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Design elements - Switches and relays

The vector stencils library "Switches and relays" contains 58 symbols of electrical contacts, switches, relays, circuit breakers, selectors, connectors, disconnect devices, switching circuits, current regulators, and thermostats for electrical devices.
"In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
The most familiar form of switch is a manually operated electromechanical device with one or more sets of electrical contacts, which are connected to external circuits. Each set of contacts can be in one of two states: either "closed" meaning the contacts are touching and electricity can flow between them, or "open", meaning the contacts are separated and the switch is nonconducting. The mechanism actuating the transition between these two states (open or closed) can be either a "toggle" (flip switch for continuous "on" or "off") or "momentary" (push-for "on" or push-for "off") type.
A switch may be directly manipulated by a human as a control signal to a system, such as a computer keyboard button, or to control power flow in a circuit, such as a light switch. Automatically operated switches can be used to control the motions of machines, for example, to indicate that a garage door has reached its full open position or that a machine tool is in a position to accept another workpiece. Switches may be operated by process variables such as pressure, temperature, flow, current, voltage, and force, acting as sensors in a process and used to automatically control a system. ... A switch that is operated by another electrical circuit is called a relay. Large switches may be remotely operated by a motor drive mechanism. Some switches are used to isolate electric power from a system, providing a visible point of isolation that can be padlocked if necessary to prevent accidental operation of a machine during maintenance, or to prevent electric shock." [Switch. Wikipedia]
"A relay is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to mechanically operate a switch, but other operating principles are also used, such as solid-state relays. Relays are used where it is necessary to control a circuit by a low-power signal (with complete electrical isolation between control and controlled circuits), or where several circuits must be controlled by one signal. The first relays were used in long distance telegraph circuits as amplifiers: they repeated the signal coming in from one circuit and re-transmitted it on another circuit. Relays were used extensively in telephone exchanges and early computers to perform logical operations.
A type of relay that can handle the high power required to directly control an electric motor or other loads is called a contactor. Solid-state relays control power circuits with no moving parts, instead using a semiconductor device to perform switching. Relays with calibrated operating characteristics and sometimes multiple operating coils are used to protect electrical circuits from overload or faults; in modern electric power systems these functions are performed by digital instruments still called "protective relays"." [Relay. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Switches and relays" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Switch and relay symbols
Switch and relay symbols, two way contact, time delay make, open switch, time-delay closing, TDC, time delay make, normally open, time delay break, normally closed, time delay break, closed switch, time-delay opening, TDO, thermostat, temperature switch, temperature sensitive switch, temperature actuated switch, switch disconnector, isolating-switch, stay put, contact without spring return, spring return, make, spring return, break, spring return, shorting selector, make-before-break, shorting, bridging,  contact transfer, selector switch, break-before-make, nonshorting, nonbridging, contact transfer, safety interlock, circuit opening, relay contacts, relay coil, relay, pushbutton, make, circuit closing, mushroom head, push-pull head, pushbutton, break, circuit opening, mushroom head, push-pull head, pushbutton, 2-circuit, circuit opening, break, proximity limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed, pressure actuated switch, pilot light, passing make-contact, mercury switch, manual switch, manually operated switch, make contact, liquid level actuated switch, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally open, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed, limit switch, isolator, inertia switch, gas flow actuated switch, fuse, flow actuated, circuit breaker, change-over contact, break contact, SPST, single-pole, single-throw, switch, SPDT, single-pole, double-throw, switch, DPST, double-pole, single-throw, switch, DPDT, double-pole, double-throw, switch, 4 position, switch, 3 position, three-position, switch, 2 position, switch,
The vector stencils library "Switches and relays" contains 58 symbols of electrical contacts, switches, relays, circuit breakers, selectors, connectors, disconnect devices, switching circuits, current regulators, and thermostats for electrical devices.
