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Affinity Diagram

Affinity Diagram

The Affinity Diagram shows the structure of large, complex factors that have an influence on a problem, and then divides them up into a smaller and simpler structure. The Affinity Diagram does not show a causal relationship between the factors. This diagram is designed to prepare the data for further analysis of the cause-effect relationships. It's also known as a KJ diagram.

The History of Affinity Diagrams

The affinity diagram is a business tool for large idea and data organization. It's a part of the Seven Management and Planning Tools.

The term affinity diagram was invented by Jiro Kawakita in the 1960s, so now it could be referred to as the KJ Method sometimes.

Project Managers use this method right after brainstorming to sort large numbers of ideas into groups, based on their natural relationships.

Another area of affinity diagrams usage is contextual inquiry as a way to sort notes and observations from field interviews, open-ended survey responses organizing, support call logs, etc.

Other tools include:

  • Affinity Diagram
  • Relations Diagram
  • Prioritization Matrix
  • Root Cause Analysis Tree Diagram
  • Involvement Matrix
  • PERT Chart
  • Risk Diagram (PDPC)

When to Use Affinity Diagrams?

Once you finished a big brainstorming session with your team or on alone, next handy step will be - Affinity diagram.

It is used within Project Managers to organize a large number of ideas and represent it to team members in a better way, so they may see the patterns in what's been discussed and identify possible solutions to problems they have.

ConceptDraw STORE offers the Mind Map Exchange Solution from the Collaboration Area which allows to get instantly the access to the ConceptDraw MINDMAP for create Affinity Diagram.

Mind Map Exchange Solution in ConceptDraw STORE

Example 1. Mind Map Exchange Solution in ConceptDraw STORE

Best Practices When Creating Affinity Diagrams

  • Affinity Diagram template (located in Input tab) opens a new Brainstorming session
  • Use this Brainstorming session to identify the central issue, contributing factors to that issue, and the details of those factors
  • Drag and drop to connect factors to the central issue
  • Drag and drop to organize details to their respective factors
  • Save map when finished
  • From Output tab, under "7 Management & Planning Tools", select Affinity Diagram
  • Affinity Diagram will be automatically drawn in ConceptDraw DIAGRAM

Collect and structure factors that impact on a problem.

Affinity Diagram *

Example 2. Factors of Sales Problems

The Benefits for ConceptDraw MINDMAP Brainstorming Software

  • ConceptDraw MINDMAP is effective for brainstorming, designing mind maps, idea generating, creative and lateral thinking, creativity and problem solving.
  • ConceptDraw MINDMAP is ideal for team and personal work in Business, Marketing and Project Management.
  • The libraries with large quantity of vector objects help to illustrate your mind maps and to make them bright, visual and comprehensible.
  • Use of View Navigator tool lets create presentations from a mind map: you can simply select the map parts you want to present, sequence your slides, and preview the presentation.
  • ConceptDraw MINDMAP provides wide capabilities of importing and exporting in various formats: Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Word, MS Excel, Mindjet MindManager, image, HTML, PDF file.


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Picture: Process Flow Diagram
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Picture: Root Cause Tree Diagram
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Picture: When To Use a Fishbone Diagram
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Picture: Venn Diagram Examples for Problem Solving. Environmental Social Science. Human Sustainability Confluence
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Picture: Fishbone Diagram Template
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