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The vector stencils library "Hydraulic pumps and motors" contains 74 symbols of hydraulic pump vector stencils, hydraulic motor symbols for engineering drawings of fluid power and hydraulic control systems.
"Hydraulic pumps are used in hydraulic drive systems and can be hydrostatic or hydrodynamic.
Hydrostatic pumps are positive displacement pumps while hydrodynamic pumps can be fixed displacement pumps, in which the displacement (flow through the pump per rotation of the pump) cannot be adjusted, or variable displacement pumps, which have a more complicated construction that allows the displacement to be adjusted." [Hydraulic pump. Wikipedia]
"A hydraulic motor is a mechanical actuator that converts hydraulic pressure and flow into torque and angular displacement (rotation). The hydraulic motor is the rotary counterpart of the hydraulic cylinder.
Conceptually, a hydraulic motor should be interchangeable with a hydraulic pump because it performs the opposite function - much as the conceptual DC electric motor is interchangeable with a DC electrical generator. However, most hydraulic pumps cannot be used as hydraulic motors because they cannot be backdriven. Also, a hydraulic motor is usually designed for the working pressure at both sides of the motor.
Hydraulic pumps, motors, and cylinders can be combined into hydraulic drive systems. One or more hydraulic pumps, coupled to one or more hydraulic motors, constitutes a hydraulic transmission." [Hydraulic motor. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Hydraulic pumps and motors" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic pump and motor symbols
Hydraulic pump and motor symbols, variable displacement pump, variable displacement hydraulic pump, variable displacement hydraulic motor, pressure compensator, hydraulic variable displacement pump motor, hydraulic variable displacement pump, hydraulic variable displacement motor, hydraulic pump motor, hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor, floating motor, fixed displacement pump motor, fixed displacement pump, fixed displacement motor, fixed displacement hydraulic pump, fixed displacement hydraulic motor,
"A hydraulic circuit is a system comprising an interconnected set of discrete components that transport liquid. The purpose of this system may be to control where fluid flows (as in a network of tubes of coolant in a thermodynamic system) or to control fluid pressure (as in hydraulic amplifiers).
... hydraulic circuit theory works best when the elements (passive component such as pipes or transmission lines or active components such as power packs or pumps) are discrete and linear. This usually means that hydraulic circuit analysis works best for long, thin tubes with discrete pumps, as found in chemical process flow systems or microscale devices." [Hydraulic circuit. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example "Hydraulic circuits" was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Hydraulic circuits.png.
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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
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The engineering drawing example "Hydraulic circuits" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic circuit schematic
Hydraulic circuit schematic, variable arrow, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, shaft, rod, pump, hydraulic, oil tank, non-return, valve, junction, crossing, four-port, three-position, valve, fixed displacement hydraulic pump, fixed displacement hydraulic motor, dot, line, junction, callout, box, flow path, arrow, flow path, direction, rectilinear motion,
"Hydraulics is a topic in applied science and engineering dealing with the mechanical properties of liquids. At a very basic level hydraulics is the liquid version of pneumatics. Fluid mechanics provides the theoretical foundation for hydraulics, which focuses on the engineering uses of fluid properties. In fluid power, hydraulics is used for the generation, control, and transmission of power by the use of pressurized liquids. Hydraulic topics range through some part of science and most of engineering modules, and cover concepts such as pipe flow, dam design, fluidics and fluid control circuitry, pumps, turbines, hydropower, computational fluid dynamics, flow measurement, river channel behavior and erosion." [Hydraulics. Wikipedia]
This hydraulic schematic example was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Skjematikk.GIF.
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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
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The engineering drawing example "Hydraulic schematic" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic schematic example
Hydraulic schematic example, restrictor valve, reservoir, drain, return, pressure relief, sequence valve, hydraulic pump, double-acting, magnetic cylinder,
"Directional control valves route the fluid to the desired actuator. They usually consist of a spool inside a cast iron or steel housing. The spool slides to different positions in the housing, and intersecting grooves and channels route the fluid based on the spool's position.
The spool has a central (neutral) position maintained with springs; in this position the supply fluid is blocked, or returned to tank. Sliding the spool to one side routes the hydraulic fluid to an actuator and provides a return path from the actuator to tank. When the spool is moved to the opposite direction the supply and return paths are switched. When the spool is allowed to return to neutral (center) position the actuator fluid paths are blocked, locking it in position.
Directional control valves are usually designed to be stackable, with one valve for each hydraulic cylinder, and one fluid input supplying all the valves in the stack.
Tolerances are very tight in order to handle the high pressure and avoid leaking, spools typically have a clearance with the housing of less than a thousandth of an inch (25 ┬Ám). The valve block will be mounted to the machine's frame with a three point pattern to avoid distorting the valve block and jamming the valve's sensitive components.
