This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the ConceptDraw site you are agreeing to our Use of Site Cookies.

Jet fuel mercaptan oxidation treating - PFD

This PFD of jet fuel mercaptan oxidation treating was redrawn from Wikipedia file: ConvLPGMerox.png. [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ConvKeroMerox.png]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported icense. [creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
"Merox is an acronym for mercaptan oxidation. It is a proprietary catalytic chemical process developed by UOP used in oil refineries and natural gas processing plants to remove mercaptans from LPG, propane, butanes, light naphthas, kerosene and jet fuel by converting them to liquid hydrocarbon disulfides.
The Merox process requires an alkaline environment which, in some of the process versions, is provided by an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), a strong base, commonly referred to as caustic. In other versions of the process, the alkalinity is provided by ammonia, which is a weak base.
The catalyst in some versions of the process is a water-soluble liquid. In other versions, the catalyst is impregnated onto charcoal granules.
Processes within oil refineries or natural gas processing plants that remove mercaptans and/or hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are commonly referred to as sweetening processes because they results in products which no longer have the sour, foul odors of mercaptans and hydrogen sulfide. The liquid hydrocarbon disulfides may remain in the sweetened products, they may be used as part of the refinery or natural gas processing plant fuel, or they may be processed further.
The Merox process is usually more economical than using a catalytic hydrodesulfurization process for much the same purpose." [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merox]
The process flow diagram (PFD) example "Jet fuel mercaptan oxidation treating" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Process flow diagram (PFD)
Process flow diagram (PFD), gate valve, electrically insulated, column, centrifugal pump,
The vector stencils library "Chemical engineering" contains 24 symbols of chemical and process engineering equipment.
Use these shapes for drawing Process Flow Diagrams (PFD), Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&ID), and Water Flow Diagrams in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/engineering-chemical-process Read more
Clarifier
Clarifier, clarifier, thickener, separating equipment,
Screen
Screen, screen, separating equipment,
Filter
Filter, electrostatic precipitator, bag filter, separating equipment,
Agitator
Agitator, agitator, radial turbine agitated tank, mixing equipment,
Vapor 1
Vapor 1, vapor, horizontal, jacketed vessel, vaporizing equipment,
Vapor 2
Vapor 2, vapor, vertical, jacketed vessel, vaporizing equipment,
Vessel
Vessel, vessel,
Pump mixer
Pump mixer, pump mixer, agitated-line, mixing equipment,
Centrifugal pump
Centrifugal pump, centrifugal pump,
Fan
Fan, fan, centrifugal fan,
Blower
Blower, blower, rotary blower,
Evaporator
Evaporator, evaporator, circulating evaporator,
Tower
Tower, tower, bubble tower, sparge, process vessel,
Flash drum
Flash drum, flash drum, knockout drum, process vessel,
Roll press
Roll press, roll press, roll-type press, size-enlargement equipment,
Cooling tower
Cooling tower, cooling tower, auxiliary facility,
Tank car
Tank car, tank car,
Tank truck
Tank truck, tank truck,
Kettle
Kettle, kettle, reboiler, heat exchanging equipment,
Valve
Valve, valve, in-line,
Motor valve
Motor valve, motor valve, valve,
Venturi
Venturi, venturi, flow nozzle,
Propeller
Propeller, propeller, mixing blade,
Instrument
Instrument, instrument, instrumentation,
This process flow diagram (PFD) example shows an amine treating system for the removal of gaseous hydrogen sulfide from gas streams. It is used in oil refineries and chemical plants. This PFD sample was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: AmineTreating.png. [commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AmineTreating.png]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. [creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
"Amine gas treating, also known as gas sweetening and acid gas removal, refers to a group of processes that use aqueous solutions of various alkylamines (commonly referred to simply as amines) to remove hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from gases. It is a common unit process used in refineries, and is also used in petrochemical plants, natural gas processing plants and other industries.
Processes within oil refineries or chemical processing plants that remove hydrogen sulfide are referred to as "sweetening" processes because the odor of the processed products is improved by the absence of hydrogen sulfide. An alternative to the use of amines involves membrane technology. Membranes are attractive since no reagents are consumed.
Many different amines are used in gas treating:
Diethanolamine (DEA),
Monoethanolamine (MEA),
Methyldiethanolamine (MDEA),
Diisopropanolamine (DIPA),
Aminoethoxyethanol (Diglycolamine) (DGA).
