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Aromatics - Vector stencils library

The vector stencils library "Aromatics" contains 23 symbols of aromatic rings for chemical drawing of molecular structural formulas and reaction mechanism schemes in organic chemistry.
"In organic chemistry, aromaticity is a chemical property describing the way in which a conjugated ring of unsaturated bonds, lone pairs, or empty orbitals exhibits a stabilization stronger than would be expected by the stabilization of conjugation alone. ... Aromaticity can also be considered a manifestation of cyclic delocalization and of resonance. This is usually considered to be because electrons are free to cycle around circular arrangements of atoms that are alternately single- and double-bonded to one another. These bonds may be seen as a hybrid of a single bond and a double bond, each bond in the ring identical to every other. This commonly seen model of aromatic rings, namely the idea that benzene was formed from a six-membered carbon ring with alternating single and double bonds (cyclohexatriene), was developed by Kekulé (see History section below). The model for benzene consists of two resonance forms, which corresponds to the double and single bonds superimposing to give rise to six one-and-a-half bonds. Benzene is a more stable molecule than would be expected without accounting for charge delocalization. ... Types of aromatic compounds. The overwhelming majority of aromatic compounds are compounds of carbon, but they need not be hydrocarbons. 1. Neutral homocyclics. Benzene, as well as most other annulenes (cyclodecapentaene excepted) with the formula CnHn where n is an even number, such as cyclotetradecaheptaene. 2. Heterocyclics. In heterocyclic aromatics (heteroaromats), one or more of the atoms in the aromatic ring is of an element other than carbon. This can lessen the ring's aromaticity, and thus (as in the case of furan) increase its reactivity. Other examples include pyridine, pyrazine, imidazole, pyrazole, oxazole, thiophene, and their benzannulated analogs (benzimidazole, for example). 3. Polycyclics. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are molecules containing two or more simple aromatic rings fused together by sharing two neighboring carbon atoms (see also simple aromatic rings). Examples are naphthalene, anthracene, and phenanthrene. 4. Substituted aromatics. Many chemical compounds are aromatic rings with other functional groups attached. Examples include trinitrotoluene (TNT), acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), paracetamol, and the nucleotides of DNA. 5. Atypical aromatic compounds. Aromaticity is found in ions as well: the cyclopropenyl cation (2e system), the cyclopentadienyl anion (6e system), the tropylium ion (6e), and the cyclooctatetraene dianion (10e). Aromatic properties have been attributed to non-benzenoid compounds such as tropone. Aromatic properties are tested to the limit in a class of compounds called cyclophanes. A special case of aromaticity is found in homoaromaticity where conjugation is interrupted by a single sp³ hybridized carbon atom. When carbon in benzene is replaced by other elements in borabenzene, silabenzene, germanabenzene, stannabenzene, phosphorine or pyrylium salts the aromaticity is still retained. Aromaticity also occurs in compounds that are not carbon-based at all. Inorganic 6-membered-ring compounds analogous to benzene have been synthesized. Hexasilabenzene (Si6H6) and borazine (B3N3H6) are structurally analogous to benzene, with the carbon atoms replaced by another element or elements. In borazine, the boron and nitrogen atoms alternate around the ring." [Aromaticity. Wikipedia]
The organic compound structural formulas example "Aromatics - Vector stencils library" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Biphenyl
Biphenyl, diphenyl,
Pyrene
Pyrene, pyrene,
Triphenylene
Triphenylene, triphenylene,
Phenanthrene
Phenanthrene, phenanthrene,
Anthracene
Anthracene, anthracene,
Acenaphthylene
Acenaphthylene, acenaphthylene,
Naphthalene
Naphthalene, naphthalene,
Indene
Indene, indene,
Indene
Indene, indene,
Indene
Indene, indene,
Indene
Indene, indene,
Cyclopentadiene
Cyclopentadiene, cyclopentadiene,
1,3-Cyclohexadiene
1,3-Cyclohexadiene, cyclohexadiene,
Cyclohexadiene
Cyclohexadiene, cyclohexadiene,
1,4-Cyclohexadiene
1,4-Cyclohexadiene, cyclohexadiene,
Cyclohexene
Cyclohexene, cyclohexene-1,
Cyclohexadiene 2
Cyclohexadiene 2, cyclohexadiene,
Cyclopentadiene 2
Cyclopentadiene 2, cyclopentadiene,
Cyclopentene
Cyclopentene, cyclopentene, cyclopentene-1,
Cyclopentadiene 3
Cyclopentadiene 3, cyclopentadiene,
Cyclobutadiene
Cyclobutadiene, cyclobutadiene,
Cyclopropene
Cyclopropene, cyclopropene-1, cyclopropene,
Phenalene
Phenalene, phenalene,
The vector stencils library "Conformations" contains 32 symbols of ring conformations, Newman and Fisher projections for chemical and biochemical drawing the molecular models and structural formulas of organic molecules and biochemical metabolites. It is useful in stereochemistry for drawing spatial structures of conformers of organic molecules, and schemes of stereospecific chemical reactions in organic synthesis.
