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Design elements - Electron tubes

The vector stencils library "Design elements - Electron tubes" contains 36 element symbols of electron tubes.
Use it for drawing electrical schematics and electronic circuit diagrams.
"One classification of vacuum tubes is by the number of active electrodes, (neglecting the filament or heater). A device with two active elements is a diode, usually used for rectification. Devices with three elements are triodes used for amplification and switching. Additional electrodes create tetrodes, pentodes, and so forth, which have multiple additional functions made possible by the additional controllable electrodes.
Other classifications are:
(1) by frequency range (audio, radio, VHF, UHF, microwave),
(2) by power rating (small-signal, audio power, high-power radio transmitting),
(3) by design (e.g., sharp- versus remote-cutoff in some pentodes),
(4) by application (receiving tubes, transmitting tubes, amplifying or switching, rectification, mixing),
(5) special qualities (long life, very low microphonic and low noise audio amplification, and so on).
Multiple classifications may apply to a device; for example similar dual triodes can be used for audio preamplification and as flip-flops in computers, although linearity is important in the former case and long life in the latter.
Tubes have different functions, such as cathode ray tubes which create a beam of electrons for display purposes (such as the television picture tube) in addition to more specialized functions such as electron microscopy and electron beam lithography. X-ray tubes are also vacuum tubes. Phototubes and photomultipliers rely on electron flow through a vacuum, though in those cases electron emission from the cathode depends on energy from photons rather than thermionic emission." [Vacuum tube. Wikipedia]
The symbols example "Design elements - Electron tubes" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Vacuum tubes
Vacuum tubes, tube triode, tube tetrode, tube pentode, tube diode,
The vector stencils library "Semiconductor diodes" contains 24 symbols of semiconductor diodes for drawing electronic schematics and circuit diagrams.
"In electronics, a diode is a two-terminal electronic component with asymmetric conductance; it has low (ideally zero) resistance to current in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other. A semiconductor diode, the most common type today, is a crystalline piece of semiconductor material with a p–n junction connected to two electrical terminals. A vacuum tube diode has two electrodes, a plate (anode) and a heated cathode. Semiconductor diodes were the first semiconductor electronic devices. ...
Today, most diodes are made of silicon, but other semiconductors such as selenium or germanium are sometimes used." [Diode. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Semiconductor diodes" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Semiconductor diode symbols
Semiconductor diode symbols, zener diode, varactor, capacitive diode, tunnel diode, photo-diode, photosensitive diode, four layer diode, diode, semiconductor diode, semiconductor rectifier diode, metallic rectifier, breakdown diode, uni-directional, breakdown diode, bi-directional, backward diode, unitunnel diode, LED, light emitting diode,
The vector stencils library "Logic gate diagram" contains 17 element symbols for drawing the logic gate diagrams.
"To build a functionally complete logic system, relays, valves (vacuum tubes), or transistors can be used. The simplest family of logic gates using bipolar transistors is called resistor-transistor logic (RTL). Unlike simple diode logic gates (which do not have a gain element), RTL gates can be cascaded indefinitely to produce more complex logic functions. RTL gates were used in early integrated circuits. For higher speed and better density, the resistors used in RTL were replaced by diodes resulting in diode-transistor logic (DTL). Transistor-transistor logic (TTL) then supplanted DTL. As integrated circuits became more complex, bipolar transistors were replaced with smaller field-effect transistors (MOSFETs); see PMOS and NMOS. To reduce power consumption still further, most contemporary chip implementations of digital systems now use CMOS logic. CMOS uses complementary (both n-channel and p-channel) MOSFET devices to achieve a high speed with low power dissipation." [Logic gate. Wikipedia]
The symbols example "Design elements - Logic gate diagram" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Logic gate symbols
Logic gate symbols, operational amplifier, gate, open-collector output, gate, Schmitt trigger input, buffer, OR gate, Norton opamp, Norton operational amplifier, NOT gate, inverter, NOR gate, NOT OR, NAND gate, NOT AND, EX-OR gate, exclusive-OR gate, EX-NOR gate, exclusive-NOR gate, AND gate,
The vector stencils library "Transmission paths" contains 43 symbols of power transmission paths, electronic circuits, bus connectors and elbows, terminals, junctions, and concentrators.
