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Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

ConceptDraw PRO is the best diagramming and vector drawing software. Now, enhanced with Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park it became ideal for creating: Technical Mechanical Drawings, Mechanical Engineering Diagrams, Pneumatic Schematics, Hydraulic Schemes, etc. Read more
This technical drawing shows the machine parts assembly using joining by threaded fasteners.
"Assembling (joining of the pieces) is done by welding, binding with adhesives, riveting, threaded fasteners, or even yet more bending in the form of a crimped seam. Structural steel and sheet metal are the usual starting materials for fabrication, along with the welding wire, flux, and fasteners that will join the cut pieces. As with other manufacturing processes, both human labor and automation are commonly used. The product resulting from fabrication may be called a fabrication. Shops that specialize in this type of metal work are called fab shops. The end products of other common types of metalworking, such as machining, metal stamping, forging, and casting, may be similar in shape and function, but those processes are not classified as fabrication." [Metal fabrication. Wikipedia]
This mechanical engineering drawing example was designed using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Mechanical Engineering solution from Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
, threaded hole,
The vector stencils library "Hydraulic pumps and motors" contains 74 symbols of hydraulic pump vector stencils, hydraulic motor symbols for engineering drawings of fluid power and hydraulic control systems.
"Hydraulic pumps are used in hydraulic drive systems and can be hydrostatic or hydrodynamic.
Hydrostatic pumps are positive displacement pumps while hydrodynamic pumps can be fixed displacement pumps, in which the displacement (flow through the pump per rotation of the pump) cannot be adjusted, or variable displacement pumps, which have a more complicated construction that allows the displacement to be adjusted." [Hydraulic pump. Wikipedia]
"A hydraulic motor is a mechanical actuator that converts hydraulic pressure and flow into torque and angular displacement (rotation). The hydraulic motor is the rotary counterpart of the hydraulic cylinder.
Conceptually, a hydraulic motor should be interchangeable with a hydraulic pump because it performs the opposite function - much as the conceptual DC electric motor is interchangeable with a DC electrical generator. However, most hydraulic pumps cannot be used as hydraulic motors because they cannot be backdriven. Also, a hydraulic motor is usually designed for the working pressure at both sides of the motor.
Hydraulic pumps, motors, and cylinders can be combined into hydraulic drive systems. One or more hydraulic pumps, coupled to one or more hydraulic motors, constitutes a hydraulic transmission." [Hydraulic motor. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Hydraulic pumps and motors" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic pump and motor symbols
Hydraulic pump and motor symbols, variable displacement pump, variable displacement hydraulic pump, variable displacement hydraulic motor, pressure compensator, hydraulic variable displacement pump motor, hydraulic variable displacement pump, hydraulic variable displacement motor, hydraulic pump motor, hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor, floating motor, fixed displacement pump motor, fixed displacement pump, fixed displacement motor, fixed displacement hydraulic pump, fixed displacement hydraulic motor,
The vector stencils library "Pneumatic pumps and motors" contains 39 symbols of pneumatic pumps, motors and pump-motors for designing the engineering drawings of pneumatic circuits.
"A pneumatic motor or compressed air engine is a type of motor which does mechanical work by expanding compressed air. Pneumatic motors generally convert the compressed air energy to mechanical work through either linear or rotary motion. Linear motion can come from either a diaphragm or piston actuator, while rotary motion is supplied by either a vane type air motor or piston air motor." [Pneumatic motor. Wikipedia]
"A gas compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume. An air compressor is a specific type of gas compressor.
Compressors are similar to pumps: both increase the pressure on a fluid and both can transport the fluid through a pipe. As gases are compressible, the compressor also reduces the volume of a gas. Liquids are relatively incompressible; while some can be compressed, the main action of a pump is to pressurize and transport liquids." [Gas compressor. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Pneumatic pumps and motors" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Pneumatic pump and motor symbols
Pneumatic pump and motor symbols, variable displacement pump, variable displacement pneumatic pump motor, variable displacement pneumatic pump, variable displacement pneumatic motor, pump, pneumatic, pump, motor, pneumatic, pneumatic variable displacement pump motor, pneumatic variable displacement pump, pneumatic variable displacement motor, pneumatic pump motor, pneumatic pump, motor, pneumatic, fixed displacement pump motor, fixed displacement pump, fixed displacement pneumatic pump, fixed displacement pneumatic motor, fixed displacement motor,
Retract resistor check valve application: pneumatic cylinder, piston driven by Compressed air through 2 Retract resistor check valves.
