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# Hydraulic circuits

## Hydraulic circuits

"A hydraulic circuit is a system comprising an interconnected set of discrete components that transport liquid. The purpose of this system may be to control where fluid flows (as in a network of tubes of coolant in a thermodynamic system) or to control fluid pressure (as in hydraulic amplifiers).
... hydraulic circuit theory works best when the elements (passive component such as pipes or transmission lines or active components such as power packs or pumps) are discrete and linear. This usually means that hydraulic circuit analysis works best for long, thin tubes with discrete pumps, as found in chemical process flow systems or microscale devices." [Hydraulic circuit. Wikipedia]
The engineering drawing example "Hydraulic circuits" was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Hydraulic circuits.png.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hydraulic_circuits.png]
The engineering drawing example "Hydraulic circuits" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic circuit schematic
Used Solutions

## Hydraulic 4-ported 3-position valve template - Mac

"Directional control valves route the fluid to the desired actuator. They usually consist of a spool inside a cast iron or steel housing. The spool slides to different positions in the housing, and intersecting grooves and channels route the fluid based on the spool's position.
The spool has a central (neutral) position maintained with springs; in this position the supply fluid is blocked, or returned to tank. Sliding the spool to one side routes the hydraulic fluid to an actuator and provides a return path from the actuator to tank. When the spool is moved to the opposite direction the supply and return paths are switched. When the spool is allowed to return to neutral (center) position the actuator fluid paths are blocked, locking it in position.
Directional control valves are usually designed to be stackable, with one valve for each hydraulic cylinder, and one fluid input supplying all the valves in the stack.
Tolerances are very tight in order to handle the high pressure and avoid leaking, spools typically have a clearance with the housing of less than a thousandth of an inch (25 µm). The valve block will be mounted to the machine's frame with a three point pattern to avoid distorting the valve block and jamming the valve's sensitive components.
The spool position may be actuated by mechanical levers, hydraulic pilot pressure, or solenoids which push the spool left or right. A seal allows part of the spool to protrude outside the housing, where it is accessible to the actuator.
The main valve block is usually a stack of off the shelf directional control valves chosen by flow capacity and performance. Some valves are designed to be proportional (flow rate proportional to valve position), while others may be simply on-off. The control valve is one of the most expensive and sensitive parts of a hydraulic circuit." [Hydraulic machinery. Wikipedia]
The Mac template "Hydraulic 4-ported 3-position valve" for the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park.
Hydraulic directional control valve
Used Solutions

## Mechanical Engineering

This solution extends ConceptDraw PRO v.9 mechanical drawing software (or later) with samples of mechanical drawing symbols, templates and libraries of design elements, for help when drafting mechanical engineering drawings, or parts, assembly, pneumatic, Read more

## Technical Drawing Software

Technical drawing or draft is a form of specialized graphic communication, exchange of ideas in industry and engineering. It is a visual representation of object with indication of dimensions and used material, constructed with maintaining the proportions between its parts. Technical drawings are constructed by architects, technologists, engineers, designers, drafters, and other technical professionals according to defined rules, specifications, internationally accepted standards and standardized notations allowing to make unambiguous, clear and understandable technical drawings. ConceptDraw PRO extended with Electrical Engineering solution, Mechanical Engineering solution, Chemical and Process Engineering solution from Industrial Engineering Area of ConceptDraw Solution Park is ideal technical drawing software. Its powerful drawing tools, predesigned vector objects, templates, samples are helpful for creation all kinds of Technical Drawings and Technical Diagrams, Electrical and Mechanical Schematics, Circuit and Wiring Diagrams, Structural Drawings, and many other. Read more

## Mechanical Drawing Symbols

Mechanical Drawings are the special type of technical diagrams that visualize the structure of complex systems and illustrate the information about ventilation, heating, air conditioning, i.e. HVAC systems. These drawings are created on the base of floor plans and reflected ceiling plans, and then become an obligatory part of construction project which is needed directly for construction a building and for receiving a permit on it. Mechanical drawings and diagrams help effectively represent construction, technical and engineering solutions, and also schematics of different mechanical equipment. ConceptDraw PRO vector drawing software enhanced with Mechanical Engineering solution from Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park provides wide set of effective drawing tools, predesigned mechanical drawing symbols, templates, samples and examples. Use of standardized and recognized mechanical vector symbols helps you design understandable mechanical drawings, diagrams and mechanical engineering schematics. Read more