"In chemistry, conformational isomerism is a form of stereoisomerism in which the isomers can be interconverted exclusively by rotations about formally single bonds (refer to figure on single bond rotation). Such isomers are generally referred to as conformational isomers or conformers and, specifically, as rotamers. Rotations about single bonds are restricted by a rotational energy barrier which must be overcome to interconvert one conformer to another. Conformational isomerism arises when the rotation about a single bond is relatively unhindered. That is, the energy barrier must be small enough for the interconversion to occur.
Conformational isomers are thus distinct from the other classes of stereoisomers (i. e. configurational isomers) where interconversion necessarily involves breaking and reforming of chemical bonds. For example, L- & D and R- & S- configurations of organic molecules have different handedness and optical activities, and can only be interconverted by breaking one or more bonds connected to the chiral atom and reforming a similar bond in a different direction or spatial orientation.
The study of the energetics between different rotamers is referred to as conformational analysis. It is useful for understanding the stability of different isomers, for example, by taking into account the spatial orientation and through-space interactions of substituents. In addition, conformational analysis can be used to predict and explain product(s) selectivity, mechanisms, and rates of reactions." [Conformational isomerism. Wikipedia]
The chemical symbols example "Design elements - Conformations" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Molecular conformations and projections
Molecular conformations and projections, pyranose cycle, pyranose, Haworth formula, monosaccharide, furanose cycle, furanose, Haworth formula, monosaccharide, cyclopropane, cyclopentane, envelope conformation, cyclooctane, equatorial form, cyclooctane, chair conformation, cyclooctane, boat conformation, cyclohexane, twist-chair conformation, cyclohexane, twist-boat conformation, cyclohexane, planar form, cyclohexane, equatorial form, cyclohexane, chair conformation, cyclohexane, boat conformation, cycloheptane, equatorial form, cycloheptane, chair conformation, cycloheptane, boat conformation, cyclobutane, saddle conformation, cyclobutane, conformation, Newman projection formula, Fischer projection formula, monosaccharide,
The vector stencils library "Chemical drawings" contains 81 symbols of organic compounds and functional groups for chemical drawing.
Use it to draw structural formulas of organic molecules, schemes of chemical reactions and organic chemistry diagrams.
"Structural drawings.
Organic molecules are described more commonly by drawings or structural formulas, combinations of drawings and chemical symbols. The line-angle formula is simple and unambiguous. In this system, the endpoints and intersections of each line represent one carbon, and hydrogen atoms can either be notated explicitly or assumed to be present as implied by tetravalent carbon. The depiction of organic compounds with drawings is greatly simplified by the fact that carbon in almost all organic compounds has four bonds, nitrogen three, oxygen two, and hydrogen one. ...
Organic reactions.
Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds. While pure hydrocarbons undergo certain limited classes of reactions, many more reactions which organic compounds undergo are largely determined by functional groups. The general theory of these reactions involves careful analysis of such properties as the electron affinity of key atoms, bond strengths and steric hindrance. These issues can determine the relative stability of short-lived reactive intermediates, which usually directly determine the path of the reaction.
The basic reaction types are: addition reactions, elimination reactions, substitution reactions, pericyclic reactions, rearrangement reactions and redox reactions. ...
Each reaction has a stepwise reaction mechanism that explains how it happens in sequence - although the detailed description of steps is not always clear from a list of reactants alone.
