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Mechanical Drawing Symbols

ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park provides a set of drawing tools and predesigned mechanical drawing symbols for fast and easy design various mechanical engineering diagrams, drawings and schematics.
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ...
While working with layouts of hydraulic machinery it is cumbersome to draw actual picture of every valve and other components.instead of pictures symbols are used for variety of components in the hydraulic system to highlight the functional aspects. symbol for directional control valve is made of number of square boxes adjacent to each other depending on the number of positions.connections to the valve are shown on these squares by capital letters.usually they are named only in their normal position and not repeated in other positions.actuation system of the valve is also designated in its symbol." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The Mac template "Pneumatic 5-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-mechanical
Pneumatic directional control valve
Pneumatic directional control valve,  valve, three-position, pneumatic valve symbols, hydraulic valve vector stencils, fluid power symbols, five-port
"Directional control valves route the fluid to the desired actuator. They usually consist of a spool inside a cast iron or steel housing. The spool slides to different positions in the housing, and intersecting grooves and channels route the fluid based on the spool's position. The spool has a central (neutral) position maintained with springs; in this position the supply fluid is blocked, or returned to tank. Sliding the spool to one side routes the hydraulic fluid to an actuator and provides a return path from the actuator to tank. When the spool is moved to the opposite direction the supply and return paths are switched. When the spool is allowed to return to neutral (center) position the actuator fluid paths are blocked, locking it in position. Directional control valves are usually designed to be stackable, with one valve for each hydraulic cylinder, and one fluid input supplying all the valves in the stack. Tolerances are very tight in order to handle the high pressure and avoid leaking, spools typically have a clearance with the housing of less than a thousandth of an inch (25 ┬Ám). The valve block will be mounted to the machine's frame with a three point pattern to avoid distorting the valve block and jamming the valve's sensitive components. The spool position may be actuated by mechanical levers, hydraulic pilot pressure, or solenoids which push the spool left or right. A seal allows part of the spool to protrude outside the housing, where it is accessible to the actuator. The main valve block is usually a stack of off the shelf directional control valves chosen by flow capacity and performance. Some valves are designed to be proportional (flow rate proportional to valve position), while others may be simply on-off. The control valve is one of the most expensive and sensitive parts of a hydraulic circuit." [Hydraulic machinery. Wikipedia]
The Windows template "Hydraulic 4-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-mechanical
Hydraulic directional control valve
Hydraulic directional control valve,  valve, three-position, pneumatic valve symbols, hydraulic valve vector stencils, four-port, fluid power symbols
"An air-operated valve is a type of power operated valve that uses air pressure against a piston or diaphragm to produce linear or circular movement to operate a valve. Types are 2-way, 3-way and 4-way. The 2 way air-operated valves can be either normally closed or normally opened." [Air-operated valve. Wikipedia]
The Windows template "Pneumatic 4-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-mechanical
Pneumatic directional control valve
Pneumatic directional control valve,  valve, three-position, pneumatic valve symbols, hydraulic valve vector stencils, four-port, fluid power symbols
The vector stencils library "Valve assembly" contains 141 symbols of pressure and flow regulators, flow direction indicators, controls, and symbols to design flow paths of control valves.
Use these valve assembly shapes to design the engineering drawings of hydraulic and pneumatic valve assemblies in fluid power systems.
"Control valves are valves used to control conditions such as flow, pressure, temperature, and liquid level by fully or partially opening or closing in response to signals received from controllers that compare a "setpoint" to a "process variable" whose value is provided by sensors that monitor changes in such conditions.
The opening or closing of control valves is usually done automatically by electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic actuators. Positioners are used to control the opening or closing of the actuator based on electric, or pneumatic signals.
A control valve consists of three main parts in which each part exist in several types and designs: Valve's actuator, Valve's positioner, Valve's body.
