# Mathematics Symbols

## Mathematics Symbols

ConceptDraw PRO extended with Mathematics solution from the Science and Education area is a powerful diagramming and vector drawing software that offers all needed tools for mathematical diagrams designing. Mathematics solution provides 3 libraries with predesigned vector mathematics symbols and figures: Solid Geometry Library, Plane Geometry Library and Trigonometric Functions Library. Read more## Mechanical Drawing Symbols

Mechanical Drawings are the special type of technical diagrams that visualize the structure of complex systems and illustrate the information about ventilation, heating, air conditioning, i.e. HVAC systems. These drawings are created on the base of floor plans and reflected ceiling plans, and then become an obligatory part of construction project which is needed directly for construction a building and for receiving a permit on it. Mechanical drawings and diagrams help effectively represent construction, technical and engineering solutions, and also schematics of different mechanical equipment. ConceptDraw PRO vector drawing software enhanced with Mechanical Engineering solution from Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park provides wide set of effective drawing tools, predesigned mechanical drawing symbols, templates, samples and examples. Use of standardized and recognized mechanical vector symbols helps you design understandable mechanical drawings, diagrams and mechanical engineering schematics. Read moreThe vector stencils library "Dimensioning and tolerancing" contains 45 symbols of geometric dimensions and mechanical tolerances, geometric symbols, callouts, and text boxes and inserts.

Use these geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) shapes to create annotated mechanical drawings.

"Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) is a system for defining and communicating engineering tolerances. It uses a symbolic language on engineering drawings and computer-generated three-dimensional solid models that explicitly describes nominal geometry and its allowable variation. It tells the manufacturing staff and machines what degree of accuracy and precision is needed on each controlled feature of the part. GD&T is used to define the nominal (theoretically perfect) geometry of parts and assemblies, to define the allowable variation in form and possible size of individual features, and to define the allowable variation between features." [Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing. Wikipedia]

The shapes example "Design elements - Dimensioning and tolerancing" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more

Use these geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) shapes to create annotated mechanical drawings.

"Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) is a system for defining and communicating engineering tolerances. It uses a symbolic language on engineering drawings and computer-generated three-dimensional solid models that explicitly describes nominal geometry and its allowable variation. It tells the manufacturing staff and machines what degree of accuracy and precision is needed on each controlled feature of the part. GD&T is used to define the nominal (theoretically perfect) geometry of parts and assemblies, to define the allowable variation in form and possible size of individual features, and to define the allowable variation between features." [Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing. Wikipedia]

The shapes example "Design elements - Dimensioning and tolerancing" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more

## Basic Flowchart Symbols and Meaning

Flowcharts are the best for visually representation the business processes and the flow of a custom-order process through various departments within an organization. ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Flowcharts solution offers the full set of predesigned basic flowchart symbols which are gathered at two libraries: Flowchart and Flowcharts Rapid Draw. Among them are: process, terminator, decision, data, document, display, manual loop, and many other specific symbols. The meaning for each symbol offered by ConceptDraw gives the presentation about their proposed use in professional Flowcharts for business and technical processes, software algorithms, well-developed structures of web sites, Workflow diagrams, Process flow diagram and correlation in developing on-line instructional projects or business process system. Use of ready flow chart symbols in diagrams is incredibly useful - you need simply drag desired from the libraries to your document and arrange them in required order. There are a few serious alternatives to Visio for Mac, one of them is ConceptDraw PRO. It is one of the main contender with the most similar features and capabilities. Read more## Scientific Symbols Chart

ConceptDraw PRO is the beautiful design software that provides many vector stencils, examples and templates for drawing different types of illustrations and diagrams.Mathematics Solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park includes a few shape libraries of plane, solid geometric figures, trigonometrical functions and greek letters to help you create different professional looking mathematic illustrations for science and education. Read more

## ERD Symbols and Meanings

Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) is a popular software engineering tool for database modeling and illustration the logical structure of databases, which uses one of two notations - Chen's or Crow’s Foot. Crow's foot notation is effective when used in software engineering, information engineering, structured systems analysis and design. Each of these notations applies its own set of ERD symbols. Crow's foot diagrams use boxes to represent entities and lines between these boxes to show relationships. Varied shapes at the ends of lines depict the cardinality of a given relationship. Chen's ERD notation is more detailed way to represent entities and relationships. ConceptDraw PRO application enhanced with all-inclusive Entity-Relationship Diagram (ERD) solution allows design professional ER diagrams with Chen's or Crow’s Foot notation on your choice. It contains the full set of ready-to-use standardized ERD symbols and meanings helpful for quickly drawing, collection of predesigned ERD samples, examples and templates. ConceptDraw Pro is a great alternative to Visio for Mac users as it offers more features and can easily handle the most demanding professional needs. Read more## Mathematical Diagrams

ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Mathematics solution from the Science and Education area is the best for creating: mathematical diagrams, graphics, tape diagrams various mathematical illustrations of any complexity quick and easy. Mathematics solution provides 3 libraries: Plane Geometry Library, Solid Geometry Library, Trigonometric Functions Library. Read moreThe vector stencils library "Optics" contains 17 symbol icons: reflecting surface; convex and concave lens with and without optic axis, body or ray; ray; parallel beam of light; point light source; prism with and without ray path; refraction.

