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# Design elements - Electrical circuits

## Design elements - Electrical circuits

The vector stencils library "Electrical circuits" contains 49 element symbols of electrical and electronic devices, including ignitors, starters, transmitters, circuit protectors, transducers, radio and audio equipment.
Use it for drawing electronic circuit diagrams and electrical schematics.
"An electrical network is an interconnection of electrical elements such as resistors, inductors, capacitors, voltage sources, current sources and switches. An electrical circuit is a network consisting of a closed loop, giving a return path for the current. Linear electrical networks, a special type consisting only of sources (voltage or current), linear lumped elements (resistors, capacitors, inductors), and linear distributed elements (transmission lines), have the property that signals are linearly superimposable. They are thus more easily analyzed, using powerful frequency domain methods such as Laplace transforms, to determine DC response, AC response, and transient response.
A resistive circuit is a circuit containing only resistors and ideal current and voltage sources. Analysis of resistive circuits is less complicated than analysis of circuits containing capacitors and inductors. If the sources are constant (DC) sources, the result is a DC circuit.
A network that contains active electronic components is known as an electronic circuit. Such networks are generally nonlinear and require more complex design and analysis tools." [Electrical network. Wikipedia]
The symbils example "Design elements - Electrical circuits" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Electrical circuit elements
Used Solutions

## Wiring Diagrams with ConceptDraw PRO

A Wiring Diagram is a comprehensive schematic that depicts the electrical circuit system, shows all the connectors, wiring, signal connections (buses), terminal boards between electrical or electronic components and devices of the circuit. Wiring Diagram illustrates how the components are connected electrically and identifies the wires by colour coding or wire numbers. These diagrams are necessary and obligatory for identifying and fixing faults of electrical or electronic circuits, and their elimination. For designing Wiring Diagrams are used the standardized symbols representing electrical components and devices. ConceptDraw Solution Park offers the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area with 26 libraries of graphics design elements and electrical schematic symbols for easy drawing various Wiring Diagrams, Electrical Circuit and Wiring Blueprints, Electrical and Telecom schematics of any complexity, Electrical Engineering Diagrams, Power Systems Diagrams, Repair Diagrams, Maintenance Schemes, etc. in ConceptDraw PRO software. Read more

## How To use House Electrical Plan Software

How we can conduct the electricity at house correctly without a plan? It is impossible. The House electrical diagram depicts locations of switches, outlets, dimmers and lights, and lets understand how you will connect them. But design of House Electrical Plan looks a complex task at a glance, which requires a lot of tools and special experience. But now all is simple with all-inclusive floor plan software - ConceptDraw PRO. As a house electrical plan software, the ConceptDraw PRO contains libraries with a large range of professional lighting and electrical symbols, ready-to-use electrical plans samples and examples, and built-in templates for creating great-looking Home floor electrical plans. It is a fastest way to draw Electrical circuit diagrams, Electrical wiring and Circuit schematics, Digital circuits, Electrical equipment, House electrical plans, Satellite television, Cable television, Home cinema, Closed-circuit television when are used the tools of Electric and Telecom Plans Solution from ConceptDraw Solution Park. Files created in Visio for Mac app can be easily imported to ConceptDraw PRO. Also you may import stencils and even libraries. Try for free an alternative to Visio that Apple users recommend. Read more
Create an Electrical Diagram

## Electrical Drawing Software and Electrical Symbols

Any electrical device could not be created without electrical diagram, wiring also cannot be laid without pre-designed and approved scheme or plan. Electrical drawing is a type of technical drawing that depicts scheme of some electrical device and includes the information about power, lighting, etc. Electrical plan designed for architectural or engineering project visually displays location of electrical devices and connections. ConceptDraw PRO is ideal electrical software for construction professional-looking Electrical Circuits, Electrical Schematics, Electrical Layouts, Electrical Wiring, Automotive Wiring, Cabling Layout Diagrams, Circuits and Logic Schematics, Logic Gate Diagrams, Digital Circuits, Parallel Circuits, Blue Prints with help of 926 standard electrical symbols offered by 26 libraries of Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area for ConceptDraw PRO. It makes drawing Electrical diagrams very easy even for beginners, and also extends your work with various export methods. Read more

