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Mechanical Engineering

mechanical engineering, mechanical design software, mechanical drawing symbols, mechanical drawing software Mechanical Engineering

This solution extends ConceptDraw PRO v.9 mechanical drawing software (or later) with samples of mechanical drawing symbols, templates and libraries of design elements, for help when drafting mechanical engineering drawings, or parts, assembly, pneumatic, Read more
mechanical engineering, mechanical design software, mechanical drawing symbols, mechanical drawing software
The vector stencils library "Dimensioning and tolerancing" contains 45 symbols of geometric dimensions and mechanical tolerances, geometric symbols, callouts, and text boxes and inserts.
Use these geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) shapes to create annotated mechanical drawings.
"Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) is a system for defining and communicating engineering tolerances. It uses a symbolic language on engineering drawings and computer-generated three-dimensional solid models that explicitly describes nominal geometry and its allowable variation. It tells the manufacturing staff and machines what degree of accuracy and precision is needed on each controlled feature of the part. GD&T is used to define the nominal (theoretically perfect) geometry of parts and assemblies, to define the allowable variation in form and possible size of individual features, and to define the allowable variation between features." [Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Dimensioning and tolerancing" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Dimensioning and tolerancing symbols
Dimensioning and tolerancing symbols, total runout, text block, symmetry, surface, finish, roughness, surface profile, straightness, statistical tolerance, slope, position, positioning, perpendicularity, parallelism, material condition, line profile, flatness, diameter, depth, datum, reference, circle, datum, feature control, datum target, point, datum target, line, datum target, area, datum, cylindricity, countersink, counterbore, spotface, conical taper, concentricity, circularity, circular runout, callout, arc length, angularity,
This engineering drawing present weld type symbols and fillet weld symbols.
The weld type symbol is typically placed above or below the center of the reference line, depending on which side of the joint it's on. The symbol is interpreted as a simplified cross-section of the weld.
"Fillet welding refers to the process of joining two pieces of metal together whether they be perpendicular or at an angle. These welds are commonly referred to as Tee joints which are two pieces of metal perpendicular to each other or Lap joints which are two pieces of metal that overlap and are welded at the edges. The weld is aesthetically triangular in shape and may have a concave, flat or convex surface depending on the welder’s technique. Welders use fillet welds when connecting flanges to pipes, welding cross sections of infrastructure, and when fastening metal by bolts isn't strong enough." [Fillet weld. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example Welding symbols is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint symbols
Welding joint symbols, square groove, insert, consumable insert, flare bevel groove, flared-bevel groove, flare V groove, flared-V groove, fillet, weld, cutaway, revealing detail, bevel groove, back, backing, arrow, V-groove, U-groove, J-groove,
"The symbols and conventions used in welding documentation are specified in national and international standards such as ISO 2553 Welded, brazed and soldered joints -- Symbolic representation on drawings and ISO 4063 Welding and allied processes -- Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers. The US standard symbols are outlined by the American National Standards Institute and the American Welding Society and are noted as "ANSI/AWS".
In engineering drawings, each weld is conventionally identified by an arrow which points to the joint to be welded. The arrow is annotated with letters, numbers and symbols which indicate the exact specification of the weld. In complex applications, such as those involving alloys other than mild steel, more information may be called for than can comfortably be indicated using the symbols alone. Annotations are used in these cases." [Symbols and conventions used in welding documentation. Wikipedia]
The example chart "Elements of welding symbol" is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikipedia file: Elements of a welding symbol.PNG.
[en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Elements_of_a_welding_symbol.PNG]
The diagram example "Elements location of a welding symbol" is contained in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Welding joint symbol chart
Welding joint symbol chart, field weld, arrow,
The vector stencils library "Bearings" contains 59 symbols of ball bearings, roller bearings, shafts, springs, gears, hooks, spindles, and keys.
Use it to design engineering drawings of machine tools and mechanical devices.
"A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion and reduce friction between moving parts to only the desired motion. The design of the bearing may, for example, provide for free linear movement of the moving part or for free rotation around a fixed axis; or, it may prevent a motion by controlling the vectors of normal forces that bear on the moving parts. Many bearings also facilitate the desired motion as much as possible, such as by minimizing friction. Bearings are classified broadly according to the type of operation, the motions allowed, or to the directions of the loads (forces) applied to the parts." [Bearing (mechanical). Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Bearings" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Bearing symbols
Bearing symbols, undercut, shaft, variable fillet radius, thrust ball bearing, through hole, threaded hole, tapered shaft, tapered key, gib head, taper roller bearing, roller bearing, spindle end, shaft, hollow shaft, shaft chamfer, chamfer, round key, round-end key, rolling bearing, needle roller bearing, roller bearing, hole chamfer, chamfer, gear, spur-gear, double row, spherical roller bearing, roller bearing, double row, self aligning, ball bearing, deep groove, ball bearing, cylindrical roller bearing, roller bearing, cutaway, revealing detail, countersunk hole, centering bore, hole, shaft, angular contact, ball bearing,
The vector stencils library "Terminals and connectors" contains 43 element symbols of terminals, connectors, plugs, polarized connectors, jacks, coaxial cables, and conductors.