"A check valve, clack valve, non-return valve or one-way valve is a valve that normally allows fluid (liquid or gas) to flow through it in only one direction.
Check valves are two-port valves, meaning they have two openings in the body, one for fluid to enter and the other for fluid to leave. There are various types of check valves used in a wide variety of applications. Check valves are often part of common household items. Although they are available in a wide range of sizes and costs, check valves generally are very small, simple, or inexpensive. Check valves work automatically and most are not controlled by a person or any external control; accordingly, most do not have any valve handle or stem. The bodies (external shells) of most check valves are made of plastic or metal.
An important concept in check valves is the cracking pressure which is the minimum upstream pressure at which the valve will operate. Typically the check valve is designed for and can therefore be specified for a specific cracking pressure.
Heart valves are essentially inlet and outlet check valves for the heart ventricles, since the ventricles act as pumps." [Check valve. Wikipedia]
This hydraulic schematic example was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Retract resistor check valve application.png.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Retract_resistor_check_valve_application.png]
The hydraulic engineering drawing example "Retract resistor check valve application" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic schematic
Hydraulic schematic, restrictor valve, non-return, valve, double-acting, magnetic cylinder, dot, line, junction,
"The symbols and conventions used in welding documentation are specified in national and international standards such as ISO 2553 Welded, brazed and soldered joints -- Symbolic representation on drawings and ISO 4063 Welding and allied processes -- Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers. The US standard symbols are outlined by the American National Standards Institute and the American Welding Society and are noted as "ANSI/AWS".
In engineering drawings, each weld is conventionally identified by an arrow which points to the joint to be welded. The arrow is annotated with letters, numbers and symbols which indicate the exact specification of the weld. In complex applications, such as those involving alloys other than mild steel, more information may be called for than can comfortably be indicated using the symbols alone. Annotations are used in these cases." [Symbols and conventions used in welding documentation. Wikipedia]
The example chart "Elements of welding symbol" is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikipedia file: Elements of a welding symbol.PNG.
[en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Elements_of_a_welding_symbol.PNG]
The diagram example "Elements location of a welding symbol" is contained in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint symbol chart
Welding joint symbol chart, field weld, arrow,
This example engineering drawing showing the hydraulic directional control valve usage with floating motor and pressure compensated pump is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: DCV 17.jpg.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DCV_17.jpg]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
[creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ...
The spool (sliding type) consists of lands and grooves.The lands block oil flow through the valve body. The grooves allow oil or gas to flow around the spool and through the valve body. There are two fundamental positions of directional control valve namely normal position where valve returns on removal of actuating force and other is working position which is position of a valve when actuating force is applied. There is another class of valves with 3 or more position that can be spring centered with 2 working position and a normal position. ...
Directional control valves can be classified according to:
(1) number of ports;
(2) number of positions;
(3) actuating methods;
(4) type of spool." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The fluid power equipment drawing example "Directional control valve" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic equipment schematic
Hydraulic equipment schematic, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, reservoir, pressure compensator, hydraulic pump, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, flow path, floating motor, filter, electric linear, solenoid, dot, line, junction, closed path, closed port, callout, box, flow path,
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
This example engineering drawing showing the directional control valve usage with fixed volume pump and hydraulic cylinder is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from Wikimedia Commons file: DCV 19.jpg.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DCV_19.jpg]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
[creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
The fluid power equipment drawing example "Directional control valve" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic equipment schematic
Hydraulic equipment schematic, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, reservoir, hydraulic pump, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, floating motor, filter, electric linear, solenoid, double-acting, magnetic cylinder, dot, line, junction, box, flow path,
The vector stencils library "Bearings" contains 59 symbols of ball bearings, roller bearings, shafts, springs, gears, hooks, spindles, and keys.
Use it to design engineering drawings of machine tools and mechanical devices.
