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Bipolar current mirror - Circuit diagram

The circuit diagram example "Bipolar current mirror" was redesigned from the Wikipedia file: Current mirror.png.
[en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Current_mirror.png]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. [creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
"A current mirror is a circuit designed to copy a current through one active device by controlling the current in another active device of a circuit, keeping the output current constant regardless of loading. The current being 'copied' can be, and sometimes is, a varying signal current. Conceptually, an ideal current mirror is simply an ideal inverting current amplifier that reverses the current direction as well or it is a current-controlled current source (CCCS). The current mirror is used to provide bias currents and active loads to circuits. ...
Basic BJT current mirror.
If a voltage is applied to the BJT base-emitter junction as an input quantity and the collector current is taken as an output quantity, the transistor will act as an exponential voltage-to-current converter. By applying a negative feedback (simply joining the base and collector) the transistor can be "reversed" and it will begin acting as the opposite logarithmic current-to-voltage converter; now it will adjust the "output" base-emitter voltage so as to pass the applied "input" collector current.
The simplest bipolar current mirror ... implements this idea. It consists of two cascaded transistor stages acting accordingly as a reversed and direct voltage-to-current converters." [Current mirror. Wikipedia]
The circuit diagram example "Bipolar current mirror" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Circuit diagram
Circuit diagram, junction, indicator, meter, galvanometer, ground connection, ground, fixed resistor, resistor, bipolar transistor, bipolar junction transistor, BJT, NPN,
The circuit diagram example "Amplifier" was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: Slika br.5.JPG.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Slika_br.5.JPG]
This file is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. [creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/deed.en]
"An electronic amplifier, amplifier, or (informally) amp is an electronic device that increases the power of a signal. It does this by taking energy from a power supply and controlling the output to match the input signal shape but with a larger amplitude. In this sense, an amplifier modulates the output of the power supply.
There are four basic types of electronic amplifier: the voltage amplifier, the current amplifier, the transconductance amplifier, and the transresistance amplifier. A further distinction is whether the output is a linear or nonlinear representation of the input. Amplifiers can also be categorized by their physical placement in the signal chain." [Amplifier. Wikipedia]
The circuit diagram example "Amplifier" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Circuit diagram
Circuit diagram, zener diode, switch point, signal waveform, junction, ground connection, ground, fixed capacitor, capacitor, amplifier, air inductor, inductor, MOSFET, metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor, P-type channel, MOSFET, metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor, N-type channel,

Electrical Drawing Software and Electrical Symbols

Any electrical device could not be created without electrical diagram, wiring also cannot be laid without pre-designed and approved scheme or plan. Electrical drawing is a type of technical drawing that depicts scheme of some electrical device and includes the information about power, lighting, etc. Electrical plan designed for architectural or engineering project visually displays location of electrical devices and connections. ConceptDraw PRO is ideal electrical software for construction professional-looking Electrical Circuits, Electrical Schematics, Electrical Layouts, Electrical Wiring, Automotive Wiring, Cabling Layout Diagrams, Circuits and Logic Schematics, Logic Gate Diagrams, Digital Circuits, Parallel Circuits, Blue Prints with help of 926 standard electrical symbols offered by 26 libraries of Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area for ConceptDraw PRO. It makes drawing Electrical diagrams very easy even for beginners, and also extends your work with various export methods. Read more

Circuits and Logic Diagram Software

Circuit diagram is a graphical representation of electrical circuits, wire connections between devices, among them power and signal connections. Circuit diagrams are successfully used during design, construction and maintenance of different electrical and electronic equipment, and also for visualizing expressions using a boolean algebra in the computer science. These diagrams don't show a physical arrangement of components. One of advanced application of ConceptDraw PRO software is electrical engineering. Included to ConceptDraw Solution Park, Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area offers templates, samples and incredibly large quantity of vector design elements of circuits and logic symbols, which are helpful for professional drawing Circuit diagrams, Logic circuit diagrams, Wiring diagrams, Electrical schematics, Digital and Analog logic designs, Integrated circuit schematics, Circuit board and Amplifier diagrams, Power systems diagrams, Maintenance and Repair diagrams of any difficulty. Read more