Use it to annotate electrical diagrams, electronic schematics and circuit diagrams.
"A physical medium in data communications is the transmission path over which a signal propagates.
Many transmission media are used as communications channel.
For telecommunications purposes in the United States, Federal Standard 1037C, transmission media are classified as one of the following:
(1) Guided (or bounded) - waves are guided along a solid medium such as a transmission line.
(2) Wireless (or unguided) - transmission and reception are achieved by means of an antenna.
One of the most common physical medias used in networking is copper wire. Copper wire to carry signals to long distances using relatively low amounts of power. The unshielded twisted pair (UTP) is eight strands of copper wire, organized into four pairs.
Another example of a physical medium is optical fiber, which has emerged as the most commonly used transmission medium for long-distance communications. Optical fiber is a thin strand of glass that guides light along its length.
Multimode and single mode are two types of commonly used optical fiber. Multimode fiber uses LEDs as the light source and can carry signals over shorter distances, about 2 kilometers. Single mode can carry signals over distances of tens of miles.
Wireless media may carry surface waves or skywaves, either longitudinally or transversely, and are so classified.
In both communications, communication is in the form of electromagnetic waves. With guided transmission media, the waves are guided along a physical path; examples of guided media include phone lines, twisted pair cables, coaxial cables, and optical fibers. Unguided transmission media are methods that allow the transmission of data without the use of physical means to define the path it takes. Examples of this include microwave, radio or infrared. Unguided media provide a means for transmitting electromagnetic waves but do not guide them; examples are propagation through air, vacuum and seawater.
The term direct link is used to refer to the transmission path between two devices in which signals propagate directly from transmitters to receivers with no intermediate devices, other than amplifiers or repeaters used to increase signal strength. This term can apply to both guided and unguided media.
A transmission may be simplex, half-duplex, or full-duplex.
In simplex transmission, signals are transmitted in only one direction; one station is a transmitter and the other is the receiver. In the half-duplex operation, both stations may transmit, but only one at a time. In full duplex operation, both stations may transmit simultaneously. In the latter case, the medium is carrying signals in both directions at same time." [Transmission medium. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Transmission paths" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Transmission path symbols
Transmission path symbols, transmission path, terminal, 3-phase, terminal, straight, bus, point, overground, weatherproof, enclosure, optical fiber, line, cable, underground, line, cable, submarine, line, cable, overhead, line, cable, loaded, line, cable, coaxial, line concentrator, lead group, label, path, elbow, bus, direction, flow, transmission path, cable group, cable, conductor, bus, width, anticreep device, cable, 8-line, bus, straight bus connector, 8-line, bus, elbow, 4-line, bus, straight bus connector, 4-line, bus, elbow, 3-line, bus, elbow, 3-line bus, 3-channel, straight bus connector, 2-line, bus, elbow, 2-line bus, 2-channel, straight bus connector,
The vector stencils library "Valves" contains 91 symbols of piping and plumbing valves.
"A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. Valves are technically valves fittings, but are usually discussed as a separate category. In an open valve, fluid flows in a direction from higher pressure to lower pressure.
The simplest, and very ancient, valve is simply a freely hinged flap which drops to obstruct fluid (gas or liquid) flow in one direction, but is pushed open by flow in the opposite direction. This is called a check valve, as it prevents or "checks" the flow in one direction.
People in developed nations use valves in their daily lives, including plumbing valves, such as taps for tap water, gas control valves on cookers, small valves fitted to washing machines and dishwashers, safety devices fitted to hot water systems..." [Valve. Wikipedia]
Use the design elements library "Valves" to draw building plans, schematic diagrams, blueprints, or technical drawings of industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software.
