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# Butt weld geometry

## Butt weld geometry

This engineering drawing shows different types of geometry of butt welds.
"Welds can be geometrically prepared in many different ways. The five basic types of weld joints are the butt joint, lap joint, corner joint, edge joint, and T-joint (a variant of this last is the cruciform joint). Other variations exist as well - for example, double-V preparation joints are characterized by the two pieces of material each tapering to a single center point at one-half their height. Single-U and double-U preparation joints are also fairly common - instead of having straight edges like the single-V and double-V preparation joints, they are curved, forming the shape of a U. Lap joints are also commonly more than two pieces thick - depending on the process used and the thickness of the material, many pieces can be welded together in a lap joint geometry." [Welding. Wikipedia]
This engineering drawing example was redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Butt Weld Geometry.GIF.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Butt_Weld_Geometry.GIF]
The engineering drawing example "Butt weld geometry" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint diagram
Used Solutions

## Welded joints types

"A welding joint is a point or edge where two or more pieces of metal or plastic are joined together. They are formed by welding two or more workpieces (metal or plastic) according to a particular geometry. Five types of joints referred to by the American Welding Society: butt, corner, edge, lap, and tee. These configurations may have various configurations at the joint where actual welding can occur." [Welding joint. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example "Welded joints types" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joints
Used Solutions

## Mechanical Engineering

This solution extends ConceptDraw PRO v.9 mechanical drawing software (or later) with samples of mechanical drawing symbols, templates and libraries of design elements, for help when drafting mechanical engineering drawings, or parts, assembly, pneumatic, Read more

## Elements location of a welding symbol

"The symbols and conventions used in welding documentation are specified in national and international standards such as ISO 2553 Welded, brazed and soldered joints -- Symbolic representation on drawings and ISO 4063 Welding and allied processes -- Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers. The US standard symbols are outlined by the American National Standards Institute and the American Welding Society and are noted as "ANSI/AWS".
In engineering drawings, each weld is conventionally identified by an arrow which points to the joint to be welded. The arrow is annotated with letters, numbers and symbols which indicate the exact specification of the weld. In complex applications, such as those involving alloys other than mild steel, more information may be called for than can comfortably be indicated using the symbols alone. Annotations are used in these cases." [Symbols and conventions used in welding documentation. Wikipedia]
The example chart "Elements of welding symbol" is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikipedia file: Elements of a welding symbol.PNG.
[en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Elements_of_a_welding_symbol.PNG]
The diagram example "Elements location of a welding symbol" is contained in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint symbol chart
Used Solutions

## Welding symbols

This engineering drawing present weld type symbols and fillet weld symbols.
The weld type symbol is typically placed above or below the center of the reference line, depending on which side of the joint it's on. The symbol is interpreted as a simplified cross-section of the weld.
"Fillet welding refers to the process of joining two pieces of metal together whether they be perpendicular or at an angle. These welds are commonly referred to as Tee joints which are two pieces of metal perpendicular to each other or Lap joints which are two pieces of metal that overlap and are welded at the edges. The weld is aesthetically triangular in shape and may have a concave, flat or convex surface depending on the welderâ€™s technique. Welders use fillet welds when connecting flanges to pipes, welding cross sections of infrastructure, and when fastening metal by bolts isn't strong enough." [Fillet weld. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example Welding symbols is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint symbols
Used Solutions

## Design elements - Welding

The vector stencils library "Welding" contains 38 welding joint symbols to identify fillets, contours, resistance seams, grooves, surfacing, and backing.
Use it to indicate welding operations on working drawings.
"Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the workpieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material (the weld pool) that cools to become a strong joint, with pressure sometimes used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce the weld. This is in contrast with soldering and brazing, which involve melting a lower-melting-point material between the workpieces to form a bond between them, without melting the workpieces.
Many different energy sources can be used for welding, including a gas flame, an electric arc, a laser, an electron beam, friction, and ultrasound.
Welds can be geometrically prepared in many different ways. The five basic types of weld joints are the butt joint, lap joint, corner joint, edge joint, and T-joint (a variant of this last is the cruciform joint). Other variations exist as well - for example, double-V preparation joints are characterized by the two pieces of material each tapering to a single center point at one-half their height. Single-U and double-U preparation joints are also fairly common - instead of having straight edges like the single-V and double-V preparation joints, they are curved, forming the shape of a U. Lap joints are also commonly more than two pieces thick - depending on the process used and the thickness of the material, many pieces can be welded together in a lap joint geometry." [Welding. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Welding" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint symbols
Used Solutions

