# Basic Flowchart Symbols and Meaning

Flowchart Symbols and Meaning - Provides a visual representation of basic flowchart symbols and their proposed use in professional workflow diagram, standard process flow diagram and communicating the structure of a well-developed web site, as well as their correlation in developing on-line instructional projects. See flowchart's symbols by specifics of process flow diagram symbols and workflow diagram symbols.HelpDesk

## Accounting Information Systems Flowchart Symbols

Accounting Information system is a combination of software and hardware, as well as organizational support. Information system - it is not only the software and computers with network equipment, but also a list of instructions and standards which can be notated using Accounting information systems flowchart symbols. All information systems can be divided into information retrieval and data processing systems. Data Flow model is a hierarchical model. Each process can be divided into structural components, that depict by corresponding flowchart symbols, showing the accounting information system in communication with the external environment. The major components of accounting information systems flowchart are: entities, processes, data stores, and data flows. The set of standard accounting information flowchart symbols is intended to show the relationships between the system components. ConceptDraw PRO can help to draw clear accounting information system diagrams using special flowchart symbols.## ERD Symbols and Meanings

Crow's foot notation is used in Barker's Notation, Structured Systems Analysis and Design Method (SSADM) and information engineering. Crow's foot diagrams represent entities as boxes, and relationships as lines between the boxes. Different shapes at the ends of these lines represent the cardinality of the relationship.The Chen's ERD notation is still used and is considered to present a more detailed way of representing entities and relationships.

To create an ERD, software engineers mainly turn to dedicated drawing software, which contain the full notation resources for their specific database design - ERD symbols and meanings. CS Odessa has released an all-inclusive Entity-Relationship Diagram (ERD) solution for their powerful drawing program, ConceptDraw PRO.

"Business process improvement (BPI) is a systematic approach to help an organization optimize its underlying processes to achieve more efficient results. ...

An organization is only as good as its processes. To be able to make the necessary changes in an organization, one needs to understand the key processes of the company. Rummler and Brache suggested a model for running a Process Improvement and Management project (PI&M), containing the following steps:

1. Identify the process to be improved (based on a critical business issue): The identification of key processes can be a formal or informal exercise. The management team might select processes by applying a set of criteria derived from strategic and tactical priorities, or process selection is based on obvious performance gaps. It is important is to select the process(es) which have the greatest impact on a competitive advantage or customer requirement.

2. Develop the objective(s) for the project based on the requirements of the process: The focus might be on quality improvement, productivity, cost, customer service or cycle time. The goal is however always the same; to get the key process under control.

3. Select the members of the cross-functional team: A horizontal (cross-functional) analysis is carried out by a team composed of representatives of all functions involved in the process. While a consultant or in-house staff person can do the job, the quality of the analysis and the commitment to change is far greater with a cross-functional team.

4. Document the current process by creating a flowchart or "organization map": Describe the process regarding the Organizational level, the Process level and the Job/ Performer level according to Rummler. Develop a cross-functional process map for the process.

5. Identify "disconnects" in the process: “Disconnections” are everything that inhibit the efficiency and effectiveness of the process. The identification should be categorized into the three levels: The Organizational level, the Process level and the Job/ Performer level.

6. Recommend changes (organizational, in the process or in its execution): Categorize and prioritize the main problems and possibilities, evaluate alternative solutions. Develop a cross-functional process map for the recommended process.

7. Establish process and sub-process measures: The process measures should reflect the objectives of the project.

8. Implement the improvements." [Business process improvement. Wikipedia]

The opportunity flow chart example "Replacing engine oil" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Cross-Functional Flowcharts solution from the Business Processes area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.

An organization is only as good as its processes. To be able to make the necessary changes in an organization, one needs to understand the key processes of the company. Rummler and Brache suggested a model for running a Process Improvement and Management project (PI&M), containing the following steps:

1. Identify the process to be improved (based on a critical business issue): The identification of key processes can be a formal or informal exercise. The management team might select processes by applying a set of criteria derived from strategic and tactical priorities, or process selection is based on obvious performance gaps. It is important is to select the process(es) which have the greatest impact on a competitive advantage or customer requirement.

2. Develop the objective(s) for the project based on the requirements of the process: The focus might be on quality improvement, productivity, cost, customer service or cycle time. The goal is however always the same; to get the key process under control.

3. Select the members of the cross-functional team: A horizontal (cross-functional) analysis is carried out by a team composed of representatives of all functions involved in the process. While a consultant or in-house staff person can do the job, the quality of the analysis and the commitment to change is far greater with a cross-functional team.

4. Document the current process by creating a flowchart or "organization map": Describe the process regarding the Organizational level, the Process level and the Job/ Performer level according to Rummler. Develop a cross-functional process map for the process.