The shapes library "Valves" is included in the Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Valve symbols
Valve symbols, weight loaded, actuating method, wedge gate valve, wedge valve, valve, statically loaded, actuating method, spring loaded, actuating method, solenoid, screw-down valve, lock-shield valve, reel valve, valve, remotely controlled, actuating method, relief valve, valve, relief angle valve, relief valve, angle valve, valve, pressure, vacuum, regulating, method of control, reducing valve, valve, quick, open, close, opening, closing, powered valve, valve, power signal, plug valve, valve, piston, parallel slide valve, parallel valve, valve, needle valve, valve, motor element, mixing valve, valve, manual isolation, in-line valve, valve, globe valve, valve, gear operated, actuating method, gate valve, valve, float operated, actuating method, float operated valve, valve, flanged valve, valve, diaphragm, actuating method, diaphragm valve, valve, dash-pot, connecting unit, check valve, valve, characterized port valve, valve, chain operated, actuating method, butterfly valve, valve, ball valve, valve, angle valve, valve, 3-way plug valve, plug valve, valve,
The vector stencils library "Valves and fittings" contains 104 symbols of valve components.
Use these icons for drawing industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems.
"A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. Valves are technically valves fittings, but are usually discussed as a separate category. In an open valve, fluid flows in a direction from higher pressure to lower pressure.
The simplest, and very ancient, valve is simply a freely hinged flap which drops to obstruct fluid (gas or liquid) flow in one direction, but is pushed open by flow in the opposite direction. This is called a check valve, as it prevents or "checks" the flow in one direction. ...
Valves are found in virtually every industrial process, including water & sewage processing, mining, power generation, processing of oil, gas & petroleum, food manufacturing, chemical & plastic manufacturing and many other fields. ...
Valves may be operated manually, either by a handle, lever, pedal or wheel. Valves may also be automatic, driven by changes in pressure, temperature, or flow. These changes may act upon a diaphragm or a piston which in turn activates the valve, examples of this type of valve found commonly are safety valves fitted to hot water systems or boilers.
More complex control systems using valves requiring automatic control based on an external input (i.e., regulating flow through a pipe to a changing set point) require an actuator. An actuator will stroke the valve depending on its input and set-up, allowing the valve to be positioned accurately, and allowing control over a variety of requirements." [Valve. Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Valves and fittings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Valves and fittings symbols
Valves and fittings symbols, wedge gate valve, valve manifold, tundish, swivel joint, strainer, stop check valve, soldered, solvent, socket, spigot, socket,  spigot, socket weld, sleeve joint, separator, screwed sleeve, screwed joint, screw-down valve, screw-down check valve, relief valve, relief angle valve vacuum, relief angle valve pressure, reel valve, reducing valve, reducer, powered valve, plug valve straight through, plug valve T point, plug valve L point, plug valve 3 way, plug valve, parallel slide valve, open vent, needle valve, lock-shield valve, liquid seal, joint, hydrant, globe valve, gate valve, float operated valve, flanged valve, flanged joint, bolted joint, flame arrester, exhaust silencer, exhaust head, end cap socket and spigot, end cap screwed, end cap quick release, end cap flanged and bolted, end cap fillet welded, end cap butt welded, end cap	screwed and plugged, end cap, electrically insulated, electrically bonded, drain silencer, diaphragm valve, check valve, characterized port valve, butterfly valve, butt weld, bursting disc, bell mouth, ball valve, angle valve, Y strainer, 3-way plug valve,
The vector stencils library "Pumps" contains 82 symbols of pumps, compressors, fans, turbines, and power generators.
