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Nitrate concentration in Community Water Systems (CWS) - Double bar chart

This double bar chart example was drawn on the base of picture "Nitrate Concentration (milligrams per liter; mg/L) in Community Water Systems (CWS), Mean and Maximum by Year, New Mexico 1999-2012" from the New Mexico's Indicator-Based Information System (NM-IBIS) website.
"Nitrate toxicity is a preventable cause of methemoglobinemia (blue baby syndrome), especially in infants. Infants younger than 4 months of age are at greatest risk of toxicity from nitrate-contaminated drinking water.
These infants are more susceptible to developing methemoglobinemia because the pH of their gut is normally higher (less acidic) than in older children and adults. The higher pH enhances the conversion of ingested nitrate to the more toxic nitrite. The bacterial flora of a young infant's gut is also different from that found in older children and adults and might be more likely to convert ingested nitrate to nitrite. Gastroenteritis can increase body transformation of nitrate to nitrite and absorption into the bloodstream of nitrite from the large intestine.
A large proportion of hemoglobin in young infants is in the form of fetal hemoglobin. Fetal hemoglobin is more readily oxidized to methemoglobin (MHg) by nitrites than is adult hemoglobin. In addition, in infants, the enzyme (NADH-dependent methemoglobin reductase) responsible for reduction of formed MHg back to normal hemoglobin has only about half the activity it has in adults.
Symptoms such as shortness of breath and bluish skin coloring around the mouth, hands, or feet, can occur in infants rapidly over a period of days. If the condition is severe, it could lead to convulsions, coma, and even death, if untreated. Most older children and adults can take in larger amounts of nitrate without experiencing the same health effects as infants. However, pregnant women, nursing mothers, and people with low stomach acid conditions or those deficient in an enzyme that changes MHg back to normal hemoglobin are more susceptible to nitrate-induced methemoglobinemia and could be affected by water with nitrate levels above 10 mg/L.
Adverse reproductive outcomes such as spontaneous abortions, intrauterine growth retardation, and various birth defects such as anencephaly have been reported in scientific literature from exposure to high nitrate levels in drinking water; however, the evidence is inconsistent.
Little is known about possible health effects from high nitrate level exposure over a long period of time. However, some studies suggest that there might be a risk of stomach, esophageal or bladder cancers in people with prolonged ingestion of high levels of nitrate. This might be due to the formation of nitrosoamines in the body following ingestion exposure to high levels of nitrate.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified ingested nitrate or nitrite as probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A) under conditions that result in formation of nitroso-compounds (e.g., nitrosoamines) in the body (endogenous nitrosation)." [ibis.health.state.nm.us/indicator/view/CommWaterNitrates.MeanMax.Year.html]
The double bar graph example "Nitrate concentration in Community Water Systems (CWS)" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Bar Graphs solution from the Graphs and Charts area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Double bar graph
Double bar graph,
The vector stencils library "Ponds and Fountains" contains 32 clipart images of fontains, waterfall, pools and water textures.
Use it to create your landscape design and garden plans.
"A pond is a body of standing water, either natural or man-made, that is usually smaller than a lake. ...
A wide variety of man-made bodies of water are classified as ponds. Some ponds are created specifically for habitat restoration, including water treatment. Others, like water gardens, water features and koi ponds are designed for aesthetic ornamentation as landscape or architectural features. " [Pond. Wikipedia]
"A fountain is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect. ...
