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"Dimensions of service quality.
A customer's expectation of a particular service is determined by factors such as recommendations, personal needs and past experiences. The expected service and the perceived service sometimes may not be equal, thus leaving a gap. The service quality model or the ‘GAP model’ developed by a group of authors- Parasuraman, Zeithaml and Berry at Texas and North Carolina in 1985 , highlights the main requirements for delivering high service quality. It identifies five ‘gaps’ that cause unsuccessful delivery. Customers generally have a tendency to compare the service they 'experience' with the service they 'expect' . If the experience does not match the expectation , there arises a gap. Ten determinants that may influence the appearance of a gap were described by Parasuraman, Zeithaml and Berry. in the SERVQUAL model: reliability, responsiveness, competence, access, courtesy, communication, credibility, security, understanding the customer and tangibles.
Later, the determinants were reduced to five: tangibles; reliability; responsiveness; service assurance and empathy in the so called RATER model." [Service quality. Wikipedia]
The block diagram example "Gap model of service quality" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Block Diagrams solution from the area "What is a Diagram" of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Block diagram
Block diagram, block diagram,

Model Based Systems Engineering

ConceptDraw PRO is a professional diagramming and vector drawing software. Now, enhanced with SysML Solution from the Software Development Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park, ConceptDraw PRO became an ideal software for model based systems engineering (MBSE).

Block Diagram Creator

A block diagram is a diagram of a system in which the principal parts or functions are represented by blocks connected by lines that show the relationships of the blocks. ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Block Diagrams Solution from the "Diagrams" Area is a powerful Block Diagram Creator.

Business Models

You need develop a business model? It’s very easy! All what you need is a powerful Business Process Diagram software. Never before creation of Business Models wasn’t so easy as now with Business Process Diagram Solution for ConceptDraw Solution Park.


You need to draw professional looking BPMN diagrams quick and easy? Pay please your attention on ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software. Extended with Business Process Diagram Solution from the Business Processes Area it will be ideal for your.

Flow chart Example. Warehouse Flowchart

Warehouse Flowcharts are different diagrams describing wharehousing and inventory menagement processes. Typical purposes of warehouse flowcharts are evaluating warehouse performance and organizational performance, measuring efficiency of customer service. This type of workflow diagrams can be used for identifying any disconnection between business activities and business objectives.
Standard warehousing process flow diagram and standard workflow diagram used for process identification for further evaluating effectiveness and profitability of overall business process. Use the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Flowcharts solution from the Diagrams area of ConceptDraw Solution Park to design your own workflow diagrams, process flow diagram and flow charts. Need to use Process Flow Diagram for designing Warehouse packages flow.
ConceptDraw Arrows10 Technology
ConceptDraw Arrows10 Technology
"Feedback is a process in which information about the past or the present influences the same phenomenon in the present or future. As part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop, the event is said to "feed back" into itself. ...
Feedback loop - the complete causal path that leads from the initial detection of the gap to the subsequent modification of the gap. ...
Feedback is commonly divided into two types - usually termed positive and negative. The terms can be applied in two contexts:
(1) the altering of the gap between reference and actual values of a parameter, based on whether the gap is widening (positive) or narrowing (negative),
(2) the valence of the action or effect that alters the gap, based on whether it has a happy (positive) or unhappy (negative) emotional connotation to the recipient or observer." [Feedback. Wikipedia]
This cycle diagram example was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: Business Feedback Loop.jpg. [ wiki/ File:Business_ Feedback_ Loop.jpg]
This file is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. [ publicdomain/ zero/ 1.0/ deed.en]
The ring chart example "Business feedback loop" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Ring chart
Ring chart, doughnut chart, pie chart, ring chart, donut chart,

BPMN 2.0

ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software offers the Business Process Diagram Solution from the Business Processes Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park with powerful tools to help you easy represent the business processes and create the business process diagrams based on BPMN 2.0 standard.