## Piping and Instrumentation Diagram Software

Piping and Instrumentation Diagram is a technical sketch or drawing, which shows in details the piping system and instrumentation of a processing plant. Piping and Instrumentation Diagram is developed by process design engineers and technical engineers on the phase of plant design. This plan is necessary on the stages of plant construction and then is actively used by operators, instrumentation and piping engineers when operating the plant. ConceptDraw PRO software provides unique Plumbing and Piping Plans solution from Building Plans area of ConceptDraw Solution Park with 10 libraries of ready-to-use predesigned vector elements, templates and samples, to help you create professional Piping diagrams and schematics, Instrumentation diagrams, Plumbing plans and blueprints, Schemes of hot and cold water supply systems, Heating schemes, Mechanical diagrams, Diagrams of fluids, hydraulics, air and gas pipings, Technical drawings of waste water disposal systems, Schematics of industrial piping systems, Diagrams of ventilation systems, etc. Read more

## Apparatus for testing the strength of a hydraulic hose splice - Hydraulic schematic

A simple hydraulic schematic showing apparatus for testing the strength of a hydraulic hose splice.
Water enters through normally closed solenoid valve (1) and passes through intake flow meter (2) to high pressure pump (4). Intake water pressure is monitored by pressure gauge (3). The hose to be tested connects between pump (4) and normally open solenoid activated drain valve (7). To test the hose, pump drive motor (5) is turned on, the solenoid of drain valve (7) is activated, closing the valve, and the pump is run to pressurize the hose. Test pressure is monitored by gauge (6). When the test is complete or the hose fails, the solenoid of drain valve (7) is deactivated, opening valve and discharging water, depressurizing the system. All components are operated electrically by a remote control circuit so that the operator may perform the test from a protected location, monitoring it with a camera and video monitor.
This hydraulic schematic example was redrawn using ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software from the Wikimedia Commons file: Hydraulic schematic.jpg.
[commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hydraulic_schematic.jpg]
The hydraulic schematic example "Apparatus for testing the strength of a hydraulic hose splice" is included in the Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Read more
Hydraulic system schematic
Used Solutions

## Mechanical Drawing Software

It is impossible to imagine mechanical engineering without drawings which represent various mechanical schemes and designs. ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software supplied with Mechanical Engineering solution from the Engineering area of ConceptDraw Solution Park offers the set of useful tools which make it a powerful Mechanical Drawing Software. Read more

## Electrical Symbols — Rotating Equipment

Electrical rotating machines, such as motors and generators, are vital assets for any power plant or large industrial company. An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. The reverse of this would be the conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy and is done by an electric generator. In normal motoring mode, most electric motors operate through the interaction between an electric motor's magnetic field and winding currents to generate force within the motor. In certain applications, such as in the transportation industry with traction motors, electric motors can operate in both motoring and generating or braking modes to also produce electrical energy from mechanical energy. 26 libraries of the Electrical Engineering Solution of ConceptDraw PRO make your electrical diagramming simple, efficient, and effective. You can simply and quickly drop the ready-to-use objects from libraries into your document to create the electrical diagram. Read more

## Electrical Symbols — Composite Assemblies

Electronic components have two or more electrical terminals (or leads) aside from antennas which may only have one terminal. These leads connect to create an electronic circuit with a particular function (for example an amplifier, radio receiver, or oscillator). Basic electronic components may be packaged discretely, as arrays or networks of like components, or integrated inside of packages such as semiconductor integrated circuits, hybrid integrated circuits, or thick film devices. 26 libraries of the Electrical Engineering Solution of ConceptDraw PRO make your electrical diagramming simple, efficient, and effective. You can simply and quickly drop the ready-to-use objects from libraries into your document to create the electrical diagram. Read more