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Hydraulic circuits

"A hydraulic circuit is a system comprising an interconnected set of discrete components that transport liquid. The purpose of this system may be to control where fluid flows (as in a network of tubes of coolant in a thermodynamic system) or to control fluid pressure (as in hydraulic amplifiers).
... hydraulic circuit theory works best when the elements (passive component such as pipes or transmission lines or active components such as power packs or pumps) are discrete and linear. This usually means that hydraulic circuit analysis works best for long, thin tubes with discrete pumps, as found in chemical process flow systems or microscale devices." [Hydraulic circuit. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example "Hydraulic circuits" was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Hydraulic circuits.png.
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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
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The engineering drawing example "Hydraulic circuits" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic circuit schematic
Hydraulic circuit schematic, variable arrow, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, shaft, rod, pump, hydraulic, oil tank, non-return, valve, junction, crossing, four-port, three-position, valve, fixed displacement hydraulic pump, fixed displacement hydraulic motor, dot, line, junction, callout, box, flow path, arrow, flow path, direction, rectilinear motion,
A simple hydraulic schematic showing apparatus for testing the strength of a hydraulic hose splice.
Water enters through normally closed solenoid valve (1) and passes through intake flow meter (2) to high pressure pump (4). Intake water pressure is monitored by pressure gauge (3). The hose to be tested connects between pump (4) and normally open solenoid activated drain valve (7). To test the hose, pump drive motor (5) is turned on, the solenoid of drain valve (7) is activated, closing the valve, and the pump is run to pressurize the hose. Test pressure is monitored by gauge (6). When the test is complete or the hose fails, the solenoid of drain valve (7) is deactivated, opening valve and discharging water, depressurizing the system. All components are operated electrically by a remote control circuit so that the operator may perform the test from a protected location, monitoring it with a camera and video monitor.
This hydraulic schematic example was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Hydraulic schematic.jpg.
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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
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The hydraulic schematic example "Apparatus for testing the strength of a hydraulic hose splice" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic system schematic
Hydraulic system schematic, two-port, two-position, valve, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, pressure gauge, pressure, gauge, hydraulic pump, flow meter, energy source, electric motor, electric linear, solenoid, callout,
Retract resistor check valve application: pneumatic cylinder, piston driven by Compressed air through 2 Retract resistor check valves.
"A check valve, clack valve, non-return valve or one-way valve is a valve that normally allows fluid (liquid or gas) to flow through it in only one direction.
Check valves are two-port valves, meaning they have two openings in the body, one for fluid to enter and the other for fluid to leave. There are various types of check valves used in a wide variety of applications. Check valves are often part of common household items. Although they are available in a wide range of sizes and costs, check valves generally are very small, simple, or inexpensive. Check valves work automatically and most are not controlled by a person or any external control; accordingly, most do not have any valve handle or stem. The bodies (external shells) of most check valves are made of plastic or metal.
An important concept in check valves is the cracking pressure which is the minimum upstream pressure at which the valve will operate. Typically the check valve is designed for and can therefore be specified for a specific cracking pressure.
Heart valves are essentially inlet and outlet check valves for the heart ventricles, since the ventricles act as pumps." [Check valve. Wikipedia]
This hydraulic schematic example was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Retract resistor check valve application.png.
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The hydraulic engineering drawing example "Retract resistor check valve application" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic schematic
Hydraulic schematic, restrictor valve, non-return, valve, double-acting, magnetic cylinder, dot, line, junction,
This PFD of jet fuel mercaptan oxidation treating was redrawn from Wikipedia file: ConvLPGMerox.png. [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ConvKeroMerox.png]
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported icense. [creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
