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Electrical Symbols — Electron Tubes

Electrical Symbols — Electron Tubes

Invented in 1904 by John Ambrose Fleming, vacuum tubes were a basic component for electronics throughout the first half of the twentieth century, which saw the diffusion of radio, television, radar, sound reinforcement, sound recording and reproduction, large telephone networks, analog and digital computers, and industrial process control. From the mid-1950s solid-state devices such as transistors gradually replaced tubes. However, there are still a few applications for which tubes are preferred to semiconductors; for example, the magnetron used in microwave ovens, and certain high-frequency amplifiers. 26 libraries of the Electrical Engineering Solution of ConceptDraw PRO make your electrical diagramming simple, efficient, and effective. You can simply and quickly drop the ready-to-use objects from libraries into your document to create the electrical diagram. Read more

Piping and Instrumentation Diagram Software

Piping and Instrumentation Diagram is a technical sketch or drawing, which shows in details the piping system and instrumentation of a processing plant. Piping and Instrumentation Diagram is developed by process design engineers and technical engineers on the phase of plant design. This plan is necessary on the stages of plant construction and then is actively used by operators, instrumentation and piping engineers when operating the plant. ConceptDraw PRO software provides unique Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park with 10 libraries of ready-to-use predesigned vector elements, templates and samples, to help you create professional Piping diagrams and schematics, Instrumentation diagrams, Plumbing plans and blueprints, Schemes of hot and cold water supply systems, Heating schemes, Mechanical diagrams, Diagrams of fluids, hydraulics, air and gas pipings, Technical drawings of waste water disposal systems, Schematics of industrial piping systems, Diagrams of ventilation systems, etc. Read more
The vector stencils library "Design elements - Electron tubes" contains 36 element symbols of electron tubes.
Use it for drawing electrical schematics and electronic circuit diagrams.
"One classification of vacuum tubes is by the number of active electrodes, (neglecting the filament or heater). A device with two active elements is a diode, usually used for rectification. Devices with three elements are triodes used for amplification and switching. Additional electrodes create tetrodes, pentodes, and so forth, which have multiple additional functions made possible by the additional controllable electrodes.
Other classifications are:
(1) by frequency range (audio, radio, VHF, UHF, microwave),
(2) by power rating (small-signal, audio power, high-power radio transmitting),
(3) by design (e.g., sharp- versus remote-cutoff in some pentodes),
(4) by application (receiving tubes, transmitting tubes, amplifying or switching, rectification, mixing),
(5) special qualities (long life, very low microphonic and low noise audio amplification, and so on).
Multiple classifications may apply to a device; for example similar dual triodes can be used for audio preamplification and as flip-flops in computers, although linearity is important in the former case and long life in the latter.
Tubes have different functions, such as cathode ray tubes which create a beam of electrons for display purposes (such as the television picture tube) in addition to more specialized functions such as electron microscopy and electron beam lithography. X-ray tubes are also vacuum tubes. Phototubes and photomultipliers rely on electron flow through a vacuum, though in those cases electron emission from the cathode depends on energy from photons rather than thermionic emission." [Vacuum tube. Wikipedia]
The symbols example "Design elements - Electron tubes" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Vacuum tubes
Vacuum tubes, tube triode, tube tetrode, tube pentode, tube diode,
The vector stencils library "Logic gate diagram" contains 17 element symbols for drawing the logic gate diagrams.
"To build a functionally complete logic system, relays, valves (vacuum tubes), or transistors can be used. The simplest family of logic gates using bipolar transistors is called resistor-transistor logic (RTL). Unlike simple diode logic gates (which do not have a gain element), RTL gates can be cascaded indefinitely to produce more complex logic functions. RTL gates were used in early integrated circuits. For higher speed and better density, the resistors used in RTL were replaced by diodes resulting in diode-transistor logic (DTL). Transistor-transistor logic (TTL) then supplanted DTL. As integrated circuits became more complex, bipolar transistors were replaced with smaller field-effect transistors (MOSFETs); see PMOS and NMOS. To reduce power consumption still further, most contemporary chip implementations of digital systems now use CMOS logic. CMOS uses complementary (both n-channel and p-channel) MOSFET devices to achieve a high speed with low power dissipation." [Logic gate. Wikipedia]
The symbols example "Design elements - Logic gate diagram" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Logic gate symbols
Logic gate symbols, operational amplifier, gate, open-collector output, gate, Schmitt trigger input, buffer, OR gate, Norton opamp, Norton operational amplifier, NOT gate, inverter, NOR gate, NOT OR, NAND gate, NOT AND, EX-OR gate, exclusive-OR gate, EX-NOR gate, exclusive-NOR gate, AND gate,
The vector stencils library "Pumps" contains 82 symbols of pumps, compressors, fans, turbines, and power generators.
