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Design elements - Switches and relays

The vector stencils library "Switches and relays" contains 58 symbols of electrical contacts, switches, relays, circuit breakers, selectors, connectors, disconnect devices, switching circuits, current regulators, and thermostats for electrical devices.
"In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
The most familiar form of switch is a manually operated electromechanical device with one or more sets of electrical contacts, which are connected to external circuits. Each set of contacts can be in one of two states: either "closed" meaning the contacts are touching and electricity can flow between them, or "open", meaning the contacts are separated and the switch is nonconducting. The mechanism actuating the transition between these two states (open or closed) can be either a "toggle" (flip switch for continuous "on" or "off") or "momentary" (push-for "on" or push-for "off") type.
A switch may be directly manipulated by a human as a control signal to a system, such as a computer keyboard button, or to control power flow in a circuit, such as a light switch. Automatically operated switches can be used to control the motions of machines, for example, to indicate that a garage door has reached its full open position or that a machine tool is in a position to accept another workpiece. Switches may be operated by process variables such as pressure, temperature, flow, current, voltage, and force, acting as sensors in a process and used to automatically control a system. ... A switch that is operated by another electrical circuit is called a relay. Large switches may be remotely operated by a motor drive mechanism. Some switches are used to isolate electric power from a system, providing a visible point of isolation that can be padlocked if necessary to prevent accidental operation of a machine during maintenance, or to prevent electric shock." [Switch. Wikipedia]
"A relay is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to mechanically operate a switch, but other operating principles are also used, such as solid-state relays. Relays are used where it is necessary to control a circuit by a low-power signal (with complete electrical isolation between control and controlled circuits), or where several circuits must be controlled by one signal. The first relays were used in long distance telegraph circuits as amplifiers: they repeated the signal coming in from one circuit and re-transmitted it on another circuit. Relays were used extensively in telephone exchanges and early computers to perform logical operations.
A type of relay that can handle the high power required to directly control an electric motor or other loads is called a contactor. Solid-state relays control power circuits with no moving parts, instead using a semiconductor device to perform switching. Relays with calibrated operating characteristics and sometimes multiple operating coils are used to protect electrical circuits from overload or faults; in modern electric power systems these functions are performed by digital instruments still called "protective relays"." [Relay. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Switches and relays" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Switch and relay symbols
Switch and relay symbols, two way contact, time delay make, open switch, time-delay closing, TDC, time delay make, normally open, time delay break, normally closed, time delay break, closed switch, time-delay opening, TDO, thermostat, temperature switch, temperature sensitive switch, temperature actuated switch, switch disconnector, isolating-switch, stay put, contact without spring return, spring return, make, spring return, break, spring return, shorting selector, make-before-break, shorting, bridging,  contact transfer, selector switch, break-before-make, nonshorting, nonbridging, contact transfer, safety interlock, circuit opening, relay contacts, relay coil, relay, pushbutton, make, circuit closing, mushroom head, push-pull head, pushbutton, break, circuit opening, mushroom head, push-pull head, pushbutton, 2-circuit, circuit opening, break, proximity limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed, pressure actuated switch, pilot light, passing make-contact, mercury switch, manual switch, manually operated switch, make contact, liquid level actuated switch, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally open, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed, limit switch, isolator, inertia switch, gas flow actuated switch, fuse, flow actuated, circuit breaker, change-over contact, break contact, SPST, single-pole, single-throw, switch, SPDT, single-pole, double-throw, switch, DPST, double-pole, single-throw, switch, DPDT, double-pole, double-throw, switch, 4 position, switch, 3 position, three-position, switch, 2 position, switch,
The vector stencils library "Switches" contains 25 symbols of electrical and light switches and breakers.
"In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
The most familiar form of switch is a manually operated electromechanical device with one or more sets of electrical contacts, which are connected to external circuits.