5. Identify "disconnects" in the process: “Disconnections” are everything that inhibit the efficiency and effectiveness of the process. The identification should be categorized into the three levels: The Organizational level, the Process level and the Job/ Performer level.

6. Recommend changes (organizational, in the process or in its execution): Categorize and prioritize the main problems and possibilities, evaluate alternative solutions. Develop a cross-functional process map for the recommended process.

7. Establish process and sub-process measures: The process measures should reflect the objectives of the project.

8. Implement the improvements." [Business process improvement. Wikipedia]

The opportunity flow chart example "Replacing engine oil" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Cross-Functional Flowcharts solution from the Business Processes area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.

The vector stencils library "Trigonometric functions" contains 8 shapes of trigonometrical and inverse trigonometrical functions graphs.

"In mathematics, the trigonometric functions (also called the circular functions) are functions of an angle. They relate the angles of a triangle to the lengths of its sides. Trigonometric functions are important in the study of triangles and modeling periodic phenomena, among many other applications.

The most familiar trigonometric functions are the sine, cosine, and tangent. In the context of the standard unit circle with radius 1 unit, where a triangle is formed by a ray originating at the origin and making some angle with the x-axis, the sine of the angle gives the length of the y-component (the opposite to the angle or the rise) of the triangle, the cosine gives the length of the x-component (the adjacent of the angle or the run), and the tangent function gives the slope (y-component divided by the x-component). More precise definitions are detailed below. Trigonometric functions are commonly defined as ratios of two sides of a right triangle containing the angle, and can equivalently be defined as the lengths of various line segments from a unit circle. More modern definitions express them as infinite series or as solutions of certain differential equations, allowing their extension to arbitrary positive and negative values and even to complex numbers." [Trigonometric functions. Wikipedia]

The shapes example "Design elements - Trigonometric functions" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mathematics solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.

"In mathematics, the trigonometric functions (also called the circular functions) are functions of an angle. They relate the angles of a triangle to the lengths of its sides. Trigonometric functions are important in the study of triangles and modeling periodic phenomena, among many other applications.

The most familiar trigonometric functions are the sine, cosine, and tangent. In the context of the standard unit circle with radius 1 unit, where a triangle is formed by a ray originating at the origin and making some angle with the x-axis, the sine of the angle gives the length of the y-component (the opposite to the angle or the rise) of the triangle, the cosine gives the length of the x-component (the adjacent of the angle or the run), and the tangent function gives the slope (y-component divided by the x-component). More precise definitions are detailed below. Trigonometric functions are commonly defined as ratios of two sides of a right triangle containing the angle, and can equivalently be defined as the lengths of various line segments from a unit circle. More modern definitions express them as infinite series or as solutions of certain differential equations, allowing their extension to arbitrary positive and negative values and even to complex numbers." [Trigonometric functions. Wikipedia]

The shapes example "Design elements - Trigonometric functions" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mathematics solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.

HelpDesk

## How to Start Drawing a Diagram on Mac

There are many types of diagrams, you can create using Conceptdraw PRO: network diagrams, organizational charts, flow charts, workflow diagrams, technical schemes and building plans. However, there are the same basic steps to start creating almost all of them. Here tutorial we will show how to create a simple chart using a template, and how to add shapes to your drawing using libraries.

In this tutorial we will explain how to create a simple chart in ConceptDraw PRO using a template, and how to use the library objects.

## Computer and Networks Area

The solutions from Computer and Networks Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park collect samples, templates and vector stencils libraries for drawing computer and network diagrams, schemes and technical drawings.

## IDEF Business Process Diagrams

Use the IDEF Business Process Diagrams solution to create effective database designs and object-oriented designs, following the integration definition methodology.

## macOS User Interface

macOS User Interface solution extends the ConceptDraw PRO functionality with powerful GUI software graphic design features and tools. It provides an extensive range of multifarious macOS Sierra user interface design examples, samples and templates, and wide variety of libraries, containing a lot of pre-designed vector objects of Mac Apps icons, buttons, dialogs, menu bars, indicators, pointers, controls, toolbars, menus, and other elements for fast and simple designing high standard user interfaces of any complexity for new macOS Sierra.

## ConceptDraw Solution Park

ConceptDraw Solution Park collects graphic extensions, examples and learning materials

## Circle-Spoke Diagrams

Examples of subject areas that are well suited to this approach are marketing, business, products promotion, process modeling, market, resource, time, and cost analysis. Circle-Spoke Diagrams are successfully used in presentations, conferences, management documents, magazines, reportages, reviews, reports, TV, and social media.

## Database Design

ConceptDraw PRO extended with IDEF Business Process Diagrams solution from the Business Processes area of ConceptDraw Solution Park is an ideal software for effective database design and drawing IDEF diagrams visually representing all steps of database design process.- Basic Flowchart Symbols and Meaning | How to Draw a Flowchart ...
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