Use it for drawing the wiring diagrams, electrical layouts, electronic schematics, and circuit diagrams.
"An electrical connector is an electro-mechanical device for joining electrical circuits as an interface using a mechanical assembly. Connectors consist of plugs (male-ended) and jacks (female-ended). The connection may be temporary, as for portable equipment, require a tool for assembly and removal, or serve as a permanent electrical joint between two wires or devices. An adapter can be used to effectively bring together dissimilar connectors.
There are hundreds of types of electrical connectors. Connectors may join two lengths of flexible copper wire or cable, or connect a wire or cable or optical interface to an electrical terminal.
In computing, an electrical connector can also be known as a physical interface... Cable glands, known as cable connectors in the US, connect wires to devices mechanically rather than electrically and are distinct from quick-disconnects performing the latter." [Electrical connector. Wikipedia]
"A terminal is the point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides a point of connection to external circuits. A terminal may simply be the end of a wire or it may be fitted with a connector or fastener. In network analysis, terminal means a point at which connections can be made to a network in theory and does not necessarily refer to any real physical object. In this context, especially in older documents, it is sometimes called a "pole".
The connection may be temporary, as seen in portable equipment, may require a tool for assembly and removal, or may be a permanent electrical joint between two wires or devices.
All electric cell have two terminals. The first is the positive terminal and the second is the negative terminal. The positive terminal looks like a metal cap and the negative terminal looks like a metal disc. The current flows from the positive terminal, and out through the negative terminal, replicative of current flow (positive (+) to negative (-) flow)." [Terminal (electronics). Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Terminals and connectors" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Terminal and connector symbols
Terminal and connector symbols, terminal board, terminal strip, small, D connector, D-type connector, shielded, RCA, plug, shielded, RCA, jack, normalled, jack, circuit, male contact, large, D connector, D-type connector, female contact, coaxial, outside conductor, coaxial plug, coaxial jack, circuit terminal, center conductor coaxial, outside conductor, chassis, cable termination, single line, cable termination, complete, adapter, male-male, adapter, male-female, C header connector, 15 pin, type C, AC out, AC power out, 3-conductor, polarized connector, male, 3-conductor, polarized connector, female, 2-conductor, plug, 2-conductor, nonpolarized connector, male, 2-conductor, nonpolarized connector, female, 2-conductor, jack,
The vector stencils library "Dimensioning and tolerancing" contains 45 symbols of geometric dimensions and mechanical tolerances, geometric symbols, callouts, and text boxes and inserts.
Use these geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) shapes to create annotated mechanical drawings in the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/engineering-mechanical Read more
Datum (old)
Datum (old),
Box callout
Box callout, callout,
Datum symbol
Datum symbol, datum, reference, circle,
Callout
Callout, callout,
All around callout
All around callout, callout,
Text block
Text block, text block,
2 datum frame
2 datum frame, datum, feature control,
Simple frame
Simple frame,
Basic frame
Basic frame,
1 datum frame
1 datum frame, datum, feature control,
3 datum frame
3 datum frame, datum, feature control,
Straightness
Straightness, straightness,
Flatness
Flatness, flatness,
Line profile
Line profile, line profile,
Circularity
Circularity, circularity,
Cylindricity
Cylindricity, cylindricity,
Surface profile
Surface profile, surface profile,
Position
Position, position, positioning,
Concentricity
Concentricity, concentricity,
Symmetry
Symmetry, symmetry,
Parallelism
Parallelism, parallelism,
Perpendicularity
Perpendicularity, perpendicularity,
Angularity
Angularity, angularity,
Material condition
Material condition, material condition,
Arc length
Arc length, arc length,
Diameter
Diameter, diameter,
Counterbore/ spotface
Counterbore/ spotface, counterbore, spotface,
Countersink
Countersink, countersink,
Depth
Depth, depth,
Slope
Slope, slope,
Conical taper
Conical taper, conical taper,
Statistical tolerance
Statistical tolerance, statistical tolerance,
Datum (new)
Datum (new), datum,
Datum (new) 2
Datum (new) 2, datum,
Target point
Target point, datum target, point,
Target line
Target line, datum target, line,
Target area (circle)
Target area (circle), datum target, area,
Target area (rectangle)
Target area (rectangle), datum target, area,
Total runout
Total runout, total runout,
Total runout 2
Total runout 2, total runout,
Circular runout
Circular runout, circular runout,
Circular runout 2
Circular runout 2, circular runout,
Surface finish
Surface finish, surface, finish, roughness,
Surface finish, removal process
Surface finish, removal process, surface, finish, roughness,
Surface finish, no process permitted
Surface finish, no process permitted, surface, finish, roughness,
The vector stencils library "Valve assembly" contains 141 symbols of pressure and flow regulators, flow direction indicators, controls, and symbols to design flow paths of control valves.
