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# Butt weld geometry

This engineering drawing shows different types of geometry of butt welds.
"Welds can be geometrically prepared in many different ways. The five basic types of weld joints are the butt joint, lap joint, corner joint, edge joint, and T-joint (a variant of this last is the cruciform joint). Other variations exist as well - for example, double-V preparation joints are characterized by the two pieces of material each tapering to a single center point at one-half their height. Single-U and double-U preparation joints are also fairly common - instead of having straight edges like the single-V and double-V preparation joints, they are curved, forming the shape of a U. Lap joints are also commonly more than two pieces thick - depending on the process used and the thickness of the material, many pieces can be welded together in a lap joint geometry." [Welding. Wikipedia]
This engineering drawing example was redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Butt Weld Geometry.GIF.
[commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:Butt_ Weld_ Geometry.GIF]
The engineering drawing example "Butt weld geometry" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Welding joint diagram
Used Solutions

## Butt weld geometry

"A welding joint is a point or edge where two or more pieces of metal or plastic are joined together. They are formed by welding two or more workpieces (metal or plastic) according to a particular geometry. Five types of joints referred to by the American Welding Society: butt, corner, edge, lap, and tee. These configurations may have various configurations at the joint where actual welding can occur." [Welding joint. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example "Welded joints types" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Welding joints
Used Solutions

## Butt weld geometry

The vector stencils library "Welding" contains 38 welding joint symbols to identify fillets, contours, resistance seams, grooves, surfacing, and backing.
Use it to indicate welding operations on working drawings.
"Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the workpieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material (the weld pool) that cools to become a strong joint, with pressure sometimes used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce the weld. This is in contrast with soldering and brazing, which involve melting a lower-melting-point material between the workpieces to form a bond between them, without melting the workpieces.
Many different energy sources can be used for welding, including a gas flame, an electric arc, a laser, an electron beam, friction, and ultrasound.
Welds can be geometrically prepared in many different ways. The five basic types of weld joints are the butt joint, lap joint, corner joint, edge joint, and T-joint (a variant of this last is the cruciform joint). Other variations exist as well - for example, double-V preparation joints are characterized by the two pieces of material each tapering to a single center point at one-half their height. Single-U and double-U preparation joints are also fairly common - instead of having straight edges like the single-V and double-V preparation joints, they are curved, forming the shape of a U. Lap joints are also commonly more than two pieces thick - depending on the process used and the thickness of the material, many pieces can be welded together in a lap joint geometry." [Welding. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Welding" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Welding joint symbols
Used Solutions

## Butt weld geometry

"A welding joint is a point or edge where two or more pieces of metal or plastic are joined together. They are formed by welding two or more workpieces (metal or plastic) according to a particular geometry. Five types of joints referred to by the American Welding Society: butt, corner, edge, lap, and tee. These configurations may have various configurations at the joint where actual welding can occur." [Welding joint. Wikipedia]
This engineering drawing example was redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Common joint types.png.
[commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:Common_ joint_ types.png]
The engineering drawing example "Common joint types" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Welding joint types
Used Solutions

## Mechanical Engineering

This solution extends ConceptDraw DIAGRAM.9 mechanical drawing software (or later) with samples of mechanical drawing symbols, templates and libraries of design elements, for help when drafting mechanical engineering drawings, or parts, assembly, pneumatic,

## Butt weld geometry

The vector stencils library "Welding" contains 38 welding joint symbols to identify fillets, contours, resistance seams, grooves, surfacing, and backing.
Use it to indicate welding operations on working drawings in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-mechanical
Text block
Fillet
Slot / plug
Stud
Resistance seam
Backing
Surfacing
Flange corner
Flange edge
Square groove
V-groove
Bevel groove
U-groove
J-groove
Flare V groove
Flare bevel groove
Scarf
Melt through weld
Field weld
Backing / spacer
Insert
Arrow with bend
Arrow with bend, tail
Arrow with bend, circle
Arrow with bend, circle, tail
Arrow
Arrow, tail
Arrow, circle
Arrow, circle, tail
Spot
Projection weld
Contour, concave
Contour, convex
Contour, flush
Contour angled, concave
Contour angled, convex
Contour angled, flush
Square butt weld
Closed square butt weld
Single-bevel butt weld
Double-bevel butt weld
Single-V butt weld
Double-V butt weld
Single-J butt weld
Double-J butt weld
Single-U butt weld
Double-U butt weld
Flange butt weld
Tee butt weld
Flare butt weld
Square butt joint
Single V preparation joint
Lap joint
T-joint
Butt weld
Butt weld, single-V
Bilateral lap weld
Tee weld
Angular weld
Mechanical weld
Used Solutions