The stepwise course of any given reaction mechanism can be represented using arrow pushing techniques in which curved arrows are used to track the movement of electrons as starting materials transition through intermediates to final products." [Organic chemistry. Wikipedia]
The chemical symbols example "Design elements - Chemical drawings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Chemical symbols
Chemical symbols, δ-, delta minus, electronegativity, δ+, delta plus, delta positive, Δ, delta, wedged bond, bond, wavy bond, reaction arrows, reversible reaction, plus, pentose ring, pentose, minus, methyl group, methyl, CH3, hydrogen, H, hollow wedged bond, bond, hashed wedged bond, bond, hashed bond, bond, dative bond, bond, dashed bond, cyclopropane, cyclopentane, cyclopentadienyl, cyclopentadiene, cyclooctane, cyclohexane, cycloheptane, cyclobutane, carbon, bond, covalent bond, triple bond, bond, covalent bond, single bond, bond, covalent bond, double bond, bond, bold bond, benzene, Kekule structure, benzene ring, benzene, OH, NO2, NH2, COOH, COH, CO, CH2, CH,
This drawing illustrates examples o f phenolic compounds molecular structures, and chemical reactions of phenols.
"In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (-OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group. The simplest of the class is phenol, which is also called carbolic acid C6H5OH. Phenolic compounds are classified as simple phenols or polyphenols based on the number of phenol units in the molecule. ...
Although similar to alcohols, phenols have unique properties and are not classified as alcohols (since the hydroxyl group is not bonded to a saturated carbon atom). They have higher acidities due to the aromatic ring's tight coupling with the oxygen and a relatively loose bond between the oxygen and hydrogen. The acidity of the hydroxyl group in phenols is commonly intermediate between that of aliphatic alcohols and carboxylic acids (their pKa is usually between 10 and 12).
Loss of a positive hydrogen ion (H+) from the hydroxyl group of a phenol forms a corresponding negative phenolate ion or phenoxide ion, and the corresponding salts are called phenolates or phenoxides, although the term aryloxides is preferred according to the IUPAC Gold Book. Phenols can have two or more hydroxy groups bonded to the aromatic ring(s) in the same molecule. The simplest examples are the three benzenediols, each having two hydroxy groups on a benzene ring." [Phenols. Wikipedia]
The chemical drawing example "Phenols" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Phenolic compounds and phenol reactions
Phenolic compounds and phenol reactions, δ-, delta minus, electronegativity, δ+, delta plus, delta positive, reaction arrows, reversible reaction, methyl group, methyl, CH3, hydrogen, H, benzene, Kekule structure, benzene ring, benzene, OH, NO2, COOH, COH, CH2,
The vector stencils library "Chemical elements" contains 118 icon symbols of chemical elements for drawing atoms, structural formulas and ball-and-stick models of inorganic and organic molecules and ions, and schemes of chemical reaction mechanisms.
"In chemistry, the ball-and-stick model is a molecular model of a chemical substance which is to display both the three-dimensional position of the atoms and the bonds between them. The atoms are typically represented by spheres, connected by rods which represent the bonds. Double and triple bonds are usually represented by two or three curved rods, respectively. In a good model, the angles between the rods should be the same as the angles between the bonds, and the distances between the centers of the spheres should be proportional to the distances between the corresponding atomic nuclei. The chemical element of each atom is often indicated by the sphere's color." [Ball-and-stick model. Wikipedia]
The chemical symbols example "Design elements - Chemical elements" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Chemical element icons