Use these icons to design pumping systems, air and fluid compression systems, and industrial process diagrams in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
In-line pump
In-line pump, in-line pump, pump,
In-line pump 2
In-line pump 2, in-line pump, pump,
Positive displacement
Positive displacement, positive displacement, rotary pump, rotary compressor,
Centrifugal pump (arrows)
Centrifugal pump (arrows), centrifugal pump,
Centrifugal pump
Centrifugal pump, centrifugal pump,
Rotary pump 1
Rotary pump 1, rotary pump, compressor, fan,
Rotary pump 2
Rotary pump 2, rotary pump, compressor, fan,
Proportioning pump
Proportioning pump, proportioning pump, metering pump,
Pump vacuum
Pump vacuum, pump,
Pump positive displacement
Pump positive displacement, pump,
Pump piston
Pump piston, pump piston,
Pump liquid ring
Pump liquid ring, pump,
Pump oil-sealed rotary (single)
Pump oil-sealed rotary (single), pump,
Pump oil-sealed rotary (multi)
Pump oil-sealed rotary (multi), pump,
Pump roots
Pump roots, pump roots,
Pump gas ballast
Pump gas ballast, pump gas ballast,
Pump turbo molecular
Pump turbo molecular, pump turbo molecular,
Pump general
Pump general, pump,
Pump centrifugal
Pump centrifugal, pump,
Pump positive displacement 2
Pump positive displacement 2, pump,
Pump gear
Pump gear, pump,
Pump screw
Pump screw, pump screw,
Pump helical rotor
Pump helical rotor, pump,
Pump reciprocating
Pump reciprocating, pump,
Pump diaphragm
Pump diaphragm, pump, diaphragm,
Pump liquid jet
Pump liquid jet, pump,
Pump centrifugal 2
Pump centrifugal 2, pump,
Pump diaphragm 2
Pump diaphragm 2, pump, diaphragm,
Pump gear 2
Pump gear 2, pump gear,
Pump general 2
Pump general 2, pump,
Pump helical rotor 2
Pump helical rotor 2, pump helical rotor,
Pump reciprocating 2
Pump reciprocating 2, pump reciprocating,
Pump screw 2
Pump screw 2, pump screw,
Compressor general
Compressor general, compressor,
Compressor container
Compressor container, compressor, container,
Compressor rotary
Compressor rotary, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw
Compressor screw, compressor,
Compressor reciprocating
Compressor reciprocating, compressor reciprocating,
Compressor ejector
Compressor ejector, compressor, ejector,
Compressor general 2
Compressor general 2, compressor,
Compressor liquid ring
Compressor liquid ring, compressor liquid ring,
Compressor positive displacement
Compressor positive displacement, compressor positive displacement,
Compressor reciprocating 2
Compressor reciprocating 2, compressor reciprocating,
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm, compressor, reciprocating diaphragm,
Compressor roller vane
Compressor roller vane,
Compressor rotary 2
Compressor rotary 2, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw 2
Compressor screw 2, compressor screw,
Compressor turbo
Compressor turbo, compressor turbo,
Compressor general 3
Compressor general 3, compressor,
Compressor reciprocating 3
Compressor reciprocating 3,
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm 2
Compressor reciprocating diaphragm 2, compressor, reciprocating diaphragm,
Compressor roller vane 2
Compressor roller vane 2, compressor, roller vane,
Compressor rotary 3
Compressor rotary 3, compressor rotary,
Compressor screw 3
Compressor screw 3, compressor screw,
Rotary compressor
Rotary compressor, rotary compressor,
Motor driven turbine
Motor driven turbine, motor driven, turbine,
Compressor (center line)
Compressor (center line), compressor, axial flow,
Compressor, compressor, centrifugal,
Turbine, turbine, centrifugal,
Turbine (center line)
Turbine (center line),  turbine, axial flow,
Reciprocating pump/compressor
Reciprocating pump/compressor, reciprocating, pump, compressor, positive displacement pump,
Reciprocating pump 2
Reciprocating pump 2, reciprocating, pump, compressor, positive displacement pump,
Fan general
Fan general, fan,
Fan radial
Fan radial, fan, radial,
Fan axial
Fan axial, fan, axial,
Fan general 2
Fan general 2, fan,
Fan radial 2
Fan radial 2, fan, radial,
Fan axial 2
Fan axial 2, fan, axial,
Centrifugal fan 2 (center circle)
Centrifugal fan 2 (center circle), centrifugal fan,
Centrifugal fan
Centrifugal fan, centrifugal fan,
Axial flow fan supply
Axial flow fan supply, axial flow fan, supply,
Axial flow fan exhaust
Axial flow fan exhaust, axial flow fan, exhaust,
Axial flow fan exhaust wall-type
Axial flow fan exhaust wall-type,
Axial flow fan supply wall-type