## Butt weld geometry

The vector stencils library "Valves and fittings" contains 104 symbols of valve components.
Use these icons for drawing industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-chemical-process
Electrically bonded
Bursting disc
Flame arrester
Strainer
Separator
Exhaust silencer
Bell mouth
Hydrant
Drain silencer
Liquid seal open/closed
Y strainer
Gate valve
Globe valve
Globe valve 2
Globe valve 3
Screw-down valve
Lock-shield valve
Reel valve
Check valve
Check valve 2
Check valve 3
Screw-down check valve
Stop check valve
Diaphragm valve
Diaphragm valve 2
Diaphragm valve 3
Powered valve
Powered valve 2
Powered valve 3
Needle valve
Needle valve 2
Needle valve 3
Relief valve
Relief valve 2
Relief valve 3
Angle valve
Angle valve 2
Angle valve 3
Angle valve 4
Float operated valve
Float operated valve 2
Flanged valve
Butterfly valve
Butterfly valve 2
Wedge gate valve
Parallel slide valve
Ball valve
Ball valve 2
Ball valve 3
Relief angle valve vacuum
Relief angle valve pressure
Reducing valve
Reducing valve 2
Plug valve 3 way
Plug valve L point
Plug valve 2
Plug valve
Plug valve straight through
Plug valve T point
3-way plug valve
3-way plug valve 2
3-way plug valve 3
Mixing valve
Valve Manifold
Characterized port valve
Reducer
Reducer 2
General joint
Butt weld
Butt weld 2
Butt weld 3
Butt weld 4
Flanged/ bolted
Soldered / solvent
Soldered / solvent 2
Screwed joint
Screwed joint 2
Screwed joint 3
Socket and spigot
Socket and spigot 2
Socket and spigot 3
Sleeve
Sleeve 2
Screwed sleeve
Screwed sleeve 2
Socket weld
Socket weld 2
Swivel joint
Swivel joint 2
Swivel joint 3
End cap
End cap butt welded
End cap screwed
End cap socket and spigot
End cap fillet welded
End cap screwed and plugged
End cap quick release
End cap flanged and bolted
End cap flanged and bolted 2
Electrically insulated
Tundish
Syphon drain
Open vent
Used Solutions

## Interior Design. Piping Plan — Design Elements

Every apartment needs renovation from time to time, as some home systems such as wiring or plumbing may fall out. When developing the future design of a piping system, the engineer should take into account many aspects. Replacing the worn plumbing begins with the choice of materials and sizes of pipes for the new system. Each proposal has its own pros and cons that should be considered before purchasing. It is also relevant to draw attention to temperature changes that might effect pipes, such as freezing or thermal expansion. Let’s take a closer look at possible pipes materials.

## Butt weld geometry

This engineering drawing present weld type symbols and fillet weld symbols.
The weld type symbol is typically placed above or below the center of the reference line, depending on which side of the joint it's on. The symbol is interpreted as a simplified cross-section of the weld.
"Fillet welding refers to the process of joining two pieces of metal together whether they be perpendicular or at an angle. These welds are commonly referred to as Tee joints which are two pieces of metal perpendicular to each other or Lap joints which are two pieces of metal that overlap and are welded at the edges. The weld is aesthetically triangular in shape and may have a concave, flat or convex surface depending on the welder’s technique. Welders use fillet welds when connecting flanges to pipes, welding cross sections of infrastructure, and when fastening metal by bolts isn't strong enough." [Fillet weld. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example Welding symbols is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Welding joint symbols
Used Solutions