" [Control valves. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Valve assembly symbols
Valve assembly symbols, variable arrow, valve, two-position, ports, valve, two-position, five ports, valve, three-position, ports, valve, three-position, five ports, valve, four-position, ports, valve, four-position, five ports, two-port, flow path, two-port, closed, flow path, three-port, flow path, three-port, crossover, flow path, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, shaft, rod, shaft, direction, rotation, rotary connection, line junction, roller, one-way trip, rod, restriction, fluid flow, pull, push, button, pneumatic, fluid flow, plunger, variable plunger, non-variable plunger, pilot-operated, pedal, treadle, over - center, manual override, manual operation, lever, latch, junction, crossing, indication, temperature, temperature control, hydraulic, fluid flow, four-port, tandem, flow path, four-port, semi-connected, flow path, four-port, open, flow path, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossover, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, four-port, closed, flow path, fluid energy, pneumatic, hydraulic, energy source, fluid energy, pneumatic, energy source, fluid energy, hydraulic, energy source, flow path, flexible line, five-port, flow path, five-port, crossover, flow path, five-port, closed, flow path, electric, electrical, functional element, electric rotor, electric linear, solenoid, dot, line, junction, detent, curved arrow, direction, rotation, closed path, closed port, box, flow path, arrow, flow path, direction, rectilinear motion, air exhaust port, air bleed, connection,
The vector stencils library "Valves" contains 91 symbols of piping and plumbing valves.
"A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. Valves are technically valves fittings, but are usually discussed as a separate category. In an open valve, fluid flows in a direction from higher pressure to lower pressure.
The simplest, and very ancient, valve is simply a freely hinged flap which drops to obstruct fluid (gas or liquid) flow in one direction, but is pushed open by flow in the opposite direction. This is called a check valve, as it prevents or "checks" the flow in one direction.
People in developed nations use valves in their daily lives, including plumbing valves, such as taps for tap water, gas control valves on cookers, small valves fitted to washing machines and dishwashers, safety devices fitted to hot water systems..." [Valve. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements library "Valves" to draw building plans, schematic diagrams, blueprints, or technical drawings of industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library "Valves" is included in the Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Valve symbols
Valve symbols, weight loaded, actuating method, wedge gate valve, wedge valve, valve, statically loaded, actuating method, spring loaded, actuating method, solenoid, screw-down valve, lock-shield valve, reel valve, valve, remotely controlled, actuating method, relief valve, valve, relief angle valve, relief valve, angle valve, valve, pressure, vacuum, regulating, method of control, reducing valve, valve, quick, open, close, opening, closing, powered valve, valve, power signal, plug valve, valve, piston, parallel slide valve, parallel valve, valve, needle valve, valve, motor element, mixing valve, valve, manual isolation, in-line valve, valve, globe valve, valve, gear operated, actuating method, gate valve, valve, float operated, actuating method, float operated valve, valve, flanged valve, valve, diaphragm, actuating method, diaphragm valve, valve, dash-pot, connecting unit, check valve, valve, characterized port valve, valve, chain operated, actuating method, butterfly valve, valve, ball valve, valve, angle valve, valve, 3-way plug valve, plug valve, valve,
The vector stencils library "Valves" contains 91 symbols of valves. Use it for drawing plumbing and piping plans, schematic diagrams and blueprints of industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
In-line valve
In-line valve, in-line valve, valve,
3-way valve
3-way valve, in-line valve, valve,
4-way valve
4-way valve, in-line valve, valve,
Screw-down valve
Screw-down valve, screw-down valve, lock-shield valve, reel valve, valve, stop cock,
Lock-shield valve
Lock-shield valve, screw-down valve, lock-shield valve, reel valve, valve,
Reel valve
Reel valve, screw-down valve, lock-shield valve, reel valve, valve,
Relief valve
Relief valve, relief valve, valve,
Relief valve 2
Relief valve 2, relief valve, valve,
Relief valve 3
Relief valve 3, relief valve, valve,
Relief valve 4
Relief valve 4, relief valve, valve,
Angle valve
Angle valve, angle valve, valve,
Angle valve 2
Angle valve 2, angle valve, valve,
Angle valve 3