Use these shapes for drawing electrical diagrams in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/engineering-electrical Read more
SPST
SPST, SPST, single-pole, single-throw, switch,
SPDT
SPDT, SPDT, single-pole, double-throw, switch,
DPST
DPST, DPST, double-pole, single-throw, switch,
DPDT
DPDT, DPDT, double-pole, double-throw, switch,
Make contact
Make contact, make contact,
Break contact
Break contact, break contact,
Two way contact
Two way contact, two way contact,
Passing make-contact
Passing make-contact, passing make-contact,
Spring return
Spring return, spring return,
Stay put
Stay put, stay put, contact without spring return,
Limit switch
Limit switch, limit switch,
Circuit breaker
Circuit breaker, circuit breaker,
Spring return 2
Spring return 2, spring return, make,
Spring return 3
Spring return 3, spring return, break,
Limit switch n/o
Limit switch n/o, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally open,
Limit switch n/c
Limit switch n/c, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed,
2 position switch
2 position switch, 2 position, switch,
3 position switch
3 position switch, 3 position, three-position, switch,
4 position switch
4 position switch, 4 position, switch,
Manual switch
Manual switch, manual switch, manually operated switch,
Pushbutton make
Pushbutton make, pushbutton, make, circuit closing, mushroom head, push-pull head,
Pushbutton break
Pushbutton break, pushbutton, break, circuit opening, mushroom head, push-pull head,
Pushbutton 2-circuit
Pushbutton 2-circuit, pushbutton, 2-circuit, circuit opening, break,
Selector switch
Selector switch, selector switch, break-before-make, nonshorting, nonbridging, contact transfer,
Shorting selector
Shorting selector, shorting selector, make-before-break, shorting, bridging,  contact transfer,
Proximity limit switch
Proximity limit switch, proximity limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed,
Time delay make
Time delay make, time delay make, open switch, time-delay closing, TDC,
Time delay break
Time delay break, time delay break, closed switch, time-delay opening, TDO,
Time delay make 2
Time delay make 2, time delay make, normally open,
Time delay break 2
Time delay break 2, time delay break, normally closed,
Safety interlock
Safety interlock, safety interlock, circuit opening,
Flow actuated
Flow actuated, flow actuated,
Liquid level actuated
Liquid level actuated, liquid level actuated switch,
Liquid level actuated 2
Liquid level actuated 2, liquid level actuated switch,
Gas flow actuated
Gas flow actuated, gas flow actuated switch,
Pressure actuated
Pressure actuated, pressure actuated switch,
Temperature actuated
Temperature actuated, temperature actuated switch,
Thermostat
Thermostat, thermostat,
Temperature switch
Temperature switch, temperature switch, temperature sensitive switch,
Inertia switch
Inertia switch, inertia switch,
Mercury switch
Mercury switch, mercury switch,
Mercury switch 2
Mercury switch 2, mercury switch,
Fuse
Fuse, fuse,
Switch disconnector
Switch disconnector, switch disconnector, isolating-switch,
Isolator
Isolator, isolator,
Change-over contact
Change-over contact, change-over contact,
Relay contacts
Relay contacts, relay contacts,
Relay coil
Relay coil, relay coil,
Pilot light
Pilot light, pilot light,
Pilot light, push-to-test
Pilot light, push-to-test, pilot light,
Relay, alternating-current
Relay, alternating-current, relay,
Relay, magnetically polarized
Relay, magnetically polarized, relay,
Relay, slow-operate
Relay, slow-operate, relay,
Relay, slow-release
Relay, slow-release, relay,
Relay
Relay, relay,
Relay, high speed
Relay, high speed, relay,
Relay, mechanically latched
Relay, mechanically latched, relay,
Relay, permanent
Relay, permanent, relay,
The vector stencils library "Switches" contains 25 symbols of electrical and light switches and breakers.
"In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
The most familiar form of switch is a manually operated electromechanical device with one or more sets of electrical contacts, which are connected to external circuits.
A switch may be directly manipulated by a human as a control signal to a system, ... or to control power flow in a circuit, such as a light switch. Automatically operated switches can be used to control the motions of machines, for example, to indicate that a garage door has reached its full open position or that a machine tool is in a position to accept another workpiece. Switches may be operated by process variables such as pressure, temperature, flow, current, voltage, and force, acting as sensors in a process and used to automatically control a system. For example, a thermostat is a temperature-operated switch used to control a heating process. A switch that is operated by another electrical circuit is called a relay." [Switch. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements library "Switches" for drawing light switches layouts, electrical and telecommunication equipment floor plans for building design and construction using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library "Switches" is included in the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Electrical switch symbols
Electrical switch symbols, weatherproof, circuit breaker, weatherproof switch, weatherproof fused switch, three-way switch, switch, timer, switch, pilot lamp, switch control, single pole, double throw switch, single pole switch, remote control switch, momentary contact switch, low voltage, switch, low voltage, master switch, key operated switch, pilot light, key operated switch, horizontally mounted, switch, glow switch toggle, fused switch, four-way switch, electrolier switch, double pole switch, dimmer switch, circuit breaker, automatic door switch,
HelpDesk

How to Create an Electrical Diagram Using ConceptDraw PRO

There are many of different electric circuit symbols that can be used in a circuit diagram. Knowing how to read circuit diagrams is a useful skill not only for professionals, but for any person who can start creating his own small home electronic projects. The circuit diagram shows the scheme of a location of components and connections of the electrical circuit using a set of standard symbols. It can be use for graphical documentation of an electrical circuit components. The ability to  create electrical diagrams and schematic using ConceptDraw PRO is delivered by the Electrical Engineering solution. The solution supplied with samples, templates and libraries of design elements for drawing electrical schematics, digital and analog logic, circuit and wiring schematics and diagrams, power systems diagrams, maintenance and repair diagrams for electronics and electrical engineering. Read more
The vector stencils library "Stations" contains 110 symbols of communications equipment, generating, transmitting and receiving stations; substations; satellites; and power plants for power generation and distribution and radio relay systems.