Chemical element icons, zirconium, Zr, zinc, Zn, yttrium, Y, ytterbium, Yb, xenon, Xe, vanadium, V, uranium, U, ununtrium, Uut, ununseptium, Uus, ununquadium, Uuq, ununpentium, Uup, ununoctium, Uuo, ununhexium, Uuh, ununbium, Uub, tungsten, W, titanium, Ti, tin, Sn, thulium, Tm, thorium, Th, thallium, Tl, terbium, Tb, tellurium, Te, technetium, Tc, tantalum, Ta, sulfur, S, strontium, Sr, sodium, Na, silver, Ag, silicon, Si, selenium, Se, seaborgium, Sg, scandium, Sc, samarium, Sm, rutherfordium, Rf, ruthenium, Ru, rubidium, Rb, roentgenium, Rg, rhodium, Rh, rhenium, Re, radon, Rn, radium, Ra, protactinium, Pa, promethium, Pm, praseodymium, Pr, potassium, K, polonium, Po, plutonium, Pu, platinum, Pt, phosphorus, P, palladium, Pd, oxygen, O, osmium, Os, nobelium, No, nitrogen, N, niobium, Nb, nickel, Ni, neptunium, Np, neon, Ne, neodymium, Nd, molybdenum, Mo, mercury, Hg, mendelenium, Md, meitnerium, Mt, manganese, Mn, magnesium, Mg, lutetium, Lu, lithium, Li, lead, Pb, lawrencium, Lr, lanthanum, La, krypton, Kr, iron, Fe, iridium, Ir, iodine, I, indium, In, hydrogen, holmium, Ho, helium, He, hassium, Hs, hafnium, Hf, gold, Au, germanium, Ge, gallium, Ga, gadolinium, Gd, francium, Fr, fluorine, F, fermium, Fm, europium, Eu, erbium, Er, einsteinium, Es, dysprosium, Dy, dubnium, Db, darmstadtium, Ds, curium, Cm, copper, Cu, cobalt, Co, chromium, Cr, chlorine, Cl, cerium, Ce, carbon, C, californium, Cf, calcium, Ca, caesium, Cs, cadmium, Cd, bromine, Br, boron, B, bohrium, Bh, bismuth, Bi, berylium, Be, berkelium, Bk, barium, Ba, astatine, At, arsenic, As, argon, Ar, antimony, Sb, americium, Am, aluminium,Al, actinium, Ac,

Using Fishbone Diagrams for Problem Solving

Problems are obstacles and challenges that one should overcome to reach the goal. They are an inseparable part of any business, and the success of an enterprise often depends on ability to solve all problems effectively. The process of problem solving often uses rational approach, helping to find a suitable solution.
Using Fishbone Diagrams for Problem Solving is a productive and illustrative tool to identify the most important factors causing the trouble. ConceptDraw PRO extended with Fishbone Diagrams solution from the Management area of ConceptDraw Solution Park is a powerful tool for problem solving with Fishbone Ishikawa diagram graphic method. Read more
The vector stencils library "Cable TV" contains 64 symbols of cable TV network equipment.
Use these shapes for drawing CATV system design floor plans, network topology diagrams, wiring diagrams and cabling layout schemes in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/building-electric-telecom-plans Read more
Output Directional Tap 5
Output Directional Tap 5, output directional tap,
Output Directional Tap 4
Output Directional Tap 4, output directional tap,
Output Directional Tap 3
Output Directional Tap 3, output directional tap,
Output Directional Tap 1
Output Directional Tap 1, output directional tap,
Output Directional Tap 2
Output Directional Tap 2, output directional tap,
2-way Splitter
2-way Splitter, splitter,
3-way Splitter
3-way Splitter, splitter,
4-way Splitter
4-way Splitter, splitter,
AC Power Block
AC Power Block, AC, power block,
Wavelength Demultiplexer
Wavelength Demultiplexer, wavelength demultiplexer,
Down Guy
Down Guy, down guy,
Building Guy and Anchor
Building Guy and Anchor, building guy, anchor,
Rock Guy with Anchor
Rock Guy with Anchor, rock guy, anchor,
Built CATV Pole
Built CATV Pole, built CATV pole,
Proposed CATV Pole
Proposed CATV Pole, proposed CATV pole,
Directional Tap 1
Directional Tap 1, directional tap,
Directional Tap 2
Directional Tap 2, directional tap,
Down Guy with Anchor
Down Guy with Anchor, down guy, anchor,
Extension Arm
Extension Arm, extension arm,
Ground
Ground, ground,
Joint Usage (Power & Telephone Pole)
Joint Usage (Power & Telephone Pole), joint usage pole, joint use pole, power, telephone,
Joint Usgae Pole with Transformer
Joint Usgae Pole with Transformer, joint usage pole, joint use pole, transformer,
Manhole
Manhole, manhole,
Other Supporting Structures
Other Supporting Structures, supporting structures,
Pedestal - Underground Routing
Pedestal - Underground Routing, pedestal, underground routing,
Pole-to-Pole Guy
Pole-to-Pole Guy, pole-to-pole guy,
Power Pole
Power Pole, power pole,
Push Brace (smaller pole in actual relative position)
Push Brace (smaller pole in actual relative position), push brace, pole,
Riser Pole
Riser Pole, riser pole,
Sidewalk Down Guy with Anchor
Sidewalk Down Guy with Anchor, sidewalk down guy, anchor,
Sidewalk Down Guy
Sidewalk Down Guy, sidewalk down guy,
Slack Span Messenger Wire
Slack Span Messenger Wire, slack span messenger wire,
Strut
Strut, strut,
Telephone Pole
Telephone Pole, telephone pole,
