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Electrical Symbols — Switches and Relays

Electrical Symbols — Switches and Relays

In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another. The mechanism of a switch may be operated directly by a human operator to control a circuit (for example, a light switch or a keyboard button), may be operated by a moving object such as a door-operated switch, or may be operated by some sensing element for pressure, temperature or flow. A relay is a switch that is operated by electricity. Switches are made to handle a wide range of voltages and currents; very large switches may be used to isolate high-voltage circuits in electrical substations. 26 libraries of the Electrical Engineering Solution of ConceptDraw PRO make your electrical diagramming simple, efficient, and effective. You can simply and quickly drop the ready-to-use objects from libraries into your document to create the electrical diagram. Read more

Electrical Symbols, Electrical Diagram Symbols

When drawing Electrical Schematics, Electrical Circuit Diagrams, Power Systems Diagrams, Circuit and Wiring Diagrams, Digital and Analog Logic Schemes, you will obligatory need the electrical symbols and pictograms to represent various electrical and electronic devices, such as resistors, wires, transistors, inductors, batteries, switches, lamps, readouts, amplifiers, repeaters, relays, transmission paths, semiconductors, generators, and many more. Today these symbols are internationally standardized, so the diagrams designed using them are recognizable and comprehensible by specialists from different countries. Electrical Engineering Solution included to ConceptDraw Solution Park provides 26 libraries with 926 commonly used electrical schematic and electrical engineering symbols making the reality the easy drawing of Electrical diagrams, schematics and blueprints. Now you need only a few minutes to create great-looking Electrical diagram, simply choose required electrical design elements from the libraries, drag them on the needed places at the document and connect in a suitable way. Read more
The vector stencils library "Switches and relays" contains 58 symbols of electrical contacts, switches, relays, circuit breakers, selectors, connectors, disconnect devices, switching circuits, current regulators, and thermostats for electrical devices.
"In electrical engineering, a switch is an electrical component that can break an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
The most familiar form of switch is a manually operated electromechanical device with one or more sets of electrical contacts, which are connected to external circuits. Each set of contacts can be in one of two states: either "closed" meaning the contacts are touching and electricity can flow between them, or "open", meaning the contacts are separated and the switch is nonconducting. The mechanism actuating the transition between these two states (open or closed) can be either a "toggle" (flip switch for continuous "on" or "off") or "momentary" (push-for "on" or push-for "off") type.
A switch may be directly manipulated by a human as a control signal to a system, such as a computer keyboard button, or to control power flow in a circuit, such as a light switch. Automatically operated switches can be used to control the motions of machines, for example, to indicate that a garage door has reached its full open position or that a machine tool is in a position to accept another workpiece. Switches may be operated by process variables such as pressure, temperature, flow, current, voltage, and force, acting as sensors in a process and used to automatically control a system. ... A switch that is operated by another electrical circuit is called a relay. Large switches may be remotely operated by a motor drive mechanism. Some switches are used to isolate electric power from a system, providing a visible point of isolation that can be padlocked if necessary to prevent accidental operation of a machine during maintenance, or to prevent electric shock." [Switch. Wikipedia]
