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# Virtuous circle (macroeconomics) - Crystal diagram

This hexagon diagram sample was redesigned from the Wikipedia file: Virtuous circle in macroeconomics.svg. "An example of the use of a virtuous circle in macroeconomics."
[en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ File:Virtuous_ circle_ in_ macroeconomics.svg]
"A virtuous circle and a vicious circle (also referred to as virtuous cycle and vicious cycle) are economic terms. They refer to a complex chain of events that reinforces itself through a feedback loop. A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.
Both circles are complexes of events with no tendency towards equilibrium (at least in the short run). Both systems of events have feedback loops in which each iteration of the cycle reinforces the previous one (positive feedback). These cycles will continue in the direction of their momentum until an external factor intervenes and breaks the cycle. The prefix "hyper-" is sometimes used to describe these cycles if they are extreme. The best-known example of a vicious circle is hyperinflation. ...
Example in macroeconomics.
Virtuous circle.
Economic growth can be seen as a virtuous circle. It might start with an exogenous factor such as technological innovation. As people get familiar with the new technology, there could be learning curve effects and economies of scale. This could lead to reduced costs and improved production efficiencies. In a competitive market structure, this will probably result in lower average prices or a decrease in employment as it takes fewer workers to produce the same output. As prices decrease, consumption could increase and aggregate output also. Increased levels of output lead to more learning and scale effects and a new cycle starts."
[en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Virtuous_ circle_ and_ vicious_ circle]
The crystal diagram example "Virtuous circle (macroeconomics)" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Hexagon diagram
Used Solutions

## Virtuous circle (macroeconomics) - Crystal diagram

This hexagon diagram sample was redesigned from the Wikipedia file: Vicious circle in macroeconomics.svg. "An example of the use of a vicious circle in macroeconomics." [en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ File:Vicious_ circle_ in_ macroeconomics.svg]
"A virtuous circle and a vicious circle (also referred to as virtuous cycle and vicious cycle) are economic terms. They refer to a complex chain of events that reinforces itself through a feedback loop. A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.
Both circles are complexes of events with no tendency towards equilibrium (at least in the short run). Both systems of events have feedback loops in which each iteration of the cycle reinforces the previous one (positive feedback). These cycles will continue in the direction of their momentum until an external factor intervenes and breaks the cycle. The prefix "hyper-" is sometimes used to describe these cycles if they are extreme. The best-known example of a vicious circle is hyperinflation. ...
Example in macroeconomics.
Vicious circle.
Hyperinflation is a spiral of inflation which causes even higher inflation. The initial exogenous event might be a sudden large increase in international interest rates or a massive increase in government debt due to excessive spendings. Whatever the cause, the government could pay down some of its debt by printing more money (called monetizing the debt). This increase in the money supply could increase the level of inflation. In an inflationary environment, people tend to spend their money quickly because they expect its value to decrease further in the future. They convert their financial assets into physical assets while their money still has some purchasing power. Often they will purchase on credit. Eventually, the currency loses all of its value. Because of this, the level of savings in the country is very low and the government could have problems refinancing its debt. Its solution could be to print still more money starting another iteration of the vicious cycle." [Virtuous circle and vicious circle. Wikipedia]
The crystal diagram example "Vicious circle" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Hexagon diagram
Used Solutions

## Virtuous circle (macroeconomics) - Crystal diagram

The vector stencils library "Circular diagrams" contains 42 templates of circular diagrams: circular arrow diagram, circular motion diagram, arrow ring chart, doughnut chart (donut chart), circle pie chart, diamond pie chart, circle diagram, pie chart, ring chart, loop diagram, block loop diagram, arrow loop circle, crystal diagram, triangular diagram, diamond diagram, pentagon diagram, hexagon diagram, heptagon diagram, cycle diagram (cycle chart), stacked Venn diagram (onion diagram), arrow circle diagram.
Use these shapes to illustrate your marketing and sales documents, presentations, webpages and infographics in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Circular arrow diagram 1
Circular arrow diagram 2
Arrow ring chart
Doughnut chart
Diamond pie chart
Pie chart
Circle diagram
Circle pie chart 2
Circle pie chart 1
Ring chart 1 - 3 elements
Ring chart 1 - 4 elements
Ring chart 1 - 5 elements
Ring chart 1 - 6 elements
Ring chart 1 - 7 elements
Ring chart 2 - 3 elements
Ring chart 2 - 4 elements
Ring chart 2 - 5 elements
Ring chart 2 - 6 elements
Ring chart 2 - 7 elements
Crystal diagram - 3 elements
Crystal diagram - 4 elements
Crystal diagram - 5 elements
Crystal diagram - 6 elements
Crystal diagram - 7 elements
Stacked Venn diagram - 4
Stacked Venn diagram - 5
Stacked Venn diagram - 6
Stacked Venn diagram - 7
Basic loop diagram
Block loop diagram
Arrow loop circle
Arrow loop - 3 circles
Arrow loop - 4 circles
Arrow loop - 5 circles
Arrow loop - 6 circles
Arrow loop - 7 circles
Arrow circle diagram - 3
Arrow circle diagram - 4
Stacked Venn diagram - 3
Arrow circle diagram - 5
Arrow circle diagram - 6
Arrow circle diagram - 7
Used Solutions