Tensioned Messenger Wire w/out cable
Tensioned Messenger Wire w/out cable, tensioned messenger wire,
Tensioned Messenger Wire
Tensioned Messenger Wire, tensioned messenger wire,
Tree Guy with Anchor
Tree Guy with Anchor, tree guy, anchor,
Direct Buried Underground Routing
Direct Buried Underground Routing, direct buried underground routing,
Duct Line Underground Routing
Duct Line Underground Routing, duct line, underground routing,
Vault Handheld
Vault Handheld, vault handheld,
2-Way Optical Splice Location
2-Way Optical Splice Location, optical splice location,
3-Way Optical Splice Location
3-Way Optical Splice Location, optical splice location,
4-Way Optical Splice Location
4-Way Optical Splice Location, optical splice location,
Optical Amplifier
Optical Amplifier, optical amplifier,
Cable AC Power Combiner
Cable AC Power Combiner, cable AC power combiner,
Optical Fiber Cable
Optical Fiber Cable, optical fiber cable,
Optical Connector
Optical Connector, optical connector,
Fixed Equalizer
Fixed Equalizer, fixed equalizer,
Fixed Flat Attenuators
Fixed Flat Attenuators, fixed flat attenuators,
Line Terminations
Line Terminations, line terminations,
> 4-Way Optical Splice Location
> 4-Way Optical Splice Location, optical splice location,
Bond
Bond, bond,
Wavelength Multiplexer
Wavelength Multiplexer, wavelength multiplexer,
Optical Transmitter
Optical Transmitter, optical transmitter,
Optical Transmitter
Optical Transmitter, optical transmitter,
Optical Node
Optical Node, optical node,
Optical Splitter
Optical Splitter, optical splitter,
Headend (Signal Processing)
Headend (Signal Processing), headend, signal processing,
Node
Node, node,
Primary Hub
Primary Hub, primary hub,
Secondary Hub
Secondary Hub, secondary hub,
Coaxial Splice
Coaxial Splice, coaxial splice,
Power Supply
Power Supply, power supply,
Variable Equalizer
Variable Equalizer, variable equalizer,
The vector stencils library "Welding" contains 38 welding joint symbols to identify fillets, contours, resistance seams, grooves, surfacing, and backing.
Use it to indicate welding operations on working drawings.
"Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the workpieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material (the weld pool) that cools to become a strong joint, with pressure sometimes used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce the weld. This is in contrast with soldering and brazing, which involve melting a lower-melting-point material between the workpieces to form a bond between them, without melting the workpieces.
Many different energy sources can be used for welding, including a gas flame, an electric arc, a laser, an electron beam, friction, and ultrasound.
Welds can be geometrically prepared in many different ways. The five basic types of weld joints are the butt joint, lap joint, corner joint, edge joint, and T-joint (a variant of this last is the cruciform joint). Other variations exist as well - for example, double-V preparation joints are characterized by the two pieces of material each tapering to a single center point at one-half their height. Single-U and double-U preparation joints are also fairly common - instead of having straight edges like the single-V and double-V preparation joints, they are curved, forming the shape of a U. Lap joints are also commonly more than two pieces thick - depending on the process used and the thickness of the material, many pieces can be welded together in a lap joint geometry." [Welding. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Welding" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint symbols
Welding joint symbols, surfacing, stud, square groove, spot, projection, weld, slot, plug, weld, scarf, bronzed joint, resistance seam weld, melt through weld, insert, consumable insert, flare bevel groove, flared-bevel groove, flare V groove, flared-V groove, flange edge, weld, flanged edge groove, flange corner, flanged corner groove, fillet, weld, field weld, contour, flush, weld, contour, convex, weld, contour, concave, weld, contour, angled, flush, weld, contour, angled, convex, weld, contour, angled, concave, weld, bevel groove, backing, spacer, back, backing, arrow, bend, arrow, V-groove, U-groove, J-groove,
"A cyclohexane conformation is any of several three-dimensional shapes that a cyclohexane molecule can assume while maintaining the integrity of its chemical bonds.
