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# Research cycle - Circle diagram

This circle diagram sample was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: Research cycle.png. "Some of the basic elements of the scientific method, arranged in a cycle to emphasize that it is an iterative process." [commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:Research_ cycle.png]
"The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on empirical and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. ...
Four essential elements of the scientific method are iterations, recursions, interleavings, or orderings of the following:
(1) Characterizations (observations, definitions, and measurements of the subject of inquiry).
(2) Hypotheses (theoretical, hypothetical explanations of observations and measurements of the subject).
(3) Predictions (reasoning including logical deduction from the hypothesis or theory).
(4) Experiments (tests of all of the above)...
A linearized, pragmatic scheme of the four points above is sometimes offered as a guideline for proceeding:
(1) Define a question.
(2) Gather information and resources (observe).
(3) Form an explanatory hypothesis.
(4) Test the hypothesis by performing an experiment and collecting data in a reproducible manner.
(5) Analyze the data.
(6) Interpret the data and draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypothesis.
(7) Publish results.
(8) Retest (frequently done by other scientists).
The iterative cycle inherent in this step-by-step method goes from point 3 to 6 back to 3 again." [Scientific method. Wikipedia]
The circle diagram example "Research cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Circle diagram
Used Solutions

## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This cycle process chart was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: Business Feedback Loop PNG version.png.
"A business ideally is continually seeking feedback from customers: are the products helpful? are their needs being met? Constructive criticism helps marketers adjust offerings to meet customer needs."
[commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:Business_ Feedback_ Loop_ PNG_ version.png]
The cycle process diagram example "Business feedback loop" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Sales Flowcharts solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Customers feedback cycle process chart
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## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This workflow diagram example was designed on the base of the Wikimedia Commons file: ASAM e.V. flowchart.png.
"Life cycle of an ASAM standard." [commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:ASAM_ e.V._ flowchart.png]
"Association for Standardization of Automation and Measuring Systems or ASAM is an incorporated association under German law. Its members are primarily international car manufacturers, suppliers and engineering service providers from the automotive industry. The association coordinates the development of technical standards, which are developed by working groups composed of experts from its member companies. ASAM pursues the vision that the tools of a development process chain can be freely interconnected and allow a seamless exchange of data. The standards define protocols, data models, file formats and application programming interfaces (APIs) for the use in the development and testing of automotive electronic control units." [Association for Standardisation of Automation and Measuring Systems. Wikipedia]
The workflow diagram example "Life cycle of an ASAM standard" was created using ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Business Process Workflow Diagrams solution from the Business Processes area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Workflow diagram
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## Process Flowchart

ConceptDraw is Professional business process mapping software for making process flow diagram, workflow diagram, general flowcharts and technical illustrations for business documents. It is includes rich examples, templates, process flowchart symbols. ConceptDraw flowchart maker allows you to easier create a process flowchart. Use a variety of drawing tools, smart connectors, flowchart symbols and shape libraries to create flowcharts of complex processes, process flow diagrams, procedures and information exchange.
How To Create a Process Flow Chart (business process modelling techniques)

## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This business infographic sample shows the plan–do–check–act cycle. It was designed on the base of the Wikimedia Commons file: PDCA-Cycle.png.
[commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:PDCA-Cycle.png]
"PDCA (plan–do–check–act or plan–do–check–adjust) is an iterative four-step management method used in business for the control and continual improvement of processes and products. It is also known as the Deming circle/ cycle/ wheel, Shewhart cycle, control circle/ cycle, or plan–do–study–act (PDSA)." [PDCA. Wikipedia]
The business infographic example "PDCA cycle" was designed using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Business and Finance solution from Illustration area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Infographic
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## Research cycle - Circle diagram

The cycle diagram sample was created on the base of the figure illustrating the webpage "2. POLICY & STRATEGY" of "Scottish Police College Primary Inspection 2006: A Report by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary" from the Scottish Government website.
"Strategic Planning.
2.1 The planning process for the College currently follows a structured approach, starting in April and extending through the financial year. The planning cycle is illustrated in figure 2. ...
2.2 The College recognises the need to consult with its customers and stakeholders in the process of setting objectives and directing the training programme. The planning cycle to date refers to force visits, environmental scanning, the course planning process which involves consultation with all forces and other common police services, as well as to a survey of external providers.
2.3 The information from consultation feeds into an EFQM framework from which the College has identified four key policies, namely:
(1) developing and delivering quality training;
(2) developing our people through lifelong learning;
(3) continuous improvement of our service; and
(4) embracing the changing environment.
2.4 The objectives set at divisional level are designed to contribute to delivering these policies. HMIC found that whilst the selected objectives were presented in line with the structure, not all could be considered to meet SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Timed) criteria. This failure indicates that while the process appears suitably structured to deliver a robust result, some of those involved could perhaps have a better understanding of the process." [scotland.gov.uk/ Publications/ 2007/ 02/ 15134652/ 8]
The cycle diagram example "Strategic planning" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Cycle diagram
Used Solutions

## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This arrow loop cycle diagram sample was created on the base of the figure illustrating the webpage "Exploratory Advanced Research Program Hand-Off Workshops" from the US Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) website. "The FHWA’s research and technology innovation life cycle illustrates that research and technology development are not insular activities, but integrated processes that together constitute a system.
Following general workshop discussion, a number of common issues emerged among the groups. These centered around the research life cycle, communicating the value of exploratory advanced research, and continued project funding. It was felt that there is a general need to better describe the research and deployment cycle specific to highway transportation and possibly to highway research fields, such as materials or system planning. Research life cycle diagrams show a very linear, chronological process but it is not necessarily that way in reality." [fhwa.dot.gov/ advancedresearch/ pubs/ 11034/ ]
The arrow loop diagram example "Innovation life cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Arrow loop cycle diagram
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## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This Water cycle diagram example was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector graphics software extended with the clipart libraries Geography and Weather.
"The water cycle, also known as the hydrologic cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth. The mass water on Earth remains fairly constant over time but the partitioning of the water into the major reservoirs of ice, fresh water, saline water and atmospheric water is variable depending on a wide range of climatic variables. The water moves from one reservoir to another, such as from river to ocean, or from the ocean to the atmosphere, by the physical processes of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, infiltration, runoff, and subsurface flow. In so doing, the water goes through different phases: liquid, solid (ice), and gas (vapor)." [Water cycle. Wikipedia]
This water cycle diagram example is included in the Nature solution from the Illustration area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Vector illustration
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## BPR Diagram. Business Process Reengineering Example

This sample was created in ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software using the Business Process Diagram Solution from the Business Processes area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. The Business Process Solution is based on the standard BPMN 2.0 and includes the set of libraries of ready-to-use objects.

## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This circular arrows diagram sample depicts the Plan–Do–Check–Act cycle.
"PDCA (plan–do–check–act or plan–do–check–adjust) is an iterative four-step management method used in business for the control and continuous improvement of processes and products. It is also known as the Deming circle/ cycle/ wheel, Shewhart cycle, control circle/ cycle, or plan–do–study–act (PDSA). Another version of this PDCA cycle is OPDCA. The added "O" stands for observation or as some versions say "Grasp the current condition." This emphasis on observation and current condition has currency with Lean manufacturing/ Toyota Production System literature." [PDCA. Wikipedia]
The diagram example "PDCA cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Circular Arrows Diagrams solution from the area "What is a Diagram" of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Circular arrows diagram
Used Solutions

## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This circular arrows diagram sample shows business process management life cycle.
It was designed on the base of the Wikimedia Commons file: Business Process Management Life-Cycle.svg. [commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:Business_ Process_ Management_ Life-Cycle.svg]
"BPM life-cycle.
Business process management activities can be grouped into six categories: vision, design, modeling, execution, monitoring, and optimization.
Functions are designed around the strategic vision and goals of an organization. Each function is attached with a list of processes. Each functional head in an organization is responsible for certain sets of processes made up of tasks which are to be executed and reported as planned. Multiple processes are aggregated to function accomplishments and multiple functions are aggregated to achieve organizational goals." [Business process management. Wikipedia]
The arrow donut chart example "BPM life cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Circular Arrows Diagrams solution from the area "What is a Diagram" of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Circular arrows diagram
Used Solutions

## Target and Circular Diagrams

This solution extends ConceptDraw PRO software with samples, templates and library of design elements for drawing the Target and Circular Diagrams.

## Draw Flowcharts with ConceptDraw

Start design your own flowchart with ConceptDraw PRO and accomplish great results at the moment.

## Steps of Accounting Cycle

The steps of accounting cycle include the processes of identifying, collecting, analyzing documents, recording transactions, classifying, summarizing, posting, and preparing trial balance, making journal entries, closing the books and final reporting financial information of an organization.
Use the ConceptDraw PRO with Accounting Flowcharts Solution to create your own professional Accounting Flowcharts of any complexity quick and easy.

## Research cycle - Circle diagram

This arrow loop diagram sample was created on the base of the figure illustrating the webpage "Safe Roads for a Safer Future A Joint Safety Strategic Plan" from the website of US Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Office of Safety.
"STRATEGIC PLANNING CYCLE.
After the safety units issue the SSP, they will identify and prioritize strategies to support the established goals. Many strategies will originate in existing roadmaps or in other program planning activities. The safety units will also use this information when developing their Unit Performance Plans and individual performance plans. Teams within each safety unit will carry out projects and activities to support identified strategies and achieve the SSP goals.
The SSP process also includes continuous performance monitoring and evaluation through which the safety units will review past accomplishments against the established goals, consider how well strategies are implemented, assess progress toward goals, identify risks, consider changes in the environment, and discuss future strategic direction. As a part of the evaluation process, the three safety units will recognize achievements and discuss the need for adjustments. Figure ... shows the strategic planning cycle.
The safety units will update the SSP every 3 to 5 years using input from a variety of sources, including evaluations, safety trends, and legislative changes." [safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ ssp/ ]
The arrow loop diagram example "Strategic planning cycle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Arrow loop diagram
Used Solutions