"Merox is an acronym for mercaptan oxidation. It is a proprietary catalytic chemical process developed by UOP used in oil refineries and natural gas processing plants to remove mercaptans from LPG, propane, butanes, light naphthas, kerosene and jet fuel by converting them to liquid hydrocarbon disulfides.
The Merox process requires an alkaline environment which, in some of the process versions, is provided by an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), a strong base, commonly referred to as caustic. In other versions of the process, the alkalinity is provided by ammonia, which is a weak base.
The catalyst in some versions of the process is a water-soluble liquid. In other versions, the catalyst is impregnated onto charcoal granules.
Processes within oil refineries or natural gas processing plants that remove mercaptans and/or hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are commonly referred to as sweetening processes because they results in products which no longer have the sour, foul odors of mercaptans and hydrogen sulfide. The liquid hydrocarbon disulfides may remain in the sweetened products, they may be used as part of the refinery or natural gas processing plant fuel, or they may be processed further.
The Merox process is usually more economical than using a catalytic hydrodesulfurization process for much the same purpose." [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merox]
The process flow diagram (PFD) example "Jet fuel mercaptan oxidation treating" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO software extended with the Chemical and Process Engineering solution from the Chemical and Process Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Process flow diagram (PFD)
Process flow diagram (PFD), gate valve, electrically insulated, column, centrifugal pump,
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
This example engineering drawing showing the directional control valve usage with fixed volume pump and hydraulic cylinder is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from Wikimedia Commons file: DCV 19.jpg.
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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
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The fluid power equipment drawing example "Directional control valve" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic equipment schematic
Hydraulic equipment schematic, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, reservoir, hydraulic pump, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, floating motor, filter, electric linear, solenoid, double-acting, magnetic cylinder, dot, line, junction, box, flow path,
This example engineering drawing showing the hydraulic directional control valve usage with floating motor and pressure compensated pump is redesigned using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: DCV 17.jpg.
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This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
[creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en]
"Directional control valves are one of the most fundamental parts in hydraulic machinery as well and pneumatic machinery. They allow fluid flow into different paths from one or more sources. They usually consist of a spool inside a cylinder which is mechanically or electrically controlled. The movement of the spool restricts or permits the flow, thus it controls the fluid flow. ...
The spool (sliding type) consists of lands and grooves.The lands block oil flow through the valve body. The grooves allow oil or gas to flow around the spool and through the valve body. There are two fundamental positions of directional control valve namely normal position where valve returns on removal of actuating force and other is working position which is position of a valve when actuating force is applied. There is another class of valves with 3 or more position that can be spring centered with 2 working position and a normal position. ...
Directional control valves can be classified according to:
(1) number of ports;
(2) number of positions;
(3) actuating methods;
(4) type of spool." [Directional control valve. Wikipedia]
The fluid power equipment drawing example "Directional control valve" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic equipment schematic
Hydraulic equipment schematic, spring, variable spring, non-variable spring, reservoir, pressure compensator, hydraulic pump, four-port, flow path, four-port, crossed, flow path, flow path, floating motor, filter, electric linear, solenoid, dot, line, junction, closed path, closed port, callout, box, flow path,
The vector stencils library "Semiconductor diodes" contains 24 symbols of semiconductor diodes for drawing electronic schematics and circuit diagrams.
"In electronics, a diode is a two-terminal electronic component with asymmetric conductance; it has low (ideally zero) resistance to current in one direction, and high (ideally infinite) resistance in the other. A semiconductor diode, the most common type today, is a crystalline piece of semiconductor material with a p–n junction connected to two electrical terminals. A vacuum tube diode has two electrodes, a plate (anode) and a heated cathode. Semiconductor diodes were the first semiconductor electronic devices. ...