The internal angles of a flat regular hexagon are 120°, while the preferred angle between successive bonds in a carbon chain is about 109.5°, the tetrahedral angle. Therefore the cyclohexane ring tends to assume certain non-planar (warped) conformations, which have all angles closer to 109.5° and therefore a lower strain energy than the flat hexagonal shape. The most important shapes are called chair, half-chair, boat, and twist-boat. The molecule can easily switch between these conformations, and only two of them - chair and twist-boat - can be isolated in pure form.
Cyclohexane conformations have been extensively studied in organic chemistry because they are the classical example of conformational isomerism and have noticeable influence on the physical and chemical properties of cyclohexane." [Cyclohexane conformation. Wikipedia]
The chemical drawing example "Cycloalkanes conformations" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Cyclopentane and cyclohexane ring conformations
Cyclopentane and cyclohexane ring conformations, cyclopentane, envelope conformation, cyclohexane, twist-boat conformation, cyclohexane, chair conformation, cyclohexane, boat conformation,
The vector stencils library "Cable TV" contains 64 symbols of cable TV network equipment.
Use these shapes for drawing CATV system design floor plans, network topology diagrams, wiring diagrams and cabling layout schemes in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/building-electric-telecom-plans Read more
Output Directional Tap 5
Output Directional Tap 5, output directional tap,
Output Directional Tap 4
Output Directional Tap 4, output directional tap,
Output Directional Tap 3
Output Directional Tap 3, output directional tap,
Output Directional Tap 1
Output Directional Tap 1, output directional tap,
Output Directional Tap 2
Output Directional Tap 2, output directional tap,
2-way Splitter
2-way Splitter, splitter,
3-way Splitter
3-way Splitter, splitter,
4-way Splitter
4-way Splitter, splitter,
AC Power Block
AC Power Block, AC, power block,
Wavelength Demultiplexer
Wavelength Demultiplexer, wavelength demultiplexer,
Down Guy
Down Guy, down guy,
Building Guy and Anchor
Building Guy and Anchor, building guy, anchor,
Rock Guy with Anchor
Rock Guy with Anchor, rock guy, anchor,
Built CATV Pole
Built CATV Pole, built CATV pole,
Proposed CATV Pole
Proposed CATV Pole, proposed CATV pole,
Directional Tap 1
Directional Tap 1, directional tap,
Directional Tap 2
Directional Tap 2, directional tap,
Down Guy with Anchor
Down Guy with Anchor, down guy, anchor,
Extension Arm
Extension Arm, extension arm,
Ground
Ground, ground,
Joint Usage (Power & Telephone Pole)
Joint Usage (Power & Telephone Pole), joint usage pole, joint use pole, power, telephone,
Joint Usgae Pole with Transformer
Joint Usgae Pole with Transformer, joint usage pole, joint use pole, transformer,
Manhole
Manhole, manhole,
Other Supporting Structures
Other Supporting Structures, supporting structures,
Pedestal - Underground Routing
Pedestal - Underground Routing, pedestal, underground routing,
Pole-to-Pole Guy
Pole-to-Pole Guy, pole-to-pole guy,
Power Pole
Power Pole, power pole,
Push Brace (smaller pole in actual relative position)
Push Brace (smaller pole in actual relative position), push brace, pole,
Riser Pole
Riser Pole, riser pole,
Sidewalk Down Guy with Anchor
Sidewalk Down Guy with Anchor, sidewalk down guy, anchor,
Sidewalk Down Guy
Sidewalk Down Guy, sidewalk down guy,
Slack Span Messenger Wire
Slack Span Messenger Wire, slack span messenger wire,
Strut
Strut, strut,
Telephone Pole
Telephone Pole, telephone pole,
Tensioned Messenger Wire w/out cable
Tensioned Messenger Wire w/out cable, tensioned messenger wire,
Tensioned Messenger Wire
Tensioned Messenger Wire, tensioned messenger wire,
Tree Guy with Anchor
Tree Guy with Anchor, tree guy, anchor,
Direct Buried Underground Routing
Direct Buried Underground Routing, direct buried underground routing,
Duct Line Underground Routing
Duct Line Underground Routing, duct line, underground routing,
Vault Handheld
Vault Handheld, vault handheld,
2-Way Optical Splice Location
