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# Research cycle - Circle diagram

## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This circle diagram sample was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: Research cycle.png. "Some of the basic elements of the scientific method, arranged in a cycle to emphasize that it is an iterative process." [commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Research_cycle.png]
"The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on empirical and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. ...
Four essential elements of the scientific method are iterations, recursions, interleavings, or orderings of the following:
(1) Characterizations (observations, definitions, and measurements of the subject of inquiry).
(2) Hypotheses (theoretical, hypothetical explanations of observations and measurements of the subject).
(3) Predictions (reasoning including logical deduction from the hypothesis or theory).
(4) Experiments (tests of all of the above)...
A linearized, pragmatic scheme of the four points above is sometimes offered as a guideline for proceeding:
(1) Define a question.
(2) Gather information and resources (observe).
(3) Form an explanatory hypothesis.
(4) Test the hypothesis by performing an experiment and collecting data in a reproducible manner.
(5) Analyze the data.
(6) Interpret the data and draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypothesis.
(7) Publish results.
(8) Retest (frequently done by other scientists).
The iterative cycle inherent in this step-by-step method goes from point 3 to 6 back to 3 again." [Scientific method. Wikipedia]
The circle diagram example "Research cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Circle diagram
Used Solutions

## Virtuous circle (macroeconomics) - Crystal diagram

This hexagon diagram sample was redesigned from the Wikipedia file: Virtuous circle in macroeconomics.svg. "An example of the use of a virtuous circle in macroeconomics."
[en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Virtuous_circle_in_macroeconomics.svg]
"A virtuous circle and a vicious circle (also referred to as virtuous cycle and vicious cycle) are economic terms. They refer to a complex chain of events that reinforces itself through a feedback loop. A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.
Both circles are complexes of events with no tendency towards equilibrium (at least in the short run). Both systems of events have feedback loops in which each iteration of the cycle reinforces the previous one (positive feedback). These cycles will continue in the direction of their momentum until an external factor intervenes and breaks the cycle. The prefix "hyper-" is sometimes used to describe these cycles if they are extreme. The best-known example of a vicious circle is hyperinflation. ...
Example in macroeconomics.
Virtuous circle.
Economic growth can be seen as a virtuous circle. It might start with an exogenous factor such as technological innovation. As people get familiar with the new technology, there could be learning curve effects and economies of scale. This could lead to reduced costs and improved production efficiencies. In a competitive market structure, this will probably result in lower average prices or a decrease in employment as it takes fewer workers to produce the same output. As prices decrease, consumption could increase and aggregate output also. Increased levels of output lead to more learning and scale effects and a new cycle starts."
[en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtuous_circle_and_vicious_circle]
The crystal diagram example "Virtuous circle (macroeconomics)" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hexagon diagram
Used Solutions

## Strategic planning - Cycle diagram

The cycle diagram sample was created on the base of the figure illustrating the webpage "2. POLICY & STRATEGY" of "Scottish Police College Primary Inspection 2006: A Report by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary" from the Scottish Government website.
"Strategic Planning.
2.1 The planning process for the College currently follows a structured approach, starting in April and extending through the financial year. The planning cycle is illustrated in figure 2. ...
2.2 The College recognises the need to consult with its customers and stakeholders in the process of setting objectives and directing the training programme. The planning cycle to date refers to force visits, environmental scanning, the course planning process which involves consultation with all forces and other common police services, as well as to a survey of external providers.
2.3 The information from consultation feeds into an EFQM framework from which the College has identified four key policies, namely:
(1) developing and delivering quality training;
(2) developing our people through lifelong learning;
(3) continuous improvement of our service; and
(4) embracing the changing environment.
2.4 The objectives set at divisional level are designed to contribute to delivering these policies. HMIC found that whilst the selected objectives were presented in line with the structure, not all could be considered to meet SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Timed) criteria. This failure indicates that while the process appears suitably structured to deliver a robust result, some of those involved could perhaps have a better understanding of the process." [scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/02/15134652/8]
The cycle diagram example "Strategic planning" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Cycle diagram
Used Solutions