Use these valve assembly shapes to design the engineering drawings of hydraulic and pneumatic valve assemblies in fluid power systems.
"Control valves are valves used to control conditions such as flow, pressure, temperature, and liquid level by fully or partially opening or closing in response to signals received from controllers that compare a "setpoint" to a "process variable" whose value is provided by sensors that monitor changes in such conditions.
The opening or closing of control valves is usually done automatically by electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic actuators. Positioners are used to control the opening or closing of the actuator based on electric, or pneumatic signals.
A control valve consists of three main parts in which each part exist in several types and designs: Valve's actuator, Valve's positioner, Valve's body.
" [Control valves. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Valve assembly symbols
Valve assembly symbols, variable arrow, valve, two-position, ports, valve, two-position, five ports, valve, three-position, ports, valve, three-position, five ports, valve, four-position, ports, valve, four-position, five ports, two-port, flow path, two-port, closed, flow path, three-port, flow path, three-port, crossover, flow path, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, shaft, rod, shaft, direction, rotation, rotary connection, line junction, roller, one-way trip, rod, restriction, fluid flow, pull, push, button, pneumatic, fluid flow, plunger, variable plunger, non-variable plunger, pilot-operated, pedal, treadle, over - center, manual override, manual operation, lever, latch, junction, crossing, indication, temperature, temperature control, hydraulic, fluid flow, four-port, tandem, flow path, four-port, semi-connected, flow path, four-port, open, flow path, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossover, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, four-port, closed, flow path, fluid energy, pneumatic, hydraulic, energy source, fluid energy, pneumatic, energy source, fluid energy, hydraulic, energy source, flow path, flexible line, five-port, flow path, five-port, crossover, flow path, five-port, closed, flow path, electric, electrical, functional element, electric rotor, electric linear, solenoid, dot, line, junction, detent, curved arrow, direction, rotation, closed path, closed port, box, flow path, arrow, flow path, direction, rectilinear motion, air exhaust port, air bleed, connection,
The vector stencils library "Pneumatic pumps and motors" contains 39 symbols of pneumatic pumps, motors and pump-motors for designing the engineering drawings of pneumatic circuits.
"A pneumatic motor or compressed air engine is a type of motor which does mechanical work by expanding compressed air. Pneumatic motors generally convert the compressed air energy to mechanical work through either linear or rotary motion. Linear motion can come from either a diaphragm or piston actuator, while rotary motion is supplied by either a vane type air motor or piston air motor." [Pneumatic motor. Wikipedia]
"A gas compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume. An air compressor is a specific type of gas compressor.
Compressors are similar to pumps: both increase the pressure on a fluid and both can transport the fluid through a pipe. As gases are compressible, the compressor also reduces the volume of a gas. Liquids are relatively incompressible; while some can be compressed, the main action of a pump is to pressurize and transport liquids." [Gas compressor. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Pneumatic pumps and motors" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Pneumatic pump and motor symbols
Pneumatic pump and motor symbols, variable displacement pump, variable displacement pneumatic pump motor, variable displacement pneumatic pump, variable displacement pneumatic motor, pump, pneumatic, pump, motor, pneumatic, pneumatic variable displacement pump motor, pneumatic variable displacement pump, pneumatic variable displacement motor, pneumatic pump motor, pneumatic pump, motor, pneumatic, fixed displacement pump motor, fixed displacement pump, fixed displacement pneumatic pump, fixed displacement pneumatic motor, fixed displacement motor,
The vector stencils library "Mechanics" contains 29 symbol shapes for drawing mechanics experiment schemes and physical diagrams.