## Design elements - Terminals and connectors

The vector stencils library "Terminals and connectors" contains 43 element symbols of terminals, connectors, plugs, polarized connectors, jacks, coaxial cables, and conductors.
Use it for drawing the wiring diagrams, electrical layouts, electronic schematics, and circuit diagrams.
"An electrical connector is an electro-mechanical device for joining electrical circuits as an interface using a mechanical assembly. Connectors consist of plugs (male-ended) and jacks (female-ended). The connection may be temporary, as for portable equipment, require a tool for assembly and removal, or serve as a permanent electrical joint between two wires or devices. An adapter can be used to effectively bring together dissimilar connectors.
There are hundreds of types of electrical connectors. Connectors may join two lengths of flexible copper wire or cable, or connect a wire or cable or optical interface to an electrical terminal.
In computing, an electrical connector can also be known as a physical interface... Cable glands, known as cable connectors in the US, connect wires to devices mechanically rather than electrically and are distinct from quick-disconnects performing the latter." [Electrical connector. Wikipedia]
"A terminal is the point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides a point of connection to external circuits. A terminal may simply be the end of a wire or it may be fitted with a connector or fastener. In network analysis, terminal means a point at which connections can be made to a network in theory and does not necessarily refer to any real physical object. In this context, especially in older documents, it is sometimes called a "pole".
The connection may be temporary, as seen in portable equipment, may require a tool for assembly and removal, or may be a permanent electrical joint between two wires or devices.
All electric cell have two terminals. The first is the positive terminal and the second is the negative terminal. The positive terminal looks like a metal cap and the negative terminal looks like a metal disc. The current flows from the positive terminal, and out through the negative terminal, replicative of current flow (positive (+) to negative (-) flow)." [Terminal (electronics). Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Terminals and connectors" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Terminal and connector symbols
Used Solutions

## Welding - Vector stencils library

The vector stencils library "Welding" contains 38 welding joint symbols to identify fillets, contours, resistance seams, grooves, surfacing, and backing.
Use it to indicate welding operations on working drawings in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Text block
Fillet
Slot / plug
Stud
Resistance seam
Backing
Surfacing
Flange corner
Flange edge
Square groove
V-groove
Bevel groove
U-groove
J-groove
Flare V groove
Flare bevel groove
Scarf
Melt through weld
Field weld
Backing / spacer
Insert
Arrow with bend
Arrow with bend, tail
Arrow with bend, circle
Arrow with bend, circle, tail
Arrow
Arrow, tail
Arrow, circle
Arrow, circle, tail
Spot
Projection weld
Contour, concave
Contour, convex
Contour, flush
Contour angled, concave
Contour angled, convex
Contour angled, flush
Square butt weld
Closed square butt weld
Single-bevel butt weld
Double-bevel butt weld
Single-V butt weld
Double-V butt weld
Single-J butt weld
Double-J butt weld
Single-U butt weld
Double-U butt weld
Flange butt weld
Tee butt weld
Flare butt weld
Square butt joint
Single V preparation joint
Lap joint
T-joint
Butt weld
Butt weld, single-V
Bilateral lap weld
Tee weld
Angular weld
Mechanical weld
Used Solutions

## Design elements - Valves and fittings

The vector stencils library "Valves and fittings" contains 104 symbols of valve components.
Use these icons for drawing industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems.
"A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. Valves are technically valves fittings, but are usually discussed as a separate category. In an open valve, fluid flows in a direction from higher pressure to lower pressure.
The simplest, and very ancient, valve is simply a freely hinged flap which drops to obstruct fluid (gas or liquid) flow in one direction, but is pushed open by flow in the opposite direction. This is called a check valve, as it prevents or "checks" the flow in one direction. ...
Valves are found in virtually every industrial process, including water & sewage processing, mining, power generation, processing of oil, gas & petroleum, food manufacturing, chemical & plastic manufacturing and many other fields. ...
Valves may be operated manually, either by a handle, lever, pedal or wheel. Valves may also be automatic, driven by changes in pressure, temperature, or flow. These changes may act upon a diaphragm or a piston which in turn activates the valve, examples of this type of valve found commonly are safety valves fitted to hot water systems or boilers.
More complex control systems using valves requiring automatic control based on an external input (i.e., regulating flow through a pipe to a changing set point) require an actuator. An actuator will stroke the valve depending on its input and set-up, allowing the valve to be positioned accurately, and allowing control over a variety of requirements." [Valve. Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Valves and fittings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Valves and fittings symbols
Used Solutions