## Vicious circle - Crystal diagram

This hexagon diagram sample was redesigned from the Wikipedia file: Vicious circle in macroeconomics.svg. "An example of the use of a vicious circle in macroeconomics." [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Vicious_circle_in_macroeconomics.svg]
"A virtuous circle and a vicious circle (also referred to as virtuous cycle and vicious cycle) are economic terms. They refer to a complex chain of events that reinforces itself through a feedback loop. A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.
Both circles are complexes of events with no tendency towards equilibrium (at least in the short run). Both systems of events have feedback loops in which each iteration of the cycle reinforces the previous one (positive feedback). These cycles will continue in the direction of their momentum until an external factor intervenes and breaks the cycle. The prefix "hyper-" is sometimes used to describe these cycles if they are extreme. The best-known example of a vicious circle is hyperinflation. ...
Example in macroeconomics.
Vicious circle.
Hyperinflation is a spiral of inflation which causes even higher inflation. The initial exogenous event might be a sudden large increase in international interest rates or a massive increase in government debt due to excessive spendings. Whatever the cause, the government could pay down some of its debt by printing more money (called monetizing the debt). This increase in the money supply could increase the level of inflation. In an inflationary environment, people tend to spend their money quickly because they expect its value to decrease further in the future. They convert their financial assets into physical assets while their money still has some purchasing power. Often they will purchase on credit. Eventually, the currency loses all of its value. Because of this, the level of savings in the country is very low and the government could have problems refinancing its debt. Its solution could be to print still more money starting another iteration of the vicious cycle." [Virtuous circle and vicious circle. Wikipedia]
The crystal diagram example "Vicious circle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hexagon diagram
Used Solutions

## Circular diagrams - Vector stencils library

The vector stencils library "Circular diagrams" contains 42 templates of circular diagrams: circular arrow diagram, circular motion diagram, arrow ring chart, doughnut chart (donut chart), circle pie chart, diamond pie chart, circle diagram, pie chart, ring chart, loop diagram, block loop diagram, arrow loop circle, crystal diagram, triangular diagram, diamond diagram, pentagon diagram, hexagon diagram, heptagon diagram, cycle diagram (cycle chart), stacked Venn diagram (onion diagram), arrow circle diagram.
Use these shapes to illustrate your marketing and sales documents, presentations, webpages and infographics in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Circular arrow diagram 1
Circular arrow diagram 2
Arrow ring chart
Doughnut chart
Diamond pie chart
Pie chart
Circle diagram
Circle pie chart 2
Circle pie chart 1
Ring chart 1 - 3 elements
Ring chart 1 - 4 elements
Ring chart 1 - 5 elements
Ring chart 1 - 6 elements
Ring chart 1 - 7 elements
Ring chart 2 - 3 elements
Ring chart 2 - 4 elements
Ring chart 2 - 5 elements
Ring chart 2 - 6 elements
Ring chart 2 - 7 elements
Crystal diagram - 3 elements
Crystal diagram - 4 elements
Crystal diagram - 5 elements
Crystal diagram - 6 elements
Crystal diagram - 7 elements
Stacked Venn diagram - 4
Stacked Venn diagram - 5
Stacked Venn diagram - 6
Stacked Venn diagram - 7
Basic loop diagram
Block loop diagram
Arrow loop circle
Arrow loop - 3 circles
Arrow loop - 4 circles
Arrow loop - 5 circles
Arrow loop - 6 circles
Arrow loop - 7 circles
Arrow circle diagram - 3
Arrow circle diagram - 4
Stacked Venn diagram - 3
Arrow circle diagram - 5
Arrow circle diagram - 6
Arrow circle diagram - 7
Used Solutions

## Innovation life cycle - Arrow loop diagram

This arrow loop cycle diagram sample was created on the base of the figure illustrating the webpage "Exploratory Advanced Research Program Hand-Off Workshops" from the US Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) website. "The FHWA’s research and technology innovation life cycle illustrates that research and technology development are not insular activities, but integrated processes that together constitute a system.
Following general workshop discussion, a number of common issues emerged among the groups. These centered around the research life cycle, communicating the value of exploratory advanced research, and continued project funding. It was felt that there is a general need to better describe the research and deployment cycle specific to highway transportation and possibly to highway research fields, such as materials or system planning. Research life cycle diagrams show a very linear, chronological process but it is not necessarily that way in reality." [fhwa.dot.gov/advancedresearch/pubs/11034/]
The arrow loop diagram example "Innovation life cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Arrow loop cycle diagram
Used Solutions

## Systems development life cycle

This circular arrows diagram sample shows the systems development life cycle (SDLC) stages.
"The systems development life cycle (SDLC), also referred to as the application development life-cycle, is a term used in systems engineering, information systems and software engineering to describe a process for planning, creating, testing, and deploying an information system. The systems development life-cycle concept applies to a range of hardware and software configurations, as a system can be composed of hardware only, software only, or a combination of both." [Systems development life-cycle. Wikipedia]
The arrow circle diagram example "Systems development life cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Circular Arrows Diagrams solution from the area "What is a Diagram" of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Circular arrows diagram
Used Solutions

## Target and Circular Diagrams

This solution extends ConceptDraw PRO software with samples, templates and library of design elements for drawing the Target and Circular Diagrams. Read more