Axial flow fan supply wall-type, axial flow fan, supply, wall-type,
Axial flow fan 2
Axial flow fan 2, axial flow fan,
Ejector / injector
Ejector / injector,
Shower, shower,
Fan blades horizontal
Fan blades horizontal, fan blades,
Fan blades vertical
Fan blades vertical, fan blades,
Fan blades (4)
Fan blades (4), fan blades,
Triple fan blades
Triple fan blades, triple fan blades,
The vector stencils library "Laboratory equipment" contains 31 clipart icons of chemical laboratory equipment and labware for drawing part assembly and mounting schemes of glassware apparatus in chemical experiment diagrams and illustrations.
"Laboratory glassware refers to a variety of equipment, traditionally made of glass, used for scientific experiments and other work in science, especially in chemistry and biology laboratories. ...
Glass use in laboratory applications is not as commonplace as it once was because of cheaper, less breakable, plasticware; however, certain applications still require glassware because glass is relatively inert, transparent, heat-resistant, and easy to customize. The type of glass used is dependent on the application. Borosilicate glass, which is commonly used in reagent bottles, can withstand thermal stress. Quartz glass, which is common in cuvettes, can withstand high temperatures and is transparent in certain parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. Darkened brown or amber (actinic) glass, which is common in dark storage bottles, can block ultraviolet and infrared radiation. Heavy-wall glass, which is common in glass pressure reactors, can withstand pressurized applications." [Laboratory glassware. Wikipedia]
The chemical symbols example "Design elements - Laboratory equipment" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Labware, water faucet, vacuum adapter, thermometer, stemmed funnel, stemless funnel, steam nozzle, steam bath, short condenser, condenser, Liebig condenser, water-cooled, separatory funnel, separation funnel, separating funnel, sep funnel, oil bath, long condenser, condenser, Liebig condenser, water-cooled, hot plate, heating mantle, isomantle, gas nozzle, filter paper, distillation adapter, boiling flask, beaker, Griffin beaker, Vigreux column, distillation column, fractionating column, fractionation column, Hirsch funnel, Erlenmeyer flask, conical flask, Erlenmeyer flask, Claisen adapter, Büchner flask, vacuum flask, filter flask, side-arm flask, Kitasato flask, suction flask, Bunsen burner, Buchner funnel,
The vector stencils library "Semiconductor diodes" contains 24 symbols of semiconductor diodes for drawing electronic schematics and circuit diagrams.
"In electronics, a diode is a two-terminal electronic component with asymmetric conductance; it has low (ideally zero) resistance to current in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other. A semiconductor diode, the most common type today, is a crystalline piece of semiconductor material with a p–n junction connected to two electrical terminals. A vacuum tube diode has two electrodes, a plate (anode) and a heated cathode. Semiconductor diodes were the first semiconductor electronic devices. ...
Today, most diodes are made of silicon, but other semiconductors such as selenium or germanium are sometimes used." [Diode. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Semiconductor diodes" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Semiconductor diode symbols
Semiconductor diode symbols, zener diode, varactor, capacitive diode, tunnel diode, photo-diode, photosensitive diode, four layer diode, diode, semiconductor diode, semiconductor rectifier diode, metallic rectifier, breakdown diode, uni-directional, breakdown diode, bi-directional, backward diode, unitunnel diode, LED, light emitting diode,
The vector stencils library "Valves and fittings" contains 104 symbols of valve components.
Use these icons for drawing industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems.
"A valve is a device that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. Valves are technically valves fittings, but are usually discussed as a separate category. In an open valve, fluid flows in a direction from higher pressure to lower pressure.
The simplest, and very ancient, valve is simply a freely hinged flap which drops to obstruct fluid (gas or liquid) flow in one direction, but is pushed open by flow in the opposite direction. This is called a check valve, as it prevents or "checks" the flow in one direction. ...