## Design elements - Switches and relays

The vector stencils library "Switches and relays" contains 58 symbols of electrical contacts, switches, relays, circuit breakers, selectors, connectors, disconnect devices, switching circuits, current regulators, and thermostats for electrical devices.
"In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
The most familiar form of switch is a manually operated electromechanical device with one or more sets of electrical contacts, which are connected to external circuits. Each set of contacts can be in one of two states: either "closed" meaning the contacts are touching and electricity can flow between them, or "open", meaning the contacts are separated and the switch is nonconducting. The mechanism actuating the transition between these two states (open or closed) can be either a "toggle" (flip switch for continuous "on" or "off") or "momentary" (push-for "on" or push-for "off") type.
A switch may be directly manipulated by a human as a control signal to a system, such as a computer keyboard button, or to control power flow in a circuit, such as a light switch. Automatically operated switches can be used to control the motions of machines, for example, to indicate that a garage door has reached its full open position or that a machine tool is in a position to accept another workpiece. Switches may be operated by process variables such as pressure, temperature, flow, current, voltage, and force, acting as sensors in a process and used to automatically control a system. ... A switch that is operated by another electrical circuit is called a relay. Large switches may be remotely operated by a motor drive mechanism. Some switches are used to isolate electric power from a system, providing a visible point of isolation that can be padlocked if necessary to prevent accidental operation of a machine during maintenance, or to prevent electric shock." [Switch. Wikipedia]
"A relay is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to mechanically operate a switch, but other operating principles are also used, such as solid-state relays. Relays are used where it is necessary to control a circuit by a low-power signal (with complete electrical isolation between control and controlled circuits), or where several circuits must be controlled by one signal. The first relays were used in long distance telegraph circuits as amplifiers: they repeated the signal coming in from one circuit and re-transmitted it on another circuit. Relays were used extensively in telephone exchanges and early computers to perform logical operations.
A type of relay that can handle the high power required to directly control an electric motor or other loads is called a contactor. Solid-state relays control power circuits with no moving parts, instead using a semiconductor device to perform switching. Relays with calibrated operating characteristics and sometimes multiple operating coils are used to protect electrical circuits from overload or faults; in modern electric power systems these functions are performed by digital instruments still called "protective relays"." [Relay. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Switches and relays" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Switch and relay symbols
Used Solutions

## Design elements - Terminals and connectors

The vector stencils library "Terminals and connectors" contains 43 element symbols of terminals, connectors, plugs, polarized connectors, jacks, coaxial cables, and conductors.
Use it for drawing the wiring diagrams, electrical layouts, electronic schematics, and circuit diagrams.
"An electrical connector is an electro-mechanical device for joining electrical circuits as an interface using a mechanical assembly. Connectors consist of plugs (male-ended) and jacks (female-ended). The connection may be temporary, as for portable equipment, require a tool for assembly and removal, or serve as a permanent electrical joint between two wires or devices. An adapter can be used to effectively bring together dissimilar connectors.
There are hundreds of types of electrical connectors. Connectors may join two lengths of flexible copper wire or cable, or connect a wire or cable or optical interface to an electrical terminal.
In computing, an electrical connector can also be known as a physical interface... Cable glands, known as cable connectors in the US, connect wires to devices mechanically rather than electrically and are distinct from quick-disconnects performing the latter." [Electrical connector. Wikipedia]
"A terminal is the point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides a point of connection to external circuits. A terminal may simply be the end of a wire or it may be fitted with a connector or fastener. In network analysis, terminal means a point at which connections can be made to a network in theory and does not necessarily refer to any real physical object. In this context, especially in older documents, it is sometimes called a "pole".
The connection may be temporary, as seen in portable equipment, may require a tool for assembly and removal, or may be a permanent electrical joint between two wires or devices.
All electric cell have two terminals. The first is the positive terminal and the second is the negative terminal. The positive terminal looks like a metal cap and the negative terminal looks like a metal disc. The current flows from the positive terminal, and out through the negative terminal, replicative of current flow (positive (+) to negative (-) flow)." [Terminal (electronics). Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Terminals and connectors" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Terminal and connector symbols
Used Solutions

## Electrical Engineering

This solution extends ConceptDraw PRO v.9.5 (or later) with electrical engineering samples, electrical schematic symbols, electrical diagram symbols, templates and libraries of design elements, to help you design electrical schematics, digital and analog Read more