"A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion and reduce friction between moving parts to only the desired motion. The design of the bearing may, for example, provide for free linear movement of the moving part or for free rotation around a fixed axis; or, it may prevent a motion by controlling the vectors of normal forces that bear on the moving parts. Many bearings also facilitate the desired motion as much as possible, such as by minimizing friction. Bearings are classified broadly according to the type of operation, the motions allowed, or to the directions of the loads (forces) applied to the parts." [Bearing (mechanical). Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Bearings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Bearing symbols
Bearing symbols, undercut, shaft, variable fillet radius, thrust ball bearing, through hole, threaded hole, tapered shaft, tapered key, gib head, taper roller bearing, roller bearing, spindle end, shaft, hollow shaft, shaft chamfer, chamfer, round key, round-end key, rolling bearing, needle roller bearing, roller bearing, hole chamfer, chamfer, gear, spur-gear, double row, spherical roller bearing, roller bearing, double row, self aligning, ball bearing, deep groove, ball bearing, cylindrical roller bearing, roller bearing, cutaway, revealing detail, countersunk hole, centering bore, hole, shaft, angular contact, ball bearing,
The vector stencils library "Lamps, acoustics, readouts" contains 35 element symbols of lamps, acoustic components, electrical measuring instruments for drawing electrical schematics and electronic circuit diagrams.
"Electrical measurements are the methods, devices and calculations used to measure electrical quantities. Measurement of electrical quantities may be done to measure electrical parameters of a system. Using transducers, physical properties such as temperature, pressure, flow, force, and many others can be converted into electrical signals, which can then be conveniently measured and recorded." [Electrical measurements. Wikipedia]
"A lamp is a replaceable component such as an incandescent light bulb, which is designed to produce light from electricity." [Lamp (electrical component). Wikipedia]
"An electric bell is a mechanical bell that... functions by means of an electromagnet. When an electric current is applied, it produces a repetitive buzzing or clanging sound." [Electric bell. Wikipedia]
"A buzzer or beeper is an audio signalling device, which may be mechanical, electromechanical, or piezoelectric." [Buzzer. Wikipedia]
"Electronic sirens incorporate circuits such as oscillators, modulators, and amplifiers to synthesize a selected siren tone (wail, yelp, pierce/priority/phaser, hi-lo, scan, airhorn, manual, and a few more) which is played through external speakers." [Siren (noisemaker). Wikipedia]
"A microphone (colloquially called a mic or mike...) is an acoustic-to-electric transducer or sensor that converts sound in air into an electrical signal. ...
Most microphones today use electromagnetic induction (dynamic microphone), capacitance change (condenser microphone) or piezoelectric generation to produce an electrical signal from air pressure variations." [Microphone. Wikipedia]
The symbols example "Design elements - Lamps, acoustics, readouts" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Lamps, acoustics, electrical measuring instruments
Lamps, acoustics, electrical measuring instruments, speaker, microphone, speaker, microphone, push-pull, microphone, capacitor, microphone, lamp, signal lamp, lamp, non-indicating lamp, lamp, indicating lamp, lamp, indicator, meter, wavemeter, indicator, meter, voltmeter, indicator, meter, thermometer, indicator, meter, synchroscope, indicator, meter, oscilloscope, indicator, meter, galvanometer, indicator, meter, frequency meter, indicator, meter, ammeter, fluorescent lamp, buzzer, bell, siren, bell,
This engineering drawing present weld type symbols and fillet weld symbols.
The weld type symbol is typically placed above or below the center of the reference line, depending on which side of the joint it's on. The symbol is interpreted as a simplified cross-section of the weld.
"Fillet welding refers to the process of joining two pieces of metal together whether they be perpendicular or at an angle. These welds are commonly referred to as Tee joints which are two pieces of metal perpendicular to each other or Lap joints which are two pieces of metal that overlap and are welded at the edges. The weld is aesthetically triangular in shape and may have a concave, flat or convex surface depending on the welder’s technique. Welders use fillet welds when connecting flanges to pipes, welding cross sections of infrastructure, and when fastening metal by bolts isn't strong enough." [Fillet weld. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example Welding symbols is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint symbols
Welding joint symbols, square groove, insert, consumable insert, flare bevel groove, flared-bevel groove, flare V groove, flared-V groove, fillet, weld, cutaway, revealing detail, bevel groove, back, backing, arrow, V-groove, U-groove, J-groove,
This engineering drawing shows different types of geometry of butt welds.