A switch may be directly manipulated by a human as a control signal to a system, ... or to control power flow in a circuit, such as a light switch. Automatically operated switches can be used to control the motions of machines, for example, to indicate that a garage door has reached its full open position or that a machine tool is in a position to accept another workpiece. Switches may be operated by process variables such as pressure, temperature, flow, current, voltage, and force, acting as sensors in a process and used to automatically control a system. For example, a thermostat is a temperature-operated switch used to control a heating process. A switch that is operated by another electrical circuit is called a relay." [Switch. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements library "Switches" for drawing light switches layouts, electrical and telecommunication equipment floor plans for building design and construction using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library "Switches" is included in the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Electrical switch symbols
Electrical switch symbols, weatherproof, circuit breaker, weatherproof switch, weatherproof fused switch, three-way switch, switch, timer, switch, pilot lamp, switch control, single pole, double throw switch, single pole switch, remote control switch, momentary contact switch, low voltage, switch, low voltage, master switch, key operated switch, pilot light, key operated switch, horizontally mounted, switch, glow switch toggle, fused switch, four-way switch, electrolier switch, double pole switch, dimmer switch, circuit breaker, automatic door switch,
The vector stencils library "Switches" contains 25 symbols of electrical switches.
Use it for drawing electrical design floor and building plans, devices and equipment layouts in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The vector stencils library "Switches" is included in the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Single pole switch
Single pole switch, single pole switch,
Switch control
Switch control, switch control,
Dimmer switch
Dimmer switch, dimmer switch,
Dimmer switch 2
Dimmer switch 2, dimmer switch,
Double Pole Switch
Double Pole Switch, double pole switch,
Three-way switch
Three-way switch, three-way switch,
Four-way switch
Four-way switch, four-way switch,
Automatic door switch
Automatic door switch, automatic door switch,
Electrolier switch
Electrolier switch, electrolier switch,
Key operated switch
Key operated switch, key operated switch,
Switch and pilot lamp
Switch and pilot lamp, switch, pilot lamp,
Key operated switch with pilot light
Key operated switch with pilot light, key operated switch, pilot light,
Circuit breaker
Circuit breaker, circuit breaker,
Weatherproof circuit breaker
Weatherproof circuit breaker, weatherproof, circuit breaker,
Momentary contact switch
Momentary contact switch, momentary contact switch,
Remote control switch
Remote control switch, remote control switch,
Weatherproof switch
Weatherproof switch, weatherproof switch,
Fused switch
Fused switch, fused switch,
Weatherproof fused switch
Weatherproof fused switch, weatherproof fused switch,
Switch with timer
Switch with timer, switch, timer,
Glow switch toggle
Glow switch toggle, glow switch toggle,
Horizontally mounted switch
Horizontally mounted switch, horizontally mounted, switch,
Low voltage master switch
Low voltage master switch, low voltage, master switch,
Low voltage switch
Low voltage switch, low voltage, switch,
Single pole double throw switch
Single pole double throw switch, single pole, double throw switch,
The vector stencils library "Electrical and telecom" contains 83 symbols of electrical and telecommunication equipment.
