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Design elements - HVAC controls

The vector stencils library "HVAC controls" contains 23 symbols of HVAC controls (sensors, actuators, timers, controllers, I/O points).
"HVAC (... Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) is a control system that applies regulation to a heating and/or air conditioning system. ...
Central controllers and most terminal unit controllers are programmable, meaning the direct digital control program code may be customized for the intended use. The program features include time schedules, setpoints, controllers, logic, timers, trend logs, and alarms. The unit controllers typically have analog and digital inputs that allow measurement of the variable (temperature, humidity, or pressure) and analog and digital outputs for control of the transport medium (hot/cold water and/or steam). Digital inputs are typically (dry) contacts from a control device, and analog inputs are typically a voltage or current measurement from a variable (temperature, humidity, velocity, or pressure) sensing device. Digital outputs are typically relay contacts used to start and stop equipment, and analog outputs are typically voltage or current signals to control the movement of the medium (air/water/steam) control devices such as valves, dampers, and motors." [HVAC control system. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements library "HVAC controls" for drawing the HVAC system diagrams, controls drawings, and automated building control and environmental control system layuout floor plans using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library "HVAC controls" is included in the HVAC Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
HVAC control symbols
HVAC control symbols, wire note, wiring note, voltage sensor, velocity sensor, water, air, timer, time clock, text label, temperature sensor
, smoke detector, smoke controller
, sensor, pressure sensor, power sensor, power connection, light sensor, input, output, point, humidity sensor
, fluid, level, flow sensor, water, air
, equipment vibration sensor, vibration sensor, equipment rotation sensor, rotation sensor, enthalpy sensor, end switch, limit switch, current sensor, air quality sensor, actuator,
The vector stencils library "Analog and digital logic" contains 40 element symbols of logic (threshold) gates, bistable current switches, current controllers, regulators, electrical generators, and amplifiers.
Use it for drawing the digital and analog functions in electronic circuit diagrams and electrical schematics.
"Analogue electronics (or analog in American English) are electronic systems with a continuously variable signal, in contrast to digital electronics where signals usually take only two different levels. The term "analogue" describes the proportional relationship between a signal and a voltage or current that represents the signal." [Analogue electronics. Wikipedia]
"Digital electronics, or digital (electronic) circuits, represent signals by discrete bands of analog levels, rather than by a continuous range. All levels within a band represent the same signal state. Relatively small changes to the analog signal levels due to manufacturing tolerance, signal attenuation or parasitic noise do not leave the discrete envelope, and as a result are ignored by signal state sensing circuitry.
In most cases the number of these states is two, and they are represented by two voltage bands: one near a reference value (typically termed as "ground" or zero volts) and a value near the supply voltage, corresponding to the "false" ("0") and "true" ("1") values of the Boolean domain respectively.
Digital techniques are useful because it is easier to get an electronic device to switch into one of a number of known states than to accurately reproduce a continuous range of values.
Digital electronic circuits are usually made from large assemblies of logic gates, simple electronic representations of Boolean logic functions." [Digital electronics. Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Analog and digital logic" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Analog and digital logic elements
Analog and digital logic elements, three-state buffer, switch point, summing amplifier, signal waveform, potentiometer, positional servomechanism, positional servo, operational amplifier, negative logic, dot, logic gate, inverter, integrator, amplifier, generalized integrator, function generator, flip-flop, latch, flip-flop, electronic multiplier, multiplier, electronic function generator, function generator, digital, crystal, crystal clock, signal generator, converter, clock, buffer, analog, amplifier, IO port, input and output port,
The vector stencils library "Meter indicators" contains 29 Live Objects: speedometer gauge, dial, bullet graph, slider and level meter visual indicators.
The Live Objects designed to display actual measures of performance metrics and KPIs from external data source files.
Some of them also display comparative measures, and colored zones of qualitative ranges with legend.
Use it to draw business performance dashboards using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software .
"Digital dashboards may be laid out to track the flows inherent in the business processes that they monitor. Graphically, users may see the high-level processes and then drill down into low level data. This level of detail is often buried deep within the corporate enterprise and otherwise unavailable to the senior executives. ...
