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Jet fuel mercaptan oxidation treating - PFD

This PFD of jet fuel mercaptan oxidation treating was redrawn from Wikipedia file: ConvLPGMerox.png. []
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported icense. []
"Merox is an acronym for mercaptan oxidation. It is a proprietary catalytic chemical process developed by UOP used in oil refineries and natural gas processing plants to remove mercaptans from LPG, propane, butanes, light naphthas, kerosene and jet fuel by converting them to liquid hydrocarbon disulfides.
The Merox process requires an alkaline environment which, in some of the process versions, is provided by an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), a strong base, commonly referred to as caustic. In other versions of the process, the alkalinity is provided by ammonia, which is a weak base.
The catalyst in some versions of the process is a water-soluble liquid. In other versions, the catalyst is impregnated onto charcoal granules.
Processes within oil refineries or natural gas processing plants that remove mercaptans and/or hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are commonly referred to as sweetening processes because they results in products which no longer have the sour, foul odors of mercaptans and hydrogen sulfide. The liquid hydrocarbon disulfides may remain in the sweetened products, they may be used as part of the refinery or natural gas processing plant fuel, or they may be processed further.
The Merox process is usually more economical than using a catalytic hydrodesulfurization process for much the same purpose." []
The process flow diagram (PFD) example "Jet fuel mercaptan oxidation treating" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Process flow diagram (PFD)
Process flow diagram (PFD), gate valve, electrically insulated, column, centrifugal pump,
The vector stencils library "Chemical elements" contains 118 icon symbols of chemical elements.
Use these shapes for drawing atoms, structural formulas of inorganic and organic molecules and ions, and schemes of chemical reaction mechanisms in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydrogen (H)
Hydrogen (H), hydrogen,
Helium (He)
Helium (He), helium, He,
Lithium (Li)
Lithium (Li), lithium, Li,
Berylium (Be)
Berylium (Be), berylium, Be,
Boron (B)
Boron (B), boron, B,
Carbon (C)
Carbon (C), carbon, C,
Nitrogen (N)
Nitrogen (N), nitrogen, N,
Oxygen (O)
Oxygen (O), oxygen, O,
Fluorine (F)
Fluorine (F), fluorine, F,
Neon (Ne)
Neon (Ne), neon, Ne,
Sodium (Na)
Sodium (Na), sodium, Na,
Magnesium (Mg)
Magnesium (Mg), magnesium, Mg,
Aluminium (Al)
Aluminium (Al), aluminium,Al,
Silicon (Si)
Silicon (Si), silicon, Si,
Phosphorus (P)
Phosphorus (P), phosphorus, P,
Sulfur (S)
Sulfur (S), sulfur, S,
Chlorine (Cl)
Chlorine (Cl), chlorine, Cl,
Argon (Ar)
Argon (Ar), argon, Ar,
Potassium (K)
Potassium (K), potassium, K,
Calcium (Ca)
Calcium (Ca), calcium, Ca,
Scandium (Sc)
Scandium (Sc), scandium, Sc,
Titanium (Ti)
Titanium (Ti), titanium, Ti,
Vanadium (V)
Vanadium (V), vanadium, V,
Chromium (Cr)
Chromium (Cr), chromium, Cr,
Manganese (Mn)
Manganese (Mn), manganese, Mn,
Iron (Fe)
Iron (Fe), iron, Fe,
Cobalt (Co)
Cobalt (Co), cobalt, Co,
Nickel (Ni)
Nickel (Ni), nickel, Ni,
Copper (Cu)
Copper (Cu), copper, Cu,
Zinc (Zn)
Zinc (Zn), zinc, Zn,
Gallium (Ga)
Gallium (Ga), gallium, Ga,
Germanium (Ge)
Germanium (Ge), germanium, Ge,
Arsenic (As)
Arsenic (As), arsenic, As,
Selenium (Se)
Selenium (Se), selenium, Se,
Bromine (Br)
Bromine (Br), bromine, Br,
Krypton (Kr)
Krypton (Kr), krypton, Kr,
Rubidium (Rb)
Rubidium (Rb), rubidium, Rb,
Strontium (Sr)
Strontium (Sr), strontium, Sr,
Yttrium (Y)
Yttrium (Y), yttrium, Y,
Zirconium (Zr)