Fountains are used today to decorate city parks and squares; to honor individuals or events; for recreation and for entertainment. A Splash pad or spray pool allows city residents to enter, get wet and cool off in summer. The musical fountain combines moving jets of water, colored lights and recorded music, controlled by a computer, for dramatic effects. Drinking fountains provide clean drinking water in public buildings, parks and public spaces." [Fountain. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Ponds and Fountains" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Landscape & Garden solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Ponds and fontains clipart
Ponds and fontains clipart, waterfall, water texture, square pool, square fountain, semi-circular fountain, two-tier fountain, semi-circular fountain, rounded rectangle pool, rounded rectangle pond, round pool, round pond, round fountain, rectangular pool, pool, semi circle ledge, pool, pond, lagoon pond, lagoon pool, oval pool, oval pond, kidney pool, kidney pond, green water texture, pond water, free-form pool, free-form pond, figure eight shaped pool, keyhole pool, figure eight shaped pond, bean shaped pool, u-shaped pool, bean pond, u-shape pond, L-shaped pool, true ell pool, 2-tier fountain, two-tier fountain, 2 tier pool,
"Ecosystems represent sources of natural capital and provide goods and services to society, also called ecosystem services. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment identified over 24 ecosystem services that can be divided up into 4 general groups including: 1) provisioning, 2) supporting, 3) regulating and 4) cultural." [User:Sawtoothgirl/Sustainable Real Estate Development. Wikipedia]
"Humankind benefits in a multitude of ways from ecosystems. Collectively, these benefits are known as ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are regularly involved in the provisioning of clean drinking water and the decomposition of wastes. While scientists and environmentalists have discussed ecosystem services implicitly for decades, these the ecosystem services concept itself was popularized by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) in the early 2000s. This grouped ecosystem services into four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and crop pollination; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits. To help inform decision-makers, many ecosystem services are being assigned economic values." [Ecosystem services. Wikipedia]
The segmented pyramid diagram example "Ecosystem goods and services" was redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from Wikimedia Commons file ES_triangle.png.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ES_triangle.png]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. [creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
This segmented pyramid diagram example "Ecosystem goods and services" is included in the Pyramid Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Pyramid diagram
Pyramid diagram,
The vector stencils library "Plumbing" contains 31 symbols of plumbing components and bathroom fixtures.
"Plumbing is the system of pipes, drains fittings, valves, valve assemblies, and devices installed in a building for the distribution of water for drinking, heating and washing, and the removal of waterborne wastes, and the skilled trade of working with pipes, tubing and plumbing fixtures in such systems. A plumber is someone who installs or repairs piping systems, plumbing fixtures and equipment such as water heaters and backflow preventers. The plumbing industry is a basic and substantial part of every developed economy due to the need for clean water, and sanitary collection and transport of wastes.
Plumbing is usually distinguished from water supply and sewage systems, in that a plumbing system serves one building, while water and sewage systems serve a group of buildings." [Plumbing. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements library "Plumbing" for drawing plumbing and piping plans, schematic diagrams and blueprints of waste water disposal systems, and hot and cold water supply systems using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library "Plumbing" is included in the Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Plumbing symbols
Plumbing symbols, water surface, washing machine, washer, towel rail, toilet, tank, sink unit, shower head, rotary pump, compressor, fan, pump, radiator, radiant panel, pipe coils, heating coil, cooling coil, heater, cooler, end view, convector, boiler, tank, bath, basin,
The vector stencils library "Beverages" contains 34 clipart images of beverages in drinking vessels (drinkware) and bottles: soft drink, coffee, cocktails, alcoholic beverages, mineral water.
Use this icon set to design your restaurant, bar, cafeteria or food court illustrations and infographics using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The drink clip art example "Design elements - Beverages" is included in the Food Court solution from the Food and Beverages area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Beverages clip art
Beverages clip art, wine glass, red wine, goblet of wine, wine bottle, whisky with ice cubes, whiskey on the rocks, Old Fashioned glass, lowball glass, rocks glass, tequila sunrise glass, tequila sunrise cocktail, hurricane glass, ice cubes, drinking straw, tea, slice of lemon, teacup, saucer, snifter glass, brandy snifter, cognac glass, balloon, sangria glass, sangria cocktail, hurricane glass, drinking straw, pina colada cocktail, pina colada, hurricane glass, drinking straw, mug of beer, glass of beer, mojito strawberry, highball glass, mojito cocktail, highball glass, martini glass, cocktail glass, martini bottle, lemonade glass, drinking straw, juice, collins glass, drinking straw, juice glass, drinking straw, irish coffee, irish coffee mug, irish coffee glass, iced coffee, paper glass, drinking straw, glass of mineral water, highball glass, frappe coffee, glass mug, greek frappe, cafe frappe, espresso coffee, expresso coffee, glass espresso cup, cosmopolitan glass, cosmopolitan cocktail, cosmo cocktail, cocktail glass, cola, plastic glass, drinking straw, cognac bottle, brandy, coffee plastic glass, champagne flute, champagne bottle, caffè mocha, mocaccino, irish coffee mug, irish coffee glass, bottled water, water bottle, bottle of water, bottle of mineral water, beer bottle, Margarita glass, Margarita cocktail, cocktail glass , Latte macchiato, irish coffee mug, irish coffee glass, Bloody Mary glass, Bloody Mary cocktail, drinking straw, ice cubes,