IDEF0 Diagram

The vector stencils library IDEF0 Diagram from the solution IDEF0 Diagrams contains specific IDEF0 diagram symbols such as arrow symbols and entity symbols for ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software. The IDEF0 Diagram solution is contained in the Software Development area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
The vector stencils library "Inductors" contains 41 symbols of inductor elements for drawing electronic circuit diagrams.
"An inductor, also called a coil or reactor, is a passive two-terminal electrical component which resists changes in electric current passing through it. It consists of a conductor such as a wire, usually wound into a coil. When a current flows through it, energy is stored temporarily in a magnetic field in the coil. When the current flowing through an inductor changes, the time-varying magnetic field induces a voltage in the conductor, according to Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, which opposes the change in current that created it.
An inductor is characterized by its inductance, the ratio of the voltage to the rate of change of current, which has units of henries (H). Inductors have values that typically range from 1 µH (10-6H) to 1 H. Many inductors have a magnetic core made of iron or ferrite inside the coil, which serves to increase the magnetic field and thus the inductance. Along with capacitors and resistors, inductors are one of the three passive linear circuit elements that make up electric circuits. Inductors are widely used in alternating current (AC) electronic equipment, particularly in radio equipment. They are used to block the flow of AC current while allowing DC to pass; inductors designed for this purpose are called chokes. They are also used in electronic filters to separate signals of different frequencies, and in combination with capacitors to make tuned circuits, used to tune radio and TV receivers." [Inductor. Wikipedia]
The symbols example "Design elements - Inductors" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Inductor elements
Inductor elements, permanent magnet, magnetic inductor, inductor, magnetic inductor, gap, inductor, magnet core, half inductor, ferrite core, reflector, ferrite core, continuously adjustable magnetic inductor, magnetic inductor, inductor, continuously adjustable magnetic inductor, gap, magnetic inductor, inductor, continuously adjustable air inductor, air inductor, inductor, air inductor, inductor, adjustable magnetic inductor, inductor, adjustable magnetic inductor, gap, magnetic inductor, inductor, adjustable air inductor, air inductor, inductor,
"Business process improvement (BPI) is a systematic approach to help an organization optimize its underlying processes to achieve more efficient results. ...
An organization is only as good as its processes. To be able to make the necessary changes in an organization, one needs to understand the key processes of the company. Rummler and Brache suggested a model for running a Process Improvement and Management project (PI&M), containing the following steps:
1. Identify the process to be improved (based on a critical business issue): The identification of key processes can be a formal or informal exercise. The management team might select processes by applying a set of criteria derived from strategic and tactical priorities, or process selection is based on obvious performance gaps. It is important is to select the process(es) which have the greatest impact on a competitive advantage or customer requirement.
2. Develop the objective(s) for the project based on the requirements of the process: The focus might be on quality improvement, productivity, cost, customer service or cycle time. The goal is however always the same; to get the key process under control.
3. Select the members of the cross-functional team: A horizontal (cross-functional) analysis is carried out by a team composed of representatives of all functions involved in the process. While a consultant or in-house staff person can do the job, the quality of the analysis and the commitment to change is far greater with a cross-functional team.
4. Document the current process by creating a flowchart or "organization map": Describe the process regarding the Organizational level, the Process level and the Job/ Performer level according to Rummler. Develop a cross-functional process map for the process.
5. Identify "disconnects" in the process: “Disconnections” are everything that inhibit the efficiency and effectiveness of the process. The identification should be categorized into the three levels: The Organizational level, the Process level and the Job/ Performer level.
6. Recommend changes (organizational, in the process or in its execution): Categorize and prioritize the main problems and possibilities, evaluate alternative solutions. Develop a cross-functional process map for the recommended process.
7. Establish process and sub-process measures: The process measures should reflect the objectives of the project.
8. Implement the improvements." [Business process improvement. Wikipedia]
The opportunity flow chart example "Replacing engine oil" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Cross-Functional Flowcharts solution from the Business Processes area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Opportunity flowchart
Opportunity flowchart, yes, vertical swimlanes, terminator, process, no, decision,

Process Improvement

It's incredibly convenient to develop and realize the process improvement with help of ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software which offers the Business Process Diagram Solution from the Business Processes Area.