"Welds can be geometrically prepared in many different ways. The five basic types of weld joints are the butt joint, lap joint, corner joint, edge joint, and T-joint (a variant of this last is the cruciform joint). Other variations exist as well - for example, double-V preparation joints are characterized by the two pieces of material each tapering to a single center point at one-half their height. Single-U and double-U preparation joints are also fairly common - instead of having straight edges like the single-V and double-V preparation joints, they are curved, forming the shape of a U. Lap joints are also commonly more than two pieces thick - depending on the process used and the thickness of the material, many pieces can be welded together in a lap joint geometry." [Welding. Wikipedia]
This engineering drawing example was redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Butt Weld Geometry.GIF.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Butt_Weld_Geometry.GIF]
The engineering drawing example "Butt weld geometry" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint diagram
Welding joint diagram, tee butt weld, square butt weld, single-V butt weld, single-U butt weld, single-J butt weld, single bevel butt weld, flare butt weld, flange butt weld, double-V butt weld, double-U butt weld, double-J butt weld, double bevel butt weld, closed square butt weld,
"A welding joint is a point or edge where two or more pieces of metal or plastic are joined together. They are formed by welding two or more workpieces (metal or plastic) according to a particular geometry. Five types of joints referred to by the American Welding Society: butt, corner, edge, lap, and tee. These configurations may have various configurations at the joint where actual welding can occur." [Welding joint. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example "Welded joints types" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joints
Welding joints, tee weld, mechanical weld, butt weld, bilateral lap weld, angular weld,
The vector stencils library "Heating equipment" contains 42 symbols of regenerators, intercoolers, heaters, and condensers.
Use these shapes for drawing cooling systems, heat recovery systems, thermal, heat transfer and mechanical design, and process flow diagrams (PFD).
"Heating or cooling of processes, equipment, or enclosed environments are within the purview of thermal engineering.
One or more of the following disciplines may be involved in solving a particular thermal engineering problem:
Thermodynamics,
Fluid mechanics,
Heat transfer,
Mass transfer.
Thermal engineering may be practiced by mechanical engineers and chemical engineers.
One branch of knowledge used frequently in thermal engineering is that of thermofluids." [Thermal engineering. Wikipedia]
The design elements example "Heating equipment" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Heating equipment symbols
Heating equipment symbols, water cooled, condenser, water chilling, chilling, evaporator, tube bundle, heat exchanger, tube bundle, floating head, tube bundle, U-tubes, triple fan blades, shell and tube, fixed tube sheet, heat exchanger, refrigerator, plate type, heat exchanger, oil, separator, oil burner, natural draft, cooling tower, kettle, reboiler, heater, cooler, heat exchanger, intersecting flowlines, fired heater, finned tube, heat exchanger, fan blades, extractor hood, slot, extractor hood, open slot, evaporative, condenser, double pipe type, heat exchanger, cooling tower, condenser, air cooled, condenser, boiler, automatic, stoker, autoclave, propeller agitator, autoclave, helical agitator, autoclave, anchor agitator, air-blown, cooler, air cooling, evaporator,
The vector stencils library "Pumps" contains 82 symbols of pumps, compressors, fans, turbines, and power generators.
Use these icons to design pumping systems, air and fluid compression systems, and industrial process diagrams.
"A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action. Pumps can be classified into three major groups according to the method they use to move the fluid: direct lift, displacement, and gravity pumps.
Pumps operate by some mechanism (typically reciprocating or rotary), and consume energy to perform mechanical work by moving the fluid. Pumps operate via many energy sources, including manual operation, electricity, engines, or wind power, come in many sizes, from microscopic for use in medical applications to large industrial pumps.
Mechanical pumps serve in a wide range of applications such as pumping water from wells, aquarium filtering, pond filtering and aeration, in the car industry for water-cooling and fuel injection, in the energy industry for pumping oil and natural gas or for operating cooling towers. In the medical industry, pumps are used for biochemical processes in developing and manufacturing medicine, and as artificial replacements for body parts, in particular the artificial heart and penile prosthesis.
In biology, many different types of chemical and bio-mechanical pumps have evolved, and biomimicry is sometimes used in developing new types of mechanical pumps." [Pump. Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Pumps" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Pump symbols
Pump symbols, turbine, centrifugal, triple fan blades, shower, rotary pump, compressor, fan, rotary compressor, reciprocating, pump, compressor, positive displacement pump, pump, diaphragm, pump turbo molecular, pump screw, pump roots, pump reciprocating, pump piston, pump helical rotor, pump gear, pump gas ballast, pump, proportioning pump, metering pump, positive displacement, rotary pump, rotary compressor, motor driven, turbine, in-line pump, pump, fan, radial, fan, axial, fan blades, fan, compressor, roller vane, compressor, reciprocating diaphragm, compressor, ejector, compressor, container, compressor, centrifugal, compressor, axial flow, compressor turbo, compressor screw, compressor rotary, compressor reciprocating, compressor positive displacement, compressor liquid ring, compressor, centrifugal pump, centrifugal fan, axial flow fan, supply, wall-type, axial flow fan, supply, axial flow fan, exhaust, axial flow fan,  turbine, axial flow,