"A power station (also referred to as a generating station, power plant, powerhouse or generating plant) is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power. At the center of nearly all power stations is a generator, a rotating machine that converts mechanical power into electrical power by creating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. It depends chiefly on which fuels are easily available, cheap enough and on the types of technology that the power company has access to. Most power stations in the world burn fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas to generate electricity, and some use nuclear power, but there is an increasing use of cleaner renewable sources such as solar, wind, wave and hydroelectric." [Power station. Wikipedia]
"Radio broadcasting is a one-way wireless transmission over radio waves intended to reach a wide audience. Stations can be linked in radio networks to broadcast a common radio format, either in broadcast syndication or simulcast or both. Audio broadcasting also can be done via cable radio, local wire television networks, satellite radio, and internet radio via streaming media on the Internet.
The signal types can be either analog audio or digital audio." [Radio broadcasting. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Stations" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Power and radio station symbols
Power and radio station symbols, wind, generating, station, transmission, radio station, thermoelectric station, thermoelectric generating station, telephone, telegraph repeater, two-way simplex, telegraph repeater, one-way simplex, telegraph repeater, duplex operation, telegraph repeater qualifier, telegraph equipment, two-way simplex, telegraph equipment, transmitter, telegraph equipment, receiver, telegraph equipment, qualifier, telegraph equipment, duplex, telegraph equipment, switching station, substation, converting substation, substation, subscriber equipment, space station, solar, generating, station, simultaneous, radio station, repeater station, rectifier substation, reception, radio station, radio station, repeater, radio station, radio beacon, radio station, radio relay station, prime mover, reciprocating engine, prime mover, gas turbine, portable radio station, radio station, transmission, portable radio station, radio station, simultaneous, portable radio station, radio station, reception, portable radio station, radio station, alternating, portable radio station, radio station, plasma station, MHD, magneto-hydrodynamic, passive relay station, oil fueled, gas fueled, thermoelectric, generating, station, nuclear-energy fueled, thermoelectric, generating, station, mobile station, mobile radio station, hydroelectric station, hydroelectric generating station, storage, hydroelectric station, hydroelectric generating station, river, hydroelectric station, hydroelectric generating station, pumped storage, hydroelectric station, hydroelectric generating station, geothermic, thermoelectric, generating, station, generating station, planned, generating station, in service, end station, end radio station, electric heat station, electric, heat, generating station, earth tracking station, earth station, earth station, communication service, direction finding, radio station, converting station, controlling station, coal fueled, station,  lignite fueled, thermoelectric, generating, alternating, radio station,
The vector stencils library "VHF UHF SHF" contains 52 symbols for VHF, UHF, and SHF circuit design, including capacitance measurers, nonreciprocal devices, modulators, phase shifters, field polarization devices, and filters.
"Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU-designated range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves from 30 MHz to 300 MHz, with corresponding wavelengths of one to ten meters. Frequencies immediately below VHF are denoted high frequency (HF), and the next higher frequencies are known as ultra high frequency (UHF).
Common uses for VHF are FM radio broadcasting, television broadcasting, land mobile stations (emergency, business, private use and military), long range data communication up to several tens of kilometres with radio modems, amateur radio, and marine communications. Air traffic control communications and air navigation systems (e.g. VOR, DME & ILS) work at distances of 100 kilometres or more to aircraft at cruising altitude.
VHF was previously used for analog television stations in the US." [Very high frequency. Wikipedia]
"Ultra-high frequency (UHF) designates the ITU radio frequency range of electromagnetic waves between 300 MHz and 3 GHz (3,000 MHz), also known as the decimetre band or decimetre wave as the wavelengths range from one to ten decimetres; that is 1 decimetre to 1 metre. Radio waves with frequencies above the UHF band fall into the SHF (super-high frequency) or microwave frequency range. Lower frequency signals fall into the VHF (very high frequency) or lower bands. UHF radio waves propagate mainly by line of sight; they are blocked by hills and large buildings although the transmission through building walls is high enough for indoor reception. They are used for television broadcasting (digital and analogue), cordless phones, walkie-talkies, satellite communication, and numerous other applications.