Angle valve 3, angle valve, valve,
Angle valve 4
Angle valve 4, angle valve, valve,
Check valve
Check valve, check valve, valve,
Check valve 2
Check valve 2, check valve, valve,
Screwdown valve
Screwdown valve, check valve, valve,
Float operated valve
Float operated valve, float operated valve, valve,
Float operated valve 2
Float operated valve 2, float operated valve, valve,
Flanged valve
Flanged valve, flanged valve, valve,
Flanged valve 2
Flanged valve 2, flanged valve, valve,
Butterfly valve
Butterfly valve, butterfly valve, valve,
Butterfly valve 2
Butterfly valve 2, butterfly valve, valve,
Globe valve
Globe valve, globe valve, valve,
Globe valve 2
Globe valve 2, globe valve, valve,
Globe valve 3
Globe valve 3, globe valve, valve,
Needle valve
Needle valve, needle valve, valve,
Needle valve 2
Needle valve 2, needle valve, valve,
Needle valve 3
Needle valve 3, needle valve, valve,
Needle valve 4
Needle valve 4, needle valve, valve,
Diaphragm valve
Diaphragm valve, diaphragm valve, valve,
Diaphragm valve 2
Diaphragm valve 2, diaphragm valve, valve,
Diaphragm valve 3
Diaphragm valve 3, diaphragm valve, valve,
Wedge gate valve
Wedge gate valve, wedge gate valve, wedge valve, valve,
Parallel side valve
Parallel side valve, parallel slide valve, parallel valve, valve,
Gate valve
Gate valve, gate valve, valve,
Ball valve
Ball valve, ball valve, valve,
Ball valve 2
Ball valve 2, ball valve, valve,
Ball valve 3
Ball valve 3, ball valve, valve,
Powered control valve
Powered control valve, powered valve, valve,
Powered control valve 2
Powered control valve 2, powered valve, valve,
Powered control valve 3
Powered control valve 3, powered valve, valve,
Relief angle valve, pressure
Relief angle valve, pressure, relief angle valve, relief valve, angle valve, valve, pressure, vacuum,
Relief angle valve, vacuum
Relief angle valve, vacuum, relief angle valve, relief valve, angle valve, valve, pressure, vacuum,
Reducing valve
Reducing valve, reducing valve, valve,
Reducing valve 2
Reducing valve 2, reducing valve, valve,
Plug valve
Plug valve, plug valve, valve,
Plug valve 2
Plug valve 2,
Plug valve, straight through
Plug valve, straight through,
3-way plug valve
3-way plug valve, plug valve, valve,
Plug valve, T-port
Plug valve, T-port,
Plug valve, L-port
Plug valve, L-port,
3-way plug valve
3-way plug valve, 3-way plug valve, plug valve, valve,
3-way plug valve 2
3-way plug valve 2, 3-way plug valve, plug valve, valve,
3-way plug valve 3
3-way plug valve 3, 3-way plug valve, plug valve, valve,
3-way plug valve, T-port
3-way plug valve, T-port, 3-way plug valve, plug valve, valve,
3-way plug valve, L-port
3-way plug valve, L-port, 3-way plug valve, plug valve, valve,
Mixing valve
Mixing valve, mixing valve, valve,
Characterized port valve
Characterized port valve, characterized port valve, valve,
Manual isolation
Manual isolation, manual isolation,
Power signal
Power signal, power signal,
Statically loaded
Statically loaded, statically loaded, actuating method,
Spring loaded
Spring loaded, spring loaded, actuating method,
Spring loaded 2
Spring loaded 2, spring loaded, actuating method,
Remote control
Remote control, remotely controlled, actuating method,
Diaphragm
Diaphragm, diaphragm, actuating method,
Diaphragm, positioner
Diaphragm, positioner, diaphragm, actuating method,
Chain operated
Chain operated, chain operated, actuating method,
Gear operated
Gear operated, gear operated, actuating method,
Solenoid
Solenoid, solenoid,
Weight loaded
Weight loaded, weight loaded, actuating method,
Weight loaded 2
Weight loaded 2, weight loaded, actuating method,
Weight loaded 3
Weight loaded 3, weight loaded, actuating method,
Float operated
Float operated, float operated, actuating method,
Float operated 2
Float operated 2, float operated, actuating method,
Dash-pot
Dash-pot, dash-pot,
Dash-pot 2
Dash-pot 2, dash-pot,
Piston
Piston, piston,
Quick opening
Quick opening, quick, open, close, opening, closing,
Quick opening 2
Quick opening 2, quick, open, close, opening, closing,
Quick closing
Quick closing, quick, open, close, opening, closing,
Quick closing 2
Quick closing 2, quick, open, close, opening, closing,
Connecting unit
Connecting unit, connecting unit,
Connecting unit 2
Connecting unit 2, connecting unit,
Connecting unit 3
Connecting unit 3, connecting unit,
Motor element
Motor element, motor element,
Motor element, opens on failure
Motor element, opens on failure, motor element,
Motor element, closes on failure
Motor element, closes on failure, motor element,
Motor element, retains position on fail
Motor element, retains position on fail, motor element,
Motor element, safe direction
Motor element, safe direction, motor element,
Regulating
Regulating, regulating, method of control,
The vector stencils library "Valves and fittings" contains 104 symbols of valve components.