Specialized dashboards may track all corporate functions. Examples include human resources, recruiting, sales, operations, security, information technology, project management, customer relationship management and many more departmental dashboards. ...
Like a car's dashboard (or control panel), a software dashboard provides decision makers with the input necessary to "drive" the business. Thus, a graphical user interface may be designed to display summaries, graphics (e.g., bar charts, pie charts, bullet graphs, "sparklines," etc.), and gauges (with colors similar to traffic lights) in a portal-like framework to highlight important information. ...
Digital dashboards allow managers to monitor the contribution of the various departments in their organization. To gauge exactly how well an organization is performing overall, digital dashboards allow you to capture and report specific data points from each department within the organization, thus providing a "snapshot" of performance." [Dashboard (management information systems). Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Meter indicators" is included in the Meter Dashboard solution from the area "What is a Dashboard" of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Visual indicators
Visual indicators, speedometer, gauge, slider, level meter, dial, bullet,
The vector stencils library "Semiconductors" contains 22 symbols of rectifiers, diodes, charge transfer and electronic conduction devices, switches, cathodes, transistors, thyristors, and transceivers for semiconductor (SIS) design.
"Semiconductor devices are electronic components that exploit the electronic properties of semiconductor materials, principally silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide, as well as organic semiconductors. Semiconductor devices have replaced thermionic devices (vacuum tubes) in most applications. They use electronic conduction in the solid state as opposed to the gaseous state or thermionic emission in a high vacuum.
Semiconductor devices are manufactured both as single discrete devices and as integrated circuits (ICs), which consist of a number - from a few (as low as two) to billions - of devices manufactured and interconnected on a single semiconductor substrate, or wafer. ...
All transistor types can be used as the building blocks of logic gates, which are fundamental in the design of digital circuits. In digital circuits like microprocessors, transistors act as on-off switches; in the MOSFET, for instance, the voltage applied to the gate determines whether the switch is on or off.
Transistors used for analog circuits do not act as on-off switches; rather, they respond to a continuous range of inputs with a continuous range of outputs. Common analog circuits include amplifiers and oscillators.
Circuits that interface or translate between digital circuits and analog circuits are known as mixed-signal circuits.
Power semiconductor devices are discrete devices or integrated circuits intended for high current or high voltage applications. Power integrated circuits combine IC technology with power semiconductor technology, these are sometimes referred to as "smart" power devices. Several companies specialize in manufacturing power semiconductors." [Semiconductor device. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Semiconductors" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Semiconductor elements
Semiconductor elements, turn-off triode, thyristor, turn off rectifier, gate turn off rectifier, triac, thyristor, bi-directional triode-type, gated switch, thyristor, diac, controlled switch, thyristor, reverse-blocking tetrode-type, semiconductor controlled switch, controlled rectifier, thyristor, reverse-blocking triode-type, semiconductor controlled rectifier,
The vector stencils library "Logic gate diagram" contains 17 element symbols for drawing the logic gate diagrams.
"To build a functionally complete logic system, relays, valves (vacuum tubes), or transistors can be used. The simplest family of logic gates using bipolar transistors is called resistor-transistor logic (RTL). Unlike simple diode logic gates (which do not have a gain element), RTL gates can be cascaded indefinitely to produce more complex logic functions. RTL gates were used in early integrated circuits. For higher speed and better density, the resistors used in RTL were replaced by diodes resulting in diode-transistor logic (DTL). Transistor-transistor logic (TTL) then supplanted DTL. As integrated circuits became more complex, bipolar transistors were replaced with smaller field-effect transistors (MOSFETs); see PMOS and NMOS. To reduce power consumption still further, most contemporary chip implementations of digital systems now use CMOS logic. CMOS uses complementary (both n-channel and p-channel) MOSFET devices to achieve a high speed with low power dissipation." [Logic gate. Wikipedia]
The symbols example "Design elements - Logic gate diagram" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Logic gate symbols
Logic gate symbols, operational amplifier, gate, open-collector output, gate, Schmitt trigger input, buffer, OR gate, Norton opamp, Norton operational amplifier, NOT gate, inverter, NOR gate, NOT OR, NAND gate, NOT AND, EX-OR gate, exclusive-OR gate, EX-NOR gate, exclusive-NOR gate, AND gate,