Use these shapes for drawing electrical and telecom system design floor plans, cabling layout schemes, and wiring diagrams in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The vector stencils library "Electrical and telecom" is included in the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Luminaire ceiling mount
Luminaire ceiling mount, luminaire ceiling mount,
Enclosed ceiling luminaire
Enclosed ceiling luminaire, enclosed ceiling luminaire,
Wall light
Wall light, wall light,
1-light bar
1-light bar, light bar,
2-light bar
2-light bar, light bar,
4-light bar
4-light bar, light bar,
6-light bar
6-light bar, light bar,
8-light bar
8-light bar, light bar,
Down lighter
Down lighter, down lighter,
Outdoor lightning
Outdoor lightning, outdoor lightning,
Outdoor lightning, bollard
Outdoor lightning, bollard, outdoor lightning, bollard,
Batten fluorescent, 1 lamp
Batten fluorescent, 1 lamp, batten fluorescent,
Batten fluorescent, 2 lamps
Batten fluorescent, 2 lamps, batten fluorescent,
Batten fluorescent, 3 lamps
Batten fluorescent, 3 lamps, batten fluorescent,
Batten fluorescent, 4 lamps
Batten fluorescent, 4 lamps, batten fluorescent,
Surface Fluorescent Light
Surface Fluorescent Light, surface fluorescent light,
Modular fluorescent fitting
Modular fluorescent fitting, modular fluorescent fitting,
Modular fluorescent fitting, inverter
Modular fluorescent fitting, inverter, modular fluorescent fitting,
Modular fluorescent fitting 2
Modular fluorescent fitting 2, modular fluorescent fitting,
Pull-cord switch
Pull-cord switch, pull-cord switch,
Emergency light
Emergency light, emergency light, emergency lightning point,
Emergency light 2
Emergency light 2, emergency light, emergency lightning point,
Emergency sign
Emergency sign, illuminated emergency sign, emergency sign,
Switch
Switch, electrical switch, switch,
Switch, 1 pole
Switch, 1 pole, electrical switch, switch,
Switch, 2 pole
Switch, 2 pole, electrical switch, switch,
Switch, 2-way
Switch, 2-way, electrical switch, switch,
Multi-switch
Multi-switch, electrical switch, switch, multi-switch,
Switch, intermediate
Switch, intermediate, electrical switch, switch,
Dimmer switch
Dimmer switch, dimmer switch,
Dimmer switch 2
Dimmer switch 2, dimmer switch,
Socket
Socket, socket outlet, power outlet,
Socket 2
Socket 2, socket outlet, power outlet,
Switched socket
Switched socket, socket outlet, power outlet, switched socket,
Switched socket 2
Switched socket 2, socket outlet, power outlet, switched socket,
Double socket
Double socket, socket outlet, power outlet, double socket,
Double socket 2
Double socket 2, socket outlet, power outlet, double socket,
Socket outlet
Socket outlet, socket outlet, power outlet,
Telephone outlet
Telephone outlet, telephone outlet,
Telephone outlet 2
Telephone outlet 2, telephone outlet,