## Butt weld geometry

The vector stencils library "Pipes 1" contains 28 symbols of pipes. Use it for drawing plumbing and piping building plans, schematic diagrams, blueprints, or technical drawings of waste water disposal systems, hot and cold water supply systems in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
General joint
Butt weld
Soldered / solvent
Screwed joint
Socket and spigot
Sleeve joint
Socket weld
Flanged / bolted
Swivel joint
Electrically bonded
Electrically insulated
End caps 1
End caps 2
End caps 3
Strainer
Separator
Exhaust silencer
Drain silencer
Open vent
Syphon drain
Hydrant
Tundish
Bell mouth
Bursting disc
Flame arrester
Y strainer
Liquid seal open/closed
Used Solutions

## Butt weld geometry

"The symbols and conventions used in welding documentation are specified in national and international standards such as ISO 2553 Welded, brazed and soldered joints -- Symbolic representation on drawings and ISO 4063 Welding and allied processes -- Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers. The US standard symbols are outlined by the American National Standards Institute and the American Welding Society and are noted as "ANSI/ AWS".
In engineering drawings, each weld is conventionally identified by an arrow which points to the joint to be welded. The arrow is annotated with letters, numbers and symbols which indicate the exact specification of the weld. In complex applications, such as those involving alloys other than mild steel, more information may be called for than can comfortably be indicated using the symbols alone. Annotations are used in these cases." [Symbols and conventions used in welding documentation. Wikipedia]
The example chart "Elements of welding symbol" is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikipedia file: Elements of a welding symbol.PNG.
[en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ File:Elements_ of_ a_ welding_ symbol.PNG]
The diagram example "Elements location of a welding symbol" is contained in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Welding joint symbol chart
Used Solutions

## Butt weld geometry

The vector stencils library "Valves and fittings" contains 104 symbols of valve components.
Use these icons for drawing industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems.
"A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. Valves are technically valves fittings, but are usually discussed as a separate category. In an open valve, fluid flows in a direction from higher pressure to lower pressure.
The simplest, and very ancient, valve is simply a freely hinged flap which drops to obstruct fluid (gas or liquid) flow in one direction, but is pushed open by flow in the opposite direction. This is called a check valve, as it prevents or "checks" the flow in one direction. ...
Valves are found in virtually every industrial process, including water & sewage processing, mining, power generation, processing of oil, gas & petroleum, food manufacturing, chemical & plastic manufacturing and many other fields. ...
Valves may be operated manually, either by a handle, lever, pedal or wheel. Valves may also be automatic, driven by changes in pressure, temperature, or flow. These changes may act upon a diaphragm or a piston which in turn activates the valve, examples of this type of valve found commonly are safety valves fitted to hot water systems or boilers.
More complex control systems using valves requiring automatic control based on an external input (i.e., regulating flow through a pipe to a changing set point) require an actuator. An actuator will stroke the valve depending on its input and set-up, allowing the valve to be positioned accurately, and allowing control over a variety of requirements." [Valve. Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Valves and fittings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Valves and fittings symbols
Used Solutions

## Butt weld geometry

The vector stencils libraries "Pipes 1" and "Pipes 2" contain 28 and 48 pipe, tubing and fitting symbols, respectively.
"A fitting is used in pipe plumbing systems to connect straight pipe or tubing sections, to adapt to different sizes or shapes, and for other purposes, such as regulating or measuring fluid flow. The term plumbing is generally used to describe conveyance of water, gas, or liquid waste in ordinary domestic or commercial environments, whereas piping is often used to describe high-performance (e.g. high pressure, high flow, high temperature, hazardous materials) conveyance of fluids in specialized applications. The term tubing is sometimes used for lighter-weight piping, especially types that are flexible enough to be supplied in coiled form.
Fittings (especially uncommon types) require money, time, materials, and tools to install, so they are a non-trivial part of piping and plumbing systems." [Piping and plumbing fitting. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements libraries "Pipes 1" and "Pipes 2" for drawing plumbing and piping building plans, schematic diagrams, blueprints, or technical drawings of waste water disposal systems, hot and cold water supply systems using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes libraries "Pipes 1" and "Pipes 2" are contained in the Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Piping symbols
Used Solutions