Active Directory is a logical group of users, hosts, servers, and so on, which support a centralized administration. The set of domains that share a common namespace is called a tree, at this the child domain automatically gets a two-way trust relationships with its parent domain, i.e. permissions to access specific objects or resources. In its turn, the structure that unites the trees in Active Directory is called a forest. As a result, all trees in the forest are usually combined by the bidirectional trust relationships that let users at any tree to get the access to resources at other tree, if they have the proper permissions and rights. By default, the first domain created in a forest automatically becomes the root domain. This Active Directory network diagram depicts example of organization the Active Directory trees and forest, which includes the Root Domain at the top of the diagram and two Child Domains.

Active Directory Diagram — Tree and Forest

Template 1: Active Directory Diagram

This diagram was created in ConceptDraw PRO using the Active Directory Objects and Active Directory Sites and Services libraries from the Active Directory Diagrams solution. An experienced user spent 5 minutes creating this sample.

The aspiration to draw diagram, chart or infographic as quickly as possible, while not losing a quality is pretty natural in any field of activity. The use of ready-made templates is the best way to achieve this goal. This specially designed Active Directory Diagram template offered by the Active Directory Diagrams solutions will help you obtain the excellent results when designing networks, arranging the network equipment, managing the access to files and common devices, ensuring security and optimizing the traffic flow, when documenting the Active Directory structure in a form of neatly designed and professionally-looking Active Directory Diagrams, Active Directory Structure Diagrams, Active Directory Domain Diagrams, Active Directory Site Topology Diagrams in just a few moments. Open this template from the ConceptDraw Store and modernize it in a desired way. Pay attention on the callouts with different tips, they will be obligatory helpful for you in designing your own diagrams.

Active Directory Diagram Template

Inside

Active Directory Diagrams Solution for Mac OS X

Active Directory Diagrams Solution for  Microsoft Windows

What I Need to Get Started

ConceptDraw PRO and the “Active Directory Diagrams” solution, found in the Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park, are all you need to get started. Make sure both are installed on your computer.

How to install

Download and install ConceptDraw Store and ConceptDraw PRO. Next, install the “Active Directory Diagrams” solution using ConceptDraw Store.


Active Directory Diagrams Solution — Install

Start using

Active Directory Diagrams Solution — Start Using

Active Directory Diagrams

Active Directory was developed by Microsoft as the de facto directory service for Windows domain networks. A directory service acts as a detailed map of a network, assigning names to resources, and determining user access and application protocol. The benefit for the user is that they do not have to remember the physical addresses of files, programs, or peripherals — they must only provide their names in the context of the directory namespace.

The technology underpinning Active Directory came from open source technologies adapted through years of feedback and refinements, that have since become IT standards. These include protocol services such as Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) and Kerberos, and the Domain Name System (DNS).

Active Directory (AD) comes packaged with most Windows Server operating systems as a complete set of processes and services. Initially solely concerned with centralized domain management, now the term has come to cover a number of functions necessary in a business network domain. Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) for example, manages logins to multiple web services with a single sign-on. Active Directory Certificate Services (ADCS) controls public key infrastructure within an organization, encrypting emails or network traffic as necessary.

The lynchpin of AD is the Active Directory Domain Service (ADDS). It is here that unique information regarding the members of a domain, its devices and users, and access levels and permissions are stored. It is the user's means of interaction with the network, and the main server (the domain controller), is in charge of how that interaction takes place.

Active Directory diagram

An Active Directory diagram designed using ConceptDraw PRO, highlighting group policies and admin tasks assigned to individual users

For network and system administrators, it is essential that a detailed level of planning goes into creating a Windows network structure. Current global business demands can make for extremely complex user access scenarios, dividing networks into a maze of different interactions and resources. It helps to plan, evaluate and manage such scenarios using some form of Active Directory diagram.

By using software such as ConceptDraw PRO, and extending it with the Active Directory solution, administrators have a workspace in which to create detailed, industry standard diagrams, that provide a clear overview of network structure in a visual manner. Vector stencil libraries included with the solution offer iconography for all possible elements and resources within a network, giving a limitless scope for design that can apply to any organizational structure.

Active Directory Diagram Template

This basic template was created for ConceptDraw PRO's Active Directory solution, and shows some of the more common icons and their definitions

As is the norm with ConceptDraw solutions, also included are various samples and templates of common Active Directory examples, allowing users to quickly model their network structure, and begin planning from a solid foundation. For further assistance and explanations, the ConceptDraw website contains an extensive library of help topics, FAQs, how-to guides and video learning tutorials.