Stereo outlet
Stereo outlet, stereo speaker outlet, stereo outlet,
Television outlet
Television outlet, cable television outlet, television outlet, cable TV outlet, TV outlet,
Service panel, surface
Service panel, surface, electrical service panel, service panel,
Service panel, inset
Service panel, inset, electrical service panel, service panel,
Thermostat
Thermostat, thermostat,
Ceiling fan
Ceiling fan, ceiling fan, exhaust fan fixture,
Hold open unit
Hold open unit, hold open unit,  electro magnetic door,
Detector
Detector, detector, surface mounted, heat detector, smoke detector,
Fire alarm
Fire alarm, fire alarm sounder, fire alarm,
City Fire Alarm Station
City Fire Alarm Station, city fire alarm station, fire alarm station,
Fire Alarm Station
Fire Alarm Station, fire alarm station,
Fire Alarm Bell
Fire Alarm Bell, fire alarm bell,
Fire Alarm Central Station
Fire Alarm Central Station, fire alarm central station,
Automatic Fire Alarm Device
Automatic Fire Alarm Device, automatic fire alarm device,
Main control
Main control, main control, intake,
Ground
Ground, ground connection, ground,
Doorbell
Doorbell, doorbell,
Push Button
Push Button, push button,
Buzzer
Buzzer, buzzer,
Annunciator
Annunciator, annunciator,
Horn
Horn, horn,
Maid's Signal Plug
Maid's Signal Plug, maid's dignal plug,
Signal Central Station
Signal Central Station, signal central station,
Doorbell Chime
Doorbell Chime, doorbell chime,
Doorbell Transformer
Doorbell Transformer, doorbell transformer,
Magnetic Door Hold
Magnetic Door Hold, magnetic door hold,
Intercom
Intercom, intercom,
Telephone Key System
Telephone Key System, telephone key system,
Digital Satellite System
Digital Satellite System, digital satellite system,
Inside Antenna
Inside Antenna, inside antenna,
Outside Antenna
Outside Antenna, outside antenna,
Electric Motors
Electric Motors, electric motors,
Single Phase
Single Phase, single phase,
Three of Poly Phase
Three of Poly Phase, three, poly phase,
Wall Mounted Electrical Junction Box for Hardware
Wall Mounted Electrical Junction Box for Hardware, wall mounted, electrical junction box, hardware,
Wall Mounted Telephone/Data Junction Box for Hardware
Wall Mounted Telephone/Data Junction Box for Hardware, wall mounted, telephone box, data junction box, hardware,
Card Reader Access System
Card Reader Access System, card reader, access system,
Emergency Release Button
Emergency Release Button, emergency release button,
Motion Sensor
Motion Sensor, motion sensor,
Electric Door Opener
Electric Door Opener, electric, door opener,
Watchman's Station
Watchman's Station, watchman's station,
Watchman's Central Station
Watchman's Central Station, watchman's central station,
Battery
Battery, battery,
This electrical floor plan sample shows the lighting and switch layout.