Valves are found in virtually every industrial process, including water & sewage processing, mining, power generation, processing of oil, gas & petroleum, food manufacturing, chemical & plastic manufacturing and many other fields. ...
Valves may be operated manually, either by a handle, lever, pedal or wheel. Valves may also be automatic, driven by changes in pressure, temperature, or flow. These changes may act upon a diaphragm or a piston which in turn activates the valve, examples of this type of valve found commonly are safety valves fitted to hot water systems or boilers.
More complex control systems using valves requiring automatic control based on an external input (i.e., regulating flow through a pipe to a changing set point) require an actuator. An actuator will stroke the valve depending on its input and set-up, allowing the valve to be positioned accurately, and allowing control over a variety of requirements." [Valve. Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Valves and fittings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Valves and fittings symbols
Valves and fittings symbols, wedge gate valve, valve manifold, tundish, swivel joint, strainer, stop check valve, soldered, solvent, socket, spigot, socket,  spigot, socket weld, sleeve joint, separator, screwed sleeve, screwed joint, screw-down valve, screw-down check valve, relief valve, relief angle valve vacuum, relief angle valve pressure, reel valve, reducing valve, reducer, powered valve, plug valve straight through, plug valve T point, plug valve L point, plug valve 3 way, plug valve, parallel slide valve, open vent, needle valve, lock-shield valve, liquid seal, joint, hydrant, globe valve, gate valve, float operated valve, flanged valve, flanged joint, bolted joint, flame arrester, exhaust silencer, exhaust head, end cap socket and spigot, end cap screwed, end cap quick release, end cap flanged and bolted, end cap fillet welded, end cap butt welded, end cap	screwed and plugged, end cap, electrically insulated, electrically bonded, drain silencer, diaphragm valve, check valve, characterized port valve, butterfly valve, butt weld, bursting disc, bell mouth, ball valve, angle valve, Y strainer, 3-way plug valve,
The vector stencils library "Valves and fittings" contains 104 symbols of valve components.
Use these icons for drawing industrial piping systems; process, vacuum, and fluids piping; hydraulics piping; air and gas piping; materials distribution; and liquid transfer systems in the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Electrically bonded
Electrically bonded, electrically bonded,
Bursting disc
Bursting disc, bursting disc,
Flame arrester
Flame arrester, flame arrester,
Strainer, strainer,
Separator, separator,
Exhaust silencer
Exhaust silencer, exhaust silencer,
Bell mouth
Bell mouth, bell mouth,
Exhaust head
Exhaust head, exhaust head,
Hydrant, hydrant,
Drain silencer
Drain silencer, drain silencer,
Liquid seal open/closed
Liquid seal open/closed, liquid seal,
Y strainer
Y strainer, Y strainer,
Gate valve
Gate valve, gate valve,
Globe valve
Globe valve, globe valve,
Globe valve 2
Globe valve 2, gate valve,
Globe valve 3
Globe valve 3, gate valve,
Screw-down valve
Screw-down valve, screw-down valve,
Lock-shield valve
Lock-shield valve, lock-shield valve,
Reel valve
Reel valve, reel valve,
Check valve
Check valve, check valve,
Check valve 2
Check valve 2, check valve,
Check valve 3
Check valve 3, check valve,
Screw-down check valve
Screw-down check valve, screw-down check valve,
Stop check valve
Stop check valve, stop check valve,
Diaphragm valve
Diaphragm valve, diaphragm valve,
Diaphragm valve 2
Diaphragm valve 2, diaphragm valve,
Diaphragm valve 3
Diaphragm valve 3, diaphragm valve,
Powered valve
Powered valve, powered valve,
Powered valve 2
Powered valve 2, powered valve,
Powered valve 3
Powered valve 3, powered valve,
Needle valve
Needle valve, needle valve,
Needle valve 2
Needle valve 2, needle valve,
Needle valve 3
Needle valve 3, needle valve,
Relief valve
Relief valve, relief valve,
Relief valve 2
Relief valve 2, relief valve,
Relief valve 3
Relief valve 3, relief valve,
Angle valve
Angle valve, angle valve,
Angle valve 2
Angle valve 2, angle valve,
Angle valve 3
Angle valve 3, angle valve,
Angle valve 4
Angle valve 4, angle valve,