"Mechanics ... is the branch of science concerned with the behavior of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effects of the bodies on their environment. The scientific discipline has its origins in Ancient Greece with the writings of Aristotle and Archimedes. During the early modern period, scientists such as Galileo, Kepler, and especially Newton, laid the foundation for what is now known as classical mechanics. It is a branch of classical physics that deals with particles that are either at rest or are moving with velocities significantly less than the speed of light. It can also be defined as a branch of science which deals with the motion of and forces on objects." [Mechanics. Wikipedia]
The example "Design elements - Mechanics" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Physics solution from the Science and Education area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Mechanical symbols
Mechanical symbols, weight, hook, vector, stub reinforcement, stick, rod, spring balance, spring, rest, stop, detent, parabolic motion, path, mathematical pendulum, linear motion, path, inclined plane, block, inclined plane, hyperbolic motion, path, elliptical motion, path, co-ordinate, axis, axes, scale, block system, block, beam balance, ball, sphere, angle, Earth, globe,
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ...
While working with layouts of hydraulic machinery it is cumbersome to draw actual picture of every valve and other components.instead of pictures symbols are used for variety of components in the hydraulic system to highlight the functional aspects. symbol for directional control valve is made of number of square boxes adjacent to each other depending on the number of positions.connections to the valve are shown on these squares by capital letters.usually they are named only in their normal position and not repeated in other positions.actuation system of the valve is also designated in its symbol." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The Mac template "Pneumatic 5-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/engineering-mechanical Read more
Pneumatic directional control valve
Pneumatic directional control valve, five-port, three-position, valve,
The vector stencils library "HVAC ductwork" contains 55 ducts, vents and HVAC mechanical components symbols.
Use the design elements library "HVAC ductwork" for drawing the HVAC ductwork system diagrams, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration, automated building control and environmental control system layout floor plans.
"Ducts are used in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) to deliver and remove air. These needed airflows include, for example, supply air, return air, and exhaust air. Ducts also deliver, most commonly as part of the supply air, ventilation air. As such, air ducts are one method of ensuring acceptable indoor air quality as well as thermal comfort.
A duct system is often called ductwork. Planning ('laying out'), sizing, optimizing, detailing, and finding the pressure losses through a duct system is called duct design." [Duct (HVAC). Wikipedia]
The shapes library "HVAC ductwork" is included in the HVAC Plans solution from the Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
HVAC ductwork symbols
HVAC ductwork symbols, vertical duct, variable bend, duct, transitioning, reducing, duct, supply, duct, straight duct, sliding damper, return, duct, offset, transitioning, reducing, duct, miter bend, duct, junction, duct, flexible, connection, damper, branch duct, beveled junction, duct, Y junction, duct, VAV box, variable air volume box, 3 way junction, three way junction, duct,
The vector stencils library "Hydraulic pumps and motors" contains 74 symbols of hydraulic pump vector stencils, hydraulic motor symbols for engineering drawings of fluid power and hydraulic control systems.
"Hydraulic pumps are used in hydraulic drive systems and can be hydrostatic or hydrodynamic.
Hydrostatic pumps are positive displacement pumps while hydrodynamic pumps can be fixed displacement pumps, in which the displacement (flow through the pump per rotation of the pump) cannot be adjusted, or variable displacement pumps, which have a more complicated construction that allows the displacement to be adjusted." [Hydraulic pump. Wikipedia]
"A hydraulic motor is a mechanical actuator that converts hydraulic pressure and flow into torque and angular displacement (rotation). The hydraulic motor is the rotary counterpart of the hydraulic cylinder.
Conceptually, a hydraulic motor should be interchangeable with a hydraulic pump because it performs the opposite function - much as the conceptual DC electric motor is interchangeable with a DC electrical generator. However, most hydraulic pumps cannot be used as hydraulic motors because they cannot be backdriven. Also, a hydraulic motor is usually designed for the working pressure at both sides of the motor.
Hydraulic pumps, motors, and cylinders can be combined into hydraulic drive systems. One or more hydraulic pumps, coupled to one or more hydraulic motors, constitutes a hydraulic transmission." [Hydraulic motor. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Hydraulic pumps and motors" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic pump and motor symbols
Hydraulic pump and motor symbols, variable displacement pump, variable displacement hydraulic pump, variable displacement hydraulic motor, pressure compensator, hydraulic variable displacement pump motor, hydraulic variable displacement pump, hydraulic variable displacement motor, hydraulic pump motor, hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor, floating motor, fixed displacement pump motor, fixed displacement pump, fixed displacement motor, fixed displacement hydraulic pump, fixed displacement hydraulic motor,