## Electrical Symbols — Analog and Digital Logic

Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that handle digital signals – discrete bands of analog levels – rather than by continuous ranges (as used in analogue electronics). All levels within a band of values represent the same numeric value. Because of this discretization, relatively small changes to the analog signal levels due to manufacturing tolerance, signal attenuation or parasitic noise do not leave the discrete envelope, and as a result are ignored by signal state sensing circuitry.

26 libraries of the Electrical Engineering Solution of ConceptDraw PRO make your electrical diagramming simple, efficient, and effective. You can simply and quickly drop the ready-to-use objects from libraries into your document to create the electrical diagram.

## Virtuous circle (macroeconomics) - Crystal diagram

The vector stencils library "Circular diagrams" contains 42 templates of circular diagrams: circular arrow diagram, circular motion diagram, arrow ring chart, doughnut chart (donut chart), circle pie chart, diamond pie chart, circle diagram, pie chart, ring chart, loop diagram, block loop diagram, arrow loop circle, crystal diagram, triangular diagram, diamond diagram, pentagon diagram, hexagon diagram, heptagon diagram, cycle diagram (cycle chart), stacked Venn diagram (onion diagram), arrow circle diagram.
Use these shapes to illustrate your marketing and sales documents, presentations, webpages and infographics in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Circular arrow diagram 1
Circular arrow diagram 2
Arrow ring chart
Doughnut chart
Diamond pie chart
Pie chart
Circle diagram
Circle pie chart 2
Circle pie chart 1
Ring chart 1 - 3 elements
Ring chart 1 - 4 elements
Ring chart 1 - 5 elements
Ring chart 1 - 6 elements
Ring chart 1 - 7 elements
Ring chart 2 - 3 elements
Ring chart 2 - 4 elements
Ring chart 2 - 5 elements
Ring chart 2 - 6 elements
Ring chart 2 - 7 elements
Crystal diagram - 3 elements
Crystal diagram - 4 elements
Crystal diagram - 5 elements
Crystal diagram - 6 elements
Crystal diagram - 7 elements
Stacked Venn diagram - 4
Stacked Venn diagram - 5
Stacked Venn diagram - 6
Stacked Venn diagram - 7
Basic loop diagram
Block loop diagram
Arrow loop circle
Arrow loop - 3 circles
Arrow loop - 4 circles
Arrow loop - 5 circles
Arrow loop - 6 circles
Arrow loop - 7 circles
Arrow circle diagram - 3
Arrow circle diagram - 4
Stacked Venn diagram - 3
Arrow circle diagram - 5
Arrow circle diagram - 6
Arrow circle diagram - 7
Used Solutions

## Virtuous circle (macroeconomics) - Crystal diagram

The vector stencils library "Analog and digital logic" contains 40 element symbols of logic (threshold) gates, bistable current switches, current controllers, regulators, electrical generators, and amplifiers.
Use it for drawing the digital and analog functions in electronic circuit diagrams and electrical schematics in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-electrical
Clock
Function generator
Amplifier
Converter
Logic gates
Inverter
Inverter 2
Buffer
Buffer 2
RS Flip-flop
JK Flip-flop
Latch Flip-flop
D Flip-flop
Analog symbol
Digital symbol
Negative logic dot
Potentiometer
Potentiometer 2
Positional servo
Piezoelectric crystal, 4 electrodes
Piezoelectric crystal, 3 electrodes
Piezoelectric crystal, 2 electrodes
I/O port bidirectional
I/O port unidirectional
Square signal
Sine wave signal
Sawtooth signal
Ramp signal
3 state data signal
Three-state buffer
Integrator
Summing amplifier
Multiplier
Divider
Function generator 2
Generalized integrator
Operational amplifier
Operational amplifier 2
Switch point
Switch point 2
Used Solutions

## Virtuous circle (macroeconomics) - Crystal diagram

The vector stencils library "Circular diagrams" contains 42 templates of circular diagrams: circular arrow diagram, circular motion diagram, arrow ring chart, doughnut chart (donut chart), circle pie chart, diamond pie chart, circle diagram, pie chart, ring chart, loop diagram, block loop diagram, arrow loop circle, crystal diagram, triangular diagram, diamond diagram, pentagon diagram, hexagon diagram, heptagon diagram, cycle diagram (cycle chart), stacked Venn diagram (onion diagram), arrow circle diagram.
The example of marketing diagrams templates "Design elements - Circular diagrams" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included the Target and Circular Diagrams solution from the Marketing area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ marketing-target-and-circular-diagrams
Circular diagrams templates
Used Solutions