Use these icons for drawing industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-chemical-process
Electrically bonded
Electrically bonded, electrically bonded,
Bursting disc
Bursting disc, bursting disc,
Flame arrester
Flame arrester, flame arrester,
Strainer
Strainer, strainer,
Separator
Separator, separator,
Exhaust silencer
Exhaust silencer, exhaust silencer,
Bell mouth
Bell mouth, bell mouth,
Exhaust head
Exhaust head, exhaust head,
Hydrant
Hydrant, hydrant,
Drain silencer
Drain silencer, drain silencer,
Liquid seal open/closed
Liquid seal open/closed, liquid seal,
Y strainer
Y strainer, Y strainer,
Gate valve
Gate valve, gate valve,
Globe valve
Globe valve, globe valve,
Globe valve 2
Globe valve 2, gate valve,
Globe valve 3
Globe valve 3, gate valve,
Screw-down valve
Screw-down valve, screw-down valve,
Lock-shield valve
Lock-shield valve, lock-shield valve,
Reel valve
Reel valve, reel valve,
Check valve
Check valve, check valve,
Check valve 2
Check valve 2, check valve,
Check valve 3
Check valve 3, check valve,
Screw-down check valve
Screw-down check valve, screw-down check valve,
Stop check valve
Stop check valve, stop check valve,
Diaphragm valve
Diaphragm valve, diaphragm valve,
Diaphragm valve 2
Diaphragm valve 2, diaphragm valve,
Diaphragm valve 3
Diaphragm valve 3, diaphragm valve,
Powered valve
Powered valve, powered valve,
Powered valve 2
Powered valve 2, powered valve,
Powered valve 3
Powered valve 3, powered valve,
Needle valve
Needle valve, needle valve,
Needle valve 2
Needle valve 2, needle valve,
Needle valve 3
Needle valve 3, needle valve,
Relief valve
Relief valve, relief valve,
Relief valve 2
Relief valve 2, relief valve,
Relief valve 3
Relief valve 3, relief valve,
Angle valve
Angle valve, angle valve,
Angle valve 2
Angle valve 2, angle valve,
Angle valve 3
Angle valve 3, angle valve,
Angle valve 4
Angle valve 4, angle valve,
Float operated valve
Float operated valve, float operated valve,
Float operated valve 2
Float operated valve 2, float operated valve,
Flanged valve
Flanged valve, flanged valve,
Butterfly valve
Butterfly valve, butterfly valve,
Butterfly valve 2
Butterfly valve 2, butterfly valve,
Wedge gate valve
Wedge gate valve, wedge gate valve,
Parallel slide valve
Parallel slide valve, parallel slide valve,
Ball valve
Ball valve,
Ball valve 2
Ball valve 2, ball valve,
Ball valve 3
Ball valve 3, ball valve,
Relief angle valve vacuum
Relief angle valve vacuum, relief angle valve vacuum,
Relief angle valve pressure
Relief angle valve pressure, relief angle valve pressure,
Reducing valve
Reducing valve, reducing valve,
Reducing valve 2
Reducing valve 2, reducing valve,
Plug valve 3 way
Plug valve 3 way, plug valve 3 way,
Plug valve L point
Plug valve L point, plug valve L point,
Plug valve 2
Plug valve 2, plug valve,
Plug valve
Plug valve, plug valve,
Plug valve straight through
Plug valve straight through, plug valve straight through,
Plug valve T point
Plug valve T point, plug valve T point,
3-way plug valve
3-way plug valve, 3-way plug valve,
3-way plug valve 2
3-way plug valve 2, 3-way plug valve,
3-way plug valve 3
3-way plug valve 3, 3-way plug valve,
Mixing valve
Mixing valve,
Valve Manifold
Valve Manifold, valve manifold,
Characterized port valve
Characterized port valve, characterized port valve,
Reducer
Reducer, reducer,
Reducer 2
Reducer 2, reducer,
General joint
General joint, joint,
Butt weld
Butt weld, butt weld,
Butt weld 2
Butt weld 2, butt weld,
Butt weld 3
Butt weld 3,
Butt weld 4
Butt weld 4, butt weld,
Flanged/ bolted
Flanged/ bolted, flanged joint, bolted joint,
Soldered / solvent
Soldered / solvent,
Soldered / solvent 2
Soldered / solvent 2, soldered, solvent,
Screwed joint
Screwed joint, screwed joint,
Screwed joint 2
Screwed joint 2, screwed joint,
Screwed joint 3
Screwed joint 3, screwed joint,
Socket and spigot
Socket and spigot, socket,  spigot,
Socket and spigot 2
Socket and spigot 2, socket, spigot,
Socket and spigot 3
Socket and spigot 3, socket, spigot,
Sleeve
Sleeve, sleeve joint,
Sleeve 2
Sleeve 2,
Screwed sleeve
Screwed sleeve, screwed sleeve,
Screwed sleeve 2
Screwed sleeve 2,
Socket weld
Socket weld,
Socket weld 2
Socket weld 2, socket weld,
Swivel joint
Swivel joint, swivel joint,