Electrical Diagram Software

Electrical engineering and electronic engineering are extensive fields dedicated to research, design, development, manufacturing, test, and montage of systems and devices of electricity, electronics, microelectronics, telecommunications, power engineering, etc. These fields use various types of schemes, diagrams, technical drawings and require a special precision, accuracy and attention at their construction and using. The availability of modern specialized software has great importance for electrical engineers and electronic specialists, it assists them in drawing Electrical schematics and diagrams, Electrical drawings and Wiring schemes, Electronic Circuit schematics, etc. One of such software is ConceptDraw PRO extended with Electrical Engineering Solution that offers powerful drawing tools, wide variety of samples and libraries with numerous quantity of predesigned electrical symbols and vector objects of electrical devices. All they help design with minimal efforts Electrical diagrams and blueprints of any complexity, now drawing process is easy even for beginners. Read more
"In electronics, a vacuum tube, electron tube (in North America), tube, or thermionic valve or valve (in British English) is a device controlling electric current through a vacuum in a sealed container. The simplest vacuum tube, the diode, contains only two elements; current can only flow in one direction through the device between the two electrodes, as electrons emitted by the hot cathode travel through the tube and are collected by the anode. Addition of a third and additional electrodes allows the current flowing between cathode and anode to be controlled in various ways. The device can be used as an electronic amplifier, a rectifier, an electronically controlled switch, an oscillator, and for other purposes.
Vacuum tubes mostly rely on thermionic emission of electrons from a hot filament or a cathode heated by the filament. Some electron tube devices rely on the properties of a discharge through an ionized gas." [Vacuum tube. Wikipedia]
"The EL34 is a thermionic valve or vacuum tube of the power pentode type. It has an international octal base (indicated by the '3' in the part number) and is found mainly in the final output stages of audio amplification circuits and was designed to be suitable as a series regulator by virtue of its high permissible voltage between heater and cathode and other parameters. The American RETMA tube designation number for this tube is 6CA7. Russian analog is 6P27S (Cyrillic: 6П27C )" [EL34. Wikipedia]
This circuit diagram sample was redrawn from the Wikipedia Commons file: EL34 schematics (circuit diagram).gif. [commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:EL34_schematics_%28circuit_diagram%29.gif]
The example "Circuit diagram - EL 34 schematics" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
EL34 shemathics
EL34 shemathics, tube triode, tube pentode, transformer, magnetic-core, terminal, switch point, junction, fixed resistor, resistor, fixed capacitor, capacitor, direction, flow, transmission path, chassis, frame ground connection,
The analogue electronics diagram "Simple switched supply" was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: Switchat.png.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Switchat.png]
"Analogue electronics (or analog in American English) are electronic systems with a continuously variable signal, in contrast to digital electronics where signals usually take only two different levels. The term "analogue" describes the proportional relationship between a signal and a voltage or current that represents the signal." [Analogue electronics. Wikipedia]
The circuit diagram example "Simple switched supply" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Circuit diagram
Circuit diagram, operational amplifier, junction, ground connection, ground, fixed resistor, resistor, fixed capacitor, capacitor, bipolar transistor, bipolar junction transistor, BJT, PNP, bipolar transistor, bipolar junction transistor, BJT, NPN, air inductor, inductor,

Wiring Diagrams with ConceptDraw PRO

A Wiring Diagram is a comprehensive schematic that depicts the electrical circuit system, shows all the connectors, wiring, signal connections (buses), terminal boards between electrical or electronic components and devices of the circuit. Wiring Diagram illustrates how the components are connected electrically and identifies the wires by colour coding or wire numbers. These diagrams are necessary and obligatory for identifying and fixing faults of electrical or electronic circuits, and their elimination. For designing Wiring Diagrams are used the standardized symbols representing electrical components and devices. ConceptDraw Solution Park offers the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area with 26 libraries of graphics design elements and electrical schematic symbols for easy drawing various Wiring Diagrams, Electrical Circuit and Wiring Blueprints, Electrical and Telecom schematics of any complexity, Electrical Engineering Diagrams, Power Systems Diagrams, Repair Diagrams, Maintenance Schemes, etc. in ConceptDraw PRO software. Read more

Electrical Symbols, Electrical Diagram Symbols

When drawing Electrical Schematics, Electrical Circuit Diagrams, Power Systems Diagrams, Circuit and Wiring Diagrams, Digital and Analog Logic Schemes, you will obligatory need the electrical symbols and pictograms to represent various electrical and electronic devices, such as resistors, wires, transistors, inductors, batteries, switches, lamps, readouts, amplifiers, repeaters, relays, transmission paths, semiconductors, generators, and many more. Today these symbols are internationally standardized, so the diagrams designed using them are recognizable and comprehensible by specialists from different countries. Electrical Engineering Solution included to ConceptDraw Solution Park provides 26 libraries with 926 commonly used electrical schematic and electrical engineering symbols making the reality the easy drawing of Electrical diagrams, schematics and blueprints. Now you need only a few minutes to create great-looking Electrical diagram, simply choose required electrical design elements from the libraries, drag them on the needed places at the document and connect in a suitable way. Read more