"In building wiring, a light switch is a switch, most commonly used to operate electric lights, permanently connected equipment, or electrical outlets. Portable lamps such as table lamps will have a light switch mounted on the socket, base, or in-line with the cord. Manually operated on/off switches may be substituted by remote control switches, or light dimmers that allow controlling the brightness of lamps as well as turning them on or off. Light switches are also found in flashlights and automobiles and other vehicles." [Light switch. Wikipedia]
The electrical floor plan example "Lighting and switch layout" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Electrical floor plan
Electrical floor plan, weatherproof switch, wall, outdoor lightning, luminaire ceiling mount, light bar, four-way switch, double pole switch, double door, door, dimmer switch, bow window, batten fluorescent, automatic door switch,
The vector stenvils library "Outlets" contains 57 symbols of electrical outlets.
Use these shapes for drawing building interior design, electrical floor plans and layouts of AC power plugs and sockets in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The vector stencils library "Outlets" is included in the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Single Outlet
Single Outlet, single outlet,
Single Outlet and Switch
Single Outlet and Switch, single outlet, switch,
Emergency Circuit Single Outlet
Emergency Circuit Single Outlet, emergency circuit single outlet,
Duplex Convenience Outlet
Duplex Convenience Outlet, duplex convenience outlet,
Emergency Circuit Duplex Outlet
Emergency Circuit Duplex Outlet, emergency circuit duplex outlet,
Weatherproof Convenience Outlet
Weatherproof Convenience Outlet, weatherproof convenience outlet,
Range Outlet
Range Outlet, range outlet,
Switch and Convenience Outlet
Switch and Convenience Outlet, switch, convenience outlet,
Radio and Convenience Outlet
Radio and Convenience Outlet, radio, convenience outlet,
Radio Outlet
Radio Outlet, radio outlet,
Dedicated Duplex Outlet
Dedicated Duplex Outlet, dedicated duplex outlet,
Duplex Ground Fault Interrupter
Duplex Ground Fault Interrupter, duplex ground fault interrupter,
Split Wired Duplex Outlet
Split Wired Duplex Outlet, split wired, duplex outlet,
240v Outlet
240v Outlet, 240v outlet,
Floor Mounted Outlet
Floor Mounted Outlet, floor mounted, outlet,
Floor Special-purpose Outlet
Floor Special-purpose Outlet, floor special-purpose outlet,
Heavy Duty Outlet
Heavy Duty Outlet, heavy duty outlet,
Heavy Duty Outlet with Convenience Outlet
Heavy Duty Outlet with Convenience Outlet, heavy duty outlet, convenience outlet,
Triplex Outlet
Triplex Outlet, triplex outlet,
Split Wired Triplex Outlet
Split Wired Triplex Outlet, split wired, triplex outlet,
Quadruplex Outlet
Quadruplex Outlet, quadruplex outlet,
Emergency Circuit Quadruplex Outlet
Emergency Circuit Quadruplex Outlet, emergency circuit quadruplex outlet,
Special-purpose Outlet
Special-purpose Outlet, special-purpose outlet,
Duplex Special-purpose Outlet
Duplex Special-purpose Outlet, duplex special-purpose outlet,
Special-purpose connection or provision for connection
Special-purpose connection or provision for connection, special-purpose connection, provision for connection,
Multi-outlet Assembly
Multi-outlet Assembly, multi-outlet assembly,
Data/voice, Power Floor Mounted Outlet
Data/voice, Power Floor Mounted Outlet, data, voice, power, floor mounted, outlet,
Clock Hanger Outlet, Mounted
Clock Hanger Outlet, Mounted , clock hanger outlet, mounted ,
Blanked Outlet
Blanked Outlet, blanked outlet,
Drop Outlet
Drop Outlet, drop outlet,
Electrical Outlet
Electrical Outlet, electrical outlet,
Fan Outlet
Fan Outlet, fan outlet,
Junction Box
Junction Box, junction box,
Lamp Holder
Lamp Holder, lamp holder,
Lamp holder with pull switch
Lamp holder with pull switch, lamp holder, pull switch,
Pull Switch
Pull Switch, pull switch,
Vapor discharge lamp outlet
Vapor discharge lamp outlet, vapor discharge lamp outlet,
Exit Light Outlet
Exit Light Outlet, exit light outlet,
Floor Receptacle
Floor Receptacle, floor receptacle,
Telephone outlet
Telephone outlet, telephone outlet,
Floor Phone Outlet
Floor Phone Outlet, floor phone outlet,
Wall Phone Outlet
Wall Phone Outlet, wall phone outlet,
Weatherproof Phone Outlet
Weatherproof Phone Outlet, weatherproof phone outlet,
Phone Feed
Phone Feed, phone feed,
Computer Data Outlet
Computer Data Outlet, computer data outlet,
Television outlet
Television outlet, television outlet,
Floor TV Outlet
Floor TV Outlet, floor TV outlet,
TV Feed
TV Feed, TV feed,
Weatherproof TV Outlet
Weatherproof TV Outlet, weatherproof TV outlet,
TV and Phone Outlet
TV and Phone Outlet, TV, phone, outlet,
Door Phone Outlet
Door Phone Outlet, door phone outlet,
Fax Outlet
Fax Outlet, fax outlet,
Fiber Outlet
Fiber Outlet, fiber outlet,
Multi-Purpose Outlet
Multi-Purpose Outlet, multi-purpose outlet,
Local Area Network Outlet
Local Area Network Outlet, local area network outlet, LAN outlet,
Wall Mounted Data Outlet
Wall Mounted Data Outlet, wall mounted, data outlet,
Wall Mounted Data/Telephone Outlet
Wall Mounted Data/Telephone Outlet, wall mounted, data, telephone, outlet,
The vector stencils library Alarm and access control contains 80 symbols of digital proximity equipment, locking hardware, and access control equipment.
