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# Mechanical Engineering

This solution extends ConceptDraw PRO v.9 mechanical drawing software (or later) with samples of mechanical drawing symbols, templates and libraries of design elements, for help when drafting mechanical engineering drawings, or parts, assembly, pneumatic,

## Mechanical Engineering

The vector stencils library "Bearings" contains 59 symbols of ball bearings, roller bearings, shafts, springs, gears, hooks, spindles, and keys.
Use it to design engineering drawings of machine tools and mechanical devices.
"A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion and reduce friction between moving parts to only the desired motion. The design of the bearing may, for example, provide for free linear movement of the moving part or for free rotation around a fixed axis; or, it may prevent a motion by controlling the vectors of normal forces that bear on the moving parts. Many bearings also facilitate the desired motion as much as possible, such as by minimizing friction. Bearings are classified broadly according to the type of operation, the motions allowed, or to the directions of the loads (forces) applied to the parts." [Bearing (mechanical). Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Bearings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Bearing symbols
Used Solutions

## Mechanical Engineering

The vector stencils library "Dimensioning and tolerancing" contains 45 symbols of geometric dimensions and mechanical tolerances, geometric symbols, callouts, and text boxes and inserts.
Use these geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) shapes to create annotated mechanical drawings.
"Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) is a system for defining and communicating engineering tolerances. It uses a symbolic language on engineering drawings and computer-generated three-dimensional solid models that explicitly describes nominal geometry and its allowable variation. It tells the manufacturing staff and machines what degree of accuracy and precision is needed on each controlled feature of the part. GD&T is used to define the nominal (theoretically perfect) geometry of parts and assemblies, to define the allowable variation in form and possible size of individual features, and to define the allowable variation between features." [Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Dimensioning and tolerancing" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Dimensioning and tolerancing symbols
Used Solutions

## Mechanical Engineering

The vector stencils library "Pumps" contains 82 symbols of pumps, compressors, fans, turbines, and power generators.
Use these icons to design pumping systems, air and fluid compression systems, and industrial process diagrams.
"A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action. Pumps can be classified into three major groups according to the method they use to move the fluid: direct lift, displacement, and gravity pumps.
Pumps operate by some mechanism (typically reciprocating or rotary), and consume energy to perform mechanical work by moving the fluid. Pumps operate via many energy sources, including manual operation, electricity, engines, or wind power, come in many sizes, from microscopic for use in medical applications to large industrial pumps.
Mechanical pumps serve in a wide range of applications such as pumping water from wells, aquarium filtering, pond filtering and aeration, in the car industry for water-cooling and fuel injection, in the energy industry for pumping oil and natural gas or for operating cooling towers. In the medical industry, pumps are used for biochemical processes in developing and manufacturing medicine, and as artificial replacements for body parts, in particular the artificial heart and penile prosthesis.
In biology, many different types of chemical and bio-mechanical pumps have evolved, and biomimicry is sometimes used in developing new types of mechanical pumps." [Pump. Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Pumps" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Pump symbols
Used Solutions
HelpDesk

## How to Create a Mechanical Diagram

Mechanical Engineering drawing is a type of technical drawing that helps analyze complex engineering systems. Mechanical Engineering diagrams are often a set of detailed drawings used for engineering or construction projects.
Making Mechanical Engineering diagram involves many different elements that can be managed using ConceptDraw PRO. You can design elements for drawing parts, assembly, pneumatic, and hydraulic systems for mechanical engineering. With ConceptDraw PRO you can easily create and communicate the Mechanical Engineering diagram of any complexity.

## Mechanical Engineering

"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ...
While working with layouts of hydraulic machinery it is cumbersome to draw actual picture of every valve and other components.instead of pictures symbols are used for variety of components in the hydraulic system to highlight the functional aspects. symbol for directional control valve is made of number of square boxes adjacent to each other depending on the number of positions.connections to the valve are shown on these squares by capital letters.usually they are named only in their normal position and not repeated in other positions.actuation system of the valve is also designated in its symbol." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The Mac template "Pneumatic 5-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-mechanical
Pneumatic directional control valve
Used Solutions

## Mechanical Engineering

The vector stencils library "Ports and Flows" contains 26 SysML symbols.
Use it to design your SysML diagrams using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
"The main motivation for specifying ports and flows is to enable design of modular, reusable blocks with clearly defined
ways of connecting and interacting with their context of use. This clause extends UML ports to support nested ports, and
extends blocks to support flow properties, and required and provided features, including blocks that type ports. Ports can be typed by blocks that support operations, receptions, and properties as in UML. SysML defines a specialized form of Block (InterfaceBlock) that can be used to support nested ports. SysML identifies two kinds of ports, one that exposes
features of the owning block or its internal parts (proxy ports), and another that supports its own features (full ports). Default compatibility rules are defined for connecting blocks used in composite structure, including parts and ports, with association blocks available to define more specific ways of doing this. These additional capabilities in SysML enable modelers to specify a wide variety of interconnectable components, which can be implemented through many engineering and social techniques, such as software, electrical or mechanical components, and human organizations. This clause also extends UML information flows for specifying item flows across connectors and associations." [www.omg.org/ spec/ SysML/ 1.3/ PDF]
The SysML shapes example "Design elements - Ports and Flows" is included in the SysML solution from the Software Development area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
SysML ports and flows symbols
Used Solutions

## Mechanical Engineering

The vector stencils library "Valve assembly" contains 141 symbols of pressure and flow regulators, flow direction indicators, controls, and symbols to design flow paths of control valves.
Use these valve assembly shapes to design the engineering drawings of hydraulic and pneumatic valve assemblies in fluid power systems.
"Control valves are valves used to control conditions such as flow, pressure, temperature, and liquid level by fully or partially opening or closing in response to signals received from controllers that compare a "setpoint" to a "process variable" whose value is provided by sensors that monitor changes in such conditions.
The opening or closing of control valves is usually done automatically by electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic actuators. Positioners are used to control the opening or closing of the actuator based on electric, or pneumatic signals.
A control valve consists of three main parts in which each part exist in several types and designs: Valve's actuator, Valve's positioner, Valve's body.
" [Control valves. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Valve assembly symbols
Used Solutions