The most commonly used amines in industrial plants are the alkanolamines DEA, MEA, and MDEA. These amines are also used in many oil refineries to remove sour gases from liquid hydrocarbons such as liquified petroleum gas (LPG)." [Amine gas treating. Wikipedia]
The PFD example "Amine treating unit schematic diagram" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Process Flow Diagram (PFD)
Process Flow Diagram (PFD), kettle, reboiler, heater, cooler, diaphragm valve, dashed mid-line, indicator, discrete instrument, column, closed tank, centrifugal pump,
The vector stencils library "Pumps" contains 82 symbols of pumps, compressors, fans, turbines, and power generators.
Use these icons to design pumping systems, air and fluid compression systems, and industrial process diagrams in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/engineering-chemical-process Read more
In-line pump
In-line pump, in-line pump, pump,
In-line pump 2
In-line pump 2, in-line pump, pump,
Positive displacement
Positive displacement, positive displacement, rotary pump, rotary compressor,
Centrifugal pump (arrows)
Centrifugal pump (arrows), centrifugal pump,
Centrifugal pump
Centrifugal pump, centrifugal pump,
Rotary pump 1
Rotary pump 1, rotary pump, compressor, fan,
Rotary pump 2
Rotary pump 2, rotary pump, compressor, fan,
Proportioning pump
Proportioning pump, proportioning pump, metering pump,
Pump vacuum
Pump vacuum, pump,
Pump positive displacement
Pump positive displacement, pump,
Pump piston
Pump piston, pump piston,
Pump liquid ring
Pump liquid ring, pump,
Pump oil-sealed rotary (single)
Pump oil-sealed rotary (single), pump,
Pump oil-sealed rotary (multi)
Pump oil-sealed rotary (multi), pump,
Pump roots
Pump roots, pump roots,
Pump gas ballast
Pump gas ballast, pump gas ballast,
Pump turbo molecular
Pump turbo molecular, pump turbo molecular,
Pump general
Pump general, pump,
Pump centrifugal
Pump centrifugal, pump,
Pump positive displacement 2
Pump positive displacement 2, pump,
Pump gear
Pump gear, pump,
Pump screw
Pump screw, pump screw,
Pump helical rotor
Pump helical rotor, pump,
Pump reciprocating
Pump reciprocating, pump,
Pump diaphragm
Pump diaphragm, pump, diaphragm,
Pump liquid jet
Pump liquid jet, pump,
Pump centrifugal 2
Pump centrifugal 2, pump,
Pump diaphragm 2
Pump diaphragm 2, pump, diaphragm,
Pump gear 2
Pump gear 2, pump gear,
Pump general 2
Pump general 2, pump,
Pump helical rotor 2
Pump helical rotor 2, pump helical rotor,
Pump reciprocating 2
Pump reciprocating 2, pump reciprocating,
Pump screw 2
Pump screw 2, pump screw,
Compressor general
Compressor general, compressor,
Compressor container
Compressor container, compressor, container,
Compressor rotary
Compressor rotary, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw
Compressor screw, compressor,
Compressor reciprocating
Compressor reciprocating, compressor reciprocating,
Compressor ejector
Compressor ejector, compressor, ejector,
Compressor general 2
Compressor general 2, compressor,
Compressor liquid ring
Compressor liquid ring, compressor liquid ring,
Compressor positive displacement
Compressor positive displacement, compressor positive displacement,
Compressor reciprocating 2
Compressor reciprocating 2, compressor reciprocating,
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm, compressor, reciprocating diaphragm,
Compressor roller vane
Compressor roller vane,
Compressor rotary 2
Compressor rotary 2, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw 2
Compressor screw 2, compressor screw,
Compressor turbo
Compressor turbo, compressor turbo,
Compressor general 3
Compressor general 3, compressor,
Compressor reciprocating 3
Compressor reciprocating 3,
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm 2
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm 2, compressor, reciprocating diaphragm,
Compressor roller vane 2
Compressor roller vane 2, compressor, roller vane,
Compressor rotary 3
Compressor rotary 3, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw 3
Compressor screw 3, compressor screw,
Rotary compressor
Rotary compressor, rotary compressor,
Motor driven turbine
Motor driven turbine, motor driven, turbine,
Compressor (center line)
Compressor (center line), compressor, axial flow,
Compressor
Compressor, compressor, centrifugal,
Turbine
Turbine, turbine, centrifugal,
Turbine (center line)
Turbine (center line),  turbine, axial flow,
Reciprocating pump/compressor
Reciprocating pump/compressor, reciprocating, pump, compressor, positive displacement pump,