Float operated valve
Float operated valve, float operated valve,
Float operated valve 2
Float operated valve 2, float operated valve,
Flanged valve
Flanged valve, flanged valve,
Butterfly valve
Butterfly valve, butterfly valve,
Butterfly valve 2
Butterfly valve 2, butterfly valve,
Wedge gate valve
Wedge gate valve, wedge gate valve,
Parallel slide valve
Parallel slide valve, parallel slide valve,
Ball valve
Ball valve,
Ball valve 2
Ball valve 2, ball valve,
Ball valve 3
Ball valve 3, ball valve,
Relief angle valve vacuum
Relief angle valve vacuum, relief angle valve vacuum,
Relief angle valve pressure
Relief angle valve pressure, relief angle valve pressure,
Reducing valve
Reducing valve, reducing valve,
Reducing valve 2
Reducing valve 2, reducing valve,
Plug valve 3 way
Plug valve 3 way, plug valve 3 way,
Plug valve L point
Plug valve L point, plug valve L point,
Plug valve 2
Plug valve 2, plug valve,
Plug valve
Plug valve, plug valve,
Plug valve straight through
Plug valve straight through, plug valve straight through,
Plug valve T point
Plug valve T point, plug valve T point,
3-way plug valve
3-way plug valve, 3-way plug valve,
3-way plug valve 2
3-way plug valve 2, 3-way plug valve,
3-way plug valve 3
3-way plug valve 3, 3-way plug valve,
Mixing valve
Mixing valve,
Valve Manifold
Valve Manifold, valve manifold,
Characterized port valve
Characterized port valve, characterized port valve,
Reducer, reducer,
Reducer 2
Reducer 2, reducer,
General joint
General joint, joint,
Butt weld
Butt weld, butt weld,
Butt weld 2
Butt weld 2, butt weld,
Butt weld 3
Butt weld 3,
Butt weld 4
Butt weld 4, butt weld,
Flanged/ bolted
Flanged/ bolted, flanged joint, bolted joint,
Soldered / solvent
Soldered / solvent,
Soldered / solvent 2
Soldered / solvent 2, soldered, solvent,
Screwed joint
Screwed joint, screwed joint,
Screwed joint 2
Screwed joint 2, screwed joint,
Screwed joint 3
Screwed joint 3, screwed joint,
Socket and spigot
Socket and spigot, socket,  spigot,
Socket and spigot 2
Socket and spigot 2, socket, spigot,
Socket and spigot 3
Socket and spigot 3, socket, spigot,
Sleeve, sleeve joint,
Sleeve 2
Sleeve 2,
Screwed sleeve
Screwed sleeve, screwed sleeve,
Screwed sleeve 2
Screwed sleeve 2,
Socket weld
Socket weld,
Socket weld 2
Socket weld 2, socket weld,
Swivel joint
Swivel joint, swivel joint,
Swivel joint 2
Swivel joint 2, swivel joint,
Swivel joint 3
Swivel joint 3, swivel joint,
End cap
End cap, end cap,
End cap butt welded
End cap butt welded, end cap butt welded,
End cap screwed
End cap screwed, end cap screwed,
End cap socket and spigot
End cap socket and spigot, end cap socket and spigot,
End cap fillet welded
End cap fillet welded, end cap fillet welded,
End cap screwed and plugged
End cap screwed and plugged, end cap	screwed and plugged,
End cap quick release
End cap quick release, end cap quick release,
End cap flanged and bolted
End cap flanged and bolted, end cap flanged and bolted,
End cap flanged and bolted 2
End cap flanged and bolted 2, end cap flanged and bolted,
Electrically insulated
Electrically insulated, electrically insulated,
Tundish, tundish,
Syphon drain
Syphon drain,
Open vent
Open vent, open vent,

Building Drawing Software for Designing Plumbing

The construction project for any building obligatory must include the plans for systems of water supplying, sewerage, lighting and heating. From one side these are the documents required and indispensable for the construction, but from the other side this is a way of correct and effective selection of equipment, and subsequent its installation. Correctly performed calculations for these systems ensure a reliable, energy-efficient and cost-effective work. At this each project is fully individual decision taking into account all nuances - from the features of building to the personal preferences. ConceptDraw PRO is a powerful building drawing software for designing Plumbing, Piping, Lighting and other building plans thanks to the included Plumbing and Piping Plans solution and other solutions from Building Plans area. Plumbing and Piping Plans solution includes variety of libraries with different design elements of pipes, valves and other sanitary equipment and helps easy develop the annotated schematics and diagrams of plumbing systems, piping, and waste water. Read more