Made with

Types of Flowcharts

A flowchart is a type of diagram that represents an algorithm, workflow or process, showing the steps as boxes of various kinds, and their order by connecting them with arrows.

Here are brief summaries of the common uses of flowcharts and types of diagrams typically associated with them.

Types of Flowcharts

Basic Flowchart

Basic Flowchart is a simple diagram of step-by-step execution of algorithm. It is used at the lowest level of business model description. Basic Flowchart is very simple and visual for creating and understanding. The simple algorithm shapes that represent the processes steps are used for creating the Basic Flowcharts and are connected by arrows that show the order of operations.

Basic Flowcharts are widely used in the different areas of knowledge. But Basic Flowcharts have also some disadvantages: the set of graphic elements is very limited, for example the participants of the business process are not marked on the chart.

  • Planning a new project
  • Represents an algorithm or process
  • Illustrates a solution to a given problem
  • Represented process operations
  • Used in analyzing
  • Used in designing
  • Used in documenting
  • Used in managing a process
  • Used in program in various fields

Basic Flowchart

Example 1. Basic Flowchart

Business Process Modeling Diagram

Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) is a standardized graphical notation that allows to create a graphical view of the business processes in a workflow. BPMN standard notation was developed by the Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) to unify the expression of the business processes, to help all business users easily understand each other using the unified standard. It is a simple and visual tool for businesses and business processes, the common standard for design and implementation of business processes.

In 2011 was standardized the BPMN 2.0. Until then was used the version 1.1.

  • Analytical representation of business processes
  • Illustrating business processes of an organization
  • Bridging the communication gap between business process design and implementation
  • Simplifying understanding of business activities flows and processes
  • Showing internal business processes to a specific organization
  • Depicts the interactions between two or more business entities
  • Process improvement

Business Process Diagram (BPMN)

Example 2. Business Process Diagram (BPMN)

Cross Functional Flowchart

Cross Functional Flowchart (also called Deployment Flowchart) is a notation that is used to show the processes on the lower level of the business model. Cross Functional Flowchart displays the detailed algorithm of the business process execution, the participants of the process and the interactions between them.

Cross functional flowcharts use the swim lanes that represent the functional units. They can be arranged horizontal or vertical.

Cross Functional Flowcharts are very simple and useful, but demand a certain degree of detail. They are often used as the tool of the business planning.

  • Visualization and communication the operations of a business process flow step-by-step
  • Depicts responsible people or departments for each operation
  • Simplifying understanding of business activities flows and processes

Cross-Functional Flowchart

Example 3. Cross-Functional Flowchart

Data Flow Diagram

Data Flow Diagram (DFD) is one of the main tools for structural analysis and design of the information systems. Data flow diagram graphically represents how the information system work and develop, the interactions between the system and external data sources in terms of data flows, the data flows that the information system receives from the outside.

The DFD Model is a hierarchical model. Each process may be subjected to decomposition, i.e. divided on the structural components, the relationships between them in the same notation can be shown on the separate diagram.

Two notations are used for describing the DFDs: Yourdon & Coad and Gane & Sarson.

  • Data management
  • Graphical representation of the "flow" of data through an information system
  • Modeling process aspects
  • An overview of the system
  • For the visualization of data processing (structured design)
  • What kinds of information will be input to and output from the system
  • Where the data will come from and go to
  • Where the data will be stored

Data Flow Diagram (DFD)

Example 4. Data Flow Diagram (DFD)

Event-driven Process Chain (EPC) Diagram

Event-Driven Process Chain (EPC) Diagram is a flowchart of business process modeling that uses the Events and Functions as key elements. EPC Diagram must start and end by the event. The function should always follow the event, i.e. the function creates a certain event (state). Documents, organizational units, process owners, information and control flows, elements of the information system have their graphic symbols. The various connectors are provided. For branching of the process are used the logical operators AND, OR, XOR.

The Event-driven Process Chain method was developed within the framework of the ARIS (Architecture of Integrated Information Systems) that is used by the large quantity of companies for business processes modeling, analyzing and redesigning. EPC is used on the lower levels of business model description, when you need to describe the detailed step-by-step execution of the business process, all executors and used objects. Event-Driven Process Chain Diagrams are simple and easy for understanding. They are widely used in the IT field and software development.

But it is needed the special stuff training for creating and understanding of EPC Diagrams. It is a disadvantage of this type of flowcharts.

  • Modeling a business process
  • Enterprise resource planning
  • Business process improvement
  • Business process implementation

EPC Diagram

Example 5. Event-driven Process Chain (EPC) Diagram

IDEF Flowchart

IDEF (Integrated DEFinition) is a methodology of the modeling the complex systems in the field of software engineering. IDEF diagrams were introduced in 1981 as part of the ICAM (Integrated Computer-Aided Manufacturing) project.

The IDEF family includes the IDEF0 - IDEF14 methods, that have the wide range of uses, such as the functional modeling, the object-oriented analysis and design, the knowledge attainments. IDEF0, IDEF1X and IDEF3 are the most used and widely recognized components of the IDEF family.