Use these shapes for drawing schemes of physical experiments in geometrical optics and ray tracing diagrams.

"Geometrical optics, or ray optics, describes light propagation in terms of "rays". The "ray" in geometric optics is an abstraction, or "instrument", which can be used to approximately model how light will propagate. Light rays are defined to propagate in a rectilinear path as they travel in a homogeneous medium. Rays bend (and may split in two) at the interface between two dissimilar media, may curve in a medium where the refractive index changes, and may be absorbed and reflected. Geometrical optics provides rules, which may depend on the color (wavelength) of the ray, for propagating these rays through an optical system. This is a significant simplification of optics that fails to account for optical effects such as diffraction and interference. It is an excellent approximation, however, when the wavelength is very small compared with the size of structures with which the light interacts. Geometric optics can be used to describe the geometrical aspects of imaging, including optical aberrations." [Geometrical optics. Wikipedia]

The example "Design elements - Optics" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Physics solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more

Use these shapes for drawing schemes of physical experiments in geometrical optics and ray tracing diagrams.

"Geometrical optics, or ray optics, describes light propagation in terms of "rays". The "ray" in geometric optics is an abstraction, or "instrument", which can be used to approximately model how light will propagate. Light rays are defined to propagate in a rectilinear path as they travel in a homogeneous medium. Rays bend (and may split in two) at the interface between two dissimilar media, may curve in a medium where the refractive index changes, and may be absorbed and reflected. Geometrical optics provides rules, which may depend on the color (wavelength) of the ray, for propagating these rays through an optical system. This is a significant simplification of optics that fails to account for optical effects such as diffraction and interference. It is an excellent approximation, however, when the wavelength is very small compared with the size of structures with which the light interacts. Geometric optics can be used to describe the geometrical aspects of imaging, including optical aberrations." [Geometrical optics. Wikipedia]

The example "Design elements - Optics" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Physics solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more

HelpDesk

## How to Create Flowchart Using Standard Flowchart Symbols

Flowcharts are used to display an algorithm for consistent execution of certain steps. Flowchart is probably the easiest way to make a graphical representation of any process. Flowcharts use the set of standard geometric symbols and arrows to define relationships. ConceptDraw PRO allows you to create professional flowchart quickly and easily. The ability to create flowcharts is contained in the Flowcharts solution. The solution provides a set of special tools for creating flowcharts. Read moreHelpDesk

## How to Draw Geometric Shapes in ConceptDraw PRO

Knowledge of geometry grants people good logic, abstract and spatial thinking skills. The object of study of geometry are the size, shape and position, the 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional shapes. Geometry is related to many other areas in math, and is used daily by engineers, architects, designers and many other professionals. Today, the objects of geometry are not only shapes and solids. It deals with properties and relationships and looks much more about analysis and reasoning. Geometry drawings can be helpful when you study the geometry, or need to illustrate the some investigation related to geometry. ConceptDraw PRO allows you to draw plane and solid geometry shapes quickly and easily. Read moreThe vector stencils library "Welding" contains 38 welding joint symbols to identify fillets, contours, resistance seams, grooves, surfacing, and backing.

Use it to indicate welding operations on working drawings.

"Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the workpieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material (the weld pool) that cools to become a strong joint, with pressure sometimes used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce the weld. This is in contrast with soldering and brazing, which involve melting a lower-melting-point material between the workpieces to form a bond between them, without melting the workpieces.

Many different energy sources can be used for welding, including a gas flame, an electric arc, a laser, an electron beam, friction, and ultrasound.

Welds can be geometrically prepared in many different ways. The five basic types of weld joints are the butt joint, lap joint, corner joint, edge joint, and T-joint (a variant of this last is the cruciform joint). Other variations exist as well - for example, double-V preparation joints are characterized by the two pieces of material each tapering to a single center point at one-half their height. Single-U and double-U preparation joints are also fairly common - instead of having straight edges like the single-V and double-V preparation joints, they are curved, forming the shape of a U. Lap joints are also commonly more than two pieces thick - depending on the process used and the thickness of the material, many pieces can be welded together in a lap joint geometry." [Welding. Wikipedia]

The shapes example "Design elements - Welding" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more

Use it to indicate welding operations on working drawings.

"Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the workpieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material (the weld pool) that cools to become a strong joint, with pressure sometimes used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce the weld. This is in contrast with soldering and brazing, which involve melting a lower-melting-point material between the workpieces to form a bond between them, without melting the workpieces.

Many different energy sources can be used for welding, including a gas flame, an electric arc, a laser, an electron beam, friction, and ultrasound.

Welds can be geometrically prepared in many different ways. The five basic types of weld joints are the butt joint, lap joint, corner joint, edge joint, and T-joint (a variant of this last is the cruciform joint). Other variations exist as well - for example, double-V preparation joints are characterized by the two pieces of material each tapering to a single center point at one-half their height. Single-U and double-U preparation joints are also fairly common - instead of having straight edges like the single-V and double-V preparation joints, they are curved, forming the shape of a U. Lap joints are also commonly more than two pieces thick - depending on the process used and the thickness of the material, many pieces can be welded together in a lap joint geometry." [Welding. Wikipedia]

The shapes example "Design elements - Welding" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more

## Hotel Network Topology Diagram

Network topology is a layout of various elements of computer network, such as nodes, links, routers, etc. It is a network topological structure which can be depicted logically or physically. Physical topology shows the physical location of network's components and cable connections between network nodes. Logical topology describes the data flows, the circulation of signals in physical topology. The physical and logical topologies for two networks can be identical, while their physical interconnections, the distances between nodes, transmission rates, and/or signal types may be differ. ConceptDraw PRO with Computer and Networks solution from Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park lets you design physical and logical network topology diagrams for wireless and wired computer communication networks located in various premises, including the hotels. You can easy design Hotel Network Topology Diagram, diagrams depicted LANs and WLANs, and also any of eight basic topologies (Point-to-point, Star, Bus, Mesh, Ring, Tree, Hybrid, Daisy chain). Read more## Cisco Network Topology. Cisco icons, shapes, stencils and symbols

Cisco Network Topology represents the arrangement of worldwide recognized and standardized Cisco network symbols, icons, shapes, and stencils which help visualize the schemes of computer networks. Any equipment used in Cisco networks is also named a node and network topology diagram represents the scheme of connection the used nodes. Cisco Network Diagram illustrates how the signals enter on the networked devices and how the data spread within a network from one device to another. These diagrams are useful for engineers while constructing computer networks and working with them. Cisco Network Diagrams solution included to Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park contains quick-start templates, professionally designed samples and examples, and numerous libraries with a lot of predesigned vector design elements, icons, and shapes of Cisco equipment, components, devices, links which provide for ConceptDraw PRO users a perfect possibility of simple and quick drawing Cisco Network Diagrams and Schematics, Network Designs and Maps of any complexity. Read moreThe vector stencils library "Cisco network topology" contains 89 symbols of Cisco network devices and design elements for drawing computer network topology diagrams using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.

"Network topology is an arrangement of the various elements (links, nodes, etc.) of a computer network. Essentially, it is the topological structure of a network, and may be depicted physically or logically. Physical topology refers to the placement of the network's various components, including device location and cable installation, while logical topology shows how data flows within a network, regardless of its physical design. Distances between nodes, physical interconnections, transmission rates, and/or signal types may differ between two networks, yet their topologies may be identical.

A good example is a local area network (LAN): Any given node in the LAN has one or more physical links to other devices in the network; graphically mapping these links results in a geometric shape that can be used to describe the physical topology of the network. Conversely, mapping the data flow between the components determines the logical topology of the network." [Network topology. Wikipedia]

The example "Design elements - Cisco network topology" is included in the Cisco Network Diagrams solution from the Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more

"Network topology is an arrangement of the various elements (links, nodes, etc.) of a computer network. Essentially, it is the topological structure of a network, and may be depicted physically or logically. Physical topology refers to the placement of the network's various components, including device location and cable installation, while logical topology shows how data flows within a network, regardless of its physical design. Distances between nodes, physical interconnections, transmission rates, and/or signal types may differ between two networks, yet their topologies may be identical.

A good example is a local area network (LAN): Any given node in the LAN has one or more physical links to other devices in the network; graphically mapping these links results in a geometric shape that can be used to describe the physical topology of the network. Conversely, mapping the data flow between the components determines the logical topology of the network." [Network topology. Wikipedia]

The example "Design elements - Cisco network topology" is included in the Cisco Network Diagrams solution from the Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more

## Definition Flowchart

A flowchart is a type of diagram that represents an algorithm, workflow or process, showing the steps as boxes of various kinds, and their order by connecting them with arrows. This definition flowchart gives a clear answer for the question "What is a flowchart?". It is convenient to use a powerful ConceptDraw PRO software extended with Flowcharts Solution from the "What is a Diagram" Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park to design flowcharts of various types which will additionally illustrate a definition flowchart. Read more- Geometry Symble Is Use In Disgn
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