## Valves and fittings - Vector stencils library

The vector stencils library "Valves and fittings" contains 104 symbols of valve components.
Use these icons for drawing industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Electrically bonded
Bursting disc
Flame arrester
Strainer
Separator
Exhaust silencer
Bell mouth
Hydrant
Drain silencer
Liquid seal open/closed
Y strainer
Gate valve
Globe valve
Globe valve 2
Globe valve 3
Screw-down valve
Lock-shield valve
Reel valve
Check valve
Check valve 2
Check valve 3
Screw-down check valve
Stop check valve
Diaphragm valve
Diaphragm valve 2
Diaphragm valve 3
Powered valve
Powered valve 2
Powered valve 3
Needle valve
Needle valve 2
Needle valve 3
Relief valve
Relief valve 2
Relief valve 3
Angle valve
Angle valve 2
Angle valve 3
Angle valve 4
Float operated valve
Float operated valve 2
Flanged valve
Butterfly valve
Butterfly valve 2
Wedge gate valve
Parallel slide valve
Ball valve
Ball valve 2
Ball valve 3
Relief angle valve vacuum
Relief angle valve pressure
Reducing valve
Reducing valve 2
Plug valve 3 way
Plug valve L point
Plug valve 2
Plug valve
Plug valve straight through
Plug valve T point
3-way plug valve
3-way plug valve 2
3-way plug valve 3
Mixing valve
Valve Manifold
Characterized port valve
Reducer
Reducer 2
General joint
Butt weld
Butt weld 2
Butt weld 3
Butt weld 4
Flanged/ bolted
Soldered / solvent
Soldered / solvent 2
Screwed joint
Screwed joint 2
Screwed joint 3
Socket and spigot
Socket and spigot 2
Socket and spigot 3
Sleeve
Sleeve 2
Screwed sleeve
Screwed sleeve 2
Socket weld
Socket weld 2
Swivel joint
Swivel joint 2
Swivel joint 3
End cap
End cap butt welded
End cap screwed
End cap socket and spigot
End cap fillet welded
End cap screwed and plugged
End cap quick release
End cap flanged and bolted
End cap flanged and bolted 2
Electrically insulated
Tundish
Syphon drain
Open vent
Used Solutions

## Design elements - VHF UHF SHF

The vector stencils library "VHF UHF SHF" contains 52 symbols for VHF, UHF, and SHF circuit design, including capacitance measurers, nonreciprocal devices, modulators, phase shifters, field polarization devices, and filters.
"Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU-designated range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves from 30 MHz to 300 MHz, with corresponding wavelengths of one to ten meters. Frequencies immediately below VHF are denoted high frequency (HF), and the next higher frequencies are known as ultra high frequency (UHF).
Common uses for VHF are FM radio broadcasting, television broadcasting, land mobile stations (emergency, business, private use and military), long range data communication up to several tens of kilometres with radio modems, amateur radio, and marine communications. Air traffic control communications and air navigation systems (e.g. VOR, DME & ILS) work at distances of 100 kilometres or more to aircraft at cruising altitude.
VHF was previously used for analog television stations in the US." [Very high frequency. Wikipedia]
"Ultra-high frequency (UHF) designates the ITU radio frequency range of electromagnetic waves between 300 MHz and 3 GHz (3,000 MHz), also known as the decimetre band or decimetre wave as the wavelengths range from one to ten decimetres; that is 1 decimetre to 1 metre. Radio waves with frequencies above the UHF band fall into the SHF (super-high frequency) or microwave frequency range. Lower frequency signals fall into the VHF (very high frequency) or lower bands. UHF radio waves propagate mainly by line of sight; they are blocked by hills and large buildings although the transmission through building walls is high enough for indoor reception. They are used for television broadcasting (digital and analogue), cordless phones, walkie-talkies, satellite communication, and numerous other applications.
The IEEE defines the UHF radar band as frequencies between 300 MHz and 1 GHz. Two other IEEE radar band overlap the ITU UHF band: the L band between 1 and 2 GHz and the S band between 2 and 4 GHz." [Ultra high frequency. Wikipedia]
"Super high frequency (or SHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies (RF) in the range of 3 GHz and 30 GHz. This band of frequencies is also known as the centimetre band or centimetre wave as the wavelengths range from ten to one centimetres. These frequencies fall within the microwave band, so radio waves with these frequencies are called microwaves. The small wavelength of microwaves allows them to be directed in narrow beams by aperture antennas such as parabolic dishes, so they are used for point-to-point communication and data links, and for radar. This frequency range is used for most radar transmitters, microwave ovens, wireless LANs, cell phones, satellite communication, microwave radio relay links, and numerous short range terrestrial data links. The commencing wireless USB technology will be using approximately 1/3 of this spectrum.
Frequencies in the SHF range are often referred to by their IEEE radar band designations: S, C, X, Ku, K, or Ka band, or by similar NATO or EU designations." [Super high frequency. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - VHF UHF SHF" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
VHF, UHF, SHF symbols
Used Solutions