Fire Exit Plan. Building Plan Examples
Fire and emergency exit plans
An “emergency exit” in a building is a special exit for emergencies such as a fire. The the combined use of the regular as well as the special exits allows fast evacuation. It also provides an alternative if the route to the regular exit is blocked by fire or in case of other circumstances. Fire exits are usually strategically located (e.g. in a stairwell, hallway or other places) outward opening door with an exit signs on as well as a “crash bar”. The name is a reference to when they are frequently used. A fire exit can also be a main doorway “in” or “out”. A “fire exit” can be also called a “fire escape” and it is another special kind of emergency exit, which is usually mounted to the outside of a building.
Following the events in 1883 in England when more than 180 children died because of a door being bolted at the bottom of a stairwell, the government of the United Kingdom of the Great Britain began legal moves towards enforcing the minimum standards for the building safety. These processes slowly led to the legal requirement insisting in the venues having a minimum number of outward opening emergency exits as well as locks, which could be easily opened from the inside of the building.
These moves mentioned above were not globally copied for some time as in the United States of America in 1911 146 factory workers died in the fire at the factory when they were stopped by locked exits. Also 492 people died in the fire in a Boston nightclub in 1942, which led to the regulations requiring that exits of large buildings open outward and that enough emergency exits should be provided for accommodating the building's capacity.
Society all over the globe ended up demanding alterations in emergency regulations after suchlike disasters including the nightclub fire in Argentina in 2004. Thus the investigation was launched by the Argentine federal government straight after 194 people were killed in that fire. The reason for those emergency exits being shut was that the owners wanted to stop people from sneaking into the nightclub without paying.
Local building codes often dictate the number of fire exits required for a building of a given size, which may include specifying even the number of the stairs. For any construction bigger than a domestic building, modern codes inevitably specify at least two sets of stairs, but such stairs must be completely separate from each other. Some architects meet the requirement of providing two stairs in a way when these two stair openings occupy the same floor space, intertwined. It may seem to make no functional sense to have two stairs so close to each other, but exactly this regulation meets the requirements of the building codes.
Knowing where the emergency exits are in buildings can simply save your life and providing other people with this information can save their lives. Some buildings, such as schools, have fire drills for practicing using the emergency exits. Many lives could have been saved and many disasters – prevented, if people had known where the fire escapes were. That is why having the emergency exit plans is so important nowadays. These exits should have never been blocked as there were on 11.09.2001 in the World Trade Centre when some of the emergency exits inside the building were inaccessible and some of the others were simply locked. In the hospital in Moscow in 2006 the emergency exits were locked and most of the windows barred shut, so many people were killed.
In many countries, it is strictly required that all new commercial buildings include well-marked emergency exits. The older buildings must be retrofitted with the “fire escaped” and in the countries where emergency exits are not standard, fires will often result in a much greater loss of life. Some of the skyscrapers have stairwells with the standard emergency exit signs on each of the doors which then lock upon closing and so users of these stairwells can be trapped: in tragic cases they may know or may not that the only door that opens from the inside is the one on the ground floor.
Another problem which is becoming a very serious one as well as very common in the United States of America since 2005 is that the retail stores at night close one of their main exits through the makeshift heavy metal barriers and other things right in front of these exits, which actually lock their exits completely. A huge scope of mechanical exit systems has also been equipped with plates saying something like "Do not use this exit" or warning users that a heavy penalty will be assessed for non-emergency use which can confuse those who need to escape. Some of the systems do not allow the exit to be opened until its user signals the intention of using the exit way out using some special button for a while, such as for twenty seconds, for example. It is also common for these exits to remain completely locked until somebody tests them so they had better get tested in advance to make sure that people can easily use them when needed not having troubles with such a simple task.
In order to make it safe both for you and for your employees as well as your clients who come to pay you a visit time to time and who can get trapped in a building, especially if your office is in a high building on one of the top floors of it, then you must make the fire exit plan in case of fire enabling people to live the building on time avoiding being hurt, injured or even dead. For making such plan you can always use ConceptDraw DIAGRAM software which is one of the best drawing applications providing all of the necessary tools for making your own plans, including the fire exit ones.
Using the appropriate Solution which can be found and downloaded from the “Building Plans area” of ConceptDraw Solution Park, which provides examples, templates and vector stencils library, is always beneficial while working in ConceptDraw DIAGRAM diagramming and vector drawing software. Use it today for designing your own convenient in use and simple fire and emergency plans and schemes, such as Evacuation plans, Home Emergency plans, Office Emergency plans, Fire safety diagrams, Fire Exit plans, Fire Emergency plans, Fire Evacuation plans and Business Emergency plans.
Solution from Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park provides examples, templates and vector stencils library for ConceptDraw DIAGRAM diagramming and vector drawing software.
Use it to design differend types of fire and emergency plans and schemes:
- Evacuation plans
- Home Emergency plans
- Office Emergency plans
- Fire safety diagrams
- Fire Exit plans
- Fire Emergency plans
- Fire Evacuation plans
- Business Emergency plans
Sample 1. Office Fire Exit Plan
Fire exit plan is used in hospitals, hotels, business centers, metro, airports, schools, etc. This sample is drawn using ConceptDraw diagramming and vector drawing software enhanced with Building Plans solution from ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Solution Building Plans from ConceptDraw Solution Park provides vector stencils libraries with design elements for drawing fire exit plans.