## Virtuous circle (management) - Ring chart

This ring chart sample was redesigned from the Wikipedia file: Virtuous circle in management.svg.
"An example of the use of a virtuous circle in management."
[en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Virtuous_circle_in_management.svg]
"A virtuous circle and a vicious circle (also referred to as virtuous cycle and vicious cycle) are economic terms. They refer to a complex chain of events that reinforces itself through a feedback loop. A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.
Both circles are complexes of events with no tendency towards equilibrium (at least in the short run). Both systems of events have feedback loops in which each iteration of the cycle reinforces the previous one (positive feedback). These cycles will continue in the direction of their momentum until an external factor intervenes and breaks the cycle. The prefix "hyper-" is sometimes used to describe these cycles if they are extreme. The best-known example of a vicious circle is hyperinflation. ...
Example in management.
Virtuous circle.
An employer's investment in his employees’ ability to provide superior service to customers can be seen as a virtuous circle. Effort spent in selecting and training employees and creating a corporate culture in which they are empowered can lead to increased employee satisfaction and employee competence. This can result in superior service delivery and customer satisfaction. This in turn will create customer loyalty, improved sales levels, and higher profit margins. Some of these profits can be reinvested in employee development, thereby initiating another iteration of a virtuous cycle." [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtuous_circle_and_vicious_circle]
The ring chart example "Virtuous circle (management)" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Ring chart
Used Solutions

## Circular arrows diagram - PDCA cycle

This circular arrows diagram sample depicts the Plan–Do–Check–Act cycle.
"PDCA (plan–do–check–act or plan–do–check–adjust) is an iterative four-step management method used in business for the control and continuous improvement of processes and products. It is also known as the Deming circle/cycle/wheel, Shewhart cycle, control circle/cycle, or plan–do–study–act (PDSA). Another version of this PDCA cycle is OPDCA. The added "O" stands for observation or as some versions say "Grasp the current condition." This emphasis on observation and current condition has currency with Lean manufacturing/Toyota Production System literature." [PDCA. Wikipedia]
The diagram example "PDCA cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Circular Arrows Diagrams solution from the area "What is a Diagram" of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Circular arrows diagram
Used Solutions

## Circular Arrows Diagrams

Circular Arrows Diagrams solution extends ConceptDraw PRO v10 with extensive drawing tools, predesigned samples, Circular flow diagram template for quick start, and a library of ready circular arrow vector stencils for drawing Circular Arrow Diagrams, Segmented Cycle Diagrams, and Circular Flow Diagrams. The elements in this solution help managers, analysts, business advisers, marketing experts, scientists, lecturers, and other knowledge workers in their daily work. Read more

## Cycle of automobile dependency - Circle pie chart

This circle pie chart sample was created on the base of the figure illustrating the article "Impacts of Parking Strategies" from the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning website. "Todd Litman's "Cycle of Automobile Dependency" shows how auto-centric land use planning and excessive parking supply have created this situation. Parking management strategies can be used to break this cycle, by changing development patterns and improving travel options (2006)." [cmap.illinois.gov/about/2040/supporting-materials/process-archive/strategy-papers/parking/impacts-of-parking-strategies]
The circle pie chart example "Cycle of automobile dependency" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Circle pie chart
Used Solutions

## Circular Diagram

Circular Diagram is a type of diagram widely used in marketing and economics for visualization information in a clear and visual form. ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software offers the useful tools of the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park for effective drawing a Circular Diagram of any complexity and design. Read more

## Systems development life cycle

This circular arrows diagram sample shows the systems development life cycle (SDLC) stages.
"The systems development life cycle (SDLC), also referred to as the application development life-cycle, is a term used in systems engineering, information systems and software engineering to describe a process for planning, creating, testing, and deploying an information system. The systems development life-cycle concept applies to a range of hardware and software configurations, as a system can be composed of hardware only, software only, or a combination of both." [Systems development life-cycle. Wikipedia]
The arrow circle diagram example "Systems development life cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Circular Arrows Diagrams solution from the area "What is a Diagram" of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Circular arrows diagram
Used Solutions
HelpDesk

## How to Draw a Circular Arrows Diagram Using ConceptDraw PRO

The cyclic recurrence is a fundamental property of multiple systems. The cycle is a process which consists from elements (phases, stages, stages) following each other. Many processes in astronomy, biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, etc. have a cycle properties. It is also widely used in information technologies and marketing analysis. Graphical representation of cyclic processes can have many forms. It can be a circle, parabola, hyperbola, ellipse and others. A Circular Arrows Diagram is used as one of the statistical charts in the business, mass media and marketing. ConceptDraw PRO provides its users tools for making easy drawing Circular Arrows Diagrams. Read more