Reciprocating pump 2
Reciprocating pump 2, reciprocating, pump, compressor, positive displacement pump,
Fan general
Fan general, fan,
Fan radial
Fan radial, fan, radial,
Fan axial
Fan axial, fan, axial,
Fan general 2
Fan general 2, fan,
Fan radial 2
Fan radial 2, fan, radial,
Fan axial 2
Fan axial 2, fan, axial,
Centrifugal fan 2 (center circle)
Centrifugal fan 2 (center circle), centrifugal fan,
Centrifugal fan
Centrifugal fan, centrifugal fan,
Axial flow fan supply
Axial flow fan supply, axial flow fan, supply,
Axial flow fan exhaust
Axial flow fan exhaust, axial flow fan, exhaust,
Axial flow fan exhaust wall-type
Axial flow fan exhaust wall-type,
Axial flow fan supply wall-type
Axial flow fan supply wall-type, axial flow fan, supply, wall-type,
Axial flow fan 2
Axial flow fan 2, axial flow fan,
Ejector / injector
Ejector / injector,
Spray
Spray,
Shower
Shower, shower,
Fan blades horizontal
Fan blades horizontal, fan blades,
Fan blades vertical
Fan blades vertical, fan blades,
Fan blades (4)
Fan blades (4), fan blades,
Triple fan blades
Triple fan blades, triple fan blades,
This process flow diagram (PFD) of a typical crude oil distillation unit as used in petroleum crude oil refineries was redrawn from Wikipedia file: Crude Oil Distillation Unit.png. [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Crude_Oil_Distillation_Unit.png]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. [creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
"An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas. Oil refineries are typically large, sprawling industrial complexes with extensive piping running throughout, carrying streams of fluids between large chemical processing units. In many ways, oil refineries use much of the technology of, and can be thought of, as types of chemical plants. The crude oil feedstock has typically been processed by an oil production plant. There is usually an oil depot (tank farm) at or near an oil refinery for the storage of incoming crude oil feedstock as well as bulk liquid products.
An oil refinery is considered an essential part of the midstream side of the petroleum industry." [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_refinery]
The process flow diagram (PFD) example "Crude oil distillation" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Process flow diagram (PFD)
Process flow diagram (PFD), vapor, horizontal, jacketed vessel, vaporizing equipment, heater, cooler, heat exchanger, intersecting flowlines, fired heater, column, centrifugal pump, air-blown, cooler,
This process flow diagram (PFD) example shows an amine treating system for the removal of gaseous hydrogen sulfide from gas streams. It is used in oil refineries and chemical plants. This PFD sample was redesigned from the Wikimedia Commons file: AmineTreating.png. [commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AmineTreating.png]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. [creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
"Amine gas treating, also known as gas sweetening and acid gas removal, refers to a group of processes that use aqueous solutions of various alkylamines (commonly referred to simply as amines) to remove hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from gases. It is a common unit process used in refineries, and is also used in petrochemical plants, natural gas processing plants and other industries.
Processes within oil refineries or chemical processing plants that remove hydrogen sulfide are referred to as "sweetening" processes because the odor of the processed products is improved by the absence of hydrogen sulfide. An alternative to the use of amines involves membrane technology. Membranes are attractive since no reagents are consumed.
Many different amines are used in gas treating:
Diethanolamine (DEA),
Monoethanolamine (MEA),
Methyldiethanolamine (MDEA),
Diisopropanolamine (DIPA),
Aminoethoxyethanol (Diglycolamine) (DGA).
The most commonly used amines in industrial plants are the alkanolamines DEA, MEA, and MDEA. These amines are also used in many oil refineries to remove sour gases from liquid hydrocarbons such as liquified petroleum gas (LPG)." [Amine gas treating. Wikipedia]
The PFD example "Amine treating unit schematic diagram" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Process Flow Diagram (PFD)
Process Flow Diagram (PFD), kettle, reboiler, heater, cooler, diaphragm valve, dashed mid-line, indicator, discrete instrument, column, closed tank, centrifugal pump,