BPM Software

ConceptDraw PRO extended with Business Process Diagram Solution from the Business Processes Area is a powerful BPM Software which provides a set of useful drawing tools. This is business process improvement tools. Business Process Diagram Solution provides 16 libraries with wide variety of predesigned vector objects from BPMN 1.2 and BPMN 2.0
"Carbohydrate catabolism is the breakdown of carbohydrates into smaller units. Carbohydrates literally undergo combustion to retrieve the large amounts of energy in their bonds. Energy is secured by mitochondria in the form of ATP.
There are several different types of carbohydrates: polysaccharides (e.g., starch, amylopectin, glycogen, cellulose), monosaccharides (e.g., glucose, galactose, fructose, ribose) and the disaccharides (e.g., maltose, lactose).
Glucose reacts with oxygen in the following redox reaction, C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O, the carbon dioxide and water is a waste product and the chemical reaction is exothermic.
The breakdown of glucose into energy in the form of molecules of ATP is therefore one of the most important biochemical pathways found in living organisms." [Carbohydrate catabolism. Wikipedia]
This glucose catabolism pathways map shows glycolysis by orange color, Entner-Doudoroff phosphorylating pathway by green color, Entner-Doudoroff non-phosphorylating pathway by Yellow color.
This methabolic pathway map was redesigned from Wikimedia file: Glucose catabolism pathways.svg. [ wiki/ File:Glucose_ catabolism_ pathways.svg]
The biochemical diagram example "Glucose catabolism pathways map" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Biology solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Catabolic pathway map
Catabolic pathway map, pyruvic acid, pyruvate, phosphoenolpyruvic acid, PEP, phosphoenolpyruvate, lactic acid, lactate, milk acid, glycolysis, glycerate, glyceric acid, glyceraldehyde, glyceric aldehyde
, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, triose phosphate, 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde, G3P, GADP, GAP, TP, GALP, PGAL, glucose, D-glucose, dextrose, grape sugar, glucose 6-phosphate, Robison ester, gluconolactone, ghlucono delta-lactone, GDL, gluconic acid, gluconate, fructose 6-phosphate, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, Harden-Young ester, dihydroxyacetone phosphate, DHAP, glycerone phosphate, acetyl coenzyme A, acetyl-CoA, acetic acid, acetate, ethanoic acid, Entner-Doudoroff pathway phosphorylating, Entner-Doudoroff pathway non-phosphorylating
, 6-phosphogluconolactone, 6-phosphoglucono-δ-lactone, 6-phosphogluconic acid, 6-phosphogluconate, 3-phosphoglyceric acid, 3PG, glycerate 3-phosphate, GP, 2-phosphoglyceric acid, 2PG, 2-phosphoglycerate, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate, KDG, 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-gluconate,  2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconic acid, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconate, 3-deoxy-2-oxo-D-gluconate, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate, 3-deoxy-D-erythro-hex-2-ulosonic acid, 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate, KDPG, 13-bisphosphoglyceric acid, 13-bisphosphoglycerate, 13BPG,
"A project manager is the person responsible for accomplishing the stated project objectives. Key project management responsibilities include creating clear and attainable project objectives, building the project requirements, and managing the constraints of the project management triangle, which are cost, time, scope, and quality.
A project manager is often a client representative and has to determine and implement the exact needs of the client, based on knowledge of the firm they are representing. A project manager is the bridging gap between the production team and client. So he/ she must have a fair knowledge of the industry they are in so that they are capable of understanding and discussing the problems with either party. The ability to adapt to the various internal procedures of the contracting party, and to form close links with the nominated representatives, is essential in ensuring that the key issues of cost, time, quality and above all, client satisfaction, can be realized.
The term and title 'project manager' has come to be used generically to describe anyone given responsibility to complete a project. However, it is more properly used to describe a person with full responsibility and the same level of authority required to complete a project. If a person does not have high levels of both responsibility and authority then they are better described as a project administrator, coordinator, facilitator or expeditor." [Project manager. Wikipedia]
The UML use case diagram example "Project administrator" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Rapid UML solution from the Software Development area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
UML use case diagram
UML use case diagram, use case, actor,