Use these icons to design pumping systems, air and fluid compression systems, and industrial process diagrams in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/engineering-chemical-process Read more
In-line pump
In-line pump, in-line pump, pump,
In-line pump 2
In-line pump 2, in-line pump, pump,
Positive displacement
Positive displacement, positive displacement, rotary pump, rotary compressor,
Centrifugal pump (arrows)
Centrifugal pump (arrows), centrifugal pump,
Centrifugal pump
Centrifugal pump, centrifugal pump,
Rotary pump 1
Rotary pump 1, rotary pump, compressor, fan,
Rotary pump 2
Rotary pump 2, rotary pump, compressor, fan,
Proportioning pump
Proportioning pump, proportioning pump, metering pump,
Pump vacuum
Pump vacuum, pump,
Pump positive displacement
Pump positive displacement, pump,
Pump piston
Pump piston, pump piston,
Pump liquid ring
Pump liquid ring, pump,
Pump oil-sealed rotary (single)
Pump oil-sealed rotary (single), pump,
Pump oil-sealed rotary (multi)
Pump oil-sealed rotary (multi), pump,
Pump roots
Pump roots, pump roots,
Pump gas ballast
Pump gas ballast, pump gas ballast,
Pump turbo molecular
Pump turbo molecular, pump turbo molecular,
Pump general
Pump general, pump,
Pump centrifugal
Pump centrifugal, pump,
Pump positive displacement 2
Pump positive displacement 2, pump,
Pump gear
Pump gear, pump,
Pump screw
Pump screw, pump screw,
Pump helical rotor
Pump helical rotor, pump,
Pump reciprocating
Pump reciprocating, pump,
Pump diaphragm
Pump diaphragm, pump, diaphragm,
Pump liquid jet
Pump liquid jet, pump,
Pump centrifugal 2
Pump centrifugal 2, pump,
Pump diaphragm 2
Pump diaphragm 2, pump, diaphragm,
Pump gear 2
Pump gear 2, pump gear,
Pump general 2
Pump general 2, pump,
Pump helical rotor 2
Pump helical rotor 2, pump helical rotor,
Pump reciprocating 2
Pump reciprocating 2, pump reciprocating,
Pump screw 2
Pump screw 2, pump screw,
Compressor general
Compressor general, compressor,
Compressor container
Compressor container, compressor, container,
Compressor rotary
Compressor rotary, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw
Compressor screw, compressor,
Compressor reciprocating
Compressor reciprocating, compressor reciprocating,
Compressor ejector
Compressor ejector, compressor, ejector,
Compressor general 2
Compressor general 2, compressor,
Compressor liquid ring
Compressor liquid ring, compressor liquid ring,
Compressor positive displacement
Compressor positive displacement, compressor positive displacement,
Compressor reciprocating 2
Compressor reciprocating 2, compressor reciprocating,
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm, compressor, reciprocating diaphragm,
Compressor roller vane
Compressor roller vane,
Compressor rotary 2
Compressor rotary 2, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw 2
Compressor screw 2, compressor screw,
Compressor turbo
Compressor turbo, compressor turbo,
Compressor general 3
Compressor general 3, compressor,
Compressor reciprocating 3
Compressor reciprocating 3,
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm 2
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm 2, compressor, reciprocating diaphragm,
Compressor roller vane 2
Compressor roller vane 2, compressor, roller vane,
Compressor rotary 3
Compressor rotary 3, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw 3
Compressor screw 3, compressor screw,
Rotary compressor
Rotary compressor, rotary compressor,
Motor driven turbine
Motor driven turbine, motor driven, turbine,
Compressor (center line)
Compressor (center line), compressor, axial flow,
Compressor
Compressor, compressor, centrifugal,
Turbine
Turbine, turbine, centrifugal,
Turbine (center line)
Turbine (center line),  turbine, axial flow,
Reciprocating pump/compressor
Reciprocating pump/compressor, reciprocating, pump, compressor, positive displacement pump,
Reciprocating pump 2
Reciprocating pump 2, reciprocating, pump, compressor, positive displacement pump,
Fan general
Fan general, fan,
Fan radial
Fan radial, fan, radial,
Fan axial
Fan axial, fan, axial,
Fan general 2
Fan general 2, fan,
Fan radial 2
Fan radial 2, fan, radial,
Fan axial 2
Fan axial 2, fan, axial,
Centrifugal fan 2 (center circle)
Centrifugal fan 2 (center circle), centrifugal fan,
Centrifugal fan
Centrifugal fan, centrifugal fan,
Axial flow fan supply
Axial flow fan supply, axial flow fan, supply,
Axial flow fan exhaust
Axial flow fan exhaust, axial flow fan, exhaust,
Axial flow fan exhaust wall-type
Axial flow fan exhaust wall-type,
Axial flow fan supply wall-type
Axial flow fan supply wall-type, axial flow fan, supply, wall-type,
Axial flow fan 2
Axial flow fan 2, axial flow fan,
Ejector / injector
Ejector / injector,
Spray
Spray,
Shower
Shower, shower,
Fan blades horizontal
Fan blades horizontal, fan blades,
Fan blades vertical
Fan blades vertical, fan blades,
Fan blades (4)
Fan blades (4), fan blades,
Triple fan blades
Triple fan blades, triple fan blades,
The vector stencils library "Semiconductors" contains 22 symbols of rectifiers, diodes, charge transfer and electronic conduction devices, switches, cathodes, transistors, thyristors, and transceivers for semiconductor (SIS) design.