The spool position may be actuated by mechanical levers, hydraulic pilot pressure, or solenoids which push the spool left or right. A seal allows part of the spool to protrude outside the housing, where it is accessible to the actuator.
The main valve block is usually a stack of off the shelf directional control valves chosen by flow capacity and performance. Some valves are designed to be proportional (flow rate proportional to valve position), while others may be simply on-off. The control valve is one of the most expensive and sensitive parts of a hydraulic circuit." [Hydraulic machinery. Wikipedia]
The Mac template "Hydraulic 4-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-mechanical
Hydraulic directional control valve
Hydraulic directional control valve, four-port, three-position, valve,
Retract resistor check valve application: pneumatic cylinder, piston driven by Compressed air through 2 Retract resistor check valves.
"A check valve, clack valve, non-return valve or one-way valve is a valve that normally allows fluid (liquid or gas) to flow through it in only one direction.
Check valves are two-port valves, meaning they have two openings in the body, one for fluid to enter and the other for fluid to leave. There are various types of check valves used in a wide variety of applications. Check valves are often part of common household items. Although they are available in a wide range of sizes and costs, check valves generally are very small, simple, or inexpensive. Check valves work automatically and most are not controlled by a person or any external control; accordingly, most do not have any valve handle or stem. The bodies (external shells) of most check valves are made of plastic or metal.
An important concept in check valves is the cracking pressure which is the minimum upstream pressure at which the valve will operate. Typically the check valve is designed for and can therefore be specified for a specific cracking pressure.
Heart valves are essentially inlet and outlet check valves for the heart ventricles, since the ventricles act as pumps." [Check valve. Wikipedia]
This hydraulic schematic example was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Retract resistor check valve application.png.
[commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:Retract_ resistor_ check_ valve_ application.png]
The hydraulic engineering drawing example "Retract resistor check valve application" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic schematic
Hydraulic schematic, restrictor valve, non-return, valve, double-acting, magnetic cylinder, dot, line, junction,
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ... Directional control valves can be classified according to: (1) number of ports; (2) number of positions; (3) actuating methods; (4) type of spool." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The Windows template "Hydraulic 5-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-mechanical
Hydraulic directional control valve
Hydraulic directional control valve, five-port, three-position, valve,
This example engineering drawing showing the hydraulic directional control valve usage with floating motor and pressure compensated pump is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: DCV 17.jpg.
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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
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"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ...
The spool (sliding type) consists of lands and grooves.The lands block oil flow through the valve body. The grooves allow oil or gas to flow around the spool and through the valve body. There are two fundamental positions of directional control valve namely normal position where valve returns on removal of actuating force and other is working position which is position of a valve when actuating force is applied. There is another class of valves with 3 or more position that can be spring centered with 2 working position and a normal position. ...
Directional control valves can be classified according to:
(1) number of ports;
(2) number of positions;
(3) actuating methods;
(4) type of spool." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The fluid power equipment drawing example "Directional control valve" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic equipment schematic
Hydraulic equipment schematic, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, reservoir, pressure compensator, hydraulic pump, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, flow path, floating motor, filter, electric linear, solenoid, dot, line, junction, closed path, closed port, callout, box, flow path,
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
This example engineering drawing showing the directional control valve usage with fixed volume pump and hydraulic cylinder is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from Wikimedia Commons file: DCV 19.jpg.
[commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/ File:DCV_ 19.jpg]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
[creativecommons.org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3.0/ deed.en]
The fluid power equipment drawing example "Directional control valve" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic equipment schematic
Hydraulic equipment schematic, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, reservoir, hydraulic pump, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, floating motor, filter, electric linear, solenoid, double-acting, magnetic cylinder, dot, line, junction, box, flow path,
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ...
While working with layouts of hydraulic machinery it is cumbersome to draw actual picture of every valve and other components.instead of pictures symbols are used for variety of components in the hydraulic system to highlight the functional aspects. symbol for directional control valve is made of number of square boxes adjacent to each other depending on the number of positions.connections to the valve are shown on these squares by capital letters.usually they are named only in their normal position and not repeated in other positions.actuation system of the valve is also designated in its symbol." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The Mac template "Pneumatic 5-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/ solution-park/ engineering-mechanical
Pneumatic directional control valve
Pneumatic directional control valve, five-port, three-position, valve,

Mechanical Engineering

ConceptDraw DIAGRAM is the best diagramming and vector drawing software. Now, enhanced with Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park it became ideal for creating: Technical Mechanical Drawings, Mechanical Engineering Diagrams, Pneumatic Schematics, Hydraulic Schemes, etc.