Today, most diodes are made of silicon, but other semiconductors such as selenium or germanium are sometimes used." [Diode. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Semiconductor diodes" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Electrical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Semiconductor diode symbols
Semiconductor diode symbols, zener diode, varactor, capacitive diode, tunnel diode, photo-diode, photosensitive diode, four layer diode, diode, semiconductor diode, semiconductor rectifier diode, metallic rectifier, breakdown diode, uni-directional, breakdown diode, bi-directional, backward diode, unitunnel diode, LED, light emitting diode,
The vector stencils library "Fluid power equipment" contains 113 symbols of hydraulic and pneumatic equipment including pumps, motors, air compressors, cylinders, meters, gauges, and actuators. Use it to design fluid power and hydraulic control systems.
"Fluid power is the use of fluids under pressure to generate, control, and transmit power. Fluid power is subdivided into hydraulics using a liquid such as mineral oil or water, and pneumatics using a gas such as air or other gases. Compressed-air and water-pressure systems were once used to transmit power from a central source to industrial users over extended geographic areas; fluid power systems today are usually within a single building or mobile machine." [Fluid power. Wikipedia]
The shapes example "Design elements - Fluid power equipment" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Fluid power symbols
Fluid power symbols, vented reservoir, torque measurement, thermometer, temperature controller, liquid, temperature controller, gas, temperature controller, telescopic, pneumatic, cylinder, single-acting, telescopic, pneumatic, cylinder, double-acting, telescopic, hydraulic, cylinder, single-acting, telescopic, hydraulic, cylinder, double-acting, tachometer, switch, pressure switch, switch, limit switch, single-acting, pneumatic, cylinder, single-acting, intensifier, converting, pneumatic pressure, hydraulic pressure, single-acting, intensifier, converting, pneumatic pressure, single-acting, intensifier, converting, hydraulic pressure, single-acting, hydraulic, cylinder, single-acting actuator, converting, pneumatic pressure, hydraulic pressure, silencer, pneumatic silencer, semi-rotary, actuator, limited angle, rotation, reservoir, pulse counter, pneumatic output signal, pulse counter, electric output signal, pressurized, sealed, hydraulic, reservoir, pressure indicator, pressure, indicator, pressure gauge, pressure, gauge, pneumatic, energy source, pneumatic, drive unit, variable speed, oil tank, manually, drained, separator, valve, filter, manually, drained, separator, valve, lubricator, oil, air, lubricate, liquid temperature controller, liquid level, measuring instrument, hydraulic, energy source, hydraulic, drive unit, variable speed, heat exchanger, apparatus, heating, circulating fluid, heat exchanger, apparatus, cooling, circulating fluid, gas temperature controller, flow, measurement, indicator, flow meter, integrating, flow meter, filter, magnetic element, filter, contamination indicator, filter, energy storage device, accumulator, spring loaded accumulator, energy storage device, accumulator, gas loaded accumulator, energy storage device, accumulator, auxiliary gas bottle, energy storage device, accumulator, energy source, non-electric prime mover, energy source, electric motor, double-acting, pneumatic, cylinder, adjustable, double-acting, pneumatic, cylinder, double-acting, magnetic cylinder, adjustable, double-acting, magnetic cylinder, double-acting, hydraulic, cylinder, adjustable, double-acting, hydraulic, cylinder, double-acting, double-ended, cylinder, differential pressure gauge, pressure, gauge, differential gauge, continuous, intensifier, converting, pneumatic pressure, hydraulic pressure, continuous, actuator, converting, pneumatic pressure, hydraulic pressure, automatically, drained, separator, valve, filter, automatically, drained, separator, valve, air service unit, separator, air service unit, filter, separator, air service unit, filter, air service unit, air receiver, air dryer, air drying, air compressor,

Electrical Symbols — Composite Assemblies

Electronic components have two or more electrical terminals (or leads) aside from antennas which may only have one terminal. These leads connect to create an electronic circuit with a particular function (for example an amplifier, radio receiver, or oscillator). Basic electronic components may be packaged discretely, as arrays or networks of like components, or integrated inside of packages such as semiconductor integrated circuits, hybrid integrated circuits, or thick film devices. 26 libraries of the Electrical Engineering Solution of ConceptDraw PRO make your electrical diagramming simple, efficient, and effective. You can simply and quickly drop the ready-to-use objects from libraries into your document to create the electrical diagram. Read more

Electrical Symbols — Qualifying

A qualifying symbol is graphics or text added to the basic outline of a device’s logic symbol to describe the physical or logical characteristics of the device. 26 libraries of the Electrical Engineering Solution of ConceptDraw PRO make your electrical diagramming simple, efficient, and effective. You can simply and quickly drop the ready-to-use objects from libraries into your document to create the electrical diagram. Read more