The IEEE defines the UHF radar band as frequencies between 300 MHz and 1 GHz. Two other IEEE radar band overlap the ITU UHF band: the L band between 1 and 2 GHz and the S band between 2 and 4 GHz." [Ultra high frequency. Wikipedia]
"Super high frequency (or SHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies (RF) in the range of 3 GHz and 30 GHz. This band of frequencies is also known as the centimetre band or centimetre wave as the wavelengths range from ten to one centimetres. These frequencies fall within the microwave band, so radio waves with these frequencies are called microwaves. The small wavelength of microwaves allows them to be directed in narrow beams by aperture antennas such as parabolic dishes, so they are used for point-to-point communication and data links, and for radar. This frequency range is used for most radar transmitters, microwave ovens, wireless LANs, cell phones, satellite communication, microwave radio relay links, and numerous short range terrestrial data links. The commencing wireless USB technology will be using approximately 1/3 of this spectrum.
Frequencies in the SHF range are often referred to by their IEEE radar band designations: S, C, X, Ku, K, or Ka band, or by similar NATO or EU designations." [Super high frequency. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - VHF UHF SHF" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
VHF, UHF, SHF symbols
VHF, UHF, SHF symbols, slide screw tuner, ruby laser, generator, xenon lamp, pumping source, ruby laser, generator, rotary joint, rectangular waveguide, resonator, resistance, phase shifter, matched, nonreciprocal, directional, phase shifter, multistub tuner, three stubs, mode suppressor, mode filter, maser amplifier, maser, line stretcher, male, connector, line stretcher, female, connector, laser generator, laser, isolator, nonreciprocal device, inductive susceptance, inductive reactance, inductance capacitance, circuit, zero reactance, resonance, inductance capacitance, circuit, zero reactance, infinite susceptance, resonance , inductance capacitance, circuit, infinite reactance, zero susceptance, resonance , inductance capacitance, circuit, infinite reactance, resonance, gyrator, frequency filter, low-pass, frequency filter, high-pass, frequency filter, band-stop, frequency filter, band-pass, frequency filter, field polarization rotator, field polarization amplitude modulator, ferrite bead ring, equivalent shunt, guided transmission path, equivalent series, guided transmission path, discontinuity, directional coupler, conductance, circulator, reversible, direction, circulator, fixed, direction, capacitive susceptance, capacitive reactance, balun, E-H tuner,
The vector stencils library "Logic gate diagram" contains 17 element symbols for drawing the logic gate diagrams.
"To build a functionally complete logic system, relays, valves (vacuum tubes), or transistors can be used. The simplest family of logic gates using bipolar transistors is called resistor-transistor logic (RTL). Unlike simple diode logic gates (which do not have a gain element), RTL gates can be cascaded indefinitely to produce more complex logic functions. RTL gates were used in early integrated circuits. For higher speed and better density, the resistors used in RTL were replaced by diodes resulting in diode-transistor logic (DTL). Transistor-transistor logic (TTL) then supplanted DTL. As integrated circuits became more complex, bipolar transistors were replaced with smaller field-effect transistors (MOSFETs); see PMOS and NMOS. To reduce power consumption still further, most contemporary chip implementations of digital systems now use CMOS logic. CMOS uses complementary (both n-channel and p-channel) MOSFET devices to achieve a high speed with low power dissipation." [Logic gate. Wikipedia]
The symbols example "Design elements - Logic gate diagram" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Logic gate symbols
Logic gate symbols, operational amplifier, gate, open-collector output, gate, Schmitt trigger input, buffer, OR gate, Norton opamp, Norton operational amplifier, NOT gate, inverter, NOR gate, NOT OR, NAND gate, NOT AND, EX-OR gate, exclusive-OR gate, EX-NOR gate, exclusive-NOR gate, AND gate,
The vector stencils library Initiation and annunciation contains 9 symbols of Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP) or Fire Alarm Control Unit (FACU) elements, triggering devices, audible alarm systems, timers, security control equipment, and recording devices.
"A Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP), or Fire Alarm Control Unit (FACU), is the controlling component of a Fire Alarm System. The panel receives information from environmental sensors designed to detect changes associated with fire, monitors their operational integrity and provides for automatic control of equipment, and transmission of information necessary to prepare the facility for fire based on a predetermined sequence. The panel may also supply electrical energy to operate any associated sensor, control, transmitter, or relay. There are four basic types of panels: coded panels, conventional panels, addressable panels, and multiplex systems." [Fire alarm control panel. Wikipedia]
Use the shapes library Initiation and annunciation to draw layout floor plans, communications schematics and wiring diagrams of security systems using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The design elements library Initiation and annunciation is included in the Security and Access Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Initiation and annunciation symbols
Initiation and annunciation symbols, two way radio, printer, multiplex panel, keyboard, intercom, document destroyer, control panel, audio device, CPU, central processing unit,

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