"A relay is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to mechanically operate a switch, but other operating principles are also used, such as solid-state relays. Relays are used where it is necessary to control a circuit by a low-power signal (with complete electrical isolation between control and controlled circuits), or where several circuits must be controlled by one signal. The first relays were used in long distance telegraph circuits as amplifiers: they repeated the signal coming in from one circuit and re-transmitted it on another circuit. Relays were used extensively in telephone exchanges and early computers to perform logical operations.
A type of relay that can handle the high power required to directly control an electric motor or other loads is called a contactor. Solid-state relays control power circuits with no moving parts, instead using a semiconductor device to perform switching. Relays with calibrated operating characteristics and sometimes multiple operating coils are used to protect electrical circuits from overload or faults; in modern electric power systems these functions are performed by digital instruments still called "protective relays"." [Relay. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Switches and relays" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Switch and relay symbols
Switch and relay symbols, two way contact, time delay make, open switch, time-delay closing, TDC, time delay make, normally open, time delay break, normally closed, time delay break, closed switch, time-delay opening, TDO, thermostat, temperature switch, temperature sensitive switch, temperature actuated switch, switch disconnector, isolating-switch, stay put, contact without spring return, spring return, make, spring return, break, spring return, shorting selector, make-before-break, shorting, bridging,  contact transfer, selector switch, break-before-make, nonshorting, nonbridging, contact transfer, safety interlock, circuit opening, relay contacts, relay coil, relay, pushbutton, make, circuit closing, mushroom head, push-pull head, pushbutton, break, circuit opening, mushroom head, push-pull head, pushbutton, 2-circuit, circuit opening, break, proximity limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed, pressure actuated switch, pilot light, passing make-contact, mercury switch, manual switch, manually operated switch, make contact, liquid level actuated switch, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally open, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed, limit switch, isolator, inertia switch, gas flow actuated switch, fuse, flow actuated, circuit breaker, change-over contact, break contact, SPST, single-pole, single-throw, switch, SPDT, single-pole, double-throw, switch, DPST, double-pole, single-throw, switch, DPDT, double-pole, double-throw, switch, 4 position, switch, 3 position, three-position, switch, 2 position, switch,
The vector stencils library "HVAC equipment" contains 26 symbols of HVAC equipment as pumps, fans, condensers, pipe coils, silencers, etc.
Use the design elements library "HVAC equipment" for drawing the HVAC system diagrams, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration, automated building control and environmental control system layout floor plans using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
"HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort. HVAC system design is a subdiscipline of mechanical engineering, based on the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. Refrigeration is sometimes added to the field's abbreviation as HVAC&R or HVACR, or ventilating is dropped as in HACR (such as the designation of HACR-rated circuit breakers).
HVAC is important in the design of medium to large industrial and office buildings such as skyscrapers and in marine environments such as aquariums, where safe and healthy building conditions are regulated with respect to temperature and humidity, using fresh air from outdoors." [HVAC. Wikipedia]
The shapes library "HVAC equipment" is contained in the HVAC Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
HVAC equipment symbols
HVAC equipment symbols, silencer, rotary, screw pump, screw compressor, rotary pump, compressor, fan, refrigerant receiver, reciprocating pump, reciprocating compressor, pump, pipe coil, moisture eliminator, fan blades, dryer, condenser, water cooled, condenser, chiller, centrifugal pump, centrifugal compressor, centrifugal fan, axial fan, air filter,