IDEF0 is functional modeling method that describes the business processes, models the decisions, actions and activities of the complex system or organization. IDEF0 is based on the SADT (Structured Analysis and Design Technique). It is the result of the program of the computerization the industry, which was proposed by the US Air Force. IDEF0 notation was standardized in 1993 by the National Institute of Standards and Technology of the United States Department of Commerce.

  • Create function models
  • Develop transition schematics
  • Design system architecture
  • Database design
  • Object-oriented design

IDEF Flowchart

Example 6. IDEF Flowchart

Influence Diagram (ID)

Influence diagram (ID) is a graphical and mathematical representation of the decision. It is a generalization of the Bayesian network. Influence diagrams are hierarchical. They are the alternative to the decision tree.

Influence diagram represents the directed acyclic graph with three types of nodes (Decision node, Uncertainty node, Value node) and three types of arcs that connect the nodes (Functional arcs, Conditional arcs, Informational arcs).

Influence diagrams are widely used in the decision analysis and in the game theory.

Influence Diagram (ID)

Example 7. Influence Diagram (ID)

Swimlane Flowchart

In each company business-processes are allotted among workers and departments. One the same process may be fulfilled by several workers simultaneously or by turns. In such cases it is quite difficult to define the reasons of delays, defects and narrow places during the process. The documenting of business-processes in the company is required. One of the tools for documenting of business-processes is the Swim Lane diagram.

  • Documenting a process
  • Mechanism to organize activities into separate visual categories in order
  • Illustrate different functional capabilities or responsibilities (organisational roles)

Swimlane Flowchart

Example 8. Swimlane Flowchart

Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

Process Flow Diagram (PFD) is a flowchart that illustrates the high-level processes in chemical industry and process engineering. PFD displays only the major plant processes not focusing on the insignificant details or components.

Process Flow Diagram can show single or multiple processes. PFD that displays multiple processes is called schematic flow diagram or block flow diagram.

  • Oil and petroleum refining
  • Natural gas systems
  • Green energy, such as wind and solar power
  • Water treatment and processes
  • Electrical power plants
  • Piping and irrigation systems

Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

Example 9. Process Flow Diagram (PFD)

Specification and Description Language (SDL) Diagram

Specification and Description Language (SDL) is a specification language for creating specifications, descriptions of the behavior, data, and inheritance for real-time systems. SDL is used for creating the object-oriented diagrams, visualizing the processes of the state machines for the systems of communication, telecommunication, automotive, aviation and medical industries.

Specification and Description Language provides the graphical Graphic Representation (SDL/GR) and the textual Phrase Representation (SDL/PR).

For creating the SDL diagrams are used the building blocks such as: system definition, block agent, process. Block agents consist of the process agents and communicate using the channels. A process agent is a state machine. A few block agents form the system agent. The message to the agent from another agent or the environment is called a signal and is placed in a queue (the input port).

  • Mapping computer algorithms
  • Design SDL Diagram
  • Develop FSM Diagram
  • System Design
  • Systems Engineering
  • Build real-time system involved in parallel processing

Specification and Description Language (SDL) Diagram

Example 10. Specification and Description Language (SDL) Diagram

Value Stream Mapping

Value stream mapping supports the methods of the lean manufacturing that are used for analyze and design the flow of the materials and information at the system level. This as a result brings the product or service to the consumer. The lead time is a key indicator associated with the value stream mapping.

Value stream mapping are widely used in manufacturing, logistics, product development, software development, healthcare and in other service industries. Value stream mapping is also used as a part of the Six Sigma methodologies.

  • Analyze the current process
  • Acilitate future state maps
  • Make it easier to engage the extended team
  • Clearer presentation of the current state

Value Stream Mapping

Example 11. Value Stream Map

Workflow Diagram

Workflow Diagram is a graphical description of the information flows, the relationships between the processes of information processing and the objects that are the part of these processes. Workflow Diagram describes the stages of the business or manufacturing processes from the initial to the final stage that allows the organization to trace the progress of the processes quickly and clearly.

For drawing the Workflow Diagrams are used the following shapes: ovals that represent the workflow begins and ends, rectangles that show the process activity, circles that show the connectors from one activity to another and diamonds that signify the process of the decision making.

Workflow Diagrams are important part of the business process management (BPM).

  • Managing workflow
  • Show pictorial overview of a business, technical or functional process step-by-step
  • Model business process to develop, implement, reuse, analyze, solve problems and improve
  • Simplify process collaboration by showing workflow in chain of people and business units
  • Visualize control and information flow, business process automation, business process re-engineering, accounting, management, and HR tasks
  • Document business processes in 6 Sigma or ISO 9000

Workflow Diagram

Example 12. Workflow Diagram

Types of Flowcharts *

Example 12. Types of Flowcharts


Data Flow Diagram Examples →

Data flow diagrams are the graphical tool, used in the visualization of data flow of some data processing systems. It is the valuable process modeling tool. Also designing DFD is the important component of the initial part of any information system development project. The standard symbols are used to represent the interaction of a system components and how various kinds of components influence on data flow. The ConceptDraw Data Flow Diagrams solution is design to assist professional software engineers in making DFDs according to Gane and Sarson, and Yourdon and Coad notations. Do you imagine yourself as a successful IT specialist? To your mind, they all use data flow diagram examples to learn and to get inspired. Aren’t you still with us?Data Flow Diagram Examples *
Picture: Data Flow Diagram Examples
Related Solution:

ERD Symbols and Meanings →

A database is a data collection, structured into some conceptual model. Two most common approaches of developing data models are UML diagrams and ER-model diagrams. There are several notations of entity-relationship diagram symbols and their meaning is slightly different. Crow’s Foot notation is quite descriptive and easy to understand, meanwhile, the Chen notation is great for conceptual modeling. An entity relationship diagrams look very simple to a flowcharts. The main difference is the symbols provided by specific ERD notations. There are several models applied in entity-relationship diagrams: conceptual, logical and physical. Creating an entity relationship diagram requires using a specific notation. There are five main components of common ERD notations: Entities, Actions, Attributes, Cardinality and Connections. The two of notations most widely used for creating ERD are Chen notation and Crow foot notation. By the way, the Crow foot notation originates from the Chen notation - it is an adapted version of the Chen notation.ERD Symbols and Meanings
Picture: ERD Symbols and Meanings
Related Solution:

Audit Flowchart Symbols →

Accounting is a cornerstone of any business, it’s basement. If you want to have a visual representation of your finance management, use audit flowchart symbols to document the money flow. Although some would say that accounting is boring, it is very a responsible duty. The audit flowchart symbols is supplied with ConceptDraw Audit Flowcharts solution as a vector objects library. Together with Conceptdraw Drawing capabilities it forms the helpful tool for audit process planning and setting the steps of audit by designing audit flow charts. Audit Flow charts are used to organize fiscal information tracking process as well as in accounting, finance and investment management.Audit Flowchart Symbols *
Picture: Audit Flowchart Symbols
Related Solution:

Flow Chart Design — How to Design a Good Flowchart →

Use ConceptDraw DIAGRAM business diagramming and business graphics software for general diagramming purposes, it inludes tousands colored professional flowchart symbols, examples and samples which saves time when you prepare documents, professional presentations or make an explanation of process flow diagram.Flow Chart Design - How to Design a Good Flowchart *
Picture: Flow Chart Design — How to Design a Good Flowchart
Related Solution:

SDL Flowchart Symbols →

Drawing the diagrams we try to find in help the powerful software and now we have the ConceptDraw DIAGRAM. The ability easily create the SDL diagrams is made possible thanks to unique Specification and Description Language (SDL) Solution from the Industrial Engineering Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. This solution extends ConceptDraw DIAGRAM 2 libraries - SDL Connectors and SDL Diagrams that contain 70 predesigned SDL flowchart symbols.SDL Flowchart Symbols *
Picture: SDL Flowchart Symbols
Related Solution:

Basic Flowchart Images. Flowchart Examples →

This sample was created in ConceptDraw DIAGRAM diagramming and vector drawing software using the Flowcharts solution from the Diagrams area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. This sample shows the Flowchart that displays the procedures of 2PP (two-party preferred) voting and counting the voters. The two-party-preferred vote is the result of the elections that was distributed to the final two parties.Basic Flowchart Images. Flowchart Examples *
Picture: Basic Flowchart Images. Flowchart Examples
Related Solution:

Pie Chart Examples and Templates →

A pie chart or a circle graph is a circular chart divided into sectors, illustrating numerical proportion. In a pie chart, the arc length of each sector and consequently its central angle and area, is proportional to the quantity it represents. Pie chart examples and templates created using ConceptDraw DIAGRAM software helps you get closer with pie charts and find pie chart examples suite your needs.Pie Chart Examples and Templates *
Picture: Pie Chart Examples and Templates
Related Solution:

Examples of Flowcharts, Org Charts and More →

There are numerous articles about the advantages of flowcharting, creating business graphics and developing different charts. Nevertheless, these articles are almost useless without the main component - the examples of flowcharts, org charts and without a fine example, it is difficult to get all the conveniences of creating diagrams. You can find tons of templates and vivid examples on Solution Park. This illustration shows a variety of business diagrams that can be created using ConceptDraw DIAGRAM. It comprises a different fields of business activities: management, marketing, networking, software and database development along with design of infographics and business illustrations. ConceptDraw DIAGRAM provides a huge set of sample drawings including business process modeling diagrams,, network diagrams, UML diagrams, orgcharts, DFD, flowcharts, ERD, geographical maps and more.Examples of Flowcharts, Org Charts and More *
Picture: Examples of Flowcharts, Org Charts and More
Related Solution:

Sample Project Flowchart. Flowchart Examples →

This sample shows the Flowchart that displays the architecture of SQL Exception Translation. This sample was created in ConceptDraw DIAGRAM diagramming and vector drawing software using the Flowcharts solution from the Diagrams area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.Sample Project Flowchart. <br>Flowchart Examples *
Picture: Sample Project Flowchart. Flowchart Examples
Related Solution: