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Workflow diagram - Weather forecast

This work flow chart sample was redesigned from the picture "Weather Forecast" from the article "Simulation Workflows".
[iaas.uni-stuttgart.de/forschung/projects/simtech/sim-workflows.php]
"(1) The weather is predicted for a particular geological area. Hence, the workflow is fed with a model of the geophysical environment of ground, air and water for a requested area.
(2) Over a specified period of time (e.g. 6 hours) several different variables are measured and observed. Ground stations, ships, airplanes, weather balloons, satellites and buoys measure the air pressure, air/water temperature, wind velocity, air humidity, vertical temperature profiles, cloud velocity, rain fall, and more.
(3) This data needs to be collected from the different sources and stored for later access.
(4) The collected data is analyzed and transformed into a common format (e.g. Fahrenheit to Celsius scale). The normalized values are used to create the current state of the atmosphere.
(5) Then, a numerical weather forecast is made based on mathematical-physical models (e.g. GFS - Global Forecast System, UKMO - United Kingdom MOdel, GME - global model of Deutscher Wetterdienst). The environmental area needs to be discretized beforehand using grid cells. The physical parameters measured in Step 2 are exposed in 3D space as timely function. This leads to a system of partial differential equations reflecting the physical relations that is solved numerically.
(6) The results of the numerical models are complemented with a statistical interpretation (e.g. with MOS - Model-Output-Statistics). That means the forecast result of the numerical models is compared to statistical weather data. Known forecast failures are corrected.
(7) The numerical post-processing is done with DMO (Direct Model Output): the numerical results are interpolated for specific geological locations.
(8) Additionally, a statistical post-processing step removes failures of measuring devices (e.g. using KALMAN filters).
(9) The statistical interpretation and the numerical results are then observed and interpreted by meteorologists based on their subjective experiences.
(10) Finally, the weather forecast is visualized and presented to interested people." [iaas.uni-stuttgart.de/forschung/projects/simtech/sim-workflows.php]
The example "Workflow diagram - Weather forecast" was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Workflow Diagrams solution from the Business Processes area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Work flow chart
Work flow chart, sunny, squirrel, snowflake, ship, satellite, research and development, project, strategics, strategy, lightning, international division, dirigible, zeppelin, blimp, data store, cargo airplane, business meeting, meeting, atom, uranium,
This Water cycle diagram example was drawn using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector graphics software extended with the clipart libraries Geography and Weather.
"The water cycle, also known as the hydrologic cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth. The mass water on Earth remains fairly constant over time but the partitioning of the water into the major reservoirs of ice, fresh water, saline water and atmospheric water is variable depending on a wide range of climatic variables. The water moves from one reservoir to another, such as from river to ocean, or from the ocean to the atmosphere, by the physical processes of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, infiltration, runoff, and subsurface flow. In so doing, the water goes through different phases: liquid, solid (ice), and gas (vapor)." [Water cycle. Wikipedia]
This water cycle diagram example is included in the Nature solution from the Illustration area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Vector illustration
Vector illustration, tree, sunny, snow, rain, overcast, cloud, ocean, sea,
The vector stencils library "Weather" contains 17 weather clipart images for drawing illustrations on climate to show cloudiness, air temperature, precipitation, wind.
"Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. Most weather phenomena occur in the troposphere, just below the stratosphere. Weather generally refers to day-to-day temperature and precipitation activity, whereas climate is the term for the average atmospheric conditions over longer periods of time. When used without qualification, "weather", is generally understood to mean the weather of Earth.
Weather is driven by air pressure (temperature and moisture) differences between one place and another. These pressure and temperature differences can occur due to the sun angle at any particular spot, which varies by latitude from the tropics. The strong temperature contrast between polar and tropical air gives rise to the jet stream. Weather systems in the mid-latitudes, such as extratropical cyclones, are caused by instabilities of the jet stream flow. Because the Earth's axis is tilted relative to its orbital plane, sunlight is incident at different angles at different times of the year. On Earth's surface, temperatures usually range ±40°C (−40°F to 100°F) annually. Over thousands of years, changes in Earth's orbit affect the amount and distribution of solar energy received by the Earth and influence long-term climate and global climate change." [Weather. Wikipedia]
The clip art example "Weather - Vector stencils library" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Nature solution from the Illustration area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
www.conceptdraw.com/solution-park/illustrations-nature Read more
Sunny
Sunny, sunny,
Cloudy
Cloudy, cloudy,
Overcast
Overcast, overcast, cloud,
Snow
Snow, snow,
Rain
Rain, rain,
Lightning
Lightning, lightning, thunder,
Hot
Hot, hot,
Warm
Warm, warm,
Frost
Frost, cold,
Mist
Mist, mist,
Strong wind
Strong wind, strong wind, wind,
Flood
Flood, flood,
Tsunami
Tsunami, tsunami,
Dew
Dew, dew,
Hoar-frost
Hoar-frost, hoarfrost, frost, rime, hoar, frosting, white frost,
Earthquake
Earthquake, earthquake,
Snowflake
Snowflake, snowflake,