## Design elements - Transformers and windings

The vector stencils library "Transformers and windings" contains 29 element symbols of transformers, windings, couplers, metering devices, transductors, magnetic cores, chokes, and a variometer.
Use it to design the electromechanical device schematics and electronic circuit diagrams.
"A transformer is an electrical device that transfers energy between two circuits through electromagnetic induction. Transformers may be used in step-up or step-down voltage conversion, which 'transforms' an AC voltage from one voltage level on the input of the device to another level at the output terminals. This special function of transformers can provide control of specified requirements of current level as an alternating current source, or it may be used for impedance matching between mismatched electrical circuits to effect maximum power transfer between the circuits.
A transformer most commonly consists of two windings of wire that are wound around a common core to induce tight electromagnetic coupling between the windings. The core material is often a laminated iron core. The coil that receives the electrical input energy is referred to as the primary winding, while the output coil is called the secondary winding.
An alternating electric current flowing through the primary winding (coil) of a transformer generates an electromagnetic field in its surroundings and a varying magnetic flux in the core of the transformer. By electromagnetic induction this magnetic flux generates a varying electromotive force in the secondary winding, resulting in a voltage across the output terminals. If a load impedance is connected across the secondary winding, a current flows through the secondary winding drawing power from the primary winding and its power source." [Transformer. Wikipedia]
"An electromagnetic coil (or simply a "coil") is formed when a conductor is wound around a core or form to create an inductor or electromagnet. When electricity is passed through a coil, it generates a magnetic field. One loop of wire is usually referred to as a turn or a winding, and a coil consists of one or more turns. For use in an electronic circuit, electrical connection terminals called taps are often connected to a coil. Coils are often coated with varnish or wrapped with insulating tape to provide additional insulation and secure them in place. A completed coil assembly with one or more set of coils and taps is often called the windings.
Windings are used in transformers, electric motors, inductors, solenoids, loudspeakers, and many other applications." [Electromagnetic coil. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Transformers and windings" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Transformer and winding symbols
Used Solutions

## Electrical Symbols, Electrical Schematic Symbols

Electrical Schematics and Electrical Circuit Diagrams are included to the number of obligatory diagrams and documents while developing the package of construction documentation for the building project. It is comfortable to use the special drawing software for designing diagrams of this type. ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Electrical Engineering solution from Industrial Engineering Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park provides the powerful drawing tools, a lot of specific samples and templates, and numerous libraries with incredibly large quantity of predesigned electrical schematic symbols, including analog and digital logic electrical symbols, electrical circuits symbols, inductors, power sources, lamps, resistors, transistors, delay elements, switches and relays, terminals and connectors, and many other useful electrical symbols, which will be helpful for easy designing professional looking Electrical Schematics, Electrical Engineering Diagrams, Circuit and Wiring Diagrams, Power Systems Diagrams, Digital and Analog Logic Schematics. Read more

## Circuits and Logic Diagram Software

Circuit diagram is a graphical representation of electrical circuits, wire connections between devices, among them power and signal connections. Circuit diagrams are successfully used during design, construction and maintenance of different electrical and electronic equipment, and also for visualizing expressions using a boolean algebra in the computer science. These diagrams don't show a physical arrangement of components. One of advanced application of ConceptDraw PRO software is electrical engineering. Included to ConceptDraw Solution Park, Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area offers templates, samples and incredibly large quantity of vector design elements of circuits and logic symbols, which are helpful for professional drawing Circuit diagrams, Logic circuit diagrams, Wiring diagrams, Electrical schematics, Digital and Analog logic designs, Integrated circuit schematics, Circuit board and Amplifier diagrams, Power systems diagrams, Maintenance and Repair diagrams of any difficulty. Read more

## ConceptDraw Solution Park

ConceptDraw Solution Park collects graphic extensions, examples and learning materials Read more

## Technical Drawing Software

Technical drawing or draft is a form of specialized graphic communication, exchange of ideas in industry and engineering. It is a visual representation of object with indication of dimensions and used material, constructed with maintaining the proportions between its parts. Technical drawings are constructed by architects, technologists, engineers, designers, drafters, and other technical professionals according to defined rules, specifications, internationally accepted standards and standardized notations allowing to make unambiguous, clear and understandable technical drawings. ConceptDraw PRO extended with Electrical Engineering solution, Mechanical Engineering solution, Chemical and Process Engineering solution from Industrial Engineering Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park is ideal technical drawing software. Its powerful drawing tools, predesigned vector objects, templates, samples are helpful for creation all kinds of Technical Drawings and Technical Diagrams, Electrical and Mechanical Schematics, Circuit and Wiring Diagrams, Structural Drawings, and many other. Read more