How To use Electrical and Telecom Plan Software

When drawing Electrical and Telecom plans, you need to depict electrical circuit, schematics of electrical wiring and digital circuits, house electrical plans, etc. Electrical plan shows all electrical devices and their location, and scheme of telecom and electric wiring clearly and concisely enough. Start easy with Electric and Telecom Plans solution templates and samples which are opened from ConceptDraw STORE right with standard electrical and telecom symbols and icons libraries. Or create your own Electrical Telecom diagrams on the blank sheet also using the predesigned libraries' objects separately or combining, joining, or grouping them. Try now to make sure how neat and easy could be drawing various electrical and telecom plans with ConceptDraw PRO, among them: Home electrical plan, Telecom wireless plan, Residential electric plan, Electrical circuit diagram, and other Electric visual and telecommunication floor plans for design and construction, including switches, outlets, and fixtures. Read more

How To use House Electrical Plan Software

How we can conduct the electricity at house correctly without a plan? It is impossible. The House electrical diagram depicts locations of switches, outlets, dimmers and lights, and lets understand how you will connect them. But design of House Electrical Plan looks a complex task at a glance, which requires a lot of tools and special experience. But now all is simple with all-inclusive floor plan software - ConceptDraw PRO. As a house electrical plan software, the ConceptDraw PRO contains libraries with a large range of professional lighting and electrical symbols, ready-to-use electrical plans samples and examples, and built-in templates for creating great-looking Home floor electrical plans. It is a fastest way to draw Electrical circuit diagrams, Electrical wiring and Circuit schematics, Digital circuits, Electrical equipment, House electrical plans, Satellite television, Cable television, Home cinema, Closed-circuit television when are used the tools of Electric and Telecom Plans Solution from ConceptDraw Solution Park. Files created in Visio for Mac app can be easily imported to ConceptDraw PRO. Also you may import stencils and even libraries. Try for free an alternative to Visio that Apple users recommend. Read more
HelpDesk

How to Create an Electrical Diagram Using ConceptDraw PRO

There are many of different electric circuit symbols that can be used in a circuit diagram. Knowing how to read circuit diagrams is a useful skill not only for professionals, but for any person who can start creating his own small home electronic projects. The circuit diagram shows the scheme of a location of components and connections of the electrical circuit using a set of standard symbols. It can be use for graphical documentation of an electrical circuit components. The ability to  create electrical diagrams and schematic using ConceptDraw PRO is delivered by the Electrical Engineering solution. The solution supplied with samples, templates and libraries of design elements for drawing electrical schematics, digital and analog logic, circuit and wiring schematics and diagrams, power systems diagrams, maintenance and repair diagrams for electronics and electrical engineering. Read more

Electrical Diagram

Electrical Diagram is a visual graphical representation of an electrical circuit. ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software supplied with unique Electrical Engineering Solution from the Engineering Area will help you design Electrical Diagram of any complexity without efforts. Read more

Technical Drawing Software

Technical drawing or draft is a form of specialized graphic communication, exchange of ideas in industry and engineering. It is a visual representation of object with indication of dimensions and used material, constructed with maintaining the proportions between its parts. Technical drawings are constructed by architects, technologists, engineers, designers, drafters, and other technical professionals according to defined rules, specifications, internationally accepted standards and standardized notations allowing to make unambiguous, clear and understandable technical drawings. ConceptDraw PRO extended with Electrical Engineering solution, Mechanical Engineering solution, Chemical and Process Engineering solution from Engineering Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park is ideal technical drawing software. Its powerful drawing tools, predesigned vector objects, templates, samples are helpful for creation all kinds of Technical Drawings and Technical Diagrams, Electrical and Mechanical Schematics, Circuit and Wiring Diagrams, Structural Drawings, and many other. Read more

Making Mechanical Diagram

The engineering diagrams produced with ConceptDraw PRO are vector graphic documents and are available for reviewing, modifying, and converting to a variety of formats (image, HTML, PDF file, MS PowerPoint Presentation, Adobe Flash or MS Visio XML). Read more