"Semiconductor devices are electronic components that exploit the electronic properties of semiconductor materials, principally silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide, as well as organic semiconductors. Semiconductor devices have replaced thermionic devices (vacuum tubes) in most applications. They use electronic conduction in the solid state as opposed to the gaseous state or thermionic emission in a high vacuum.
Semiconductor devices are manufactured both as single discrete devices and as integrated circuits (ICs), which consist of a number - from a few (as low as two) to billions - of devices manufactured and interconnected on a single semiconductor substrate, or wafer. ...
All transistor types can be used as the building blocks of logic gates, which are fundamental in the design of digital circuits. In digital circuits like microprocessors, transistors act as on-off switches; in the MOSFET, for instance, the voltage applied to the gate determines whether the switch is on or off.
Transistors used for analog circuits do not act as on-off switches; rather, they respond to a continuous range of inputs with a continuous range of outputs. Common analog circuits include amplifiers and oscillators.
Circuits that interface or translate between digital circuits and analog circuits are known as mixed-signal circuits.
Power semiconductor devices are discrete devices or integrated circuits intended for high current or high voltage applications. Power integrated circuits combine IC technology with power semiconductor technology, these are sometimes referred to as "smart" power devices. Several companies specialize in manufacturing power semiconductors." [Semiconductor device. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Semiconductors" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Semiconductor elements
Semiconductor elements, turn-off triode, thyristor, turn off rectifier, gate turn off rectifier, triac, thyristor, bi-directional triode-type, gated switch, thyristor, diac, controlled switch, thyristor, reverse-blocking tetrode-type, semiconductor controlled switch, controlled rectifier, thyristor, reverse-blocking triode-type, semiconductor controlled rectifier,
The vector stencils library "Laboratory equipment" contains 31 clipart icons of chemical laboratory equipment and labware for drawing part assembly and mounting schemes of glassware apparatus in chemical experiment diagrams and illustrations.
"Laboratory glassware refers to a variety of equipment, traditionally made of glass, used for scientific experiments and other work in science, especially in chemistry and biology laboratories. ...
Glass use in laboratory applications is not as commonplace as it once was because of cheaper, less breakable, plasticware; however, certain applications still require glassware because glass is relatively inert, transparent, heat-resistant, and easy to customize. The type of glass used is dependent on the application. Borosilicate glass, which is commonly used in reagent bottles, can withstand thermal stress. Quartz glass, which is common in cuvettes, can withstand high temperatures and is transparent in certain parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. Darkened brown or amber (actinic) glass, which is common in dark storage bottles, can block ultraviolet and infrared radiation. Heavy-wall glass, which is common in glass pressure reactors, can withstand pressurized applications." [Laboratory glassware. Wikipedia]
The chemical symbols example "Design elements - Laboratory equipment" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Labware
Labware, water faucet, vacuum adapter, thermometer, stemmed funnel, stemless funnel, steam nozzle, steam bath, short condenser, condenser, Liebig condenser, water-cooled, separatory funnel, separation funnel, separating funnel, sep funnel, oil bath, long condenser, condenser, Liebig condenser, water-cooled, hot plate, heating mantle, isomantle, gas nozzle, filter paper, distillation adapter, boiling flask, beaker, Griffin beaker, Vigreux column, distillation column, fractionating column, fractionation column, Hirsch funnel, Erlenmeyer flask, conical flask, Erlenmeyer flask, Claisen adapter, Büchner flask, vacuum flask, filter flask, side-arm flask, Kitasato flask, suction flask, Bunsen burner, Buchner funnel,