Zirconium (Zr), zirconium, Zr,
Niobium (Nb)
Niobium (Nb), niobium, Nb,
Molybdenum (Mo)
Molybdenum (Mo), molybdenum, Mo,
Technetium (Tc)
Technetium (Tc), technetium, Tc,
Ruthenium (Ru)
Ruthenium (Ru), ruthenium, Ru,
Rhodium (Rh)
Rhodium (Rh), rhodium, Rh,
Palladium (Pd)
Palladium (Pd), palladium, Pd,
Silver (Ag)
Silver (Ag), silver, Ag,
Cadmium (Cd)
Cadmium (Cd), cadmium, Cd,
Indium (In)
Indium (In), indium, In,
Tin (Sn)
Tin (Sn), tin, Sn,
Antimony (Sb)
Antimony (Sb), antimony, Sb,
Tellurium (Te)
Tellurium (Te), tellurium, Te,
Iodine (I)
Iodine (I), iodine, I,
Xenon (Xe)
Xenon (Xe), xenon, Xe,
Caesium (Cs)
Caesium (Cs), caesium, Cs,
Barium (Ba)
Barium (Ba), barium, Ba,
Hafnium (Hf)
Hafnium (Hf), hafnium, Hf,
Tantalum (Ta)
Tantalum (Ta), tantalum, Ta,
Tungsten (W)
Tungsten (W), tungsten, W,
Rhenium (Re)
Rhenium (Re), rhenium, Re,
Osmium (Os)
Osmium (Os), osmium, Os,
Iridium (Ir)
Iridium (Ir), iridium, Ir,
Platinum (Pt)
Platinum (Pt), platinum, Pt,
Gold (Au)
Gold (Au), gold, Au,
Mercury (Hg)
Mercury (Hg), mercury, Hg,
Thallium (Tl)
Thallium (Tl), thallium, Tl,
Lead (Pb)
Lead (Pb), lead, Pb,
Bismuth (Bi)
Bismuth (Bi), bismuth, Bi,
Polonium (Po)
Polonium (Po), polonium, Po,
Astatine (At)
Astatine (At), astatine, At,
Radon (Rn)
Radon (Rn), radon, Rn,
Francium (Fr)
Francium (Fr), francium, Fr,
Radium (Ra)
Radium (Ra), radium, Ra,
Rutherfordium (Rf)
Rutherfordium (Rf), rutherfordium, Rf,
Dubnium (Db)
Dubnium (Db), dubnium, Db,
Seaborgium (Sg)
Seaborgium (Sg), seaborgium, Sg,
Bohrium (Bh)
Bohrium (Bh), bohrium, Bh,
Hassium (Hs)
Hassium (Hs), hassium, Hs,
Meitnerium (Mt)
Meitnerium (Mt), meitnerium, Mt,
Darmstadtium (Ds)
Darmstadtium (Ds), darmstadtium, Ds,
Roentgenium (Rg)
Roentgenium (Rg), roentgenium, Rg,
Ununbium (Uub)
Ununbium (Uub), ununbium, Uub,
Ununtrium (Uut)
Ununtrium (Uut), ununtrium, Uut,
Ununquadium (Uuq)
Ununquadium (Uuq), ununquadium, Uuq,
Ununpentium (Uup)
Ununpentium (Uup), ununpentium, Uup,
Ununhexium (Uuh)
Ununhexium (Uuh), ununhexium, Uuh,
Ununseptium (Uus)
Ununseptium (Uus), ununseptium, Uus,
Ununoctium (Uuo)
Ununoctium (Uuo), ununoctium, Uuo,
Lanthanum (La)
Lanthanum (La), lanthanum, La,
Cerium (Ce)
Cerium (Ce), cerium, Ce,
Praseodymium (Pr)
Praseodymium (Pr), praseodymium, Pr,
Neodymium (Nd)
Neodymium (Nd), neodymium, Nd,
Promethium (Pm)
Promethium (Pm), promethium, Pm,
Samarium (Sm)
Samarium (Sm), samarium, Sm,
Europium (Eu)
Europium (Eu), europium, Eu,
Gadolinium (Gd)
Gadolinium (Gd), gadolinium, Gd,
Terbium (Tb)
Terbium (Tb), terbium, Tb,
Dysprosium (Dy)
Dysprosium (Dy), dysprosium, Dy,
Holmium (Ho)
Holmium (Ho), holmium, Ho,
Erbium (Er)
Erbium (Er), erbium, Er,
Thulium (Tm)
Thulium (Tm), thulium, Tm,
Ytterbium (Yb)
Ytterbium (Yb), ytterbium, Yb,
Lutetium (Lu)
Lutetium (Lu), lutetium, Lu,
Actinium (Ac)
Actinium (Ac), actinium, Ac,
Thorium (Th)
Thorium (Th), thorium, Th,
Protactinium (Pa)
Protactinium (Pa), protactinium, Pa,
Uranium (U)
Uranium (U), uranium, U,
Neptunium (Np)
Neptunium (Np), neptunium, Np,
Plutonium (Pu)
Plutonium (Pu), plutonium, Pu,
Americium (Am)
Americium (Am), americium, Am,
Curium (Cm)
Curium (Cm), curium, Cm,
Berkelium (Bk)
Berkelium (Bk), berkelium, Bk,
Californium (Cf)
Californium (Cf), californium, Cf,
Einsteinium (Es)
Einsteinium (Es), einsteinium, Es,
Fermium (Fm)
Fermium (Fm), fermium, Fm,
Mendelenium (Md)
Mendelenium (Md), mendelenium, Md,
Nobelium (No)
Nobelium (No), nobelium, No,
Lawrencium (Lr)
Lawrencium (Lr), lawrencium, Lr,

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Healthy Foods

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The vector stencils library "Periodic table of chemical elements" contains 119 icon symbols of chemical elements for drawing Mendeleev's periodic table, chemical diagrams, infographics and illustrations.