TEN RELATED HOW TO's:
If you want to find a way to understand complex things in minutes, you should try to visualize data. One of the most useful tool for this is creating a flowchart, which is a diagram representing stages of some process in sequential order. There are so many possible uses of flowcharts and you can find tons of flow charts examples and predesigned templates on the Internet. Warehouse flowchart is often used for describing workflow and business process mapping. Using your imagination, you can simplify your job or daily routine with flowcharts.
Warehouse flowcharts are used to document product and information flow between sources of supply and consumers. The flowchart provides the staged guidance on how to manage each aspect of warehousing and describes such aspects as receiving of supplies; control of quality; shipment and storage and corresponding document flow. Warehouse flowchart, being actual is a good source of information. It indicates the stepwise way to complete the warehouse and inventory management process flow. Also it can be very useful for an inventory and audit procedures.
Picture: Flow chart Example. Warehouse Flowchart
When trying to figure out the nature of the problems occurring within a project, there are many ways to develop such understanding. One of the most common ways to document processes for further improvement is to draw a process flowchart, which depicts the activities of the process arranged in sequential order — this is business process management. ConceptDraw DIAGRAM is business process mapping software with impressive range of productivity features for business process management and classic project management. This business process management software is helpful for many purposes from different payment processes, or manufacturing processes to chemical processes. Business process mapping flowcharts helps clarify the actual workflow of different people engaged in the same process. This samples were made with ConceptDraw DIAGRAM — business process mapping software for flowcharting and used as classic visio alternative because its briefly named "visio for mac" and for windows, this sort of software named the business process management tools.
This flowchart diagram shows a process flow of project management. The diagram that is presented here depicts the project life cycle that is basic for the most of project management methods. Breaking a project into phases allows to track it in the proper manner. Through separation on phases, the total workflow of a project is divided into some foreseeable components, thus making it easier to follow the project status. A project life cycle commonly includes: initiation, definition, design, development and implementation phases. Distinguished method to show parallel and interdependent processes, as well as project life cycle relationships. A flowchart diagram is often used as visual guide to project. For instance, it used by marketing project management software for visualizing stages of marketing activities or as project management workflow tools. Created with ConceptDraw DIAGRAM — business process mapping software which is flowcharting visio alternative or shortly its visio for mac, this sort of software platform often named the business process management tools.
Picture: Process Flowchart
Designing a floor plan or a home plan using special software may sound quite complicated. There are many tools to create such plan, but it would be useful for a beginner to watch some tips on how to create home plan with examples or even templates. ConceptDraw Solution Park provides dozens of floor plans examples, templates and libraries with vector stencils.
This small private apartment floor plan is created using ConceptDraw Building Plans solution. It provides the 15 object libraries that include more than 600 vector objects along with the set of templates for drawing different floor plans. The given sample represents the individual apartment's plan in details. It shows the layout of rooms, the furniture and sanitary engineering location and even possible location of houseplants. The legend on the right side of the drawing will guide people through the location of the apartment.
Picture: How To Create Home Plan with Examples
A wireframe is a scheme of a future web page. Wireframe illustrates the web page structure, location and size of the main elements, as well as their interaction with the user. With such scheme designer defines the functionality of the page, not its appearance.
Picture: Wireframe Tools
While creating flowcharts and process flow diagrams, you should use special objects to define different statements, so anyone aware of flowcharts can get your scheme right. There is a short and an extended list of basic flowchart symbols and their meaning. Basic flowchart symbols include terminator objects, rectangles for describing steps of a process, diamonds representing appearing conditions and questions and parallelograms to show incoming data.
This diagram gives a general review of the standard symbols that are used when creating flowcharts and process flow diagrams. The practice of using a set of standard flowchart symbols was admitted in order to make flowcharts and other process flow diagrams created by any person properly understandable by other people. The flowchart symbols depict different kinds of actions and phases in a process. The sequence of the actions, and the relationships between them are shown by special lines and arrows. There are a large number of flowchart symbols. Which of them can be used in the particular diagram depends on its type. For instance, some symbols used in data flow diagrams usually are not used in the process flowcharts. Business process system use exactly these flowchart symbols.
Picture: Basic Flowchart Symbols and Meaning
Interior design is an art of planning and coordinating the space in a building or on a floor to produce a charming and convenient environment for the client. You can ask professionals for help, or you can create floor plans easily with ConceptDraw DIAGRAM , using diverse libraries or altering numerous templates. You don’t need no formal training anymore to be a designer, isn’t it great?
Using a ConceptDraw DIAGRAM floor plan software makes depicting of home or office layout ideas a simple task. It does not require special skills to make detailed and scaled floor plans. Adding furniture to design interior is also a breeze. You can draw and furnish your floor plans with a floor plan software. Moreover, using software for floor planning you gain an opportunity to share your plans and high-resolution images of your designs with clients or stakeholders.
Picture: Create Floor Plans Easily with ConceptDraw DIAGRAM
If it is necessary for you to create the building plan you can draw it manually on the sheet of paper, but also you can use special software. With the help of ConceptDraw you can create the building plan of any difficulty. Thanks to special templates and objects libraries this won't take you much time and won't demand special skills.
Picture: Building Plans with ConceptDraw DIAGRAM
ConceptDraw DIAGRAM diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Directional Maps Solution from the Maps Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park is a powerful maps and directions design software. Let's review the tools of this solution.
Picture: Maps and Directions