"An alarm device or system of alarm devices gives an audible, visual or other form of alarm signal about a problem or condition. Alarm devices are often outfitted with a siren." [Alarm device. Wikipedia]
"An access control point, which can be a door, turnstile, parking gate, elevator, or other physical barrier, where granting access can be electronically controlled. Typically, the access point is a door. An electronic access control door can contain several elements. At its most basic, there is a stand-alone electric lock. The lock is unlocked by an operator with a switch. To automate this, operator intervention is replaced by a reader. The reader could be a keypad where a code is entered, it could be a card reader, or it could be a biometric reader. Readers do not usually make an access decision, but send a card number to an access control panel that verifies the number against an access list. To monitor the door position a magnetic door switch can be used. In concept, the door switch is not unlike those on refrigerators or car doors. Generally only entry is controlled, and exit is uncontrolled. In cases where exit is also controlled, a second reader is used on the opposite side of the door. In cases where exit is not controlled, free exit, a device called a request-to-exit (REX) is used. Request-to-exit devices can be a push-button or a motion detector. When the button is pushed, or the motion detector detects motion at the door, the door alarm is temporarily ignored while the door is opened. Exiting a door without having to electrically unlock the door is called mechanical free egress. This is an important safety feature. In cases where the lock must be electrically unlocked on exit, the request-to-exit device also unlocks the door." [Access control. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements library Alarm and access control for drawing layout floor plans, blueprints, and wiring diagrams of intrusion systems, time and attendance systems, card and code access control security systems, internal and external security control systems using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library Alarm and access control is included in the Security and Access Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Alarm and access control symbols
Alarm and access control symbols, window contact sensor, weatherproof, horn, siren, wall motion sensor, motion sensor, volumetric capacity detector, vibration sensor, shock sensor, vehicle loop detector, user control keyswitch, user control digital keypad, ultrasonic transceiver, turnstile, transformer, traffic arm, strobe, space detection device, smoke detector, slave tape dialer, slave digital communicator, siren, security window screen, security keypad, security door contact, security control unit, security control panel, security card reader, screen alarm, revolving door, remote zone annunciator, receiver, pushbutton, passive infrared, panic button, overhead door contact sensor, door contact sensor, motion detector, microwave transceiver, master intercom, mains supply power source, magnetic lock, security door alarm, line cut monitor, keypad device, keypad, intercom unit, infrasonic, infrared detector, horn, strobe, horn, siren, heat detector, glass break detector, gas detector, foil on glass detector, foil, floor motion sensor, motion sensor, floor mat, flood sensor, exit device, emergency power, emergency battery, electronic lock, electric door strike, electric door opener, dual technology device, driveway sensor, doorbell, door contact sensor, door chime, door buzzer, dial-up remote equipment, control unit, contact switch surface, contact switch flush, card reader, time, attendance, card reader, keypad, card access reader, card access, carbon monoxide detector, CO detector, camera, keypad, camera, intercom, camera, card reader, camera, biometric access reader, biometric access, beam fence disturbance, PIR field of view,
The vector stencils library "Electrical and telecom" contains 83 symbols of electrical and telecommunication equipment for electrical drawings and wiring diagrams of buildings, communication centers, power plants and electrical distribution systems.
"An electrical drawing, is a type of technical drawing that shows information about power, lighting, and communication for an engineering or architectural project." [Electrical drawing. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements library "Electrical and telecom" to design your own electrical drawings, plot plans of the building outside electrical wiring, floor plans with electrical and telecommunication systems layout, power-riser diagrams with panel boards, control wiring diagrams and cabling layout schemes, reflected ceiling plans and lighting panels layouts using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library "Electrical and telecom" is included in the Electric and Telecom Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Electrical and telecom symbols
Electrical and telecom symbols, watchman's station, watchman's central station, wall mounted, telephone box, data junction box, hardware, wall mounted, electrical junction box, hardware, wall light, three, poly phase, thermostat, telephone outlet, telephone key system, surface fluorescent light, stereo speaker outlet, stereo outlet, socket outlet, power outlet, switched socket, socket outlet, power outlet, double socket, socket outlet, power outlet, single phase, signal central station, push button, pull-cord switch, outside antenna, outdoor lightning, bollard, outdoor lightning, motion sensor, modular fluorescent fitting, main control, intake, maid's dignal plug, magnetic door hold, luminaire ceiling mount, light bar, intercom, inside antenna, illuminated emergency sign, emergency sign, horn, hold open unit,  electro magnetic door, ground connection, ground, fire alarm station, fire alarm sounder, fire alarm, fire alarm central station, fire alarm bell, enclosed ceiling luminaire, emergency release button, emergency light, emergency lightning point, electrical switch, switch, multi-switch, electrical switch, switch, electrical service panel, service panel, electric, door opener, electric motors, down lighter, doorbell transformer, doorbell chime, doorbell, dimmer switch, digital satellite system, detector, surface mounted, heat detector, smoke detector, city fire alarm station, fire alarm station, ceiling fan, exhaust fan fixture, card reader, access system, cable television outlet, television outlet, cable TV outlet, TV outlet, buzzer, battery, batten fluorescent, automatic fire alarm device, annunciator,