Interior Design Plumbing - Design Elements

The plumbing system is a complex system of water supply pipes and drainpipes, sanitary equipment and drainage facilities, vent pipes and more. It supplies our homes, offices, hospitals, schools, business centers, and many other buildings with the main product for life - a water. For effective planning and montage the plumbing equipment, you need obligatory create and use different schematics of plumbing systems, the annotated plumbing diagrams, water lines and waste water plans. These diagrams are an obligatory part of any building project. They are used at all stages - construction, finishing works, interior design, and also during the exploitation of premises in cases of occurence some problems. Numerous libraries offered by the Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park contain vector objects of plumbing components, sanitary equipment, bathroom fixtures, and many more for easy design the Plumbing and Piping plans, schematic diagrams and blueprints for hot and cold water supply systems, and waste water disposal systems. Read more
The vector stencils library "Switches and relays" contains 58 symbols of electrical contacts, switches, relays, circuit breakers, selectors, connectors, disconnect devices, switching circuits, current regulators, and thermostats for electrical devices.
Use these shapes for drawing electrical diagrams in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/engineering-electrical Read more
SPST
SPST, SPST, single-pole, single-throw, switch,
SPDT
SPDT, SPDT, single-pole, double-throw, switch,
DPST
DPST, DPST, double-pole, single-throw, switch,
DPDT
DPDT, DPDT, double-pole, double-throw, switch,
Make contact
Make contact, make contact,
Break contact
Break contact, break contact,
Two way contact
Two way contact, two way contact,
Passing make-contact
Passing make-contact, passing make-contact,
Spring return
Spring return, spring return,
Stay put
Stay put, stay put, contact without spring return,
Limit switch
Limit switch, limit switch,
Circuit breaker
Circuit breaker, circuit breaker,
Spring return 2
Spring return 2, spring return, make,
Spring return 3
Spring return 3, spring return, break,
Limit switch n/o
Limit switch n/o, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally open,
Limit switch n/c
Limit switch n/c, limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed,
2 position switch
2 position switch, 2 position, switch,
3 position switch
3 position switch, 3 position, three-position, switch,
4 position switch
4 position switch, 4 position, switch,
Manual switch
Manual switch, manual switch, manually operated switch,
Pushbutton make
Pushbutton make, pushbutton, make, circuit closing, mushroom head, push-pull head,
Pushbutton break
Pushbutton break, pushbutton, break, circuit opening, mushroom head, push-pull head,
Pushbutton 2-circuit
Pushbutton 2-circuit, pushbutton, 2-circuit, circuit opening, break,
Selector switch
Selector switch, selector switch, break-before-make, nonshorting, nonbridging, contact transfer,
Shorting selector
Shorting selector, shorting selector, make-before-break, shorting, bridging,  contact transfer,
Proximity limit switch
Proximity limit switch, proximity limit switch, directly actuated, spring returned, normally closed,
Time delay make
Time delay make, time delay make, open switch, time-delay closing, TDC,
Time delay break
Time delay break, time delay break, closed switch, time-delay opening, TDO,
Time delay make 2
Time delay make 2, time delay make, normally open,
Time delay break 2
Time delay break 2, time delay break, normally closed,
Safety interlock
Safety interlock, safety interlock, circuit opening,
Flow actuated
Flow actuated, flow actuated,
Liquid level actuated
Liquid level actuated, liquid level actuated switch,
Liquid level actuated 2
Liquid level actuated 2, liquid level actuated switch,
Gas flow actuated
Gas flow actuated, gas flow actuated switch,
Pressure actuated
Pressure actuated, pressure actuated switch,
Temperature actuated
Temperature actuated, temperature actuated switch,
Thermostat
Thermostat, thermostat,
Temperature switch
Temperature switch, temperature switch, temperature sensitive switch,
Inertia switch
Inertia switch, inertia switch,
Mercury switch
Mercury switch, mercury switch,
Mercury switch 2
Mercury switch 2, mercury switch,
Fuse
Fuse, fuse,
Switch disconnector
Switch disconnector, switch disconnector, isolating-switch,
Isolator
Isolator, isolator,
Change-over contact
Change-over contact, change-over contact,
Relay contacts
Relay contacts, relay contacts,
Relay coil
Relay coil, relay coil,
Pilot light
Pilot light, pilot light,
Pilot light, push-to-test
Pilot light, push-to-test, pilot light,
Relay, alternating-current
Relay, alternating-current, relay,
Relay, magnetically polarized
Relay, magnetically polarized, relay,
Relay, slow-operate
Relay, slow-operate, relay,
Relay, slow-release
Relay, slow-release, relay,
Relay
Relay, relay,
Relay, high speed
Relay, high speed, relay,
Relay, mechanically latched
Relay, mechanically latched, relay,
Relay, permanent
Relay, permanent, relay,
"HVAC (stands for Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) is a control system that applies regulation to a heating and/or air conditioning system. Usually a sensing device is used to compare the actual state (e.g., temperature) with a target state. Then the control system draws a conclusion what action has to be taken (e.g., start the blower).
More complex HVAC systems can interface to Building Automation System (BAS) to allow the building owners to have more control over the heating or cooling units. The building owner can monitor the system and respond to alarms generated by the system from local or remote locations." [HVAC control system. Wikipedia]
The vector stencils library "HVAC control equipment" contains 48 symbols of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration and automated building control equipment.
Use the design elements library HVAC control equipment to draw HVAC plans, schematic diagrams of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration and automated building control systems, environmental control design building plans and equipment layouts using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library HVAC control equipment is contained in the HVAC Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
HVAC control equipment symbols
HVAC control equipment symbols, water flow meter, vane axial fan, pitch control, valve, unit heater, supply duct, return duct, pump, propeller fan, pipe flow arrow, pipe, multi fan section, magnetic, starter, humidifier, heating, cooling, coil, heat exchanger, plate and tube, filter, fan coil housing, equipment, duct extension, duct, damper, cooling tower, converter, chiller, centrifugal fan, boiler
, air flow station, VSD, variable speed drive, VAV box, variable air volume box, DD-VAV box, double, duct, variable air volume box, VAV box, constant volume box, CV box,

Half Pipe Plans

Drawing of Half Pipe Plans is quite complex process. But now it's very to design the Half Pipe Plans of any complexity with ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with Plumbing and Piping Plans Solution. Read more