2-Way Optical Splice Location, optical splice location,
3-Way Optical Splice Location
3-Way Optical Splice Location, optical splice location,
4-Way Optical Splice Location
4-Way Optical Splice Location, optical splice location,
Optical Amplifier
Optical Amplifier, optical amplifier,
Cable AC Power Combiner
Cable AC Power Combiner, cable AC power combiner,
Optical Fiber Cable
Optical Fiber Cable, optical fiber cable,
Optical Connector
Optical Connector, optical connector,
Fixed Equalizer
Fixed Equalizer, fixed equalizer,
Fixed Flat Attenuators
Fixed Flat Attenuators, fixed flat attenuators,
Line Terminations
Line Terminations, line terminations,
> 4-Way Optical Splice Location
> 4-Way Optical Splice Location, optical splice location,
Bond
Bond, bond,
Wavelength Multiplexer
Wavelength Multiplexer, wavelength multiplexer,
Optical Transmitter
Optical Transmitter, optical transmitter,
Optical Transmitter
Optical Transmitter, optical transmitter,
Optical Node
Optical Node, optical node,
Optical Splitter
Optical Splitter, optical splitter,
Headend (Signal Processing)
Headend (Signal Processing), headend, signal processing,
Node
Node, node,
Primary Hub
Primary Hub, primary hub,
Secondary Hub
Secondary Hub, secondary hub,
Coaxial Splice
Coaxial Splice, coaxial splice,
Power Supply
Power Supply, power supply,
Variable Equalizer
Variable Equalizer, variable equalizer,

Chemistry Drawings

ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area is a powerful chemistry drawing software that is ideal for quick and easy designing of various: chemistry drawings, scientific and educational chemistry illustrations, schemes and diagrams of chemical and biological lab set-ups, images with chemical formulas, molecular structures, chemical reaction schemes, schemes of labware,
that can be then successfully used in the field of science and education, on various conferences, and so on. Read more
The vector stencils library "Aromatics" contains 23 symbols of aromatic rings for chemical drawing of molecular structural formulas and reaction mechanism schemes in organic chemistry.
"An aromatic hydrocarbon or arene (or sometimes aryl hydrocarbon) is a hydrocarbon with alternating double and single bonds between carbon atoms forming rings. The term 'aromatic' was assigned before the physical mechanism determining aromaticity was discovered, and was derived from the fact that many of the compounds have a sweet scent. The configuration of six carbon atoms in aromatic compounds is known as a benzene ring, after the simplest possible such hydrocarbon, benzene. Aromatic hydrocarbons can be monocyclic (MAH) or polycyclic (PAH)." [Aromatic hydrocarbon. Wikipedia]
The chemical symbols example "Design elements - Aromatic hydrocarbons (arenes)" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Aromatic rings
Aromatic rings, triphenylene, pyrene, phenanthrene, phenalene, naphthalene, indene, diphenyl, cyclopropene-1, cyclopropene, cyclopentene, cyclopentene-1, cyclopentadiene, cyclohexene-1, cyclohexadiene, cyclobutadiene, anthracene, acenaphthylene,
"Carbohydrate catabolism is the breakdown of carbohydrates into smaller units. Carbohydrates literally undergo combustion to retrieve the large amounts of energy in their bonds. Energy is secured by mitochondria in the form of ATP.
There are several different types of carbohydrates: polysaccharides (e.g., starch, amylopectin, glycogen, cellulose), monosaccharides (e.g., glucose, galactose, fructose, ribose) and the disaccharides (e.g., maltose, lactose).
Glucose reacts with oxygen in the following redox reaction, C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O, the carbon dioxide and water is a waste product and the chemical reaction is exothermic.
The breakdown of glucose into energy in the form of molecules of ATP is therefore one of the most important biochemical pathways found in living organisms." [Carbohydrate catabolism. Wikipedia]
This glucose catabolism pathways map shows glycolysis by orange color, Entner-Doudoroff phosphorylating pathway by green color, Entner-Doudoroff non-phosphorylating pathway by Yellow color.