"A chemical element is a pure chemical substance consisting of a single type of atom distinguished by its atomic number, which is the number of protons in its atomic nucleus. Elements are divided into metals, metalloids, and non-metals. Familiar examples of elements are carbon, nitrogen, oxygen (non-metals), silicon, arsenic (metalloids), aluminium, iron, copper, gold, mercury, and lead (metals).
The lightest chemical elements, including hydrogen, helium and smaller amounts of lithium, beryllium and boron, are thought to have been produced by various cosmic processes during the Big Bang and cosmic-ray spallation. Production of heavier elements, from carbon to the very heaviest elements, proceeded by stellar nucleosynthesis, and these were made available for later solar system and planetary formation by planetary nebulae and supernovae, which blast these elements into space. The high abundance of oxygen, silicon, and iron on Earth reflects their common production in such stars. While most elements are generally stable, a small amount of natural transformation of one element to another also occurs in the decay of radioactive elements as well as other natural nuclear processes." [Chemical element. Wikipedia]
The chemical symbols example "Design elements - Periodic table of chemical elements" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemistry solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Mendeleev periodic table icons
Mendeleev periodic table icons, zirconium, Zr, zinc, Zn, yttrium, Y, ytterbium, Yb, xenon, Xe, vanadium, V, uranium, U, ununtrium, Uut, ununseptium, Uus, ununpentium, Uup, ununoctium, Uuo, tungsten, W, titanium, Ti, tin, Sn, thulium, Tm, thorium, Th, thallium, Tl, terbium, Tb, tellurium, Te, technetium, Tc, tantalum, Ta, sulfur, S, strontium, Sr, sodium, Na, silver, Ag, silicon, Si, selenium, Se, seaborgium, Sg, scandium, Sc, samarium, Sm, rutherfordium, Rf, ruthenium, Ru, rubidium, Rb, roentgenium, Rg, rhodium, Rh, rhenium, Re, radon, Rn, radium, Ra, protactinium, Pa, promethium, Pm, praseodymium, Pr, potassium, K, polonium, Po, plutonium, Pu, platinum, Pt, phosphorus, P, palladium, Pd, oxygen, O, osmium, Os, nobelium, No, nitrogen, N, niobium, Nb, nickel, Ni, neptunium, Np, neon, Ne, neodymium, Nd, molybdenum, Mo, mercury, Hg, mendelenium, Md, meitnerium, Mt, manganese, Mn, magnesium, Mg, lutetium, Lu, livermorium, Lv, lithium, Li, lead, Pb, lawrencium, Lr, lanthanum, La, krypton, Kr, iron, Fe, iridium, Ir, iodine, I, indium, In, hydrogen, H, holmium, Ho, helium, He, hassium, Hs, hafnium, Hf, gold, Au, germanium, Ge, gallium, Ga, gadolinium, Gd, francium, Fr, fluorine, F, flerovium, Fl, fermium, Fm, europium, Eu, erbium, Er, einsteinium, Es, dysprosium, Dy, dubnium, Db, darmstadtium, Ds, curium, Cm, copper, Cu, copernicium, Cn, cobalt, Co, chromium, Cr, chlorine, Cl, cerium, Ce, carbon, C, californium, Cf, calcium, Ca, caesium, Cs, cadmium, Cd, bromine, Br, boron, B, bohrium, Bh, bismuth, Bi, berylium, Be, berkelium, Bk, barium, Ba, astatine, At, arsenic, As, argon, Ar, antimony, Sb, americium, Am, aluminium, Al, actinium, Ac,

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The Health Food solution contains the set of professionally designed samples and large collection of vector graphic libraries of healthy foods symbols of fruits, vegetables, herbs, nuts, beans, seafood, meat, dairy foods, drinks, which give powerful possi Read more
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