Swivel joint 2
Swivel joint 2, swivel joint,
Swivel joint 3
Swivel joint 3, swivel joint,
End cap
End cap, end cap,
End cap butt welded
End cap butt welded, end cap butt welded,
End cap screwed
End cap screwed, end cap screwed,
End cap socket and spigot
End cap socket and spigot, end cap socket and spigot,
End cap fillet welded
End cap fillet welded, end cap fillet welded,
End cap screwed and plugged
End cap screwed and plugged, end cap	screwed and plugged,
End cap quick release
End cap quick release, end cap quick release,
End cap flanged and bolted
End cap flanged and bolted, end cap flanged and bolted,
End cap flanged and bolted 2
End cap flanged and bolted 2, end cap flanged and bolted,
Electrically insulated
Electrically insulated, electrically insulated,
Tundish
Tundish, tundish,
Syphon drain
Syphon drain,
Open vent
Open vent, open vent,
A simple hydraulic schematic showing apparatus for testing the strength of a hydraulic hose splice.
Water enters through normally closed solenoid valve (1) and passes through intake flow meter (2) to high pressure pump (4). Intake water pressure is monitored by pressure gauge (3). The hose to be tested connects between pump (4) and normally open solenoid activated drain valve (7). To test the hose, pump drive motor (5) is turned on, the solenoid of drain valve (7) is activated, closing the valve, and the pump is run to pressurize the hose. Test pressure is monitored by gauge (6). When the test is complete or the hose fails, the solenoid of drain valve (7) is deactivated, opening valve and discharging water, depressurizing the system. All components are operated electrically by a remote control circuit so that the operator may perform the test from a protected location, monitoring it with a camera and video monitor.
This hydraulic schematic example was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Hydraulic schematic.jpg.
[commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:Hydraulic_ schematic.jpg]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
[creativecommons.org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3.0/ deed.en]
The hydraulic schematic example "Apparatus for testing the strength of a hydraulic hose splice" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic system schematic
Hydraulic system schematic, two-port, two-position, valve, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, pressure gauge, pressure, gauge, hydraulic pump, flow meter, energy source, electric motor, electric linear, solenoid, callout,
This example engineering drawing showing the hydraulic directional control valve usage with floating motor and pressure compensated pump is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: DCV 17.jpg.
[commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:DCV_ 17.jpg]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
[creativecommons.org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3.0/ deed.en]
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ...
The spool (sliding type) consists of lands and grooves.The lands block oil flow through the valve body. The grooves allow oil or gas to flow around the spool and through the valve body. There are two fundamental positions of directional control valve namely normal position where valve returns on removal of actuating force and other is working position which is position of a valve when actuating force is applied. There is another class of valves with 3 or more position that can be spring centered with 2 working position and a normal position. ...
Directional control valves can be classified according to:
(1) number of ports;
(2) number of positions;
(3) actuating methods;
(4) type of spool." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The fluid power equipment drawing example "Directional control valve" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic equipment schematic
Hydraulic equipment schematic, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, reservoir, pressure compensator, hydraulic pump, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, flow path, floating motor, filter, electric linear, solenoid, dot, line, junction, closed path, closed port, callout, box, flow path,