This methabolic pathway map was redesigned from Wikimedia file: Glucose catabolism pathways.svg. [commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Glucose_catabolism_pathways.svg]
The biochemical diagram example "Glucose catabolism pathways map" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Biology solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Catabolic pathway map
Catabolic pathway map, pyruvic acid, pyruvate, phosphoenolpyruvic acid, PEP, phosphoenolpyruvate, lactic acid, lactate, milk acid, glycolysis, glycerate, glyceric acid, glyceraldehyde, glyceric aldehyde
, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, triose phosphate, 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde, G3P, GADP, GAP, TP, GALP, PGAL, glucose, D-glucose, dextrose, grape sugar, glucose 6-phosphate, Robison ester, gluconolactone, ghlucono delta-lactone, GDL, gluconic acid, gluconate, fructose 6-phosphate, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, Harden-Young ester, dihydroxyacetone phosphate, DHAP, glycerone phosphate, acetyl coenzyme A, acetyl-CoA, acetic acid, acetate, ethanoic acid, Entner-Doudoroff pathway phosphorylating, Entner-Doudoroff pathway non-phosphorylating
, 6-phosphogluconolactone, 6-phosphoglucono-δ-lactone, 6-phosphogluconic acid, 6-phosphogluconate, 3-phosphoglyceric acid, 3PG, glycerate 3-phosphate, GP, 2-phosphoglyceric acid, 2PG, 2-phosphoglycerate, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate, KDG, 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-gluconate,  2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconic acid, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconate, 3-deoxy-2-oxo-D-gluconate, 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate, 3-deoxy-D-erythro-hex-2-ulosonic acid, 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate, KDPG, 13-bisphosphoglyceric acid, 13-bisphosphoglycerate, 13BPG,
"A broker is an individual or party (brokerage firm) that arranges transactions between a buyer and a seller for a commission when the deal is executed. A broker who also acts as a seller or as a buyer becomes a principal party to the deal. Distinguish agent - one who acts on behalf of a principal. ...
In general a broker is an independent agent used extensively in some industries. A broker's prime responsibility is to bring sellers and buyers together and thus a broker is the third-person facilitator between a buyer and a seller. An example would be a real estate broker who facilitates the sale of a property.
Brokers also can furnish market information regarding prices, products, and market conditions. Brokers may represent either the seller (90% of the time) or the buyer (10%) but not both at the same time. An example would be a stockbroker, who makes the sale or purchase of securities on behalf of his client. Brokers play a huge role in the sale of stocks, bonds, and other financial services." [Broker. Wikipedia]
The UML composite structure diagram example "Sale process" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Rapid UML solution from the Software Development area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
UML composite structure diagram
UML composite structure diagram, part, collaboration,
The vector stencils library "Resources and energy" contains 19 clipart images for drawing illustrations on resources and energy.
"Natural resources occur naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by humanity, in a natural form. A natural resource is often characterized by amounts of biodiversity and geodiversity existent in various ecosystems.
Natural resources are derived from the environment. Some of them are essential for our survival while most are used for satisfying our wants. Natural resources may be further classified in different ways.
Natural resources are materials and components (something that can be used) that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources (at its fundamental level). A natural resource may exist as a separate entity such as fresh water, and air, as well as a living organism such as a fish, or it may exist in an alternate form which must be processed to obtain the resource such as metal ores, oil, and most forms of energy." [Natural resource. Wikipedia]
The clip art example "Resources and energy - Vector stencils library" was created in ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software using the Manufacturing and Maintenance solution from the Illustration area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Human resources
Human resources, human resources,
Batteries
Batteries, batteries,
Wind turbine
Wind turbine, wind-turbine, wind turbine,
Transmission tower
Transmission tower, cable, power line,
Natural gas burner
Natural gas burner, gas,
Solar panel
Solar panel, solar energy,
Lightning
Lightning, lightning,
Ionizing radiation hazard sign
Ionizing radiation hazard sign, radioactivity,
High voltage symbol
High voltage symbol, electricity,
Atom
Atom, atom, uranium,
Incandescent light bulb
Incandescent light bulb, bulb, light bulb,
Oil barrels
Oil barrels, petroleum,
Power station
Power station, electric power station,
Wood
Wood, wood, biomass,
Perpetuum mobile
Perpetuum mobile, perpetuum mobile,
Hydroelectric dam
Hydroelectric dam, dam,
Liquefied petroleum gas
Liquefied petroleum gas, propane,
Natural gas
Natural gas, natural gas, gas,
Minecart with coal
Minecart with coal, coal,